WoRMS taxon details

Heteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781)

207501  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207501)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

(ofMadrepora cochlea Spengler, 1781) Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   
Note Bay of Bengal (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Bay of Bengal (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Corals are solitary or form small colonies, and are free-living with one or two calices on a base that is flat or keeled...  
Description Corals are solitary or form small colonies, and are free-living with one or two calices on a base that is flat or keeled according to the nature of the substrate. They have an obligate commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) and usually have one parasitic mussel (Lithophaga lessepsiana) embedded above the sipunculid. The sipunculid moves the coral about on soft substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Corallites are round or laterally compressed, up to 25 mm in diameter., have well-developed septa which follow Pourtales Plan, broad, compact deep-seated columellae, and walls composed of porous coenosteum. Polyps are extended only at night. They are hermatypic in tropical localities, but are possibly ahermatypic in high latitude locations. Colour: grey or brown. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more. Where it does occur, it is usually very abundant (up to approximately 300 individuals per square ! (Veron, 1986 <57>)

metre at some locations) Usually occurs in association with Heterocyathus aequicostatus and Cycloseris cyclolites. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
An unusual, free-living coral, usually solitary or with two calices sharing one base. Overall size about 2-3 cm. Perforations in the base allow the commensal sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) to move in and out of the calyx. Habitat: on sand below the reef base. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Heteropsammia cochlea (Spengler, 1781). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207501 on 2018-06-21
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2010-09-01 00:45:09Z
checked
2014-04-21 09:20:09Z
changed
2014-06-02 17:13:55Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1848) Mémoire 3. Monographie des eupsammides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 10: 65-114, pl. 1. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia aphrodes Alcock, 1893) Alcock, A. 1893. On some newly-recorded corals from the Indian Seas. Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal (Natural History) 62: 138-149, pl. 5. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia rotundata Semper, 1872) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis Semper, 1872 †) Semper, C. (1872). Uber Generationswechsel bei Steinkorallen und über das M.-Edwards'sche Wachstumgesetz der Polypen. Zeitschrift fur Wissenschaftliche Zoologie. 22: 235-280, pls. 16-21. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia pisum Alcock, 1902) Alcock A (1902) Diagnoses and descriptions of new species of corals from the "Siboga-Expedition". Tijdschrift der Nederlandse Dierkundige Vereeniging (Ser. 2) 7: 89-115. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis var. formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Yabe H, Eguchi M (1932) Corals of the genera Heteropsammia and Oulangia from Japan. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography 10: 20-31, pls. 3-4. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis var. japonica Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Yabe H, Eguchi M (1932) Corals of the genera Heteropsammia and Oulangia from Japan. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography 10: 20-31, pls. 3-4. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia michelinii var. formosus Hu, 1987 †) Hu CH (1987) Unusual fossil corals from Hengchun Peninsula, southern Taiwan.— Memoirs of the Geological Society of China 8: 31-48, pls 1-3.  [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora cochlea Spengler, 1781) Spengler L (1781) Beskrivelse over et ganske besynderligt Corall-Produkt, hvilket man, indtil dets Sloegt noermere bestemmes, kunde kalde en Snekke-Madrepore (Madrepora cochlea). Nye Samling af det Kongelige Danske Videnskabers Selskabs Skrifter, København 1: 240-248. [details]   

original description  (ofHeteropsammia cochlea var. alta Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Yabe H, Eguchi M (1932) Corals of the genera Heteropsammia and Oulangia from Japan. Japanese Journal of Geology and Geography 10: 20-31, pls. 3-4. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., 1998. Azooxanthellate Scleractinia (Cnidaria: Anthozoa) of Western Australia. Rec. of West. Austr. Mus. 18(4): 361-417, 9 pls.  [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D., 2004. Azooxanthellate Scleractinia of Australia. Rec. Australian Mus., 56(3): 259-329, 12 pls. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D. (1999). Cnidaria Anthozoa: Deep-water azooxanthellate Scleractinia from Vanuatu, and Wallis and Futuna Islands. in: Crosnier, A. (Ed.) Résultats des Campagnes MUSORSTOM 20. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle. Série A, Zoologie. 180: 31-167. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeteropsammia rotundata Semper, 1872) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofHeteropsammia rotundata Semper, 1872) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHeteropsammia aphrodes Alcock, 1893) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source  (ofHeteropsammia aphrodes Alcock, 1893) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHeteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source  (ofHeteropsammia michelinii Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora cochlea Spengler, 1781) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeteropsammia cochlea var. alta Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis var. japonica Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis var. japonica Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis var. formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis var. formosensis Yabe & Eguchi, 1932 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeteropsammia pisum Alcock, 1902) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeteropsammia ovalis Semper, 1872 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

additional source  (ofHeteropsammia aphrodes Alcock, 1893) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

basis of record  (ofHeteropsammia michelinii var. formosus Hu, 1987 †) Cairns, S.D. (2009). On line appendix: Phylogenetic list of the 711 valid Recent azooxanthellate scleractinian species with their junior synonyms and depth ranges, 28 pp. In: Cold-Water Corals: The Biology and Geology of Deep-Sea Coral Habitats. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge., available online at http://www.lophelia.org/online-appendices [details]   

additional source  (ofHeteropsammia michelinii var. formosus Hu, 1987 †) Hoeksema BW, Best MB (1991) New observations on scleractinian corals from Indonesia: 2. Sipunculan-associated species belonging to the genera Heterocyathus and Heteropsammia. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 65: 221-245. [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Cairns, Stephen (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Corals are solitary or form small colonies, and are free-living with one or two calices on a base that is flat or keeled according to the nature of the substrate. They have an obligate commensal relationship with a sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) and usually have one parasitic mussel (Lithophaga lessepsiana) embedded above the sipunculid. The sipunculid moves the coral about on soft substrates and prevents it from becoming buried. Corallites are round or laterally compressed, up to 25 mm in diameter., have well-developed septa which follow Pourtales Plan, broad, compact deep-seated columellae, and walls composed of porous coenosteum. Polyps are extended only at night. They are hermatypic in tropical localities, but are possibly ahermatypic in high latitude locations. Colour: grey or brown. Abundance: always found on soft horizontal substrates at depths of 20 m or more. Where it does occur, it is usually very abundant (up to approximately 300 individuals per square ! (Veron, 1986 <57>)

metre at some locations) Usually occurs in association with Heterocyathus aequicostatus and Cycloseris cyclolites. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
An unusual, free-living coral, usually solitary or with two calices sharing one base. Overall size about 2-3 cm. Perforations in the base allow the commensal sipunculid worm (Aspidosiphon corallicola) to move in and out of the calyx. Habitat: on sand below the reef base. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality Bay of Bengal (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English smooth bum coral  [details]