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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha limax (Esper, 1797) 
AphiaID: 207363

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha Eschscholtz, 1825
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia limacina Lamarck, 1801 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia praecursor Umbgrove, 1946 † (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFungia weberi Van der Horst, 1921 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa foliosa Ehrenberg, 1834 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa interrupta Ehrenberg, 1834 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHaliglossa stellaris Ehrenberg, 1834 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolitha ampla Verrill, 1864 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithus crassus Dana, 1846 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpetolithus strictus Dana, 1846 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerpolitha weberi (van der Horst, 1921) (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora limax Esper, 1797 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora talpa Houttuyn, 1772 (suppressed)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora trilinguis Boddaert, 1768 (suppressed)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSandalolitha africana Veron, 2000 (junior synonym)
Sources  basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstriate boomerang coral  [details]
Environment marine, terrestrial
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Red Sea [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Zanzibar [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Red Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Fiji Islands [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality Tahiti [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From editor or global species database
Indian Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWest Indian Ocean [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEast Africa [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnchimolgus latens Humes, 1978 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMycoxynus villosus Humes, 1979 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (3 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (7 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (11 nucleotides; 8 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription This coral is free living and strongly elongate. It is colonial, with numerous centres down a central furrow as well as secondary centres down the sides of the corallum. The species reaches 45 cm long and about 10-15 cm wide. Septa very finely toothed. They are arched, and run from the central furrow to a secondary centre. The species is abundant and widespread in the Red Sea. It occurs in mid-depths, on coral rubble and hard substrates (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are elongate with rounded ends. Secondary centres are numerous. Few primary septa extend from the axial furrow to the perimeter. Some colonies develop forked axial furrows and become Y-,T-, or X-shaped. Colour: pale or dark brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: common on partly protected reef slopes where Fungia occur (Veron, 1986).
The largest of the fungiids, up to over 1 m in length (commonly 30-50 cm). Colonial, not solitary. Colonies are elongated, irregularly shaped with rounded ends. Colour: usually dark brown. Habitat: sheltered reefs (Richmond, 1997); sand (Kalk, 1959). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Authority given as (Esper) in Faure (1977 ). New combination in Sheppard (1998 <308>). Type locality: Unrecorded (Veron, 1986).
Herpetholitha limax Esper. In Kalk (1959). [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207363
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1996-10-25 16:53:40Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2013-01-21 14:34:10Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Herpolitha limax (Esper, 1797). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207363 on 2014-08-29
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