WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphipolydora Blake, 1983

325688 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:325688)
accepted
Genus
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Blake, J.A. (1983). Polychaetes of the family Spionidae from South America, Antarctica and adjacent seas and islands. Biology of the Antarctic Seas XIV Antarctic Research Series. 39(3): 205-288., available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/AR039p0205/summary
page(s): 252-253 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The name of the genus is composed by the Greek...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The name of the genus is composed by the Greek prefix amphi-, meaning 'around', 'at both ends' or 'of both kinds', and the name of the close genus Polydora Bosc, 1802, named after a nymph of the Ancient Greece mythology, and refers to the close affinities that Amphipolydora shares with related genera.  [details]
Read, G. (2011). Amphipolydora Blake, 1983. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=325688 on 2017-11-24

Date
action
by
2008-03-14 12:50:56Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-07-12 22:11:26Z
changed

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original description Blake, J.A. (1983). Polychaetes of the family Spionidae from South America, Antarctica and adjacent seas and islands. Biology of the Antarctic Seas XIV Antarctic Research Series. 39(3): 205-288., available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1029/AR039p0205/summary
page(s): 252-253 [details]   

emendation (re-diagnosis of genus) Paterson, I.G.; Gibson, G.D. (2003). A new species of Amphipolydora (Polychaeta: Spionidae) from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research. 37(4): 733-740., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00288330.2003.9517203
page(s): 734 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Diagnosis by Paterson & Gibson (2003: 734): ''Prostomium is entire on anterior margin, extending posteriorly as a caruncle; eyes are present or absent; nuchal tentacle is absent. Chaetiger 1 is without notochaetae. Modified chaetiger 5 has two types of major notopodial spines: (1) anterior spines are distally expanded with terminal tooth and surrounding collar; (2) posterior spines are simple acicular; superior notochaetal and neurochaetal fascicles are present. Hooded hooks are bidentate, from chaetiger 7, with conspicuous angle between teeth and no constriction on the shaft. Branchiae are absent. Prominent dorsal bacillary glands are present on anterior chaetigers. Pygidium is reduced.'' The original diagnosis by Blake (1983: 253) was emended by Paterson & Gibson (2003: 734) to include species with eyes.
 [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology The name of the genus is composed by the Greek prefix amphi-, meaning 'around', 'at both ends' or 'of both kinds', and the name of the close genus Polydora Bosc, 1802, named after a nymph of the Ancient Greece mythology, and refers to the close affinities that Amphipolydora shares with related genera.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Probably a genus of specialist sponge borers reproducing by architomy to form colonies thereon (A. vestalis), although the type was not recorded as associated with a sponge (but see comments of Paterson & Gibson, 2003) [details]