WoRMS taxon details

Architectonicidae Gray, 1850

22989  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:22989)

accepted
Family
Genus Adelphotectonica Bieler, 1987
Genus Architectonica Röding, 1798
  » Species Architectonica arcana Bieler, 1993
  » Species Architectonica consobrina Bieler, 1993
  » Species Architectonica grandiosa Iredale, 1931
  » Species Architectonica gualtierii Bieler, 1993
  » Species Architectonica karsteni Rutsch, 1934
  » Species Architectonica laevigata (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Architectonica maculata (Link, 1807)
  » Species Architectonica maxima (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Architectonica modesta (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
  » Species Architectonica perdix (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Architectonica proestleri Alf & Kreipl, 2001
  » Species Architectonica purpurata (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Architectonica rivulensis Lozouet, 1999 †
  » Species Architectonica sigillaria Lozouet, 1999 †
  » Species Architectonica spinogula Laws, 1941 †
  » Species Architectonica stellata (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Architectonica taylori (Hanley, 1862)
  » Species Architectonica trochlearis (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Architectonica regia (Hanley, 1862) (taxon inquirendum, based on single aberrant shell; specific allocation within Architectonica uncertain)
  » Species Architectonica kochii Dall, 1909 (nomen dubium)
  » Subgenus Architectonica (Discotectonica) Marwick, 1931 † accepted as Discotectonica Marwick, 1931
  » Species Architectonica aspera (Hinds, 1844) accepted as Granosolarium asperum (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Architectonica balcombensis Finlay, 1926 † accepted as Discotectonica balcombensis (Finlay, 1926) †
  » Species Architectonica bannocki Melone & Taviani, 1980 accepted as Solatisonax hemisphaerica (Seguenza, 1876)
  » Species Architectonica gothica Röding, 1798 accepted as Heliacus (Grandeliacus) stramineus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Architectonica granulata (Lamarck, 1816) accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
  » Species Architectonica inornata P. Marshall, 1917 † accepted as Wangaloa plana (P. Marshall, 1917) †
  » Species Architectonica kuroharai Kuroda & Habe in Habe, 1961 accepted as Adelphotectonica kuroharai (Kuroda & Habe in Habe, 1961)
  » Species Architectonica lepida Bayer, 1942 accepted as Basisulcata lepida (Bayer, 1942)
  » Species Architectonica marwicki Laws, 1948 † accepted as Discotectonica hokianga (Vella, 1954) † (invalid: not Architectonica marwicki R.S. Allan, 1926)
  » Species Architectonica marwicki R. S. Allan, 1926 † accepted as Granosolarium marwicki (R. S. Allan, 1926) †
  » Species Architectonica ngaparaensis Suter, 1917 † accepted as Wangaloa ngaparaensis (Suter, 1917) † (original combination)
  » Species Architectonica nomotoi Kosuge, 1979 accepted as Adelphotectonica nomotoi (Kosuge, 1979)
  » Species Architectonica offlexa Iredale, 1931 accepted as Adelphotectonica reevei (Hanley, 1862)
  » Species Architectonica pentacyclota Azuma, 1973 accepted as Adelphotectonica kuroharai (Kuroda & Habe in Habe, 1961)
  » Species Architectonica picta (Philippi, 1849) accepted as Architectonica maculata (Link, 1807) (synonym)
  » Species Architectonica placentalis (Hinds, 1844) accepted as Discotectonica placentalis (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Architectonica pseudoperspectiva (Brocchi, 1814) † accepted as Discotectonica pseudoperspectiva (Brocchi, 1814) †
  » Species Architectonica radialis Dall, 1908 accepted as Solatisonax radialis (Dall, 1908)
  » Species Architectonica radiata Röding, 1798 accepted as Psilaxis radiatus (Röding, 1798)
  » Species Architectonica reevei (Hanley, 1862) accepted as Adelphotectonica reevei (Hanley, 1862)
  » Species Architectonica relata Iredale, 1936 accepted as Adelphotectonica reevei (Hanley, 1862)
  » Species Architectonica seniscula Marwick, 1931 † accepted as Discotectonica seniscula (Marwick, 1931) † (original combination)
  » Species Architectonica sindermanni Merrill & Boss, 1984 accepted as Adelphotectonica uruguaya (Carcelles, 1953)
  » Species Architectonica sunderlandi Petuch, 1987 accepted as Adelphotectonica uruguaya (Carcelles, 1953)
  » Species Architectonica tricarinata Stearns, 1872 accepted as Arene tricarinata (Stearns, 1872) (original combination)
  » Species Architectonica valenciennesii Mörch, 1859 accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
  » Species Architectonica wroblewskyi Mörch, 1875 accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
Genus Basisulcata Melone & Taviani, 1985
Genus Climacopoma Fischer, 1885 †
Genus Discotectonica Marwick, 1931
Genus Granosolarium Sacco, 1892
Genus Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
  » Species Heliacus areola (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Heliacus asteleformis (Powell, 1965)
  » Species Heliacus bisulcatus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
