WoRMS taxon details

Purpura Bruguière, 1789

204939  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:204939)

accepted
Genus
Buccinum persicum Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Purpura persica (Linnaeus, 1758) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Purpura bufo Lamarck, 1822
Species Purpura panama (Röding, 1798)
Species Purpura persica (Linnaeus, 1758)

Species Purpura clavus Lamarck, 1822 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Purpura costata Blainville, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Purpura fusiformis Blainville, 1832 (taxon inquirendum, invalid: junior homonym of Purpura fusiformis Röding, 1798)
Species Purpura glirina Blainville, 1832 (taxon inquirendum)
Species Purpura magellani Vélain, 1877 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Purpura capucina Röding, 1798 (nomen dubium)
Species Purpura carneola Röding, 1798 (nomen dubium)
Species Purpura dumosa Conrad, 1837 (nomen dubium)
Species Purpura elongata Link, 1807 (nomen dubium)
Species Purpura lactuca Röding, 1798 (nomen dubium)
Species Purpura rosana Schumacher, 1817 (nomen dubium)
Species Purpura scabra Link, 1807 (nomen dubium)

Species Purpura brunnea Röding, 1798 (nomen nudum)
Species Purpura cornudamae Röding, 1798 (nomen nudum)

Subgenus Purpura (Cronia) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Cronia H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 (original rank)
Subgenus Purpura (Cuma) accepted as Cymia Mörch, 1860
  » Species Purpura (Cuma) gradata Jonas, 1846 accepted as Indothais gradata (Jonas, 1846) (original combination)
Subgenus Purpura (Ricinula) accepted as Drupa Röding, 1798
Subgenus Purpura (Stramonita) accepted as Stramonita Schumacher, 1817
Subgenus Purpura (Thalessa) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Volema Röding, 1798
Subgenus Purpura (Tribulus) H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 accepted as Tribulus H. Adams & A. Adams, 1853 (original rank)
Species Purpura aculeata Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Tylothais aculeata (Deshayes, 1844) (original combination)
Species Purpura aegrota Reeve, 1846 accepted as Dicathais orbita (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Purpura affinis Reeve, 1846 accepted as Mancinella armigera Link, 1807 (synonym)
Species Purpura alabaster Pilsbry, 1907 accepted as Nucella freycinetii (Deshayes, 1839) (synonym)
Species Purpura alata Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Ceratostoma foliatum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Purpura alata Röding, 1798 accepted as Pterynotus alatus (Röding, 1798) (synonym)
Species Purpura alba Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Drupella fragum (Blainville, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura albescens Dall, 1919 accepted as Ceratostoma nuttalli (Conrad, 1837) (synonym)
Species Purpura albocincta Küster, 1860 accepted as Stramonita rustica (Lamarck, 1822) (synonym)
Species Purpura albofasciata Dall, 1919 accepted as Ceratostoma nuttalli (Conrad, 1837) (synonym)
Species Purpura albolabris Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupa albolabris (Blainville, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura albomarginata Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Haustrum albomarginatum (Deshayes, 1839)
Species Purpura altispiralis Grabau & S. G. King, 1928 accepted as Thais clavigera (Küster, 1860)
Species Purpura alveolata Reeve, 1846 accepted as Drupella rugosa (Born, 1778) (synonym)
Species Purpura amygdala Kiener, 1835 accepted as Cronia amygdala (Kiener, 1835) (original combination)
Species Purpura analoga Forbes, 1852 accepted as Nucella canaliculata (Duclos, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura anaxares Kiener, 1836 accepted as Morula anaxares (Kiener, 1836) (original combination)
Species Purpura angulifera Duclos, 1832 accepted as Cymia tectum (W. Wood, 1828) (synonym)
Species Purpura aperta Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupa aperta (Blainville, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura armigera (Link, 1807) accepted as Mancinella armigera Link, 1807
Species Purpura armigera Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Mancinella armigera Link, 1807 (Homonym and synonym)
Species Purpura ascensionis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Thais nodosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Purpura ascensionis Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Thais nodosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (homonym and synonym of Purpura ascensionis Blainville, 1832)
Species Purpura aterrima Lesson, 1842 accepted as Purpura persica (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Purpura atromarginata Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Neothais marginatra (Blainville, 1832) (invalid: unjustified emendation of Purpura marginatra Blainville, 1832)
Species Purpura atro-marginata accepted as Purpura atromarginata Deshayes, 1844 (incorrect original spelling)
Species Purpura attenuata Reeve, 1846 accepted as Nucella lima (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Purpura aurantiaca Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Cronia aurantiaca (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848) (original combination)
Species Purpura baccata Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Drupella cornus (Röding, 1798) (synonym)
Species Purpura baileyana Tenison Woods, 1881 accepted as Haustrum baileyanum (Tenison Woods, 1881) (original combination)
Species Purpura barcinonensis Hidalgo, 1867 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
Species Purpura bicarinata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Stramonita rustica (Lamarck, 1822)
Species Purpura bicolor Lesson, 1842 accepted as Haustrum scobina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (synonym)
Species Purpura biconica Blainville, 1832 accepted as Morula biconica (Blainville, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura bicostalis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Stramonita biserialis (Blainville, 1832)
