WoRMS taxon details

Pharidae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1856

23091  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:23091)

accepted
Family
Genus Afrophaxas Cosel, 1993
Genus Cultellus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Cultellus aspersus Clessin, 1888
  » Species Cultellus attenuatus Dunker, 1862
  » Species Cultellus belcheri G. B. Sowerby II, 1874
  » Species Cultellus maximus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Cultellus philippianus Dunker, 1877
  » Species Cultellus scalpellum G. B. Sowerby II, 1874
  » Species Cultellus subcylindricus Clessin, 1888
  » Species Cultellus subellipticus Dunker, 1862
  » Species Cultellus tenerior (Hedley, 1914)
  » Species Cultellus vitreus Dunker, 1862
  » Species Cultellus subsulcatus G. B. Sowerby II, 1874 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Cultellus albidus Sowerby, 1874 (nomen nudum)
  » Subgenus Cultellus (Cultrensis) Coen, 1933 accepted as Phaxas Leach in Gray, 1852
  » Subgenus Cultellus (Ensiculus) H. Adams, 1861 accepted as Ensiculus H. Adams, 1861
  » Species Cultellus cultellus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Ensiculus cultellus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Cultellus decipiens E. A. Smith, 1904 accepted as Afrophaxas decipiens (E. A. Smith, 1904) (original combination)
  » Species Cultellus grayanus (Dunker, 1861) accepted as Cultellus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Cultellus hanleyi Dunker, 1861 accepted as Siliqua albida (Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  » Species Cultellus lividus Dunker, 1862 accepted as Ensiculus cultellus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Cultellus magnus Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Cultellus maximus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Cultellus pellucidus (Pennant, 1777) accepted as Phaxas pellucidus (Pennant, 1777)
  » Species Cultellus politus Dunker, 1862 accepted as Sinupharus africanus (Chenu, 1843) (synonym)
  » Species Cultellus scalprum (Gould, 1850) accepted as Cultellus subellipticus Dunker, 1862
  » Species Cultellus tenuis (Gray, 1834) accepted as Sinupharus africanus (Chenu, 1843) (non Broderip & Sowerby, 1829)
Genus Ensiculus H. Adams, 1861
Genus Ensis Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Ensis californicus Dall, 1899
  » Species Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Ensis goreensis (Clessin, 1888)
  » Species Ensis leei M. Huber, 2015
  » Species Ensis macha (Molina, 1782)
  » Species Ensis magnus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Ensis megistus Pilsbry & McGinty, 1943
  » Species Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843)
    » Variety Ensis minor var. subarcuata van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843) (synonym)
  » Species Ensis myrae Berry, 1954
  » Species Ensis nitidus (Clessin, 1888)
  » Species Ensis siliqua (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Ensis terranovensis Vierna & Martínez-Lage, 2012
  » Species Ensis tropicalis Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1955
  » Species Ensis americanus (Gould, 1870) accepted as Ensis leei M. Huber, 2015 (synonym)
  » Species Ensis arcuatus (Jeffreys, 1865) accepted as Ensis magnus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Ensis coseli Vierna, 2014 accepted as Ensis megistus coseli Vierna, 2014 (original rank)
  » Species Ensis directus (Conrad, 1844) sensu Abbott, 1954 accepted as Ensis leei M. Huber, 2015
  » Species Ensis luzonicus Dunker, 1862 accepted as Ensis macha (Molina, 1782) (Synonym, juvenile specimen of Ensis macha)
  » Species Ensis minor Dall, 1899 accepted as Ensis coseli Vierna, 2014 (invalid: junior secondary homonym of Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843); E. coseli is a replacement name)
  » Species Ensis phaxoides Van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Ensis sicula Van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Ensis siculus van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843) (dubious synonym)
Genus Neosiliqua Habe, 1965
Genus Pharus Gray, 1840
Genus Phaxas Leach in Gray, 1852
Genus Sinucultellus Cosel, 1993
Genus Sinupharus Cosel, 1993

Genus Aulus Oken, 1815 accepted as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 (synonym)
Genus Ensatella Swainson, 1840 accepted as Ensis Schumacher, 1817 (synonym)
Subfamily Novaculininae Ghosh, 1920 accepted as Pharellinae Stoliczka, 1870 (a junior synonym)
Genus Pharus Leach in T. Brown, 1844 accepted as Pharus Gray, 1840
marine, brackish, fresh
Not documented
MolluscaBase eds. (2020). MolluscaBase. Pharidae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1856. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=23091 on 2020-09-26
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2010-07-10 09:41:30Z
changed
2019-08-10 17:48:22Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


additional source Cosel R. von (1993). The razor shells of the eastern Atlantic. Part 1: Solenidae and Pharidae I (Bivalvia: Solenacea). <i>Archiv für Molluskenkunde 122 (Zilch Festschrift)</i>: 207-321 [details]   

additional source Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, <i>in</i>: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. <i>Malacologia</i> 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
LanguageName 
Swedish knivmusslor  [details]