  » Species Heliacus caelatus (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Heliacus cerdaleus (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Species Heliacus contextus (Seguenza L., 1903)
  » Species Heliacus corallinus Garrard, 1978
  » Species Heliacus costatus (Schepman, 1909)
  » Species Heliacus cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Heliacus discoideus (Pease, 1868)
  » Species Heliacus enoshimensis (Melvill, 1891)
  » Species Heliacus fallaciosus (Tiberi, 1872)
  » Species Heliacus fenestratus (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Heliacus geminus Bieler, 1993
  » Species Heliacus hyperionis Bieler, 1993
  » Species Heliacus implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Heliacus infundibuliformis (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Heliacus jeffreysianus (Tiberi, 1867)
  » Species Heliacus madurensis (Schepman, 1909)
  » Species Heliacus malani (Dautzenberg, 1910)
  » Species Heliacus mazatlanicus Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932
  » Species Heliacus mighelsi (Philippi, 1853)
  » Species Heliacus nereidis Bieler, 1993
  » Species Heliacus oceanitis Bieler, 1993
  » Species Heliacus planispira Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932
  » Species Heliacus ponderi Garrard, 1978
  » Species Heliacus proteus Bieler, 1993
  » Species Heliacus rotula Kilburn, 1975
  » Species Heliacus sterkii (Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1908)
  » Species Heliacus stramineus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Heliacus trochoides (Deshayes, 1830)
  » Species Heliacus turritus Bieler, 1987
  » Species Heliacus variegatus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Heliacus verdensis Bieler, 1984
  » Species Heliacus virgatus (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Heliacus willianseverii Tenório, Barros, Francisco & Silva, 2011
  » Species Heliacus worsfoldi Quinn, 1981
  » Species Heliacus imperfectus Suter, 1917 † (nomen dubium)
  » Species Heliacus subvariegatus (d'Orbigny, 1852) accepted as Heliacus fallaciosus (Tiberi, 1872) (nomen nudum)
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Grandeliacus) Iredale, 1957 represented as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Granoheliacus) Melone & Taviani, 1985 represented as Granoheliacus Melone & Taviani, 1985
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Gyriscus) Tiberi, 1867 represented as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Heliacus) d'Orbigny, 1842 represented as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
    » Species Heliacus (Heliacus) areola (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Heliacus areola (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Heliacus (Heliacus) cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Heliacus cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Heliacus (Heliacus) trochoides (Deshayes, 1830) represented as Heliacus trochoides (Deshayes, 1830)
    » Species Heliacus (Heliacus) variegatus (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Heliacus variegatus (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Heliacus (Heliacus) cerdaleus (Melvill & Standen, 1903) accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) cerdaleus (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
      » Subspecies Heliacus (Heliacus) cerdaleus ponderi Garrard, 1978 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) ponderi Garrard, 1978 (original combination)
    » Species Heliacus (Heliacus) hedleyi Garrard, 1977 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) cerdaleus (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Pyrgoheliacus) Bieler, 1987 represented as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Teretropoma) Rochebrune, 1881 represented as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
    » Species Heliacus (Teretropoma) discoideus (Pease, 1868) represented as Heliacus discoideus (Pease, 1868)
    » Species Heliacus (Teretropoma) fenestratus (Hinds, 1844) represented as Heliacus fenestratus (Hinds, 1844)
    » Species Heliacus (Teretropoma) infundibuliformis (Gmelin, 1791) represented as Heliacus infundibuliformis (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Heliacus (Teretropoma) mighelsi (Philippi, 1853) represented as Heliacus mighelsi (Philippi, 1853)
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Torinista) Iredale, 1936 represented as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) bisulcatus (d'Orbigny, 1842) represented as Heliacus bisulcatus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) caelatus (Hinds, 1844) represented as Heliacus caelatus (Hinds, 1844)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) cerdaleus (Melvill & Standen, 1903) represented as Heliacus cerdaleus (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) corallinus Garrard, 1978 represented as Heliacus corallinus Garrard, 1978
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) costatus (Schepman, 1909) represented as Heliacus costatus (Schepman, 1909)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) enoshimensis (Melvill, 1891) represented as Heliacus enoshimensis (Melvill, 1891)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) geminus Bieler, 1993 represented as Heliacus geminus Bieler, 1993