Species Purpura bimaculata Jonas, 1845 accepted as Menathais bimaculata (Jonas, 1845) (original combination)
Species Purpura biserialis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Stramonita biserialis (Blainville, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura bitubercularis Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Reishia bitubercularis (Lamarck, 1822) (original combination)
Species Purpura blainvillei Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Stramonita delessertiana (d'Orbigny, 1841) (original combination)
Species Purpura blanfordi Melvill, 1893 accepted as Indothais blanfordi (Melvill, 1893) (original combination)
Species Purpura bollonsi Suter, 1906 accepted as Neothais smithi (Brazier, 1889) (synonym)
Species Purpura botanica Hedley, 1918 accepted as Phycothais botanica (Hedley, 1918) (original combination)
Species Purpura brevidens Conrad, 1837 accepted as Acanthinucella spirata (Blainville, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura brevis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Coralliophila brevis (Blainville, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura bronni Dunker, 1860 accepted as Reishia bronni (Dunker, 1860) (original combination)
Species Purpura brunneus Link, 1807 accepted as Chicoreus (Triplex) brunneus (Link, 1807) (original combination)
Species Purpura buccinea Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Taurasia striata (Blainville, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura buccinoidea Blainville, 1829 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Purpura bufonides Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Purpura bufo Lamarck, 1822 (synonym)
Species Purpura bulbiformis Conrad, 1837 accepted as Coralliophila bulbiformis (Conrad, 1837) (original combination)
Species Purpura callaoensis Gray, 1828 accepted as Acanthais callaoensis (Gray, 1828) (original combination)
Species Purpura callifera Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Thaisella callifera (Lamarck, 1822) (original combination)
Species Purpura callosa Sowerby, 1834 accepted as Cymia tectum (W. Wood, 1828) (synonym)
Species Purpura callosa Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Purpura bufo Lamarck, 1822 (synonym)
Species Purpura canaliculata Duclos, 1832 accepted as Nucella canaliculata (Duclos, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura cancellata Roding, 1798 accepted as Naquetia triqueter (Born, 1778) (synonym)
Species Purpura cancellata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Muricodrupa fenestrata (Blainville, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura cancellata Kiener, 1836 accepted as Neothais marginatra (Blainville, 1832) (objective synonym: established as a substitute name for marginatra, by Kiener judged less appropriate; invalid junior homonym of Purpura cancellata Röding, 1798)
Species Purpura cantrainei Montrouzier, 1861 accepted as Coralliophila bulbiformis (Conrad, 1837)
Species Purpura capensis Petit de la Saussaye, 1852 accepted as Mancinella capensis (Petit de la Saussaye, 1852) (original combination)
Species Purpura carinata Schubert & Wagner, 1829 accepted as Indothais lacera (Born, 1778) (synonym)
Species Purpura carinifera Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Indothais lacera (Born, 1778) (synonym)
Species Purpura carolensis Reeve, 1846 accepted as Acanthais triangularis (Blainville, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura cassidiformis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Xanthochorus cassidiformis (Blainville, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura castanea Küster, 1886 accepted as Orania castanea (Küster, 1886) (original combination)
Species Purpura centiquadra Duclos, 1832 accepted as Vasula speciosa (Valenciennes, 1832) (name unavailable under ICZN Art. 11.5: established in synonymy)
Species Purpura chaidea Duclos, 1832 accepted as Oppomorus noduliferus (Menke, 1829) (synonym)
Species Purpura chocolata Duclos, 1832 accepted as Thaisella chocolata (Duclos, 1832) (original combination)
Species Purpura chocolatum Duclos, 1832 accepted as Purpura chocolata Duclos, 1832 (incorrect gender agreement)
Species Purpura chrysostoma Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Semiricinula chrysostoma (Deshayes, 1844) (original combination)
Species Purpura chusani Souleyet, 1852 accepted as Reishia luteostoma (Holten, 1803) (synonym)
Species Purpura cingulata (Linnaeus, 1771) accepted as Trochia cingulata (Linnaeus, 1771)
Species Purpura cingulifera Kiener, 1835 accepted as Tenguella granulata (Duclos, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura clathrata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Nucella squamosa (Lamarck, 1816) (synonym)
Species Purpura clathrata Kuster, 1859 accepted as Nucella squamosa (Lamarck, 1816) (synonym)
Species Purpura clavigera Küster, 1860 accepted as Reishia clavigera (Küster, 1860) (original combination)
Species Purpura columellaris Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Plicopurpura columellaris (Lamarck, 1816) (original combination)
Species Purpura congener Roding, 1798 accepted as Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Purpura corniculata Risso, 1826 accepted as Mitrella scripta (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Purpura cornigera Blainville, 1832 accepted as Acanthais brevidentata (W. Wood, 1828) (synonym)
Species Purpura cornucervi Röding, 1798 accepted as Chicoreus cornucervi (Röding, 1798) (original combination)
Species Purpura coronata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Thaisella coronata (Lamarck, 1816) (original combination)
Species Purpura crassa Blainville, 1832 accepted as Vasula melones (Duclos, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura cribrosa Küster, 1859 accepted as Vaughtia scrobiculata (Dunker in Philippi, 1846)
Species Purpura cucurbita Duclos, 1832 accepted as Burnupena lagenaria (Lamarck, 1822)
Species Purpura cuspidata Adams & Reeve, 1848 accepted as Reishia bitubercularis (Lamarck, 1822) (synonym)
