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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781) 
AphiaID: 207501

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDendrophylliidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia aphrodes Alcock, 1893 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia cochlea var. alta Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 † (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia michelinii var. formosus Hu, 1987 † (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia ovalis Semper, 1872 † (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia ovalis var. formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 † (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia ovalis var. japonica Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 † (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia pisum Alcock, 1902 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia rotundata Semper, 1872 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora cochlea Spengler, 1781 (original combination, basionym)
Sources  original description Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsmooth bum coral  [details]
Direct child
taxa (1)

[show all]
 
Variety Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia cochlea var. alta Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 † accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (29 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Corals are solitary or form small colonies, and are free-living with one or two calices on a base that is flat or keeled according to the nature of the substrate. They have an obligate commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) and usually have one parasitic mussel (Lithophaga lessepsiana) embedded above the sipunculid. The sipunculid moves the coral about on soft substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Corallites are round or laterally compressed, up to 25 mm in diameter., have well-developed septa which follow Pourtales Plan, broad, compact deep-seated columellae, and walls composed of porous coenosteum. Polyps are extended only at night. They are hermatypic in tropical localities, but are possibly ahermatypic in high latitude locations. Colour: grey or brown. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more. Where it does occur, it is usually very abundant (up to approximately 300 individuals per square ! (Veron, 1986 <57>)

metre at some locations) Usually occurs in association with Heterocyathus aequicostatus and Cycloseris cyclolites. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
An unusual, free-living coral, usually solitary or with two calices sharing one base. Overall size about 2-3 cm. Perforations in the base allow the commensal sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) to move in and out of the calyx. Habitat: on sand below the reef base. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Type locality: Bay of Bengal (Veron, 1986). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207501
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2010-09-01 00:45:09Z  checked  Cairns, Stephen
2014-04-21 09:20:09Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
2014-06-02 17:13:55Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2014). Heteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207501 on 2014-09-19
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License