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) hyperionis Bieler, 1993 represented as Heliacus hyperionis Bieler, 1993
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845) represented as Heliacus implexus (Mighels, 1845)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) madurensis (Schepman, 1909) represented as Heliacus madurensis (Schepman, 1909)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) mazatlanicus Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 represented as Heliacus mazatlanicus Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) nereidis Bieler, 1993 represented as Heliacus nereidis Bieler, 1993
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) oceanitis Bieler, 1993 represented as Heliacus oceanitis Bieler, 1993
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) planispira Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 represented as Heliacus planispira Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) ponderi Garrard, 1978 represented as Heliacus ponderi Garrard, 1978
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) proteus Bieler, 1993 represented as Heliacus proteus Bieler, 1993
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) rotula Kilburn, 1975 represented as Heliacus rotula Kilburn, 1975
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) sterkii (Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1908) represented as Heliacus sterkii (Pilsbry & Vanatta, 1908)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) virgatus (Hinds, 1844) represented as Heliacus virgatus (Hinds, 1844)
    » Species Heliacus (Torinista) architae (O. G. Costa, 1841) accepted as Pseudotorinia architae (O. G. Costa, 1841)
  » Subgenus Heliacus (Mangonuia) Mestayer, 1930 accepted as Pseudomalaxis P. Fischer, 1885 (Pseudomalaxis/Mangonuia is not a subclade of Heliacus)
  » Species Heliacus africanus Bartsch, 1915 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Heliacus architae (O. G. Costa, 1841) accepted as Pseudotorinia architae (O. G. Costa, 1841)
  » Species Heliacus asper (Hinds, 1844) accepted as Granosolarium asperum (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Heliacus aucklandicus P. Marshall, 1918 † accepted as Wangaloa aucklandica (P. Marshall, 1918) †
  » Species Heliacus bicanaliculatus (Valenciennes, 1832) accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) areola bicanaliculatus (Valenciennes, 1832)
  » Species Heliacus borealis (Verrill & S. Smith, 1880) accepted as Solatisonax borealis (Verrill & S. Smith [in Verrill], 1880)
  » Species Heliacus canariensis Nordsieck, 1982 accepted as Heliacus perrieri (Rochebrune, 1881)
  » Species Heliacus chiquita Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) areola bicanaliculatus (Valenciennes, 1832)
  » Species Heliacus codoceoae Rehder, 1980 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Heliacus colmani Garrard, 1978 accepted as Pseudotorinia colmani (Garrard, 1978) (original combination)
  » Species Heliacus conicus P. Marshall, 1917 † accepted as Conominolia conica (P. Marshall, 1917) †
  » Species Heliacus crystallina Nowell-Usticke, 1969 accepted as Pseudotorinia architae-group
  » Species Heliacus dilecta (Deshayes, 1863) accepted as Granosolarium asperum (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Heliacus dorsuosus auct. accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Heliacus elegantissimus Kuroda & Habe in Habe, 1961 accepted as Granosolarium elegantissimum (Kuroda & Habe in Habe, 1961)
  » Species Heliacus maorianus Powell, 1934 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Heliacus numulus Barnard, 1963 accepted as Pseudotorinia numulus (Barnard, 1963)
  » Species Heliacus obolos Barnard, 1963 accepted as Pseudomalaxis obolos (Barnard, 1963)
  » Species Heliacus perrieri (Rochebrune, 1881) accepted as Heliacus (Teretropoma) infundibuliformis perrieri (Rochebrune, 1881)
  » Species Heliacus petasus Tomlin, 1928 accepted as Discotectonica petasus (Tomlin, 1928)
  » Species Heliacus radialis (Dall, 1908) accepted as Solatisonax radialis (Dall, 1908)
  » Species Heliacus sigsbeei (Dall, 1889) accepted as Solatisonax sigsbeei (Dall, 1889)
  » Species Heliacus smithae Kilburn, 1977 accepted as Pseudomalaxis obolos (Barnard, 1963)
Genus Nipteraxis Cossmann, 1916 †
Genus Philippia Gray, 1847
  » Species Philippia hybrida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Philippia japonica (Pilsbry & Stearns in Pilsbry, 1895)
  » Species Philippia lutea (Lamarck, 1822)
  » Species Philippia layardi A. Adams, 1855 accepted as Psilaxis radiatus (Röding, 1798)
  » Species Philippia lepida Bayer, 1942 accepted as Basisulcata lepida (Bayer, 1942)
  » Species Philippia manifesta Iredale, 1931 accepted as Psilaxis oxytropis (A. Adams, 1855)
  » Species Philippia oxytropis A. Adams, 1855 accepted as Psilaxis oxytropis (A. Adams, 1855)
  » Species Philippia pseudoperspectiva (Brocchi, 1814) † accepted as Discotectonica pseudoperspectiva (Brocchi, 1814) †
  » Species Philippia radiata (Röding, 1798) accepted as Psilaxis radiatus (Röding, 1798)
  » Species Philippia stipator Iredale, 1931 accepted as Psilaxis radiatus (Röding, 1798)