Species Purpura decemcostata Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Nucella canaliculata (Duclos, 1832) (synonym)
Species Purpura delessertiana d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Stramonita delessertiana (d'Orbigny, 1841) (original combination)
Species Purpura deltoidea Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Vasula deltoidea (Lamarck, 1822) (original combination)
Species Purpura diadema Reeve, 1846 accepted as Indothais sacellum (Gmelin, 1791) (synonym)
Species Purpura distinguenda Dunker, 1866 accepted as Tylothais virgata (Dillwyn, 1817)
Species Purpura dubia Krauss, 1848 accepted as Nucella dubia (Krauss, 1848) (original combination)
Species Purpura dumasi Vélain, 1877 accepted as Paratrophon dumasi (Vélain, 1877) (original combination)
Species Purpura echinata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Mancinella echinata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura echinulata Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Mancinella echinulata (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura edwardsii Payraudeau, 1826 accepted as Ocenebra edwardsii (Payraudeau, 1826) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura elata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupella cornus (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura emarginata Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Nucella emarginata (Deshayes, 1839) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura engonata Conrad, 1837 accepted as Acanthinucella spirata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura eudeli G. B. Sowerby III, 1903 accepted as Plicopurpura eudeli (G. B. Sowerby III, 1903) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura excursa Hutton, 1873 † accepted as Galeodea senex (Hutton, 1873) † (unaccepted)
Species Purpura fasciata Dunker, 1857 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura fasciata Reeve, 1846 accepted as Stramonita rustica (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura fenestrata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Muricodrupa fenestrata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura fiscella (Gmelin, 1791) accepted as Muricodrupa fiscellum (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura flammea Mörch, 1852 accepted as Taurasia striata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura flindersi A. Adams & Angas, 1864 accepted as Haustrum flindersi (A. Adams & Angas, 1864) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura floridana Conrad, 1837 accepted as Stramonita floridana (Conrad, 1837) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura foliacea Conrad, 1837 accepted as Semiricinula turbinoides (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura forbesii Dunker, 1853 accepted as Thaisella forbesii (Dunker, 1853) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura fragum Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupella fragum (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura francolinus Kiener, 1835 accepted as Nassa tuamotuensis Houart, 1996 (unaccepted, Invalid: junior secondary homonym of Nassa francolina (Bruguiere, 1789); Nassa tuamotuensis is a replacement name)
Species Purpura freycinetii Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Nucella freycinetii (Deshayes, 1839) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura fuscata Forbes, 1850 accepted as Nucella fuscata (Forbes, 1850) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura fusiformis Röding, 1798 accepted as Chicoreus ramosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synoym)
Species Purpura fusiformis Michelotti, 1847 † accepted as Taurasia subfusiformis (d'Orbigny, 1852) † (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Purpura fusiformis Blainville, 1832; Purpura subfusiformis is a replacement name)
Species Purpura gemmulata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Mancinella alouina (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura gibbosa Reeve, 1846 accepted as Coralliophila bulbiformis (Conrad, 1837) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura gigantea Calcara, 1840 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura gigantea Reeve, 1846 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura granulata Duclos, 1832 accepted as Tenguella granulata (Duclos, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura grateloupiana Petit de la Saussaye, 1850 accepted as Indothais gradata (Jonas, 1846) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura grayi Kiener, 1835 accepted as Neorapana grandis (Sowerby I, 1835) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura guineensis Schubert & Wagner, 1829 accepted as Thais (Thaisella) coronata (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
  » Subspecies Purpura haemastoma acuminata Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unavailable name: published in a work which is not consistently binomial)
  » Subspecies Purpura haemastoma bulbosa Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unavailable name: published in a work which is not consistently binomial)
  » Subspecies Purpura haemastoma elongata Settepassi, 1977 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unavailable name: published in a work which is not consistently binomial)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. bifasciata Kiener, 1835 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. calva Weinkauff, 1873 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. cornuta Philippi, 1844 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. costellata Pallary, 1900 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. gracilior Kobelt, 1887 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. minima Pallary, 1900 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. minor Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. nodulosa Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1882 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
  » Variety Purpura haemastoma var. striata Pallary, 1900 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
