WoRMS taxon details

Pharidae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1856

23091  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:23091)

accepted
Family
Genus Afrophaxas Cosel, 1993
Subfamily Cultellinae Davies, 1935
Genus Cultellus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Cultellus albidus Sowerby, 1874
  » Species Cultellus aspersus Clessin, 1888
  » Species Cultellus attenuatus Dunker, 1862
  » Species Cultellus belcheri G. B. Sowerby II, 1874
  » Species Cultellus maximus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Cultellus philippianus Dunker, 1877
  » Species Cultellus scalpellum G. B. Sowerby II, 1874
  » Species Cultellus scalprum (Gould, 1851)
  » Species Cultellus subcylindricus Clessin, 1888
  » Species Cultellus tenerior (Hedley, 1914)
  » Species Cultellus vitreus Dunker, 1862
  » Species Cultellus subsulcatus Sowerby II, 1874 (nomen dubium)
  » Subgenus Cultellus (Cultrensis) Coen, 1933 accepted as Phaxas Leach in Gray, 1852
  » Subgenus Cultellus (Ensiculus) H. Adams, 1861 accepted as Ensiculus H. Adams, 1861
  » Species Cultellus cultellus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Ensiculus cultellus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Cultellus grayanus (Dunker, 1861) accepted as Cultellus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Cultellus hanleyi Dunker, 1861 accepted as Siliqua albida (Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  » Species Cultellus lividus Dunker, 1862 accepted as Ensiculus cultellus (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Cultellus magnus Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Cultellus maximus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Cultellus pellucidus accepted as Phaxas pellucidus (Pennant, 1777) (Synonym)
  » Species Cultellus politus Dunker, 1862 accepted as Sinupharus africanus (Chenu, 1843) (synonym)
  » Species Cultellus subellipticus Dunker, 1862 accepted as Cultellus scalprum (Gould, 1851) (synonym)
  » Species Cultellus tenuis Gray, 1834 accepted as Sinupharus africanus (Chenu, 1843) (non Broderip & Sowerby, 1829)
Genus Ensiculus H. Adams, 1861
Genus Ensis Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Ensis californicus Dall, 1899
  » Species Ensis directus (Conrad, 1844) †
  » Species Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Ensis goreensis (Clessin, 1888)
  » Species Ensis leei M. Huber, 2015
  » Species Ensis macha (Molina, 1782)
  » Species Ensis magnus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Ensis megistus Pilsbry & McGinty, 1943
  » Species Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843)
    » Variety Ensis minor var. subarcuata van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843) (synonym)
  » Species Ensis myrae Berry, 1954
  » Species Ensis nitidus (Clessin, 1888)
  » Species Ensis siliqua (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Ensis terranovensis Vierna & Martínez-Lage, 2012
  » Species Ensis tropicalis Hertlein & A. M. Strong, 1955
  » Species Ensis americanus (Gould, 1870) accepted as Ensis leei M. Huber, 2015 (synonym)
  » Species Ensis arcuatus (Jeffreys, 1865) accepted as Ensis magnus Schumacher, 1817
  » Species Ensis coseli Vierna, 2014 accepted as Ensis megistus coseli Vierna, 2014 (original rank)
  » Species Ensis directus (Conrad, 1844) sensu Abbott, 1954 accepted as Ensis leei M. Huber, 2015
  » Species Ensis luzonicus Dunker, 1862 accepted as Ensis macha (Molina, 1782) (Synonym, juvenile specimen of Ensis macha)
  » Species Ensis minor Dall, 1899 accepted as Ensis coseli Vierna, 2014 (invalid: junior secondary homonym of Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843); E. coseli is a replacement name)
  » Species Ensis phaxoides Van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Ensis sicula Van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis ensis (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Species Ensis siculus van Urk, 1964 accepted as Ensis minor (Chenu, 1843) (dubious synonym)
Genus Nasopharus Cosel, 1993
Genus Neosiliqua Habe, 1965
Genus Novaculina Benson, 1830
Subfamily Novaculininae Ghosh, 1920
Genus Orbicularia Deshayes, 1850
Genus Pharella Gray, 1854
Subfamily Pharellinae Stoliczka, 1870
Subfamily Pharinae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1856
Genus Pharus Gray, 1840
Genus Phaxas Leach in Gray, 1852
Genus Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
  » Species Siliqua albida (Adams & Reeve, 1850)
  » Species Siliqua alta (Broderip & Sowerby, 1829)
  » Species Siliqua barnardi M. Huber, 2010
  » Species Siliqua costata (Say, 1822)
  » Species Siliqua fasciata (Spengler, 1794)
  » Species Siliqua grayana (Dunker, 1862)
  » Species Siliqua herberti M. Huber, 2015
  » Species Siliqua japonica Dunker, 1861
  » Species Siliqua lucida (Conrad, 1837)
  » Species Siliqua minima (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Siliqua patula (Dixon, 1789)
  » Species Siliqua polita (W. Wood, 1828)
  » Species Siliqua pulchella Dunker, 1852
  » Species Siliqua radiata (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Siliqua rostrata (Dunker, 1862)
  » Species Siliqua squama (Blainville, 1827)
  » Subgenus Siliqua (Neomachaera) M. Huber, 2010 represented as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
  » Subgenus Siliqua (Neosiliqua) Habe, 1965 represented as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
  » Subgenus Siliqua (Poortenia) M. Huber, 2010 represented as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
  » Subgenus Siliqua (Siliqua) Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 represented as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
  » Species Siliqua intuspurpurea Pilsbry, 1905 accepted as Siliqua alta (Broderip & Sowerby, 1829)
  » Species Siliqua sloati Hertlein, 1961 accepted as Siliqua alta (Broderip & Sowerby, 1829)
  » Species Siliqua tenerior (Hedley, 1914) accepted as Cultellus tenerior (Hedley, 1914)
Subfamily Siliquinae Bronn, 1862
Genus Sinonovacula Prashad, 1924
Genus Sinucultellus Cosel, 1993
Genus Sinupharus Cosel, 1993

