WoRMS taxon details

Pavona cactus (Forskål, 1775)

207312  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207312)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
(ofMadrepora cactus Forskål, 1775) Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

(ofLophoseris cactus (Forskål, 1775)) Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   
Note Red Sea (Veron, 1986).  
From other sources
Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
Description Colonies are a mass of small, vertical and irregular leaves, each being no more than a few cm tall. Leaves are always thin,...  
Description Colonies are a mass of small, vertical and irregular leaves, each being no more than a few cm tall. Leaves are always thin, not more than 4-5 mm thick, and the basal parts of a high proportion of leaves are dead and sometimes actually detached from the jumble of older fronds of the colony. Septa are less than 1 mm diameter and lie flush with the surface of the leaf. They run in rows parallel to the edge of the leaf. Rows are separated by 3 or 4 mm. The species is mostly found in sheltered and lagoonal areas where it is usually very common. It tolerates sediment well, and reaches its greatest abundance and colony size between 3 - 10 m deep in calm areas. There, "supercolonies" are frequently encountered. These are growths of the same species from one or more original colonies, which have detached and spread over wide areas. Thus Pavona cactus may provide about 75% cover, for example, over 10 square metres or more (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are thin, contorted, bifacial, upright fronds with or without thickened branching bases. Corallites are fine and shallow, and aligned in irregular rows parallel to the margins. Colour: pale brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: Abundant in some lagoons and on upper reef slopes, especially those of fringing reefs, and in turbid water protected from wave action, where colonies frequently exceed 10 m in diameter (Veron (1986)).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Pavona cactus (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207312 on 2018-09-18
Date
action
by
1997-01-31 17:25:12Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed
2018-05-31 14:43:29Z
changed
2018-06-28 10:50:14Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofPavona praetorta (Dana, 1846)) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofPavona cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofPavona venusta Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofMadrepora cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofMadrepora cactus Forskål, 1775) Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofPavona formosa Dana, 1846) Dana, J. D. (1846-1849). Zoophytes. United States Exploring Expedition during the years 1838-1842. Lea and Blanchard, Philadelphia. 7: 1-740, 61 pls. (1846: 1-120, 709-720; 1848: 121-708, 721-740; 1849: atlas pls. 1-61). [details]   

original description  (ofLophoseris knorri Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851) Milne, H. ; Haime. J. (1851). Recherches sur les polypiers. Mémoire 6. Monographie des Fongides. Annales des Sciences Naturelles, Zoologie. 15(3): 73-144. [details]   

original description  (ofLophoseris cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLophoseris cactus (Forskål, 1775)) Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofPavonia cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786)) Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description Forskål, P.; Niebuhr, C. (1775). Descriptiones animalium, avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium / quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Adjuncta est materia medica kahirina atque tabula maris Rubri geographica. Hauniæ [Copenhagen]:ex officina Mölleri. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Sheppard, C.R.C. (1987). Coral species of the Indian Ocean and adjacent seas: a synonymised compilation and some regional distribution patterns. Atoll Research Bulletin Nr 307 [details]   

additional source Fauré, G. (1977). Annotated checklist of the corals in the Mascarene Archipelago, Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 203: 1-26 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series. 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Veron JEN. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description Colonies are a mass of small, vertical and irregular leaves, each being no more than a few cm tall. Leaves are always thin, not more than 4-5 mm thick, and the basal parts of a high proportion of leaves are dead and sometimes actually detached from the jumble of older fronds of the colony. Septa are less than 1 mm diameter and lie flush with the surface of the leaf. They run in rows parallel to the edge of the leaf. Rows are separated by 3 or 4 mm. The species is mostly found in sheltered and lagoonal areas where it is usually very common. It tolerates sediment well, and reaches its greatest abundance and colony size between 3 - 10 m deep in calm areas. There, "supercolonies" are frequently encountered. These are growths of the same species from one or more original colonies, which have detached and spread over wide areas. Thus Pavona cactus may provide about 75% cover, for example, over 10 square metres or more (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are thin, contorted, bifacial, upright fronds with or without thickened branching bases. Corallites are fine and shallow, and aligned in irregular rows parallel to the margins. Colour: pale brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: Abundant in some lagoons and on upper reef slopes, especially those of fringing reefs, and in turbid water protected from wave action, where colonies frequently exceed 10 m in diameter (Veron (1986)).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Type locality Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English leaf coral  [details]
Japanese サオトメシコロサンゴ  [details]
Pavona praetorta
 Pavona praetorta
[image from synonym]