Species Purpura haematura Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Stramonita biserialis (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura harpa Conrad, 1837 accepted as Neothais harpa (Conrad, 1837) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura haustrum (Martyn, 1784) accepted as Haustrum haustorium (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, Martyn, 1784 is a work rejected for nomenclatorial purposes (see ICZN opinions 456 and 479))
Species Purpura helena Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Stramonita bicarinata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura heyseana Dunker, 1882 accepted as Nucella heyseana (Dunker, 1882) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura hippocastanum (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Volema myristica Röding, 1798 (unaccepted)
Species Purpura hiulca Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Drupa aperta (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura humilis Crosse & P. Fischer, 1865 accepted as Phycothais reticulata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura hystrix (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Drupa (Drupa) ricinus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura imbricata Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura imperialis Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Hexaplex rosarium (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura imperialis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Reishia bitubercularis (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura incarnata Röding, 1758 accepted as Chicoreus ramosus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura inerma Reeve, 1846 accepted as Purpura persica (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura infumata Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Semiricinula muricina (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura intermedia Kiener, 1835 accepted as Menathais intermedia (Kiener, 1836) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura jatou Jousseaume, 1880 accepted as Jaton decussatus (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura javanica Philippi, 1848 accepted as Indothais javanica (Philippi, 1848) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura kienerii Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Reishia bitubercularis (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura kiosquiformis Duclos, 1832 accepted as Thaisella kiosquiformis (Duclos, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura laevis Monterosato, 1878 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura lagenaria Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Burnupena lagenaria (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura lapilloides Conrad, 1837 accepted as Acanthinucella punctulata (Gray in G.B. Sowerby I, 1835) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. anomala Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. aurantia Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. bizonalis Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. caerulescens Dautzenberg, 1920 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. castanea Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. celtica Locard, 1886 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. citrina Dautzenberg, 1920 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. crassissima Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. fauce-violaceo Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. fusco-apicata Dautzenberg & Fischer, 1925 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. lactea Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. major Jeffreys, 1867 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. minor Jeffreys, 1867 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. mixta Dautzenberg, 1920 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. monozonalis Dautzenberg, 1920 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
  » Variety Purpura lapillus var. ponderosa Verkrüzen, 1881 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (synonym)
Species Purpura laurentiana Petit de la Saussaye, 1850 accepted as Drupina grossularia (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura lefevrei Lesson, 1840 accepted as Thaisella chocolata (Duclos, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura leucostoma Deshayes, 1863 accepted as Cronia avenacea (Lesson, 1842) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura ligata Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Burnupena cincta cincta (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura limbosa Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Burnupena cincta limbosa (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura lineata Kiener, 1835 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura lineata Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Tribulus planospira (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura lineolata Dautzenberg, 1887 accepted as Nucella lapillus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonyms)
Species Purpura lineolata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupella margariticola (Broderip, 1833) (unaccepted, Invalid: junior homonym of Purpura lineolata Risso, 1826)
