WoRMS taxon details

Cyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775)

207413  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207413)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent + fossil
(of Madrepora serailia Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice...  
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice diameter, but in many cases are more crowded. They may be neat conical shapes, or largely sunken with very thin, raised rims. There are 12 primary septa. The species is common and widespread. It is found on reef flats in conditions of raised salinity and temperature, and on clear water reef slopes down to at least 40 metres. Cyphastrea serailia and C. chalcidicum are similar. Their separation is based only on whether costae are equal or sub-equal, or unequal. In Red Sea specimens, many examples of Cyphastrea have calices with thin, raised rims with no costae at all, thus completely removing the main distinguishing criteria. However, specimens from Australia indicate a clearer division there. In Arabian specimens, where corallites are sufficiently plocoid, costae are usually "sub-equal", so the name C. serailia is used. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corallites have costae which do not alternate strongly. There are 12 primary septa. Colour: usually grey, brown or cream. Abundance: very common and occurs in all reef habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Protruding, cone-shaped corallites, 1-3 mm across, with obvious septa (in multiples of twelve) and costae giving the polyps a star-like quality. Surface colony between polyps is papillate. Forms thick encrustations. Colour: varying in colour from grey to brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2021). World List of Scleractinia. Cyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207413 on 2021-09-24
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z
created
2000-09-08 06:57:57Z
changed
2007-05-16 17:38:43Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z
changed
2018-05-31 16:09:18Z
changed
2018-06-28 10:50:14Z
changed
2019-10-19 10:35:41Z
changed
2021-04-28 05:39:27Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (of Cyphastrea conferta Nemenzo, 1959) Nemenzo F (1959) Systematic studies on Philippine shallow water scleractinians: II. Suborder Faviida. Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines 16: 73-135, pls. 1-24. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora serailia Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Cyphastrea danai Milne Edwards & Haime, 1857) Milne Edwards H, Haime J. (1857). Histoire naturelle des coralliaires ou polypes proprement dits 2. Librairie Encyclopédique de Roret, Paris. 631 pp., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12403706 [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea brueggemanni Quelch, 1886) Quelch JJ. (1886). Report on the Reef-corals collected by H.M.S. 'Challenger' during the years 1873-76. <em>Report on the Scientific Results of the Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger during the years 1873–1876. Zoology.</em> 16 (46): 1-203, pl. 1-12., available online at http://www.19thcenturyscience.org/HMSC/HMSC-Reports/Zool-46/README.htm [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastraea suvadivae Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner JS. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastraea maldivensis Gardiner, 1904) Gardiner JS. (1904). Madreporaria Parts I. and II: I. Introduction with notes on variation, II. Astraeidae. <em>Fauna and geography of the Maldives and Laccadives Archipelagoes, Cambridge.</em> 2: 736-790, pls. 59-64. [details]   

original description  (of Cyphastrea laticostata Nemenzo, 1971) Nemenzo, F. (1971). Systematic studies on Philippine shallow-water scleractinians: VII. Additional forms. <em>Natural and Applied Science Bulletin, University of the Philippines.</em> 23: 141-209. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea hemprichiana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea gibbosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea forskaelana Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Solenastrea sarcinula Milne Edwards & Haime, 1849) Milne Edwards H, Haime J (1849) Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 4. Monographie des Astréides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie, Series 3, 12: 95-197. [details]   

original description  (of Madrepora incrustans Forskål, 1775) Forskål P. (1775). Descriptiones Animalium, Avium, Amphibiorum, Piscium, Insectorum, Vermium; quae in Itinere Orientali Observavit Petrus Forskål. Post Mortem Auctoris editit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia Medica Kahirina. Mölleri, Hafniae, 19 + xxxiv + 164 pp. , available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/2088059 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

context source (HKRMS) Ang, P. O.; McCorry, D.; Si, C. C. L. (2003). Establishing a reference collection and field guides for Hong Kong scleractinian coral. <em>Final report submitted to the Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government.</em>  [details]   

basis of record Veron JEN. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. <em>Angus & Robertson Publishers.</em>  [details]   

additional source Veron JEN, Pichon M, Wijsman-Best M. (1977). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part II. Families Faviidae, Trachyphylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph series.</em> 3: 1-233. [details]   

additional source Vaughan TW. (1918). Some shallow-water corals from Murray Island (Australia), Cocos-Keeling Island, and Fanning Island. <em>Papers from the Department of Marine Biology of the Carnegie Institution of Washington.</em> 9 (213): 49-234, pls. 20-93. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Cairns SD, Hoeksema BW, van der Land J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu, J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Matthai G. (1914). A revision of the recent colonial Astraeidae possessing distinct corallites. <em>Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, 2nd Series Zoology.</em> 17(1): 1-140, pls. 1-38. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Gershwin, L.; Brook, F.J.; Pugh, P.; Dawson, E.W.; Ocaña O.V.; Vervoort, W.; Williams, G.; Watson, J.E.; Opresko, D.M.; Schuchert, P.; Hine, P.M.; Gordon, D.P.; Campbell, H.J.; Wright, A.J.; Sánchez, J.A.; Fautin, D.G. (2009). Phylum Cnidaria: corals, medusae, hydroids, myxozoans. <em>in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia.</em> pp. 59-101., available online at https://repository.si.edu/handle/10088/8431 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Wijsman-Best M (1980) Indo-Pacific coral species belonging to the subfamily Montastreinae Vaughan and Wells, 1943 (Scleractinia-Coelenterata) part II: The genera Cyphastrea, Leptastrea, Echinopora and Diploastrea. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 55: 235-263. [details]   

additional source Huang D, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Budd AF (2014) Taxonomic classification of the reef coral families Merulinidae, Montastraeidae, and Diploastraeidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 171: 277–355. [details]   

additional source Matthai G (1924) Report on the madreporarian corals in the collection of the Indian Museum, Calcutta. Memoirs of the Indian Museum 8: 1-59. [details]   

additional source Khalil HM, Fathy MS, Al Sawy SM. (2021). Quaternary corals (Scleractinia: Merulinidae) from the Egyptian and Saudi Arabian Red Sea Coast. <em>Geological Journal.</em> , available online at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gj.4145?af=R [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice diameter, but in many cases are more crowded. They may be neat conical shapes, or largely sunken with very thin, raised rims. There are 12 primary septa. The species is common and widespread. It is found on reef flats in conditions of raised salinity and temperature, and on clear water reef slopes down to at least 40 metres. Cyphastrea serailia and C. chalcidicum are similar. Their separation is based only on whether costae are equal or sub-equal, or unequal. In Red Sea specimens, many examples of Cyphastrea have calices with thin, raised rims with no costae at all, thus completely removing the main distinguishing criteria. However, specimens from Australia indicate a clearer division there. In Arabian specimens, where corallites are sufficiently plocoid, costae are usually "sub-equal", so the name C. serailia is used. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corallites have costae which do not alternate strongly. There are 12 primary septa. Colour: usually grey, brown or cream. Abundance: very common and occurs in all reef habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Protruding, cone-shaped corallites, 1-3 mm across, with obvious septa (in multiples of twelve) and costae giving the polyps a star-like quality. Surface colony between polyps is papillate. Forms thick encrustations. Colour: varying in colour from grey to brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Spelling Spelled C. sairailia in Faure, G. (1977 ), C. serialia in Sheppard (1998 <308>). Type locality: Red Sea (Veron, 1986).
C. serailia is spelled as C. serialis in Macnae&Kalk,1958. [details]
LanguageName 
English lesser knob coral  [details]
Japanese マダラトゲキクメシ [from synonym]フカトゲキクメイシ  [details]