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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816) 
AphiaID: 207418

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora Lamarck, 1816
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinastrea gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora carduus Klunzinger, 1879 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora concamerata Klunzinger, 1879 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora ehrenbergi Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonymy)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora rousseaui Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEchinopora solidior Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExplanaria gemmacea Lamarck, 1816 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExplanaria hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOrbicella mammilosa Klunzinger, 1879 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocora hemprichii Ehrenberg, 1834 (synonym)
Sources  original description Lamarck, J.B.d.1816. Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, présentant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; précédée d'une Introduction offrant la Détermination des caractères essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du Végétal et des autres corps naturels, enfin, l'exposition des principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie: Paris, Déterville & Verdière., available online at http://www.archive.org/stream/histoirenaturel02lama#page/n7/mode/2up [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhedgehog coral  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia dispar Humes, 1962 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCephalocheres flagellatus Kim I.H., 2010 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia dispar Humes, 1962 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (4 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (23 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (15 nucleotides; 9 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are usually encrusting or form thick leaves. They commonly develop a degree of branching, often from an uppermost edge of an encrusting or leafy plate. Calices are 4 to 7 mm in diameter, and are spaced less than a corallite diameter apart. Costae run between septa and are beaded. There are no, or very reduced, paliform lobes. This is a very common species. It is found on the reef flat in severe environmental conditions and on both exposed and turbid reef slopes at all depths to over 30 m. (Sheppard, 1998 ).
Colonies are laminar, bifacial, sometimes forming contorted branches. Corallites have calices 3.5-4.5 mm in diameter. Columellae are large, and paliform lobes are not well developed. Primary septa may be very thick and are always exsert. Colour: pale cream to dark brown or green. Abundance: usually uncommon (Veron, 1986).
Generally forms encrusting plates, though may occur as contorted branches with irregularly spaced, obvious and prominent corallites (7 mm across). Colour: varies from cream to dark brown, green or bluish-grey. Habitat: diverse (Richmond, 1997).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Original combination in Sheppard (1998). Type locality: "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207418
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-13 07:19:12Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Echinopora gemmacea (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207418 on 2014-09-21
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License