Species Purpura lischkei Küster, 1860 accepted as Mancinella echinulata (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura littorinoides Tenison Woods, 1876 accepted as Haustrum vinosum (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura lobata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupina lobata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura loca d'Orbigny, 1846 accepted as Concholepas concholepas (Bruguière, 1789) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura luteomarginata Montrouzier, 1861 accepted as Mancinella echinulata (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura macrostoma Küster, 1860 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura macrostoma Conrad, 1837 accepted as Drupa aperta (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura maculata Gray, 1835 accepted as Cominella adspersa (Bruguière, 1789) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura madreporarum G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Coralliophila monodonta (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura mancinella (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Mancinella alouina (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura mancinelloides Blainville, 1832 accepted as Mancinella echinulata (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura marginalba Blainville, 1832 accepted as Tenguella marginalba (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura marginatra Blainville, 1832 accepted as Neothais marginatra (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura marmorata Pease, 1865 accepted as Mancinella marmorata (Pease, 1865) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura martinetana Röding, 1798 accepted as Pterynotus martinetanus (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura melones Duclos, 1832 accepted as Vasula melones (Duclos, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura minor Hidalgo, 1893 accepted as Stramonita rustica (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832 accepted as Coralliophila monodonta (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura monodonta Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Coralliophila monodonta (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, homonym and synonym of Purpura monodonta Blainville, 1832)
Species Purpura monstruosa Lesson, 1842 accepted as Drupina grossularia (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, synoym)
Species Purpura multilineata Küster, 1859 accepted as Vasula speciosa (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura muricata Broderip, 1832 accepted as Neorapana muricata (Broderip, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura muricina Blainville, 1832 accepted as Semiricinula muricina (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura muricoides Blainville, 1832 accepted as Semiricinula muricoides (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura muricoides Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Muricodrupa fiscellum (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Purpura muricoides Blainville, 1832)
Species Purpura musiva Kiener, 1835 accepted as Tenguella musiva (Kiener, 1835) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura nassoidea Blainville, 1832 accepted as Oppomorus noduliferus (Menke, 1829) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura nassoides Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Oppomorus noduliferus (Menke, 1829) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura nebulosa Conrad, 1867 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura neglecta Angas, 1867 accepted as Phycothais botanica (Hedley, 1918) (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Purpura neglecta Michelotti, 1847; Purpura botanica is a replacement name)
Species Purpura neritoides Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Thais nodosa (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura nodosa Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Semiricinula nodosa (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura nodulifera Menke, 1829 accepted as Oppomorus noduliferus (Menke, 1829) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura nodulosa C. B. Adams, 1845 accepted as Morula nodulosa (C. B. Adams, 1845) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura novaehollandiae Blainville, 1832 accepted as Acanthina unicornis (Bruguière, 1789) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura nucleus (Bruguière, 1789) accepted as Supplanaxis nucleus (Bruguière, 1789) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura nuttalli Conrad, 1837 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura nympha Duclos, 1832 accepted as Muricodrupa fiscellum (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura oceanica Locard, 1886 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura ocellata Kiener, 1835 accepted as Acanthais brevidentata (W. Wood, 1828) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura ochrostoma Blainville, 1832 accepted as Pascula ochrostoma (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura osculans C. B. Adams, 1852 accepted as Coralliophila nux (Reeve, 1846) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura ostrina Gould, 1852 accepted as Nucella ostrina (Gould, 1852) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura ovalis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Nucella squamosa (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura pansa Gould, 1853 accepted as Plicopurpura pansa (Gould, 1853) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura patens Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Paratrophon patens (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura patula (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Plicopurpura patula (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura peruviana Souleyet, 1852 accepted as Stramonita delessertiana (d'Orbigny, 1841) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura pica Blainville, 1832 accepted as Menathais tuberosa (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura picta W. Turton, 1825 accepted as Fusus pictus (W. Turton, 1825) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura pileopsis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Concholepas concholepas (Bruguière, 1789) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura planospira Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Tribulus planospira (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura plicatus Martens, 1872 accepted as Nucella lamellosa (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura pothuani Souleyet, 1852 accepted as Muricodrupa fiscellum (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura problematica Baker, 1891 accepted as Reishia problematica (Baker, 1891) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura propinqua Tenison Woods, 1877 accepted as Haustrum vinosum (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura pseudamygdala Hedley, 1903 accepted as Cronia aurantiaca (Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura pseudohippocastanum Dautzenberg, 1929 accepted as Tylothais virgata (Dillwyn, 1817) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura pura E. A. Smith, 1903 accepted as Thais (Thaisella) blanfordi (Melvill, 1893) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura quoyi Reeve, 1846 accepted as Paratrophon quoyi (Reeve, 1846) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura reticulata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Phycothais reticulata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura reticulata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Phycothais reticulata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, homonym and synonym of Purpura reticulata Blainville, 1832)
Species Purpura ringens Deshayes, 1865 † accepted as Trahaldia ringens (Deshayes, 1865) † (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura rosarium Röding, 1798 accepted as Hexaplex rosarium (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura rudis Link, 1807 accepted as Chicoreus virgineus (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura rudolphi Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Purpura persica (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura rudolphi (Chemnitz, 1788) accepted as Purpura rudolphi Lamarck, 1822 (unaccepted, unavailable name published in a non-binominal work placed on the Official Index)
Species Purpura rugosa Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Haustrum scobina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura rupestris Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Haustrum lacunosum (Bruguière, 1789) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura rustica Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Stramonita rustica (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura sanguinolenta Duclos, 1833 accepted as Gemophos sanguinolentus (Duclos, 1833) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura savignyi Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Thalessa savignyi (Deshayes, 1844) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura saxicola Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Nucella freycinetii (Deshayes, 1839) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura scabra Schumacher, 1817 accepted as Vitularia miliaris (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura scabra Martyn, 1789 accepted as Chicoreus (Triplex) brunneus (Link, 1807) (unaccepted, non-binominal)
Species Purpura scalariformis Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Coralliophila scalariformis (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura scalaris Menke, 1829 accepted as Dicathais orbita (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura scalaris Schubert & Wagner, 1829 accepted as Indothais scalaris (Schubert & J. A. Wagner, 1829) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura scobina Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Haustrum scobina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura senegalla Roding, 1798 accepted as Ocenebra erinaceus (Linnaeus, 1758) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura septentrionalis Reeve, 1846 accepted as Nucella lamellosa (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura sertata Hedley, 1903 accepted as Coralliophila sertata (Hedley, 1903) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura sirat Adanson, 1757 accepted as Siratus senegalensis (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, non binominal)
Species Purpura smithi Brazier, 1889 accepted as Neothais smithi (Brazier, 1889) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura spathulifera Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupa rubusidaeus Röding, 1798 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura speciosa Valenciennes, 1832 accepted as Vasula speciosa (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura sphaeridia Duclos, 1832 accepted as Morula uva (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura spiralis Reeve, 1846 accepted as Trochia cingulata (Linnaeus, 1771) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura spirata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Acanthinucella spirata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura squamigera Deshayes, 1832 accepted as Semiricinula squamigera (Deshayes, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura squamosa Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Nucella squamosa (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura squamosa Deshayes, 1832 accepted as Drupella margariticola (Broderip, 1833) (unaccepted, Invalid: junior homonym of Purpura squamosa Lamarck, 1816; Purpura squamulosa Deshayes, 1844, is a replacement name)
Species Purpura squamulosa Gray, 1839 accepted as Nucella squamosa (Lamarck, 1816) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura squamulosa Reeve, 1846 accepted as Coralliophila squamulosa (Reeve, 1846) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura squamulosa Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Drupella margariticola (Broderip, 1833) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura stellaris Hombron & Jacquinot, 1848 accepted as Muricodrupa fiscellum (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonim)
Species Purpura striata Quoy & Gaimard, 1833 accepted as Taurasia striata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, homonym and synonym of Purpura striata Blainville, 1832)
