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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766) 
AphiaID: 216132

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis Verrill, 1864
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis triangularis Mondal & Raghunathan, 2013 (synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia (Ctenactis) echinata (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia asperata Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata var. parvispina Döderlein, 1902 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata var. undulata Döderlein, 1902 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia gigantea Dana, 1846 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia pectinata Ehrenberg, 1834 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa echinata (Pallas, 1766) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas ehrenbergii Leuckart, 1841 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas ruepellii Leuckart, 1841 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora echinata Pallas, 1766 (original combination, basionym)
Sources  original description Pallas, P. A. 1766. Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarium succinctas descriptiones cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Red Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Indian Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Fiji Islands [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Red Sea [details]
From editor or global species database
South Pacific Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus latens Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus pandus Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus tener Humes, 1973 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycoxynus fungianus Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus latens Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchedomolgus tener (Humes, 1973) [via synonym] (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (22 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (7 nucleotides; 2 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality  "Mare Indicus" Indian Sea. Neotype from Thousand Islands, Java Sea [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Septa are striking, with triangular, large and very regular teeth. Coralla are elongate and large (up to 50 cm long). The central groove may contain one, two, or more centres. Rarely the coral may attain a "star" pattern, possibly due to breakage and uneven regrowth, and in these cases the central furrow, and usually another centre, continues into each of the three arms. This is one of the commonest and most widespread of the free living fungiids. It occupies fore and back reef slopes, rubble, but not soft substrate, from 5 to 25 m deep. Ctenactis simplex is probably the same species. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Previously included in the Genus Fungia. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:216132
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-10-31 09:33:07Z  created  Fondo, Esther
1998-06-18 15:42:37Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2013-01-21 22:25:02Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=216132 on 2014-08-23
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License