WoRMS taxon details

Pavona varians Verrill, 1864

207303  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:207303)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

(ofPavonia varians Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   
Description An encrusting species, or sometimes thick encrusting colonies with leafy edges, this forms small colonies rarely larger...  
Description An encrusting species, or sometimes thick encrusting colonies with leafy edges, this forms small colonies rarely larger than 25 cm across. Calices are cerioid, though the surface of the colonies are ridged with collines, giving a low, convoluted appearance. Calices are small, being 0.8 to 1.3 mm diameter. The coral is always a greenish brown colour. It is a very common coral, though its small colony size and encrusting form conceals its abundance. However, it is likely to be recorded in every survey undertaken. It is found between the surface, in crevices in the reef crest, to at least 45 m deep, and is equally common on clear water reef slopes and turbid, back reef habitats. It appears to be a rapidly colonising species which, together with its small colony size, allows it to occupy rapidly parts of dead corals. Thus it is the species most likely to be found colonising the dead basal parts of large colonies of Goniopora and Porites species which dominate in back reef areas (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, laminar or encrusting or various combinations of these. Corallites are in short irregular valleys, or are aligned between ridges perpendicular to margins, or are irregularly distributed on flat surfaces. Septa are in two alternating orders. Colour: yellow, green and brown. Abundance: occurs in a very wide range of habitats and may be common in some lagoons and sheltered upper reef slopes (Veron, 1986).
Forms encrusting, plate-like colonies. Corallites aligned in short rows or patches separated by ridges, giving the surface a crumpled appearance. Colour: usually green or brown. Habitat: diverse, including lagoons (Richmond, 1997) [details]
Hoeksema, B. W.; Cairns, S. (2018). World List of Scleractinia. Pavona varians Verrill, 1864. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=207303 on 2018-12-16
Date
action
by
1996-10-25 16:33:43Z
created
2000-09-28 07:24:50Z
changed
Garcia, Maria
2008-01-16 10:35:54Z
changed
2014-03-15 10:57:36Z
changed
2016-02-07 08:42:46Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofPavona repens (Brüggemann, 1877)) Brüggemann F (1877) Neue Korallen-Arten aus dem Rothen Meer und von Mauritius. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 5: 395-400, 2 pls. [details]   

original description  (ofPavona percarinata Ridley, 1883) Ridley, S.O., 1883. The coral-fauna of Ceylon, with descriptions of new species. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. -511 : 250-261. [details]   

original description  (ofPavonia intermedia Gardiner, 1898) Gardiner, J.S. 1898. On the fungid corals collected by the author in the South Pacific. Proceedings Zoological Society of London 1898 (3): 525-539, pls. 43-45. [details]   

original description  (ofPavonia varians Verrill, 1864) Verrill, A.E. (1864). List of the polyps and corals sent by the Museum of Comparative Zoology to other institutions in exchange, with annotations. <em>Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology.</em> 1: 29-60., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/30465#page/37/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofPavonia percarinata Ridley, 1883) Ridley, S.O., 1883. The coral-fauna of Ceylon, with descriptions of new species. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist. -511 : 250-261. [details]   

original description  (ofPavonia repens (Brüggemann, 1877)) Brüggemann F (1877) Neue Korallen-Arten aus dem Rothen Meer und von Mauritius. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 5: 395-400, 2 pls. [details]   

original description  (ofLophoseris repens Brüggemann, 1877) Brüggemann F (1877) Neue Korallen-Arten aus dem Rothen Meer und von Mauritius. Abhandlungen herausgegeben vom naturwissenschaftlichen Vereine zu Bremen 5: 395-400, 2 pls. [details]   

basis of record Veron, J.E.N. (1986). Corals of Australia and the Indo-Pacific. Angus & Robertson Publishers, London. [details]   

additional source Fauré, G. (1977). Annotated checklist of the corals in the Mascarene Archipelago, Indian Ocean. Atoll Research Bulletin 203: 1-26 [details]   

additional source Cairns, S.D.; Hoeksema, B.W. & van der Land, J. (2007). as a contribution to UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. <em>China Science Press.</em> 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Veron, J.E.N., Pichon, M. (1980). Scleractinia of Eastern Australia – Part III. Family Agariciidae, Siderastreidae, Fungiidae, Oculinidae, Merulinidae, Mussidae, Pectinidae, Caryophyllidae, Dendrophylliidae. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science Monograph Series.</em> 4: 1-459. [details]   

additional source Veron, J. E. N. (2000). Corals of the World. Vol. 1–3. <em>Australian Institute of Marine Science and CRR, Queensland, Australia.</em>  [details]   

additional source Durham JW, Barnard JL (1952) Stony corals of the Eastern Pacific collected by the Velero III and Velero IV. Allan Hancock Pacific Expedition 16: 1-110, pls. 1-16. [details]   

additional source Reyes-Bonilla, H. (2002). Checklist of valid names and synonyms of stony corals (Anthozoa: Scleractinia) from the eastern Pacific. <em>Journal of Natural History.</em> 36(1): 1-13., available online at https://doi.org/10.1080/713833841 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Biology zooxanthellate [details]

From other sources
Description An encrusting species, or sometimes thick encrusting colonies with leafy edges, this forms small colonies rarely larger than 25 cm across. Calices are cerioid, though the surface of the colonies are ridged with collines, giving a low, convoluted appearance. Calices are small, being 0.8 to 1.3 mm diameter. The coral is always a greenish brown colour. It is a very common coral, though its small colony size and encrusting form conceals its abundance. However, it is likely to be recorded in every survey undertaken. It is found between the surface, in crevices in the reef crest, to at least 45 m deep, and is equally common on clear water reef slopes and turbid, back reef habitats. It appears to be a rapidly colonising species which, together with its small colony size, allows it to occupy rapidly parts of dead corals. Thus it is the species most likely to be found colonising the dead basal parts of large colonies of Goniopora and Porites species which dominate in back reef areas (Sheppard, 1998).
Colonies are submassive, laminar or encrusting or various combinations of these. Corallites are in short irregular valleys, or are aligned between ridges perpendicular to margins, or are irregularly distributed on flat surfaces. Septa are in two alternating orders. Colour: yellow, green and brown. Abundance: occurs in a very wide range of habitats and may be common in some lagoons and sheltered upper reef slopes (Veron, 1986).
Forms encrusting, plate-like colonies. Corallites aligned in short rows or patches separated by ridges, giving the surface a crumpled appearance. Colour: usually green or brown. Habitat: diverse, including lagoons (Richmond, 1997) [details]

Spelling Spelled P. variens in Fauré (1977). New combination in Sheppard (1998).
Type locality: Hawaii (Veron, 1986). [details]
 

LanguageName 
English leaf coral  [details]
Japanese シワシコロサンゴ  [details]