WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCtenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766)

216132

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:216132

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora echinata Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia (Ctenactis) echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Indian Ocean  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Indian Ocean [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote  "Mare Indicus" Indian Sea. Neotype from...  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality  "Mare Indicus" Indian Sea. Neotype from Thousand Islands, Java Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality  "Mare Indicus" Indian Sea. Neotype from...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality  "Mare Indicus" Indian Sea. Neotype from Thousand Islands, Java Sea [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Septa are striking, with triangular, large and...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Septa are striking, with triangular, large and very regular teeth. Coralla are elongate and large (up to 50 cm long). The central groove may contain one, two, or more centres. Rarely the coral may attain a "star" pattern, possibly due to breakage and uneven regrowth, and in these cases the central furrow, and usually another centre, continues into each of the three arms. This is one of the commonest and most widespread of the free living fungiids. It occupies fore and back reef slopes, rubble, but not soft substrate, from 5 to 25 m deep. Ctenactis simplex is probably the same species. [details]
Hoeksema, B. (2013). Ctenactis echinata (Pallas, 1766). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=216132 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
1997-10-31 09:33:07Z
created
1998-06-18 15:42:37Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-01-21 22:25:02Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora echinata Pallas, 1766) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia pectinata Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas ehrenbergii Leuckart, 1841) Leuckart, F.S. 1841. Observations zoologicae de Zoophytis coralliis, speciatim de genere Fungia, p. 1-60, pls. 1-4. Emmerling, Friburgi Brisigavorum. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas ruepellii Leuckart, 1841) Leuckart, F.S. 1841. Observations zoologicae de Zoophytis coralliis, speciatim de genere Fungia, p. 1-60, pls. 1-4. Emmerling, Friburgi Brisigavorum. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia gigantea Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia asperata Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia (Ctenactis) echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata var. parvispina Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata var. undulata Döderlein, 1902) Döderlein, L. 1902. Die Korallengattung Fungia. Abhandlungen herausgegeben von der senckenbergischen naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–162, I–XXV. [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Pallas, P. S. (1766). Elenchus zoophytorum sistens generum adumbrationes generaliores et specierum cognitarum succintas descriptiones, cum selectis auctorum synonymis. Fransiscum Varrentrapp, Hagae. pp. 451., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/29190#page/12/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T. & Hoeksema, B.W. 2011. A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contributions to Zoology 80: 107-132. , available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=8002a02 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia pectinata Ehrenberg, 1834) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas ehrenbergii Leuckart, 1841) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia asperata Dana, 1846) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia gigantea Dana, 1846) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithas ruepellii Leuckart, 1841) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata var. undulata Döderlein, 1902) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia (Ctenactis) echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia (Ctenactis) echinata (Pallas, 1766)) Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1974. Report on Scleractinia from the Nicobar Islands. Zoologica, Stuttgart 42 (122): 1-75, pls. 1-33. [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia echinata var. parvispina Döderlein, 1902) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality  "Mare Indicus" Indian Sea. Neotype from Thousand Islands, Java Sea [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Septa are striking, with triangular, large and very regular teeth. Coralla are elongate and large (up to 50 cm long). The central groove may contain one, two, or more centres. Rarely the coral may attain a "star" pattern, possibly due to breakage and uneven regrowth, and in these cases the central furrow, and usually another centre, continues into each of the three arms. This is one of the commonest and most widespread of the free living fungiids. It occupies fore and back reef slopes, rubble, but not soft substrate, from 5 to 25 m deep. Ctenactis simplex is probably the same species. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Previously included in the Genus Fungia. [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus latens Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus latens Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus pandus Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus tener Humes, 1973 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycoxynus fungianus Humes, 1978 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchedomolgus tener (Humes, 1973) [via synonym] (symbiotic: unspecified type)
LanguageName 
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorトゲクサビライシ  [details]