WoRMS name details

Scolymia vitiensis Brüggemann, 1877

207395  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207395)

 unaccepted (original combination, basionym)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Brüggemann, F. (1877). Notes on the stony corals in the collection of the British Museum. III. A revision of the Recent solitary Mussaceae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4. 20: 300-313. [details]   
Description This is a mussid coral, usually solitary though older specimens commonly show bi or tri-centric calices. Single calice...  
Description This is a mussid coral, usually solitary though older specimens commonly show bi or tri-centric calices. Single calice specimens, which are typical, may reach 25 cm tall and 8-10 cm diameter. Septa have large teeth and are sharp. Septa do not have the very enlarged lobes and the living coral does not have the transparent tissue found in Cynarina, the other solitary mussid. There is probably only one Indian Ocean species in this genus. The genus is much more common in the Caribbean. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
There is a wide latitudinal variation in this species. In temperate localities it is usually solitary, saucer-shaped and less than 60 mm in diameter. In the tropics it becomes colonial and septo-costae slope up from the centre to an indistinct wall, then down to the periphery. Secondary centres may occur near the colony centre and also around the periphery. Septo-costae are sturdy with large blunt teeth. Colour: usually dark green. Abundance: seldom common but occurs in a wide range of environments. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Distribution Central Indo-Pacific to Japan  
Distribution Central Indo-Pacific to Japan [details]
Hoeksema, B.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Scolymia vitiensis Brüggemann, 1877. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207395 on 2018-04-19
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-09-02 17:11:15Z
changed
2014-05-30 16:29:19Z
changed
2016-10-16 10:22:57Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Brüggemann, F. (1877). Notes on the stony corals in the collection of the British Museum. III. A revision of the Recent solitary Mussaceae. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Series 4. 20: 300-313. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Wells, J.W. 1964. The recent solitary mussid scleractinian corals. Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden 39: 375-384. [details]   

additional source Budd, A.F., Fukami, H., Smith, N.D. & Knowlton, N. 2012. Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Mussidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 166: 465–529. [details]   

new combination reference Huang D, Arrigoni R, Benzoni F, Fukami H, Knowlton N, Smith ND, Stolarski J, Chou LM, Budd AF. (2016). Taxonomic classification of the reef coral family Lobophylliidae (Cnidaria: Anthozoa: Scleractinia). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 178(3): 436-481., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/zoj.12391 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This is a mussid coral, usually solitary though older specimens commonly show bi or tri-centric calices. Single calice specimens, which are typical, may reach 25 cm tall and 8-10 cm diameter. Septa have large teeth and are sharp. Septa do not have the very enlarged lobes and the living coral does not have the transparent tissue found in Cynarina, the other solitary mussid. There is probably only one Indian Ocean species in this genus. The genus is much more common in the Caribbean. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
There is a wide latitudinal variation in this species. In temperate localities it is usually solitary, saucer-shaped and less than 60 mm in diameter. In the tropics it becomes colonial and septo-costae slope up from the centre to an indistinct wall, then down to the periphery. Secondary centres may occur near the colony centre and also around the periphery. Septo-costae are sturdy with large blunt teeth. Colour: usually dark green. Abundance: seldom common but occurs in a wide range of environments. (Veron, 1986 <57>) [details]

Distribution Central Indo-Pacific to Japan [details]

Spelling Parascolymia vitiensis in Faure (1977). Type locality: Fiji (Veron, 1986) [details]
 

LanguageName 
Japanese アザミハナガタサンゴ  [details]