Genus Pseudomalaxis P. Fischer, 1885
  » Species Pseudomalaxis berezovskyi Pacaud, 2017 †
  » Species Pseudomalaxis obolos (Barnard, 1963)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis planoconcavus (Rouault, 1850) †
  » Species Pseudomalaxis varonei Pacaud, 2017 †
  » Species Pseudomalaxis zanclaeus (Philippi, 1844)
  » Subgenus Pseudomalaxis (Paurodiscus) Rehder, 1935 accepted as Spirolaxis Monterosato, 1913
  » Subgenus Pseudomalaxis (Spirolaxis) Monterosato, 1913 accepted as Spirolaxis Monterosato, 1913 (original rank as subgenus)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis actoni Monterosato, 1913 accepted as Pseudomalaxis zanclaeus (Philippi, 1844) (synonym)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis balesi Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945 accepted as Pleuromalaxis balesi (Pilsbry & McGinty, 1945) (original combination)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis centrifuga Monterosato, 1890 accepted as Spirolaxis centrifuga (Monterosato, 1890) (original combination)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis cornuammonis (Melvill & Standen, 1903) accepted as Spirolaxis cornuammonis (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis lamellifer Rehder, 1935 accepted as Spirolaxis lamellifer (Rehder, 1935)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis macandrewi Iredale, 1911 accepted as Spirolaxis centrifuga (Monterosato, 1890)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis nobilis (Verrill, 1885) accepted as Pseudomalaxis zanclaeus (Philippi, 1844)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis roddai Ladd, 1982 † accepted as Spirolaxis rotulacatharinea (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis rotulacatharinea (Melvill & Standen, 1903) accepted as Spirolaxis rotulacatharinea (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis solaris Kuroda, 1938 accepted as Pseudomalaxis zanclaeus meridionalis (Hedley, 1903)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis thetidis Garrard, 1978 accepted as Spirolaxis rotulacatharinea (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Species Pseudomalaxis zancleus (Philippi, 1844) accepted as Pseudomalaxis zanclaeus (Philippi, 1844) (misspelling)
Genus Pseudotorinia Sacco, 1892
  » Species Pseudotorinia aloysii (Selli, 1973)
  » Species Pseudotorinia amoena (Murdoch & Suter, 1906)
  » Species Pseudotorinia architae (O. G. Costa, 1841)
  » Species Pseudotorinia armillata Bieler, 1993
  » Species Pseudotorinia bullisi Bieler, Merrill & Boss, 1985
  » Species Pseudotorinia colmani (Garrard, 1978)
  » Species Pseudotorinia concava (Thiele, 1925)
  » Species Pseudotorinia delectabilis (Melvill, 1893)
  » Species Pseudotorinia gemmulata (Thiele, 1925)
  » Species Pseudotorinia jonasi Tenório, Barros, Francisco & Silva, 2011
  » Species Pseudotorinia kraussi J.E. Gray in M. E. Gray, 1850
  » Species Pseudotorinia laseronorum (Iredale, 1936)
  » Species Pseudotorinia numulus (Barnard, 1963)
  » Species Pseudotorinia obtusa (Bronn, 1831) †
  » Species Pseudotorinia panamensis (Bartsch, 1918)
  » Species Pseudotorinia phorcysi Cavallari, Salvador & Simone, 2014
  » Species Pseudotorinia sestertius Bieler, 1993
  » Species Pseudotorinia yaroni Bieler, 1993
  » Species Pseudotorinia architae-group (temporary name)
  » Species Pseudotorinia retifera (Dall, 1892) accepted as Pseudotorinia architae-group
Genus Psilaxis Woodring, 1928
Genus Solatisonax Iredale, 1931
  » Species Solatisonax acutecarinata (Thiele, 1925)
  » Species Solatisonax alleryi (Seguenza G., 1876)
  » Species Solatisonax atkinsoni (E. A. Smith, 1891)
  » Species Solatisonax borealis (Verrill & S. Smith [in Verrill], 1880)
  » Species Solatisonax cabrali Tenório, Barros, Francisco & Silva, 2011
  » Species Solatisonax certesi (Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896)
  » Species Solatisonax contexta (G. Seguenza, 1876)
  » Species Solatisonax dollfusi (Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896)
  » Species Solatisonax hemisphaerica (Seguenza, 1876)
  » Species Solatisonax injussa Iredale, 1931
  » Species Solatisonax kilburni Bieler, 1993
  » Species Solatisonax orba Bieler, 1993
  » Species Solatisonax propinqua Bieler, 1993
  » Species Solatisonax radialis (Dall, 1908)
  » Species Solatisonax rehderi Bieler, 1993
  » Species Solatisonax rudigerbieleri Tenório, Barros, Francisco & Silva, 2011
  » Species Solatisonax sigsbeei (Dall, 1889)
  » Species Solatisonax supraradiata (Martens, 1904)
  » Species Solatisonax bannocki (Melone & Taviani, 1980) accepted as Solatisonax hemisphaerica (Seguenza, 1876)
Genus Spirolaxis Monterosato, 1913
  » Species Spirolaxis argonauta Bieler, 1993
  » Species Spirolaxis centrifuga (Monterosato, 1890)
  » Species Spirolaxis clenchi Jaume & Borro, 1946
  » Species Spirolaxis cohaerentia Laws, 1944 †
  » Species Spirolaxis copaerentia Laws, 1944 †
  » Species Spirolaxis cornuammonis (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Species Spirolaxis cornuarietis Bieler, 1993
  » Species Spirolaxis exornatus Bieler, 1993
  » Species Spirolaxis lamellifer (Rehder, 1935)
  » Species Spirolaxis rotulacatharinea (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
