WoRMS taxon details

Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)

207361  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207361)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofMadrepora pileus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofFungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

(ofHalomitra (Halomitra) pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Type locality contained in East Asia  
type locality contained in East Asia [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Note "East Indies" (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description A free living, colonial fungiid, which can reach 75 cm tall and broad. Small colonies up to 20 cm across are usually flat,...  
Description A free living, colonial fungiid, which can reach 75 cm tall and broad. Small colonies up to 20 cm across are usually flat, but larger colonies become increasingly dome shaped, developing into regular or irregular, hollow hemispheres. The colour photo is the edge of a rim of a large, domed specimen. Corallites are numerous, and all of the same size, (though a larger central one can sometimes be found at the top of the dome or in the centre of the disk). Septa run discontinuously down the sides, and are usually very sharp. Colonies are brown to cream, usually with a purple rim. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are large and free-living, circular, dome- or bell-shaped, thin and delicate and without an axial furrow. Corallites are widely spaced. Septo-costae are similar to those of Fungia fungites. Polyps are extended only at night. Tentacles are small and widely spaced. Colour: pale brown, frequently with bright-pink or purple margins. Abundance: occurs on middle to lower reef slopes in lagoons on soft substrates. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Unmistakable; free-living, dome or bell-shaped colonies to 50 cm in height and diameter. Corallites evenly spaced over the entire colony. Colour: brownish-orange with pink to purple lower rim. Habitat: shallow reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207361 on 2018-07-21
Date
action
by
1997-02-03 14:17:27Z
created
2000-07-18 15:57:33Z
changed
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2013-01-22 10:22:55Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra louwinae Van Der Horst, 1921) van der Horst, C.J. (1921). The Madreporaria of the Siboga expedition: 2. Madreporaria Fungida. Siboga-Expeditie: uitkomsten op zoölogisch, botanisch, oceanographisch en geologisch gebied verzameld in Nederlandsch Oost-Indië 1899-1900 aan boord H.M. Siboga onder commando van Luitenant ter Zee 1e kl. G.F. Tydeman, XVIb. E.J. Brill: Leiden. 53-98, plates I-VI pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora pileus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofFungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra clypeus Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra concentrica Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere. 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (ofPodabacia philippinensis Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere. 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (ofZoopilus gomezi Nemenzo, 1980) Nemenzo, F. 1980. Fungiid corals from Central Philippines. Kalikasan. The Philippine Journal of Biology 9: 283-302. [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra (Halomitra) pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofDoederleinia vetusta Gerth, 1925 †) Gerth, H. 1925. Jungtertiare Korallen von Nias, Java und Borneo, nebst einer uebersicht über die aus dem Kanozoikum des Indischen Archipels bekannten Arten. Leidsche Geologische Mededelingen 1: 22-82, pls. 5-7. [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra (Halomitra) tiara Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology. 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra (Halomitra) concentrica Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere. 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra phillippinensis (Studer, 1901)) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere. 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

original description  (ofHalomitra (Podabacia) philippinensis Studer, 1901) Studer, T. (1901). Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. Zoologische Jahrbüchern, Abteilung für Systematik, Biologie und Biogeographie der Tiere. 14: 388-428, pls. 23-31. [details]   

basis of record Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofHalomitra phillippinensis (Studer, 1901)) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHalomitra phillippinensis (Studer, 1901)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHalomitra louwinae Van Der Horst, 1921) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofMadrepora pileus Linnaeus, 1758) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHalomitra tiara Verrill, 1864) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHalomitra concentrica Studer, 1901) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofHalomitra clypeus Verrill, 1864) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofFungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Lamarck, J.B.d.1815. Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs families, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; précédée d'une Introduction offrant la détermination des caractères essentiels de l'Animal, sa distinction du Végétal et des autres corps naturels, enfin, l'exposition des principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie: Paris, Verdière. [details]   

basis of record  (ofFungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

additional source  (ofFungia pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHalomitra (Podabacia) philippinensis Studer, 1901) Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofHalomitra (Halomitra) concentrica Studer, 1901) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofZoopilus gomezi Nemenzo, 1980) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHalomitra (Halomitra) pileus (Linnaeus, 1758)) Studer, Th., 1901. Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. In: Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896-1897). Zool. Jb. 14 5: 388-428. [details]   

new combination reference  (ofHalomitra (Halomitra) tiara Verrill, 1864) Studer, Th., 1901. Madreporarier von Samoa, den Sandwich-Inseln und Laysan. In: Ergebnisse einer Reise nach dem Pacific (Schauinsland 1896-1897). Zool. Jb. 14 5: 388-428. [details]   

basis of record  (ofDoederleinia vetusta Gerth, 1925 †) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   

basis of record  (ofPodabacia philippinensis Studer, 1901) Hoeksema, B.W., 1989. Taxonomy, phylogeny and biogeography of mushroom corals (Scleractinia: Fungiidae). Zoologische Verhandelingen, Leiden 254: 1-295., available online at http://www.repository.naturalis.nl/document/149013 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description A free living, colonial fungiid, which can reach 75 cm tall and broad. Small colonies up to 20 cm across are usually flat, but larger colonies become increasingly dome shaped, developing into regular or irregular, hollow hemispheres. The colour photo is the edge of a rim of a large, domed specimen. Corallites are numerous, and all of the same size, (though a larger central one can sometimes be found at the top of the dome or in the centre of the disk). Septa run discontinuously down the sides, and are usually very sharp. Colonies are brown to cream, usually with a purple rim. (Sheppard, 1998 <308>)
Colonies are large and free-living, circular, dome- or bell-shaped, thin and delicate and without an axial furrow. Corallites are widely spaced. Septo-costae are similar to those of Fungia fungites. Polyps are extended only at night. Tentacles are small and widely spaced. Colour: pale brown, frequently with bright-pink or purple margins. Abundance: occurs on middle to lower reef slopes in lagoons on soft substrates. Usually uncommon. (Veron, 1986 <57>)
Unmistakable; free-living, dome or bell-shaped colonies to 50 cm in height and diameter. Corallites evenly spaced over the entire colony. Colour: brownish-orange with pink to purple lower rim. Habitat: shallow reefs. (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Type locality "East Indies" (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English bowl coral  [details]
Japanese カブトサンゴ  [details]