Species Purpura striata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Taurasia striata (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura striatella Garrett, 1857 accepted as Vexilla taeniata (Powis, 1835) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura striatum Deshayes, 1844 accepted as Haustrum lacunosum (Bruguière, 1789) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura subdeltoidea Blainville, 1832 accepted as Vasula deltoidea (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura subfusiformis d'Orbigny, 1852 † accepted as Taurasia subfusiformis (d'Orbigny, 1852) † (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura subturrita Blainville, 1832 accepted as Drupella rugosa (Born, 1778) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura succincta Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Dicathais orbita (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura suppressus Grabau & S. G. King, 1928 accepted as Reishia bronni (Dunker, 1860) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura taeniata Powis, 1835 accepted as Vexilla taeniata (Powis, 1835) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura textilosa Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Dicathais orbita (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura texturata E. A. Smith, 1904 accepted as Phycothais texturata (E. A. Smith, 1904) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura timida Schubert & Wagner, 1829 accepted as Purpura bufo Lamarck, 1822 (unaccepted)
Species Purpura tissoti Petit de la Saussaye, 1852 accepted as Semiricinula tissoti (Petit de la Saussaye, 1852) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura tosana Pilsbry, 1904 accepted as Usilla tosana (Pilsbry, 1904) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura triangularis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Acanthais triangularis (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura trichotropoides Montrouzier, 1861 accepted as Coralliophila erosa (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura trigona Reeve, 1846 accepted as Indothais gradata (Jonas, 1846) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura trinitatensis Guppy, 1869 accepted as Thaisella trinitatensis (Guppy, 1869) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura triserialis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Vasula speciosa (Valenciennes, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura tristis Dunker, 1866 accepted as Haustrum scobina (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura tritoniformis Blainville, 1832 accepted as Agnewia tritoniformis (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura trochlea Gray, 1839 accepted as Macron aethiops (Reeve, 1847) (unaccepted, Junior secondary homonym of Buccinum trochlea Bruguière, 1789.)
Species Purpura truncata Duclos, 1833 accepted as Neorapana muricata (Broderip, 1832) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura tuberculata Blainville, 1832 accepted as Tenguella granulata (Duclos, 1832) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura tuberosa Röding, 1798 accepted as Homalocantha melanamathos (Gmelin, 1791) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura tumulosa Reeve, 1846 accepted as Thaisella tumulosa (Reeve, 1846) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura turbinella Kiener, 1836 accepted as Engina turbinella (Kiener, 1836) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura turbinoides Blainville, 1832 accepted as Semiricinula turbinoides (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura turris Nomland, 1916 † accepted as Califostoma turris (Nomland, 1916) † (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura umbilicata Jenkins, 1864 accepted as Indothais lacera (Born, 1778) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura undata Lamarck, 1822 accepted as Reishia bitubercularis (Lamarck, 1822) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura unifascialis Lamarck, 1816 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura variabilis Deshayes, 1863 accepted as Cronia avenacea (Lesson, 1842) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura variegata Roding, 1798 accepted as Naquetia triqueter (Born, 1778) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura venosa Valenciennes, 1846 accepted as Rapana venosa (Valenciennes, 1846) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura viduata Küster, 1859 accepted as Stramonita haemastoma (Linnaeus, 1767) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura violacea Kiener, 1836 accepted as Coralliophila violacea (Kiener, 1836) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura violacea Lesson, 1842 accepted as Drupella margariticola (Broderip, 1833) (unaccepted, invalid: junior homonym of Purpura violacea Kiener, 1836)
Species Purpura virginea Röding, 1798 accepted as Chicoreus virgineus (Röding, 1798) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura viverratoides d'Orbigny, 1840 accepted as Gemophos viverratoides (d'Orbigny, 1840) (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Purpura wahlbergi Krauus, 1848 accepted as Nucella wahlbergi (Krauss, 1848) (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Purpura woodwardi Roxo, 1924 † accepted as Melongena woodwardi (Roxo, 1924) † (unaccepted, new combination)
Species Purpura xanthostoma Broderip, 1833 accepted as Xanthochorus cassidiformis (Blainville, 1832) (unaccepted)
Species Purpura zeyheri Krauss, 1852 accepted as Nucella dubia (Krauss, 1848) (unaccepted, synonym)
marine
MolluscaBase (2018). Purpura Bruguière, 1789. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=204939 on 2018-05-26
Date
action
by
1997-03-19 08:41:03Z
created
2002-01-09 18:51:18Z
changed
2009-05-21 12:26:21Z
changed
2009-05-24 14:05:01Z
changed
2009-05-30 14:45:21Z
changed
2012-12-28 02:00:29Z
changed

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taxonomy source Claremont M., Vermeij G.J., Williams S.T. & Reid D.G. (2013) Global phylogeny and new classification of the Rapaninae (Gastropoda: Muricidae), dominant molluscan predators on tropical rocky seashores. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 91–102. [Published online 28 September 2012; Code-compliant paper version published January 2013] [details]