WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachidontes variabilis (Krauss, 1848)

216616

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:216616

accepted
Species
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachyodontes variabilis (Krauss, 1848) (misspelled generic name)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis Krauss, 1848 (declared nomen protectum by Cosel et al. (2014))
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis striata [sic] (misspelling of Mytilus variabilis var. semistriata Krauss, 1848)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerna variabilis (Krauss, 1848) (unaccepted generic combination)
marine
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis Krauss, 1848) Krauss, F. (1848) Die Südafrikanischen Mollusken. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Mollusken des Kap- und Natallandes und zur Geographischen Verbreitung derselben mit Beschreibung und Abbildung der neuen Arten. Ebner and Seubert, Stuttgart, 140 pp., 6 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13936
page(s): 25-26, pl. 2 fig. 5 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature A recent molecular study (Sirna Terranova, Lo...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature A recent molecular study (Sirna Terranova, Lo Brutto, Arculeo & Mitton, 2007) reveals that the Red Sea and Mediterranean populations, the East African populations and a population from Hong Kong represent three cryptic species of Brachidontes. This implies separating the Red Sea B. pharaonis from the East African B. variabilis and using both names. Mytilus variabilis Krauss, 1848 is a primary homonym of Mytilus variabilis Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 but Cosel et al. (2014) declared the former nomen protectum and the latter (a subjective junior synonym of Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758), nomen oblitum.
A still older name is Mytilus ustulatus Lamarck, 1819, which is used by Huber (2010) for the whole complex. There is currently an established usage of the name Brachidontes ustulatus for a Western Australian species, and in view of the findings of Sirna Terranova et al., all three names (ustulatus, variabilis and pharaonis) are here listed as "accepted". [details]
Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2014). Brachidontes variabilis (Krauss, 1848). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=216616 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
1997-02-22 16:55:09Z
created
2000-09-12 09:16:46Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2011-10-07 23:42:53Z
changed
2012-03-08 21:04:46Z
changed
2012-07-05 23:43:01Z
changed
2014-03-04 16:00:58Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis Krauss, 1848) Krauss, F. (1848) Die Südafrikanischen Mollusken. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss der Mollusken des Kap- und Natallandes und zur Geographischen Verbreitung derselben mit Beschreibung und Abbildung der neuen Arten. Ebner and Seubert, Stuttgart, 140 pp., 6 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/13936
page(s): 25-26, pl. 2 fig. 5 [details]   

taxonomy source Sirna Terranova M., Lo Brutto S., Arculeo M. & Mitton J.B. 2007. A mitochondrial phylogeography of Brachidontes variabilis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) reveals three cryptic species. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 45(4): 289–298.  [details]   

basis of record Taylor, J.D. (1971). Intertidal Zonation at Aldabra Atoll. Phil. Trns. Roy. Soc. Lond. B. 260, 173-213 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis Krauss, 1848) Cosel R. von, Gofas S. & Poutiers J. M. (2014). Nomenclatural notes on some European and West African marine bivalve species. Iberus. 32(1): 65-85.
page(s): 68-69 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis Krauss, 1848) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1929). Contribution à l'étude de la faune de Madagascar: Mollusca marina testacea. Faune des colonies françaises, III(fasc. 4). Société d'Editions géographiques, maritimes et coloniales: Paris. 321-636, plates IV-VII pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachyodontes variabilis (Krauss, 1848)) Michel, C. (1988). Marine molluscs of Mauritius. Editions de l'Ocean Indien. Stanley, Rose Hill. Mauritius [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerna variabilis (Krauss, 1848)) Kalk, M. (1958). The fauna of the intertidal rocks at Inhaca Island, Delagoa Bay. Ann. Natal Mus. 14: 189-242. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachidontes semistriatus (Krauss, 1848)) Kilburn, R.N. & Rippey, E. (1982) Sea Shells of Southern Africa. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg, xi + 249 pp.
page(s): 159 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachidontes semistriatus (Krauss, 1848)) Steyn, D.G. & Lussi, M. (1998) Marine Shells of South Africa. An Illustrated Collector’s Guide to Beached Shells. Ekogilde Publishers, Hartebeespoort, South Africa, ii + 264 pp.
page(s): 200 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis striata [sic]) Bartsch P. (1915). Report on the Turton Collection of South African marine mollusks, with additional notes on other South African shells contained in the United States National Museum. Bulletin. United States National Museum, 91: xii + 305 pp., 54 plates., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/32699
page(s): 188 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis striata [sic]) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus variabilis var. semistriata Krauss, 1848) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature A recent molecular study (Sirna Terranova, Lo Brutto, Arculeo & Mitton, 2007) reveals that the Red Sea and Mediterranean populations, the East African populations and a population from Hong Kong represent three cryptic species of Brachidontes. This implies separating the Red Sea B. pharaonis from the East African B. variabilis and using both names. Mytilus variabilis Krauss, 1848 is a primary homonym of Mytilus variabilis Fischer von Waldheim, 1807 but Cosel et al. (2014) declared the former nomen protectum and the latter (a subjective junior synonym of Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758), nomen oblitum.
A still older name is Mytilus ustulatus Lamarck, 1819, which is used by Huber (2010) for the whole complex. There is currently an established usage of the name Brachidontes ustulatus for a Western Australian species, and in view of the findings of Sirna Terranova et al., all three names (ustulatus, variabilis and pharaonis) are here listed as "accepted". [details]
 

LanguageName 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorvariable mussel  [details]