WoRMS taxon details

Echinopora gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816)

207418  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207418)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Explanaria gemmacea Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   
Description Colonies are usually encrusting or form thick leaves. They commonly develop a degree of branching, often from an uppermost...  
Description Colonies are usually encrusting or form thick leaves. They commonly develop a degree of branching, often from an uppermost edge of an encrusting or leafy plate. Calices are 4 to 7 mm in diameter, and are spaced less than a corallite diameter apart. Costae run between septa and are beaded. There are no, or very reduced, paliform lobes. This is a very common species. It is found on the reef flat in severe environmental conditions and on both exposed and turbid reef slopes at all depths to over 30 m. (Sheppard, 1998 ).
Colonies are laminar, bifacial, sometimes forming contorted branches. Corallites have calices 3.5-4.5 mm in diameter. Columellae are large, and paliform lobes are not well developed. Primary septa may be very thick and are always exsert. Colour: pale cream to dark brown or green. Abundance: usually uncommon (Veron, 1986).
Generally forms encrusting plates, though may occur as contorted branches with irregularly spaced, obvious and prominent corallites (7 mm across). Colour: varies from cream to dark brown, green or bluish-grey. Habitat: diverse (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2021). World List of Scleractinia. Echinopora gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207418 on 2021-12-01
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
changed
2021-04-28 05:39:27Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Echinopora carduus Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (of Echinopora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards, H.; Haime, J. (1848). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides (1) (suite). <em>Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3.</em> 10: 209-320, pls. 5-9. [details]   

original description  (of Explanaria gemmacea Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (of Stephanocora hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Explanaria hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

original description  (of Echinopora rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1849). Mémoire sur les Polypes appartenant à la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermédiaire des Pseudastréides et à la famille des Fongides. <em>Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences, Paris.</em> 29: 67-73., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1225794 [details]   

original description  (of Echinopora solidior Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1849). Mémoire sur les Polypes appartenant à la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermédiaire des Pseudastréides et à la famille des Fongides. <em>Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences, Paris.</em> 29: 67-73., available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/1225794 [details]   

original description  (of Orbicella mammilosa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger CB. (1879). Die Korallthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (of Stephanocora hemprichii f. explanata Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. <em>Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin.</em> 1: 225-380., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/29725862 [details]   

basis of record Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1914). A revision of the recent colonial Astraeidae possessing distinct corallites. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology.</em> 17(1): 1-140, pls. 1-38. [details]   

additional source Chevalier JP. (1975). Les Scléractiniaires de la Mélanésie Française (Nouvelle-Caledonie, Iles Chesterfield, Iles Loyauté, Nouvelles Hébrides). II. Expedition Française sur les Récifs Coralliens Nouv.-Calédonie. 7: 1-407, pls. 1-42. Paris. [details]   

additional source Wijsman-Best M (1980) Indo-Pacific coral species belonging to the subfamily Montastreinae Vaughan and Wells, 1943 (Scleractinia-Coelenterata) part II: The genera Cyphastrea, Leptastrea, Echinopora and Diploastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 55: 235-263. [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source Khalil HM, Fathy MS, Al Sawy SM. (2021). Quaternary corals (Scleractinia: Merulinidae) from the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian Red Sea Coast. <em>Geological Journal.</em> , available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gj.4145?af=R [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are usually encrusting or form thick leaves. They commonly develop a degree of branching, often from an uppermost edge of an encrusting or leafy plate. Calices are 4 to 7 mm in diameter, and are spaced less than a corallite diameter apart. Costae run between septa and are beaded. There are no, or very reduced, paliform lobes. This is a very common species. It is found on the reef flat in severe environmental conditions and on both exposed and turbid reef slopes at all depths to over 30 m. (Sheppard, 1998 ).
Colonies are laminar, bifacial, sometimes forming contorted branches. Corallites have calices 3.5-4.5 mm in diameter. Columellae are large, and paliform lobes are not well developed. Primary septa may be very thick and are always exsert. Colour: pale cream to dark brown or green. Abundance: usually uncommon (Veron, 1986).
Generally forms encrusting plates, though may occur as contorted branches with irregularly spaced, obvious and prominent corallites (7 mm across). Colour: varies from cream to dark brown, green or bluish-grey. Habitat: diverse (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Remark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LanguageName 
English hedgehog coral  [details]
Japanese オオリュウキュウキッカサンゴ  [details]