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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipolydora vestalis Paterson & Gibson, 2003 
AphiaID: 326383

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpioniformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpionidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipolydora (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipolydora vestalis (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipolydora Blake, 1983
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipolydora vestalis Paterson & Gibson, 2003
Sources  original description Paterson, I.G.; Gibson, G.D. (2003). A new species of Amphipolydora (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 37(4): 733-740., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00288330.2003.9517203
page(s): 734-739, figs. 1-4, table 1 [details]

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Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality New Zealand [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Hauraki Gulf [details]
Specimens  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype MONZ W.1522, locality Hauraki Gulf (Kawau Bay, off Kawau Island, Hauraki Gulf, New Zealand, -36.4 174.8167 (36º24'S, 174º49'E); 10 m, in mud tubes within the sponge Callyspongia cf. ramosa) [details]

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Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAssociation The species was found in mud tubes within the subtidal sponge Callyspongia cf. ramosa[details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDepth range 5.5-10 m.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis A small gonochoristic species that inhabits mud tubes within a sponge. Prostomium is rounded, caruncle extends to the posterior of chaetiger 2. Eyes are present (one pair) or absent, nuchal tentacle is absent. Branchiae are absent. Epithelial bacillary glands are present on chaetigers 2-11, seldom to 12. Glandular pouches are present on chaetigers 6-11. Chaetiger 5 has a ventral and a dorsal superior fascicle of capillary chaetae, and two types of major notopodial spines: (1) anterior spines expanded distally with one main tooth and a sub-terminal collar bearing numerous small teeth along margin; and (2) slightly falcate posterior spines. The pygidium is reduced, smaller in width than the terminal chaetiger, with 4-6 small lobes, ventral pair largest.
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution New Zealand, known only from Northern North Island [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The specific epithet vestalis refers to the Roman deity Vesta, goddess of home and hearth, in reference to the species' reproductive forms (adelphophagy and architomic fragmentation), which both result in progenuy likely to settle near the parental tube (Paterson & Gibson, 2003: 739).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat In mud tubes within the subtidal sponge Callyspongia cf. ramosa.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction The species exhibits sexual and asexual reproduction. Low numbers of sexually mature specimens and egg strings were collected from November to January (sampling was not conducted during other months). All egg strings contained few embryos and large numbers of nurse eggs (adelphophagy) with offspring hatching as 15—17-chaetiger late-stage larvae. Architomic fragmentation was the dominant form of reproduction and occurred concurrently with sexual reproduction within the population. For more details see Gibson & Paterson (2003).  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Kawau Bay, off Kawau Island, Hauraki Gulf, Northland, New Zealand (36º24'S, 174º49'E), 10 m, in mud tubes within the sponge Callyspongia cf. ramosa.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:326383
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2008-03-17 10:44:16Z  created  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
  
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  Citation: WoRMS (2015). Amphipolydora vestalis. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2015) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=326383 on 2016-06-27
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License