WoRMS taxon details

Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797)

207363  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207363)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
(ofMadrepora limax Esper, 1797) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   
Description This coral is free living and strongly elongate. It is colonial, with numerous centres down a central furrow as well as...  
Description This coral is free living and strongly elongate. It is colonial, with numerous centres down a central furrow as well as secondary centres down the sides of the corallum. The species reaches 45 cm long and about 10-15 cm wide. Septa very finely toothed. They are arched, and run from the central furrow to a secondary centre. The species is abundant and widespread in the Red Sea. It occurs in mid-depths, on coral rubble and hard substrates (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are elongate with rounded ends. Secondary centres are numerous. Few primary septa extend from the axial furrow to the perimeter. Some colonies develop forked axial furrows and become Y-,T-, or X-shaped. Colour: pale or dark brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: common on partly protected reef slopes where Fungia occur (Veron, 1986).
The largest of the fungiids, up to over 1 m in length (commonly 30-50 cm). Colonial, not solitary. Colonies are elongated, irregularly shaped with rounded ends. Colour: usually dark brown. Habitat: sheltered reefs (Richmond, 1997); sand (Kalk, 1959). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207363 on 2018-07-23
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-01-21 14:34:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofSandalolitha africana Veron, 2000) Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

original description  (ofHerpolitha weberi (van der Horst, 1921)) van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora limax Esper, 1797) Esper, E.J.C. 1797. Fortsetzungen der Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungennach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet nebst Beschreibungen. Erster Theil.(Nürnberg): 1-230, pls L-LXI. [details]   

original description  (ofFungia limacina Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck J.B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719 [details]   

original description  (ofFungia weberi Van der Horst, 1921) van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora trilinguis Boddaert, 1768) Boddaert, P. 1768. Lyst der Plant-Dieren, p. (1-50) + 1-654, pls. 1-14. Van Paddenburg & Van Schoonhoven, Utrecht. [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora talpa Houttuyn, 1772) Houttuyn, M., 1772. Natuurlyke historie of uitvoerige beschryving der dieren, planten en mineralen, volgens het samenstel van den heer Linnaeus met naauwheurige afdeelingen 1737 : 1-6, 1-614. [details]   

original description  (ofHaliglossa interrupta Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofHaliglossa foliosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofHaliglossa stellaris Ehrenberg, 1834) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

original description  (ofHerpetolithus crassus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofHerpetolitha ampla Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHerpetolithus strictus Dana, 1846) Dana, J.D. 1846. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Zoophytes 7: 1-740. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia., available online at http://www.sil.si.edu/digitalcollections/usexex/navigation/ScientificText/USExEx19_08select.cfm [details]   

original description  (ofFungia praecursor Umbgrove, 1946 †) Umbgrove, J.H.F. 1946. Corals from a Lower Pliocene patch reef in Central Java. Journal of Paleontology 20: 521-542, pls. 79-82.  [details]   

original description  (ofHerpetoglossa secunda Nemenzo, 1988) Nemenzo F. (1988). Philippine stony corals V. Three new species from islets in Central Philippines. The Philippine Journal of Science. 117: 215-221. [details]   

original description  (ofHerpetolitha foliosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) Ehrenberg, C. G. (1834). Beiträge zur physiologischen Kenntniss der Corallenthiere im allgemeinen, und besonders des rothen Meeres, nebst einem Versuche zur physiologischen Systematik derselben. Abhandlungen der Königlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Berlin. 1: 225-380., available online at http://bibliothek.bbaw.de/bibliothek-digital/digitalequellen/schriften/anzeige?band=07-abh/1832-1&seite:int=00000243 [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Gittenberger, A., Reijnen, B.T. & Hoeksema, B.W. 2011. A molecularly based phylogeny reconstruction of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae) with taxonomic consequences and evolutionary implications for life history traits. Contributions to Zoology 80: 107-132. , available online at http://dpc.uba.uva.nl/cgi/t/text/get-pdf?c=ctz;idno=8002a02 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofHerpetolitha foliosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHerpetolitha foliosa (Ehrenberg, 1834)) Klunzinger, C.B. 1879. Die Korallenthiere des Rothen Meeres, 2. Theil: Die Steinkorallen. Erster Abschnitt: Die Madreporaceen und Oculinaceen: 1-88, pls. 1-10. Gutmann, Berlin. [details]   

additional source  (ofHerpolitha weberi (van der Horst, 1921)) Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source  (ofSandalolitha africana Veron, 2000) Veron, J.E.N. 2002. New species described in Corals of the World. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series 11: 1-209. [details]   

additional source  (ofSandalolitha africana Veron, 2000) ICZN (2011) Coral taxon names published in ‘Corals of the world’ by J.E.N. Veron (2000): potential availability confirmed under Article 86.1.2. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 68: 162-166. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHerpolitha weberi (van der Horst, 1921)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofMadrepora trilinguis Boddaert, 1768) Hoeksema, B.W. 1988. Madrepora limax Esper, 1797 (currently Herpolitha limax) and Fungia talpina Lamarck, 1801 (currently Polyphyllia talpina; both Cnidaria, Anthozoa): proposed conservation of the specific names. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 45: 13-17. [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora trilinguis Boddaert, 1768) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofFungia limacina Lamarck, 1801) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofFungia weberi Van der Horst, 1921) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora limax Esper, 1797) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHerpetoglossa secunda Nemenzo, 1988) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHerpetolithus crassus Dana, 1846) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHerpetolitha ampla Verrill, 1864) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofFungia praecursor Umbgrove, 1946 †) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHaliglossa stellaris Ehrenberg, 1834) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHerpetolithus strictus Dana, 1846) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHaliglossa foliosa Ehrenberg, 1834) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHaliglossa interrupta Ehrenberg, 1834) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora talpa Houttuyn, 1772) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofMadrepora talpa Houttuyn, 1772) Hoeksema, B.W. 1988. Madrepora limax Esper, 1797 (currently Herpolitha limax) and Fungia talpina Lamarck, 1801 (currently Polyphyllia talpina; both Cnidaria, Anthozoa): proposed conservation of the specific names. Bulletin of Zoological Nomenclature 45: 13-17. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description This coral is free living and strongly elongate. It is colonial, with numerous centres down a central furrow as well as secondary centres down the sides of the corallum. The species reaches 45 cm long and about 10-15 cm wide. Septa very finely toothed. They are arched, and run from the central furrow to a secondary centre. The species is abundant and widespread in the Red Sea. It occurs in mid-depths, on coral rubble and hard substrates (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are elongate with rounded ends. Secondary centres are numerous. Few primary septa extend from the axial furrow to the perimeter. Some colonies develop forked axial furrows and become Y-,T-, or X-shaped. Colour: pale or dark brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: common on partly protected reef slopes where Fungia occur (Veron, 1986).
The largest of the fungiids, up to over 1 m in length (commonly 30-50 cm). Colonial, not solitary. Colonies are elongated, irregularly shaped with rounded ends. Colour: usually dark brown. Habitat: sheltered reefs (Richmond, 1997); sand (Kalk, 1959). [details]

Remark Authority given as (Esper) in Faure (1977 ). New combination in Sheppard (1998 <308>). Type locality: Unrecorded (Veron, 1986).
Herpetholitha limax Esper. In Kalk (1959). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English striate boomerang coral  [details]
Japanese ヒトスジキュウリイシ [from synonym]キュウリイシ[ヒトスジキュウリイシ]  [details]