  » Subgenus Spirolaxis (Aguayodiscus) Jaume & Borro, 1946 accepted as Spirolaxis Monterosato, 1913
  » Species Spirolaxis macandrewi (Iredale, 1911) accepted as Spirolaxis centrifuga (Monterosato, 1890) (synonym)
Genus Wangaloa Finlay, 1927 †

Subfamily Philippiinae Boss, 1982 (nomen nudum)

Genus Grandeliacus Iredale, 1957 represented as Heliacus (Grandeliacus) Iredale, 1957
Genus Gyriscus Tiberi, 1867 represented as Heliacus (Gyriscus) Tiberi, 1867
Genus Teretropoma Rochebrune, 1881 represented as Heliacus (Teretropoma) Rochebrune, 1881

Genus Acutitectonica Habe, 1961 accepted as Discotectonica Marwick, 1931
Genus Aguayodiscus Jaume & Borro, 1946 accepted as Spirolaxis Monterosato, 1913
Genus Astronacus Woodring, 1959 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) Iredale, 1936
Genus Awarua Mestayer, 1930 accepted as Pseudotorinia Sacco, 1892
Genus Claraxis Iredale, 1936 accepted as Granosolarium Sacco, 1892
Genus Discosolis Dall, 1892 accepted as Pseudomalaxis P. Fischer, 1885
Genus Granoheliacus Melone & Taviani, 1985 accepted as Solatisonax Iredale, 1931
Genus Mangonuia Mestayer, 1930 accepted as Pseudomalaxis P. Fischer, 1885
Genus Patulaxis Dall, 1892 † accepted as Climacopoma Fischer, 1885 †
Genus Paurodiscus Rehder, 1935 accepted as Spirolaxis Monterosato, 1913
Subfamily Philippiinae Melone & Taviani, 1985 accepted as Architectonicidae Gray, 1850
Subfamily Pseudomalaxinae Garrard, 1978 accepted as Architectonicidae Gray, 1850
Genus Pseudotorina [sic] accepted as Pseudotorinia Sacco, 1892 (misspelling)
Genus Redivivus Melone & Taviani, 1985 accepted as Solatisonax Iredale, 1931
Genus Russetia Garrard, 1961 accepted as Discotectonica Marwick, 1931
Genus Solariaxis Dall, 1892 accepted as Granosolarium Sacco, 1892
Genus Solarium Lamarck, 1799 accepted as Architectonica Röding, 1798
  » Species Solarium stramineum (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium subvariegatum d'Orbigny, 1852 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Solarium bairdii Hanley, 1863 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Solarium biangulatum Gray, J. E., 1826 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Solarium bicarinatum Philippi, 1853 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Solarium delphinuloides d'Orbigny, 1842 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Solarium nanum Philippi, 1853 accepted as Architectonica kochii Dall, 1909 (nomen dubium, junior primary homonym of Solarium nanum Grateloup, 1832)
  » Species Solarium planorbis Blainville, 1827 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Solarium tricinctum Philippi, 1853 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Solarium cobijensis "Reeve" Paetel & Schaufuss, 1869 (nomen nudum)
  » Species Solarium allerii Seguenza, 1876 represented as Solarium alleryi G. Seguenza, 1876 (original spelling, not in current use)
  » Subgenus Solarium (Architectonica) accepted as Architectonica Röding, 1798 (Solarium is an objective synonym of Architectonica)
  » Subgenus Solarium (Philippia) accepted as Philippia Gray, 1847
  » Subgenus Solarium (Solarium) Lamarck, 1799 accepted as Architectonica Röding, 1798
  » Subgenus Solarium (Torinia) J.E. Gray, 1842 accepted as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) cyclostomum Menke, 1830 represented as Solarium cyclostomum Menke, 1830
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) admirandum Melvill & Standen, 1903 accepted as Granosolarium asperum (Hinds, 1844)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) cerdaleum Melvill & Standen, 1903 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) cerdaleus (Melvill & Standen, 1903)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) cylindraceum accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) delectabile Melvill, 1893 accepted as Pseudotorinia delectabilis (Melvill, 1893)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) enoshimense Melvill, 1891 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) enoshimensis (Melvill, 1891)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) homalaxis Melvill, 1893 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) infundibuliforme accepted as Heliacus (Teretropoma) infundibuliformis infundibuliformis (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) perspectiviunculus (Dillwyn, 1817) accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) variegatus (Gmelin, 1791)
    » Species Solarium (Torinia) stramineum (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Heliacus (Grandeliacus) stramineus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium abyssorum Melvill & Standen, 1903 accepted as Architectonica stellata (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Solarium acutecarinatum Thiele, 1925 accepted as Solatisonax acutecarinata (Thiele, 1925)
  » Species Solarium acutissimum Sowerby, 1914 accepted as Discotectonica acutissima (Sowerby, 1914)
  » Species Solarium aethiops Menke, 1830 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium alfredensis W. H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Solarium alleryi G. Seguenza, 1876 accepted as Solatisonax alleryi (Seguenza G., 1876)
