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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzostomida 
AphiaID: 233983

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida incertae sedis (Superclass)
Authority von Graff, 1877
Status accepted
Rank Order
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida incertae sedis
Sources  original description Graff, Ludwig von 1877. Das Genus Myzostoma (F.S. Leuckart). 1-82. Wilhelm Engelmann. Leipzig. [details]

status source Mwinyi, A.; Meyer, A.; Bleidorn, C.; Lieb, B.; Bartolomaeus, T.; Podsiadlowski, L. (2009). Mitochondrial genome sequence and gene order of Sipunculus nudus give additional support for an inclusion of Sipuncula into Annelida. BMC Genomics. 10(1): 27., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-10-27 [details]

status source Wang, Y.; Xie, Q. (2014). The Molecular Symplesiomorphies Shared by the Stem Groups of Metazoan Evolution: Can Sites as Few as 1% Have a Significant Impact on Recognizing the Phylogenetic Position of Myzostomida?. Journal of Molecular Evolution. 79(1-2): 63-74., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00239-014-9635-y
page(s): [Position of Myzostomida unresolved] [details]

[show all]
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormyzostomarians  [details]
Direct child
taxa (4)

[sort alpha..]
 Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteromyzostomatidae Wagin, 1954
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEndomyzostomatidae Perrier, 1897
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzostomida incertae sedis
Family Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyzostomidae Benham, 1896
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent + fossil
Feedingtype  adult: parasitic: ectoparasitic [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTo Perrier 1897 p.1633 in which new genera and new tribes of Myzostomida are briefly introduced 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClassification Myzostomida have apparent morphological affinities to Polychaeta, and have been treated as a group within Phyllodocida. The position of Myzostomida is unresolved and recent molecular studies have not placed Myzostomida close to Polychaeta (uncertain if real or artifactual placement), although authors find similarities (just for example their planktonic larvae look very polychaete like). Myzostomida are placed in Annelida based on mitochondrial gene orders (Mwinyi et al. 2009) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEcology Most Myzostomida are free-living associates of crinoid echinoderms. Some are encysted by the host in galls, some are endoparasitic. Others live on basket-stars, asteroids, or ophiuroids. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:233983
Edit history
Date   action   by
2006-08-23 13:24:43Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2010-03-03 00:50:30Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-02-18 00:49:53Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2014-08-31 21:46:55Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
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  Citation: Read, G. (2014). Myzostomida. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2014) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=233983 on 2014-10-23
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License