WoRMS taxon details

Echinopora gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816)

207418  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207418)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

(ofExplanaria gemmacea Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

(ofEchinastrea gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   
Description Colonies are usually encrusting or form thick leaves. They commonly develop a degree of branching, often from an uppermost...  
Description Colonies are usually encrusting or form thick leaves. They commonly develop a degree of branching, often from an uppermost edge of an encrusting or leafy plate. Calices are 4 to 7 mm in diameter, and are spaced less than a corallite diameter apart. Costae run between septa and are beaded. There are no, or very reduced, paliform lobes. This is a very common species. It is found on the reef flat in severe environmental conditions and on both exposed and turbid reef slopes at all depths to over 30 m. (Sheppard, 1998 ).
Colonies are laminar, bifacial, sometimes forming contorted branches. Corallites have calices 3.5-4.5 mm in diameter. Columellae are large, and paliform lobes are not well developed. Primary septa may be very thick and are always exsert. Colour: pale cream to dark brown or green. Abundance: usually uncommon (Veron, 1986).
Generally forms encrusting plates, though may occur as contorted branches with irregularly spaced, obvious and prominent corallites (7 mm across). Colour: varies from cream to dark brown, green or bluish-grey. Habitat: diverse (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Echinopora gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207418 on 2018-04-22
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinopora carduus Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofEchinopora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (ofExplanaria gemmacea Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinastrea gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofStephanocora hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofExplanaria hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofEchinopora rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1849). Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermediate des Pseudoastréides et a la famille des Fongides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 149: 636-637. [details]   

original description  (ofEchinopora solidior Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne H.; Haime, J. (1849). Mémoire sur les polypiers appartenant a la famille des Oculinides, au groupe intermediate des Pseudoastréides et a la famille des Fongides. Comptes rendus hebdomadaires des séances de l'Académie des sciences. 149: 636-637. [details]   

original description  (ofEchinopora concamerata Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

original description  (ofOrbicella mammilosa Klunzinger, 1879) Klunzinger, C.B. (1879). Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 3. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Zweiter Abschnitt: Die Asteraeaceen und Fungiaceen. 1-100, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source  (ofEchinopora carduus Klunzinger, 1879) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEchinopora carduus Klunzinger, 1879) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofEchinopora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source  (ofEchinopora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N. 2002. New species described in Corals of the World. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series 11: 1-209. [details]   

additional source  (ofEchinopora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Scheer, G. & Pillai, C.S.G. 1983. Report on the stony corals from the Red Sea. Zoologica, Stuttgart 45 (133): 1-198, pls. 1-41. [details]   

basis of record  (ofExplanaria hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofStephanocora hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinastrea gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofEchinastrea gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816)) de Blainville H. M. (1830). Zoophytes. In: Dictionnaire des sciences naturelles, dans lequel on traitre méthodiquement des differéns êtres de la nature, considérés soit en eux-mêmes, d’après l’état actuel de nos connoissances, soit relativement a l’utlité qu’en peuvent retirer la médicine, l’agriculture, le commerce et les arts. Edited by F. G. Levrault. Tome 60. Paris, Le Normat. Pp. 548, pls. 68. Paris, 1830. 60 : 1-546., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/81598#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record  (ofExplanaria gemmacea Lamarck, 1816) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrbicella mammilosa Klunzinger, 1879) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinopora concamerata Klunzinger, 1879) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinopora solidior Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofEchinopora rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are usually encrusting or form thick leaves. They commonly develop a degree of branching, often from an uppermost edge of an encrusting or leafy plate. Calices are 4 to 7 mm in diameter, and are spaced less than a corallite diameter apart. Costae run between septa and are beaded. There are no, or very reduced, paliform lobes. This is a very common species. It is found on the reef flat in severe environmental conditions and on both exposed and turbid reef slopes at all depths to over 30 m. (Sheppard, 1998 ).
Colonies are laminar, bifacial, sometimes forming contorted branches. Corallites have calices 3.5-4.5 mm in diameter. Columellae are large, and paliform lobes are not well developed. Primary septa may be very thick and are always exsert. Colour: pale cream to dark brown or green. Abundance: usually uncommon (Veron, 1986).
Generally forms encrusting plates, though may occur as contorted branches with irregularly spaced, obvious and prominent corallites (7 mm across). Colour: varies from cream to dark brown, green or bluish-grey. Habitat: diverse (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Remark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English hedgehog coral  [details]
Japanese オオリュウキュウキッカサンゴ  [details]