WoRMS name details

Spongia tupha Pallas, 1766

291631  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:291631)

 unaccepted (genus transfer)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy This is a senior homonym of Spongia tupha sensu Von Martens, 1824. Although almost all authors assigned Spongia tupha to...  
Taxonomy This is a senior homonym of Spongia tupha sensu Von Martens, 1824. Although almost all authors assigned Spongia tupha to Von Martens, 1824, he actually considered Pallas as the true author of the name. Pallas' description was considered ambiguous, so Von Martens became the preferred author. However, if Pallas' and Von Martens' material would be assignable to different species, the name of Von Martens would become a junior primary homonym of Pallas' name, thus demanding a nomen novum for Von Martens' species. However, the two are likely to be the same species and it is proposed here to merge the two under Spongia tupha Pallas, 1766.
Topsent (1933) basing himself on Lamarck's (1814) interpretation of Spongia tupha Pallas, 1766, assigned S. tupha to his genus Stylinos (now Ulosa, except the type species) as a senior synonym of Stylinos (Ulosa) stuposa (Esper, 1794). This has not been followed by other authors. In the absence of Pallas' specimen it is not possible to verify, whether Lamarck's interpretation has more merits than Von Martens' and Schulze's hypotheses. This issue can be solved by indicating a neotype for Pallas' Spongia tupha[details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Spongia tupha Pallas, 1766. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=291631 on 2018-05-21
Date
action
by
2008-01-20 14:16:41Z
created
2013-01-08 11:29:29Z
changed
2018-03-15 11:13:25Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Esper, E.C.J. (1794). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 1-303., available online at http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/esper1791ga?sid=2d5b0169727df890642a3a5e6a1c914e&ui_lang=eng
page(s): 261, pls. XXXVIII and XXXIX [details]   

additional source Schulze, F.E. (1879). Untersuchungen über den Bau und dia Entwivklung der Spongien. Sechste Mittheilung. Die Gattung Spongelia. Zeitschrift für wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 32: 117-157.
page(s): 117 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Boddaert, P., 1768. In: P.S. Pallas, Lyst der Plant-Dieren, bevattende de algemeene Schetzen der Geslachten en korte Beschryvingen der bekende Zoorten. Vertaald en met Aanmerkingen en Afbeeldingen voorzien door P. Boddaert.
page(s): 502, pl. 13 fig. 4; note: This concerns a translation of Pallas' Elenchus zoophytorum, with in appendix additional notes from Pallas supplementing the Elenchus. [details]   

additional source Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy This is a senior homonym of Spongia tupha sensu Von Martens, 1824. Although almost all authors assigned Spongia tupha to Von Martens, 1824, he actually considered Pallas as the true author of the name. Pallas' description was considered ambiguous, so Von Martens became the preferred author. However, if Pallas' and Von Martens' material would be assignable to different species, the name of Von Martens would become a junior primary homonym of Pallas' name, thus demanding a nomen novum for Von Martens' species. However, the two are likely to be the same species and it is proposed here to merge the two under Spongia tupha Pallas, 1766.
Topsent (1933) basing himself on Lamarck's (1814) interpretation of Spongia tupha Pallas, 1766, assigned S. tupha to his genus Stylinos (now Ulosa, except the type species) as a senior synonym of Stylinos (Ulosa) stuposa (Esper, 1794). This has not been followed by other authors. In the absence of Pallas' specimen it is not possible to verify, whether Lamarck's interpretation has more merits than Von Martens' and Schulze's hypotheses. This issue can be solved by indicating a neotype for Pallas' Spongia tupha[details]