  » Species Solarium ammonites Lamarck, 1804 † accepted as Pseudotorinia architae-group
  » Species Solarium architae O. G. Costa, 1841 accepted as Pseudotorinia architae (O. G. Costa, 1841)
  » Species Solarium asperum Hinds, 1944 accepted as Granosolarium asperum (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium atkinsoni E. A. Smith, 1891 accepted as Solatisonax atkinsoni (E. A. Smith, 1891)
  » Species Solarium australe Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium bicanaliculatum Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) areola bicanaliculatus (Valenciennes, 1832)
  » Species Solarium bisulcatum d'Orbigny, 1842 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) bisulcatus (d'Orbigny, 1842)
  » Species Solarium boreale Verrill & S. Smith [in Verrill], 1880 accepted as Solatisonax borealis (Verrill & S. Smith [in Verrill], 1880)
  » Species Solarium caelatum Hinds, 1844 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) caelatus (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium calcar O. Costa, 1861 accepted as Bolma rugosa (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Species Solarium canaliferum Hanley, 1863 accepted as Heliacus (Teretropoma) infundibuliformis infundibuliformis (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium cancellatum Krauss, 1848 accepted as Pseudotorinia kraussi J.E. Gray in M. E. Gray, 1850 (Preoccupied by S. cancellatum of Conrad, 1833 and S. cancellatum Lea, 1833.)
  » Species Solarium certesi Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1896 accepted as Solatisonax certesi (Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896)
  » Species Solarium chemnitzii Kiener, 1838 accepted as Heliacus (Teretropoma) infundibuliformis infundibuliformis (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium cingulum Kiener, 1839 accepted as Psilaxis radiatus (Röding, 1798)
  » Species Solarium contextum G. Seguenza, 1876 accepted as Solatisonax contexta (G. Seguenza, 1876)
  » Species Solarium conulus Weinkauff, 1868 accepted as Philippia hybrida (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium cumingii Hanley, 1862 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium cyclostomum Mighels, 1845 accepted as Heliacus (Teretropoma) mighelsi (Philippi, 1853) (Non Solarium cyclostomum Menke, 1830)
  » Species Solarium cyclostomum Menke, 1830 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium danae d’Orbigny, 1850 † accepted as Mcleaniella danae (d’Orbigny, 1850) † (original combination)
  » Species Solarium dealbatum Hinds, 1844 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) trochoides (Deshayes, 1830)
  » Species Solarium dilectum Deshayes, 1863 accepted as Granosolarium asperum (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium discoideum Locard, 1886 accepted as Discotectonica discus (Philippi, 1844) (synonym)
  » Species Solarium discus Philippi, 1844 accepted as Discotectonica discus (Philippi, 1844)
  » Species Solarium disjunctum Lamarck, 1804 † accepted as Omalaxis disjunctus (Lamarck, 1804) † (original combination)
  » Species Solarium dollfusi Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1896 accepted as Solatisonax dollfusi (Dautzenberg & H. Fischer, 1896)
  » Species Solarium dunkeri Hanley, 1862 accepted as Architectonica perdix (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium egenum Gould, 1849 accepted as Antisolarium egenum (Gould, 1849)
  » Species Solarium fallaciosum Tiberi, 1872 accepted as Heliacus (Grandeliacus) fallaciosus (Tiberi, 1872)
  » Species Solarium fenestratum Hinds, 1844 accepted as Heliacus (Teretropoma) fenestratus (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium formosum Hinds, 1844 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium fragile Hinds, 1844 accepted as Architectonica maculata (Link, 1807)
  » Species Solarium fuliginosum Hinds, 1844 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium fulvum Hinds, 1844 accepted as Heliacus (Grandeliacus) stramineus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium granosum Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
  » Species Solarium granulatum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
  » Species Solarium hanleyi G. B. Sowerby II in Hanley, 1863 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium heberti Deshayes, 1830 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791) (error for S. herberti)
  » Species Solarium hemispaericum Seguenza, 1876 accepted as Solatisonax hemisphaerica (Seguenza, 1876)
  » Species Solarium herberti Deshayes, 1830 accepted as Heliacus cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium implexum Mighels, 1845 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Solarium impressum G. Nevill & H. Nevill, 1869 accepted as Ethminolia impressa (G. Nevill & H. Nevill, 1869) (original combination)
  » Species Solarium incisum Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium inornatum d'Orbigny, 1842 accepted as Episcynia inornata (d'Orbigny, 1842)
  » Species Solarium kowiensis W. H. Turton, 1932 accepted as Psilaxis radiatus (Röding, 1798)
  » Species Solarium laevigatum Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Architectonica laevigata (Lamarck, 1816)
