WoRMS name details

Pomatoceros terraenovae Benham, 1927

331051  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:331051)

 unaccepted (subjective synonym)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Benham, William B. (1927). Polychaeta [Terra Nova]. <em>British Antarctic 'Terra Nova' Expedition Natural History Reports, Zoology.</em> 7(2): 47-182, plates 1-6., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49465872
page(s): 151, plate 5, fig. 174-180 [details]   
Note Recorded as "South Trinidad", nowadays...  
From editor or global species database
Type locality Recorded as "South Trinidad", nowadays Trindade, in the tropical Atlantic 20 deg S off Brazil, gazetteer geolocation -20.525, -29.325. Benham also recorded tropical Spirobranchus tricornis (=> S. giganteus) from the same S Trinidad sample. Day (1975: 205) reports that Zibrowius suspects that this locality is due lo label error, and that the material originated from Australia. However, this is not possible as no benthic or shore collections are recorded for Melbourne, the only Australian port the Terra Nova visited (Harmer & Lillie, 1914), and Benham lists no Australian locations. Therefore there is no Australian locality material Benham could confuse with elsewhere. Outside of Antarctica, and S. Trinidad, the only shore locations recorded of the Terra Nova expeditions were in New Zealand as station 243, Admiralty Bay, 'Nelson' (actually 50 km north of Nelson), and Bay of Islands (no station number (Benham p. 151 for Pomatoceros coeruleus) although there were also some very shallow anchorage stations in New Zealand. Benham recorded several serpulids, including new species, from other New Zealand benthic stations. The type locality of P. terraenovae is either correct as stated by Benham, or indeterminable. It is not in Australia, but speculatively might be in New Zealand.  [details]
Description The original description begins as follows: "Operculum with thin convex calcareous plate on the end of a winged peduncle ;...  
Description The original description begins as follows: "Operculum with thin convex calcareous plate on the end of a winged peduncle ; uncini with 8-10 denticles above the stout bifid tooth ; thoracic chaetae simply winged, the striations at the bend rather stronger than elsewhere ; abdominal chaetae in hinder segments only, “ en cornet ” in couples ; tube with keel undulating or toothed with a violet stripe along each side, circular in section, lip thin, not everted. From the littoral zone of the Island of South Trinidad were gathered a number of slender calcareous tubes containing worms provided with a very simple operculum. This is a membranous inverted cone with rounded sides, bearing on its flat top a thin white, circular, convex, calcareous plate, which is irregularly calcified, for it exhibits thinner areas of irregular shape over its entire surface." [details]

Etymology Not stated, but evidently named by Benham after the expedition vessel, Terra Nova, of Scott's Antarctic expedition, 1910  
Etymology Not stated, but evidently named by Benham after the expedition vessel, Terra Nova, of Scott's Antarctic expedition, 1910 [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2021). World Polychaeta database. Pomatoceros terraenovae Benham, 1927. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=331051 on 2021-01-28
Date
action
by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2009-09-30 11:46:15Z
changed
2017-11-29 01:37:38Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Benham, William B. (1927). Polychaeta [Terra Nova]. <em>British Antarctic 'Terra Nova' Expedition Natural History Reports, Zoology.</em> 7(2): 47-182, plates 1-6., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/49465872
page(s): 151, plate 5, fig. 174-180 [details]   

taxonomy source Dew, Barbara 1959. Serpulidae (Polychaeta) from Australia. Records of the Australian Museum, 25(2): 19-56.
page(s): 39, fig. 13; note: As (spelling) Pomatoceros terrae-novae. Author states her record is the first for Australia of the species. [details]   