Genus Aulus Oken, 1815 accepted as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 (synonym)
Genus Ceratisolen Forbes in Forbes & Hanley, 1848 accepted as Pharus Gray, 1840 (objective synonym)
Genus Cultrensis Coen, 1933 accepted as Phaxas Leach in Gray, 1852
Genus Ensatella Swainson, 1840 accepted as Ensis Schumacher, 1817 (synonym)
Genus Leguminaria Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 (objective synonym of Siliqua)
  » Species Leguminaria costata Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Siliqua radiata (Linnaeus, 1758) (unnecessary substitute name for Solen radiatus Linnaeus, 1758)
Genus Machaera Gould, 1841 accepted as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811 (invalid: junior homonym of Machaera Cuvier, 1832 [Pisces]; Neomachaera is a replacement name)
Genus Pharus Leach in Brown, 1844 accepted as Pharus Gray, 1840
Genus Phaxus [sic] accepted as Phaxas Leach in Gray, 1852 (misspelling)
Genus Solecurtoides Des Moulins, 1832 accepted as Siliqua Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811
marine
MolluscaBase (2018). Pharidae H. Adams & A. Adams, 1856. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=23091 on 2018-05-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
db_admin
2010-07-10 09:41:30Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


additional source Cosel R. von (1993). The razor shells of the eastern Atlantic. Part 1: Solenidae and Pharidae I (Bivalvia: Solenacea). Archiv für Molluskenkunde 122 (Zilch Festschrift): 207-321 [details]   

additional source Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. Malacologia 52(2): 1-184. [details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   

basis of record  (ofCultellidae Davies, 1935) Vaught, K.C.; Tucker Abbott, R.; Boss, K.J. (1989). A classification of the living Mollusca. American Malacologists: Melbourne. ISBN 0-915826-22-4. XII, 195 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofCultellidae Davies, 1935) Bieler R., Carter J.G. & Coan E.V. (2010). Classification of Bivalve families. Pp. 113-133, in: Bouchet P. & Rocroi J.-P. (2010), Nomenclator of Bivalve Families. Malacologia 52(2): 1-184. [details]   
 



LanguageName 
Swedish knivmusslor  [details]