  » Species Solarium luteum Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Philippia lutea (Lamarck, 1822)
  » Species Solarium maculatum Reeve, 1848 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium maculatum Link, 1807 accepted as Architectonica maculata (Link, 1807)
  » Species Solarium maximum Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica maxima (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Solarium mediterraneum Monterosato, 1872 accepted as Basisulcata lepida (Bayer, 1942) (junior homonym)
  » Species Solarium millegranum Lamarck, 1822 † accepted as Granosolarium millegranum (Lamarck, 1822) †
  » Species Solarium modestum Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica modesta (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Solarium moniliferum Bronn, 1831 sensu Monterosato, 1873 accepted as Solatisonax alleryi (Seguenza G., 1876)
  » Species Solarium nitidum Aradas, 1846 † accepted as Solariella marginulata (Philippi, 1844) †
  » Species Solarium nubilum Menke in Philippi, 1849 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) cylindricus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium obtusum Bronn, 1831 † accepted as Pseudotorinia obtusa (Bronn, 1831) †
  » Species Solarium ordinarium E. A. Smith, 1890 accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
  » Species Solarium panamense Bartsch, 1918 accepted as Pseudotorinia architae (O. G. Costa, 1841) (dubious synonym)
  » Species Solarium peracutum Dall, 1889 accepted as Discotectonica discus (Philippi, 1844) (synonym)
  » Species Solarium perdix Hinds, 1844 accepted as Architectonica perdix (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium perspectiviforme Tiberi, 1872 accepted as Basisulcata lepida (Bayer, 1942) (dubious synonym)
  » Species Solarium perspectiviunculum (Dillwyn, 1817) accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) variegatus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Solarium perspectivum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium philippii Cantraine, 1842 accepted as Circulus striatus (Philippi, 1836)
  » Species Solarium pictum Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica maculata (Link, 1807)
  » Species Solarium placentale Hinds, 1844 accepted as Discotectonica placentalis (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium planoconcavum Rouault, 1850 † accepted as Pseudomalaxis planoconcavus (Rouault, 1850) † (original combination)
  » Species Solarium planulatum Grateloup, 1832 † accepted as Pseudotorinia architae-group
  » Species Solarium plicatum Lamarck, 1804 † accepted as Nipteraxis plicatus (Lamarck, 1804) † (original combination)
  » Species Solarium pulchellum Tiberi, 1868 accepted as Basisulcata lepida (Bayer, 1942) (junior homonym)
  » Species Solarium purpurata Hinds, 1844 accepted as Architectonica purpurata (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Solarium quadriceps Hinds, 1844 accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798
  » Species Solarium radiatum Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 accepted as Astraea heliotropium (Martyn, 1784)
  » Species Solarium reevei Hanley, 1862 accepted as Adelphotectonica reevei (Hanley, 1862)
  » Species Solarium regium Hanley, 1862 accepted as Architectonica regia (Hanley, 1862)
  » Species Solarium reticulatum Philippi, 1844 accepted as Ancistrobasis reticulata (Philippi, 1844) (original combination)
  » Species Solarium rosulentum R. B. Watson, 1883 accepted as Minolops rosulenta (R. B. Watson, 1883)
  » Species Solarium sigsbeei Dall, 1889 accepted as Solatisonax sigsbeei (Dall, 1889)
  » Species Solarium soverbii Hanley, 1862 accepted as Pseudotorinia architae (O. G. Costa, 1841)
  » Species Solarium spencerii Allen, 1856 accepted as Heliacus fallaciosus (Tiberi, 1872) (dubious synonym)
  » Species Solarium stellatum Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica stellata (Philippi, 1849)
  » Species Solarium striatum J.E. Gray, 1850 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium sulcatum Costa O.G., 1841 accepted as Basisulcata lepida (Bayer, 1942) (synonym)
  » Species Solarium supraradiatum Martens, 1904 accepted as Solatisonax supraradiata (Martens, 1904)
  » Species Solarium trisulcatum Jousseaume, 1876 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758)
  » Species Solarium trochleare Hinds, 1844 accepted as Architectonica trochlearis (Hinds, 1844) (unaccepted)
  » Species Solarium trochoides Deshayes, 1830 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) trochoides (Deshayes, 1830) (unaccepted)
  » Species Solarium verrucosum Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica nobilis Röding, 1798 (unaccepted)
  » Species Solarium virgatum Hinds, 1844 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) virgatus (Hinds, 1844) (unaccepted)
  » Species Solarium zonatum Philippi, 1849 accepted as Architectonica perspectiva (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Genus Torinia J.E. Gray, 1842 accepted as Heliacus d'Orbigny, 1842
  » Species Torinia dorsuosum Hinds, 1844 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Torinia riisei Mörch, 1875 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Torinia sulcifera Pease, 1869 (nomen dubium)
