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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775) 
AphiaID: 207413

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea serailia (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea Milne Edwards & Haime, 1848
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea brueggemanni Quelch, 1886 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea conferta Nemenzo, 1959 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea danai Milne Edwards, 1857 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea serialis (Forskål, 1775) (wrong spelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyphastrea suvadivae Gardiner, 1904 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora serailia Forskål, 1775 (original combination, basionym)
Sources  original description Forskål P (1775) Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quæ in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Hauniae, Heineck et Faber., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.2154 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlesser knob coral  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Federal Republic of Somalia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSomalia [details]
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (9 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (21 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (24 nucleotides; 14 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are commonly up to 40 cm diameter, often greater. Calices are round, and separated by half or a full calice diameter, but in many cases are more crowded. They may be neat conical shapes, or largely sunken with very thin, raised rims. There are 12 primary septa. The species is common and widespread. It is found on reef flats in conditions of raised salinity and temperature, and on clear water reef slopes down to at least 40 metres. Cyphastrea serailia and C. chalcidicum are similar. Their separation is based only on whether costae are equal or sub-equal, or unequal. In Red Sea specimens, many examples of Cyphastrea have calices with thin, raised rims with no costae at all, thus completely removing the main distinguishing criteria. However, specimens from Australia indicate a clearer division there. In Arabian specimens, where corallites are sufficiently plocoid, costae are usually "sub-equal", so the name C. serailia is used. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Corallites have costae which do not alternate strongly. There are 12 primary septa. Colour: usually grey, brown or cream. Abundance: very common and occurs in all reef habitats. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Protruding, cone-shaped corallites, 1-3 mm across, with obvious septa (in multiples of twelve) and costae giving the polyps a star-like quality. Surface colony between polyps is papillate. Forms thick encrustations. Colour: varying in colour from grey to brown or reddish-brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling Spelled C. sairailia in Faure, G. (1977 ), C. serialia in Sheppard (1998 <308>). Type locality: Red Sea (Veron, 1986).
C. serailia is spelled as C. serialis in Macnae&Kalk,1958. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207413
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-08 06:57:57Z  changed  Govaerts, Ann
2007-05-16 17:38:43Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2014-03-16 13:26:33Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Cyphastrea serailia (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207413 on 2014-11-27
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