additional source Straughan, Dale. (1967). Marine Serpulidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) of eastern Queensland and New South Wales. <em>Australian Journal of Zoology.</em> 15(1): 201-261., available online at http://www.publish.csiro.au/?paper=ZO9670201
page(s): 237; note: As (spelling) Pomatoceros terraenovae, a brief record, for one new location [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy Day, John H. (1975). On a collection of Polychaeta from intertidal and shallow reefs near Perth, Western Australia. <em>Records of the Western Australian Museum.</em> 3(3): 167-208., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/52701404
page(s): 205; note: reports an otherwise-unpublished claim from Zibrowius that P. terraenovae Benham was from Australia and is a junior synonym of P. taeniatus Lamarck (now in Spirobranchus) [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
Syntype NHMUK 1928.2.29.55-58, geounit Brazilian Exclusive Economic Zone (Trindade) [details]
From editor or global species database
Description The original description begins as follows: "Operculum with thin convex calcareous plate on the end of a winged peduncle ; uncini with 8-10 denticles above the stout bifid tooth ; thoracic chaetae simply winged, the striations at the bend rather stronger than elsewhere ; abdominal chaetae in hinder segments only, “ en cornet ” in couples ; tube with keel undulating or toothed with a violet stripe along each side, circular in section, lip thin, not everted. From the littoral zone of the Island of South Trinidad were gathered a number of slender calcareous tubes containing worms provided with a very simple operculum. This is a membranous inverted cone with rounded sides, bearing on its flat top a thin white, circular, convex, calcareous plate, which is irregularly calcified, for it exhibits thinner areas of irregular shape over its entire surface." [details]

Etymology Not stated, but evidently named by Benham after the expedition vessel, Terra Nova, of Scott's Antarctic expedition, 1910 [details]

Spelling Benham (1927) presented the name as Pomatoceros terrae novae, but the two-word species-group name "terrae novae" represents a single entity, the ship, and is thus permissible as a name when the space he included is removed (Article 32.5.2.3, Article 11.9.5).  [details]

Synonymy Day (1975: 205) in remarks on his Australian P. caeruleus record writes that "The only other valid species of Pomatoceros recorded from Australia is P. terraenovae Benham 1927, of which the published type locality is South Trinidad in the tropical Atlantic. Dr Zibrowius in a personal letter informs me that he is strongly of the opinion that the locality labels were confused and that Benham's species is Australian [Editor comment: this is not possible - see type locality note]. This appears very probable for Dew (1959) and Straughan (1967) between them have recorded it from Queensland, Victoria Tasmania and South Australia but there is no [further] record from the Atlantic. Again I am indebted to Dr Zibrowius for the information that P. terraenovae is a synonym of P. taeniatus Lamarck. It differs from P. caeruleus in having a convex instead of a slightly concave opercular plate and Dew (1959, fig. 13B) has illustrated a form of P. taeniatus with a small conical projection on the operculum."  [details]

Syntype BMNH 1928.2.29.55-58 [details]

Type locality Recorded as "South Trinidad", nowadays Trindade, in the tropical Atlantic 20 deg S off Brazil, gazetteer geolocation -20.525, -29.325. Benham also recorded tropical Spirobranchus tricornis (=> S. giganteus) from the same S Trinidad sample. Day (1975: 205) reports that Zibrowius suspects that this locality is due lo label error, and that the material originated from Australia. However, this is not possible as no benthic or shore collections are recorded for Melbourne, the only Australian port the Terra Nova visited (Harmer & Lillie, 1914), and Benham lists no Australian locations. Therefore there is no Australian locality material Benham could confuse with elsewhere. Outside of Antarctica, and S. Trinidad, the only shore locations recorded of the Terra Nova expeditions were in New Zealand as station 243, Admiralty Bay, 'Nelson' (actually 50 km north of Nelson), and Bay of Islands (no station number (Benham p. 151 for Pomatoceros coeruleus) although there were also some very shallow anchorage stations in New Zealand. Benham recorded several serpulids, including new species, from other New Zealand benthic stations. The type locality of P. terraenovae is either correct as stated by Benham, or indeterminable. It is not in Australia, but speculatively might be in New Zealand.  [details]