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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina ampliata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) 
AphiaID: 207407

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina Ehrenberg, 1834
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgaricia ampliata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (previous combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora ampliata Ellis & Solander, 1786 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina crispa Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina ramosa Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina regalis Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina speciosa Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMerulina vaughani Van der Horst, 1921 (synonym)
Sources  original description Ellis, J.; Solander, D. 1786. The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details] [full text]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcrispy crust coral  [details]
Environment marine, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAlteuthellopsis corallina Humes, 1981 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmardopsis merulinae Humes, 1974 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontomolgus bulbalis Humes, 1991 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAsteropontius trifilis Kim I.H., 2010 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontomolgus bulbalis Humes, 1991 (symbiotic: unspecified type)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (2 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (52 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (9 nucleotides; 5 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This has small colonies which commonly exceed 1 metre across and 0.5 metres tall; they are a mixture of foliaceous plates and contorted projections. These contortions resemble a mass of irregular branches in some colonies. Calices on the leafy parts of a corallum are rarely monocentric, but usually run in long meandroid series toward the edge of the leaf. Corallites on the twisted projections are commonly monocentric. Walls are low, rounded and very broad relative to the calice width. Merulina ampliata lives in mid to deep water depths on all reef slopes. It is usually pale yellow or brown, commonly tinted with pink. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are laminar and foliaceous or sub-arborescent with different growth forms characteristically occurring in the one colony. Valleys are short, straight and spread fan-wise, then divide. They radiate from the colony centre on flat surfaces but are highly contorted on branches. Flat surfaces often have concentric growth lines. Polyps are usually extended only at night. Colour: a variety of pale colours, usually pink or pale brown. Abundance: common. Occurs in a wide variety of reefal habitats but is most abundant in lagoons. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Radial, toothed ridges decorate the colonies which are variable in growth form ranging from fan-like plates to contorted, foliaceous branches within the same colony. Colour: varies from pale pink to light brown. Habitat: diverse. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality unrecorded (Veron, 1986). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207407
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 16:37:49Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2013-09-07 20:44:15Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Merulina ampliata (Ellis & Solander, 1786). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207407 on 2014-08-30
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License