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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolymia vitiensis Brüggemann, 1877 
AphiaID: 207395

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMussidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMussinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolymia (Genus)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (original combination, basionym)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParascolymia vitiensis (Brüggemann, 1877)
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParascolymia Wells, 1964
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScolymia Haime, 1852
Sources  original description Brüggemann F (1877) Notes on the stony corals in the collection of the British Museum. 3. A revision of the Recent solitary Mussaceae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4: 300–313. [details]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
South Africa
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSouth Africa (country) [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (2 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (20 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This is a mussid coral, usually solitary though older specimens commonly show bi or tri-centric calices. Single calice specimens, which are typical, may reach 25 cm tall and 8-10 cm diameter. Septa have large teeth and are sharp. Septa do not have the very enlarged lobes and the living coral does not have the transparent tissue found in Cynarina, the other solitary mussid. There is probably only one Indian Ocean species in this genus. The genus is much more common in the Caribbean. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
There is a wide latitudinal variation in this species. In temperate localities it is usually solitary, saucer-shaped and less than 60 mm in diameter. In the tropics it becomes colonial and septo-costae slope up from the centre to an indistinct wall, then down to the periphery. Secondary centres may occur near the colony centre and also around the periphery. Septo-costae are sturdy with large blunt teeth. Colour: usually dark green. Abundance: seldom common but occurs in a wide range of environments. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Central Indo-Pacific to Japan [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpelling Parascolymia vitiensis in Faure (1977). Type locality: Fiji (Veron, 1986) [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207395
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z  changed  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2013-09-02 17:11:15Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
2014-05-30 16:29:19Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Scolymia vitiensis Brüggemann, 1877. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207395 on 2014-07-10
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