  » Species Torinia canalifera "C. B. Adams" Dall, 1889 (nomen nudum)
  » Subgenus Torinia (Pseudomalaxis) P. Fischer, 1885 accepted as Pseudomalaxis P. Fischer, 1885 (original rank)
  » Species Torinia aequatorialis Thiele, 1925 accepted as Pseudotorinia gemmulata (Thiele, 1925)
  » Species Torinia aspera (Hinds, 1844) accepted as Granosolarium asperum (Hinds, 1844)
  » Species Torinia concava Thiele, 1925 accepted as Pseudotorinia concava (Thiele, 1925)
  » Species Torinia conica Pease, 1865 accepted as Heliacus trochoides (Deshayes, 1830)
  » Species Torinia costata Schepman, 1909 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) costatus (Schepman, 1909)
  » Species Torinia densegranosa Pilsbry, 1905 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) enoshimensis (Melvill, 1891)
  » Species Torinia discoidea Pease, 1868 accepted as Heliacus (Teretropoma) discoideus (Pease, 1868)
  » Species Torinia dorsuosa auct. accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) implexus (Mighels, 1845)
  » Species Torinia elegantula Yokoyama, 1922 † accepted as Pseudotorinia amoena (Murdoch & Suter, 1906)
  » Species Torinia foveolata Tate, 1893 accepted as Pseudotorinia delectabilis (Melvill, 1893)
  » Species Torinia gemmulata Thiele, 1925 accepted as Pseudotorinia gemmulata (Thiele, 1925)
  » Species Torinia gyrus Bayer, 1948 accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) areola areola (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Torinia madurensis Schepman, 1909 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) madurensis (Schepman, 1909)
  » Species Torinia malani Dautzenberg, 1910 accepted as Heliacus malani (Dautzenberg, 1910) (original combination)
  » Species Torinia mirabilis Schepman, 1909 accepted as Granosolarium mirabile (Schepman, 1909)
  » Species Torinia mitrai Beets, 1941 † accepted as Pseudotorinia architae-group
  » Species Torinia rosae Selli, 1973 † accepted as Heliacus variegatus (Gmelin, 1791)
  » Species Torinia variegata (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Heliacus (Heliacus) variegatus (Gmelin, 1791)
Genus Torinista Iredale, 1936 accepted as Heliacus (Torinista) Iredale, 1936
Genus Tornista "Iredale, 1936" accepted as Torinista Iredale, 1936 (Error for Torinista)
Genus Tornista "Gray, 1842" accepted as Torinia J.E. Gray, 1842 (Error for Torinia Gray, 1842)
Genus Verticillus Jousseaume, 1888 accepted as Architectonica Röding, 1798 (Invalid. Not Verticillus Moquin-Tandon, 1848)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
MolluscaBase (2018). Architectonicidae Gray, 1850. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=22989 on 2018-05-22
Date
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2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
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2009-02-02 11:06:43Z
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Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofPseudomalaxinae Garrard, 1978) Garrard, T.A. (1978 ["1977"]). A revision of Australian Architectonicidae (Gastropoda: Mollusca). Records of the Australian Museum, 31(13): 506–584, pls. 1–12. [“Published 31 October 1978, not September 1977”; stated in editor’s note on journal’s website]. , available online at http://australianmuseum.net.au/uploads/journals/17528/204_complete.pdf
page(s): 562 [details]   

basis of record Bouchet P., Rocroi J.P., Hausdorf B., Kaim A., Kano Y., Nützel A., Parkhaev P., Schrödl M. & Strong E.E. (2017). Revised classification, nomenclator and typification of gastropod and monoplacophoran families. Malacologia. 61(1-2): 1-526. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bieler R. (1993). Architectonicidae of the Indo-Pacific (Mollusca, Gastropoda). Abhandlungen des Naturwissenschaftlichen Vereins in Hamburg (NF) 30: 1-376 [15 December]. [details]   

additional source Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf [details]   

basis of record  (ofArchitectomidae J.E. Gray in M. E. Gray, 1850) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeliacidae Cotton & Godfrey, 1933) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofMangonuiidae Iredale, 1936) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofMangonuidae Iredale, 1936) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofSolariidae Carpenter, 1857) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofSolariadae Carpenter, 1857) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofTeretropomatidae Rochebrune, 1881) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofToriniidae Troschel, 1875) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofPhilippiinae Melone & Taviani, 1985) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   

basis of record  (ofPseudomalaxinae Garrard, 1978) Bieler, R.; Petit, R. E. (2005). Catalogue of Recent and fossil taxa of the family Architectonicidae Gray, 1850 (Mollusca: Gastropoda). Zootaxa. 1101: 119 pp., available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2005f/zt01101p119.pdf
page(s): 9 [details]   
 



LanguageName 
English sundials  [details]
Japanese クルマガイ  [details]