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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPavona cactus (Forskål, 1775) 
AphiaID: 207312

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCnidaria (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnthozoa (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexacorallia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorScleractinia (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAgariciidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPavona (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPavona Lamarck, 1801
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLophoseris knorri Milne Edwards & Haime, 1851 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora cactus Forskål, 1775 (original combination, basionym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMadrepora cristata Ellis & Solander, 1786 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPavona cristata (Ellis & Solander, 1786) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPavona formosa Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPavona praetorta (Dana, 1846) (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPavona venusta Dana, 1846 (synonym)
Sources  original description Forskål P (1775) Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium; quæ in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål. Hauniae, Heineck et Faber. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorleaf coral  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From other sources
Indian Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAldabra [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorChagos [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReunion [details]
Kenya
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorKenya [details]
Madagascar
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMadagascar [details]
Mozambique
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMozambique [details]
Red Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea [details]
Republic of Mauritius
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMauritius [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRodriguez [details]
Seychelles
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSeychelles [details]
South Pacific Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIndo-West Pacific [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLichomolgus actinophorus Humes & Frost, 1964 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParamolgus pavonae Humes, 1994 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParamolgus setellus Humes, 1992 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia finitima Humes, 1985 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontomolgus actinophorus (Humes & Frost, 1964) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXarifia finitima Humes, 1985 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (2 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (32 nucleotides; 6 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo USNM Invertebrate Zoology Cnidaria Collection 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBiology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Colonies are a mass of small, vertical and irregular leaves, each being no more than a few cm tall. Leaves are always thin, not more than 4-5 mm thick, and the basal parts of a high proportion of leaves are dead and sometimes actually detached from the jumble of older fronds of the colony. Septa are less than 1 mm diameter and lie flush with the surface of the leaf. They run in rows parallel to the edge of the leaf. Rows are separated by 3 or 4 mm. The species is mostly found in sheltered and lagoonal areas where it is usually very common. It tolerates sediment well, and reaches its greatest abundance and colony size between 3 - 10 m deep in calm areas. There, "supercolonies" are frequently encountered. These are growths of the same species from one or more original colonies, which have detached and spread over wide areas. Thus Pavona cactus may provide about 75% cover, for example, over 10 square metres or more (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are thin, contorted, bifacial, upright fronds with or without thickened branching bases. Corallites are fine and shallow, and aligned in irregular rows parallel to the margins. Colour: pale brown or greenish-brown. Abundance: Abundant in some lagoons and on upper reef slopes, especially those of fringing reefs, and in turbid water protected from wave action, where colonies frequently exceed 10 m in diameter (Veron (1986)).
Tropical Indo-Pacific in Kalk (1958). [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Type locality: Red Sea (Veron, 1986). [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Pavona praetorta
Pavona praetorta
[image from synonym]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207312
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
1997-01-31 17:25:12Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z  changed  Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z  changed  van der Land, Jacob
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z  changed  Hoeksema, Bert
  
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  Citation: Hoeksema, B. (2014). Pavona cactus (Forskål, 1775). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207312 on 2014-08-30
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