WoRMS taxon details

Diploastrea heliopora (Lamarck, 1816)

207417  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207417)

accepted
Species
Astraea heliopora Lamarck, 1816 (original combination, wrong genus spelling)
Astrea heliopora Lamarck, 1816 (original combination, basionym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

(ofAstrea heliopora Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

(ofOrbicella heliopora (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   
Note "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Colonies are distinctive, massive, and often exceed 1 metre across. Corallites are round and closely packed, plocoid, and...  
Description Colonies are distinctive, massive, and often exceed 1 metre across. Corallites are round and closely packed, plocoid, and formed by extratentacular budding. They are 8 to 10 mm diameter. The most characteristic feature of Diploastrea heliopora is its corallite wall structure. Walls are not solid but are delineated or formed by the thickened outer ends of the septa, which are not attached to each other laterally. This feature can even be detected beneath the tissue of the live corals. Shallow and mid-depths are preferred, almost always in sheltered water. The largest colonies are usually seen in silty environments, so it is commonly found on protected fringing reefs and back reef slopes, often beside sandy patches. Although it may grow to great size and colonies are by no means rare, vast expanses dominated by this species, as may occur in Indian Ocean atoll lagoons, have not been seen in areas such as the Red Sea. The coral is always a uniform brown. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are dome-shaped with a very even surface and may be up to 2 m high and 7 m in diameter. The skeleton is very dense. Corallites are plocoid. Columellae are large. Septa are equal and are thick at the wall and thin where they join the columellae. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: usually uniform cream or grey, sometimes greenish. Abundance: occurs in both exposed and protected reef habitats but is usually uncommon except on some back reef margins. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
May form large, massive domed colonies up to 5 m across or more. Corallites closely packed and domed, 10-20 mm across, with clearly visible columellae and distinct septal walls. Colour: uniform pale green to grey or cream. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Diploastrea heliopora (Lamarck, 1816). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207417 on 2018-06-18
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-02-06 17:41:18Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofAstrea heliopora Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofOrbicella minikoiensis Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner J. S. (1904). Introduction, II. Astraeidae. In: Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge. 2: 736-790. [details]   

original description  (ofAstraea heliopora Lamarck, 1816) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofOrbicella heliopora (Lamarck, 1816)) Lamarck, J.-B. M. de. (1816). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome second. Paris: Verdière, 568 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47698 [details]   

original description  (ofOrbicella minikoensis Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner J. S. (1904). Introduction, II. Astraeidae. In: Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge. 2: 736-790. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

new combination reference Matthai G. 1914. A revision of the recent colonial Astreidae possessing distinct corallites. Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology 17: 1–140, pl. 1-38. [details]   

basis of record  (ofAstrea heliopora Lamarck, 1816) Budd, A.F., Fukami, H., Smith, N.D. & Knowlton, N. 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 465–529. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrbicella minikoiensis Gardiner, 1904) Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrbicella minikoensis Gardiner, 1904) Gravier, C. (1911). Les récifs de coraux et les Madréporaires de la baie de Tadjourah (Golfe d'Aden). Annales de l'Institut Océanographique de Monaco. 2(3), 1-101, pls 1-12. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofOrbicella heliopora (Lamarck, 1816)) Gardiner JS (1899) On the astraeid corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London 1899: 734-764. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOrbicella heliopora (Lamarck, 1816)) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   

basis of record  (ofAstraea heliopora Lamarck, 1816) Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. & Wijsman-Best, M. 1977. Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series 3: 1–233. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are distinctive, massive, and often exceed 1 metre across. Corallites are round and closely packed, plocoid, and formed by extratentacular budding. They are 8 to 10 mm diameter. The most characteristic feature of Diploastrea heliopora is its corallite wall structure. Walls are not solid but are delineated or formed by the thickened outer ends of the septa, which are not attached to each other laterally. This feature can even be detected beneath the tissue of the live corals. Shallow and mid-depths are preferred, almost always in sheltered water. The largest colonies are usually seen in silty environments, so it is commonly found on protected fringing reefs and back reef slopes, often beside sandy patches. Although it may grow to great size and colonies are by no means rare, vast expanses dominated by this species, as may occur in Indian Ocean atoll lagoons, have not been seen in areas such as the Red Sea. The coral is always a uniform brown. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are dome-shaped with a very even surface and may be up to 2 m high and 7 m in diameter. The skeleton is very dense. Corallites are plocoid. Columellae are large. Septa are equal and are thick at the wall and thin where they join the columellae. Polyps are extended only at night. Colour: usually uniform cream or grey, sometimes greenish. Abundance: occurs in both exposed and protected reef habitats but is usually uncommon except on some back reef margins. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
May form large, massive domed colonies up to 5 m across or more. Corallites closely packed and domed, 10-20 mm across, with clearly visible columellae and distinct septal walls. Colour: uniform pale green to grey or cream. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "Indian Ocean" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English double-star coral  [details]
Japanese ダイオウサンゴ  [details]