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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis San Martín, 2003 
AphiaID: 195949

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereidiformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSyllidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogoninae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerosyllis erinaceus Claparède, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863) (type by original designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorExogoninae Langerhans, 1879
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis San Martín, 2003
Sources  original description San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554.
page(s): 227-228 [details]

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Direct child
taxa (14)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis belizensis (Russell, 1989)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis bidentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1974)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis centroamericana (Hartmann-Schröder, 1959)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis cirripapillata San Martín, 2005
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis cryptica (Ben-Eliahu, 1977)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis erinaceus (Claparède, 1863)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis ettiennei San Martín, 2005
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis hartmannschroederae San Martín, 2005
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis horrocksensis (Hartmann-Schröder, 1981)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis kathrynae San Martín, 2005
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis opisthodentata (Hartmann-Schröder, 1987)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis serratosetosa (Hartmann-Schröder, 1982)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis subterranea (Hartmann-Schröder, 1965)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis paucicirra (Hartmann-Schröder, 1960) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorParapionosyllis paucicirra Hartmann-Schröder, 1960
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis by San Martín (2003: 227-228): "Cuerpo pequeño a diminuto, típicamente corto y con pocos segmentos. Prostomio con tres antenas, cuatro ojos y dos manchas oculares anteriores. Peristomio ancho, generalmente cubre la parte posterior del prostomio, y a veces forma dos expansiones laterales. Un par de cirros tentaculares. Cirros dorsales en el segundo setígero de ordinario ausentes aunque existen en algunas especies. Antenas, cirros tentaculares y dorsales de fusiformes a piriformes, con base bulbosa y extremo más o menos alargado. Un par de cirros anales similares a los dorsales, pero algo más alargados. Sedas compuestas heterogonfas, con artejos alargados o cortos, bidentados, unidentados, o de ambos tipos. Sedas simples dorsales y ventrales en algunos parápodos. Faringe habitualmente sin papilas en la embocadura; diente faríngeo pequeño, situado cerca del margen anterior o algo retrasado. Proventrículo en forma de barril, largo y ancho, con numerosas filas musculares estrechas. Papilas cortas y dispersas, a veces difíciles de ver. Incubación de los huevos dorsal.[details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Diagnosis by San Martín (2005: 73): "Body small to minute, more or less densely covered by papillae, usually small, short, scarce, sometimes also distributed on cirri and parapodia. Prostomium with 3 antennae, 4 eyes and 2 anterior eyespots. Peristomium usually large, covering posterior margin of prostomium, sometimes forming 2 dorsolateral wings covering nuchal organs; single pair of tentacular cirri. Dorsal cirri on chaetiger 2 absent or present, depending upon the species, usually absent. Antennae, tentacular cirri and dorsal cirri spindle-shaped to pyriform, with slightly bulbous bases and short to moderately long tip. A pair of anal cirri similar to dorsal cirri, usually longer. Compound chaetae heterogomph, with blades short or long, sometimes long and slender, bidentate, bidentate and unidentate, or unidentate. Pharyngeal tooth small, conical to rhomboidal, located near anterior margin, sometimes near middle of pharynx; pharynx usually without papillae around opening, but present on larger species. Proventricle long and wide, barrelshaped, with numerous, slender muscle cell rows (15–22). Mature males with natatory chaetae; females brooding eggs dorsally, by means of capillary notochaetae.[details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not explicitly stated, but the name of the genus is presumably composed by the specific epithet of its type species, Sphaerosyllis erinaceus Claparède, 1863, together with Syllis Lamarck 1818, the type genus of the family. [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorPublication date The description of the genus Erinaceusyllis has been published in 2005 but it was already mentioned in 2003. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:195949
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-12-21 11:37:15Z  created  Appeltans, Ward
2007-02-26 14:19:47Z  checked  Musco, Luigi
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z  changed  Decock, Wim
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2008-10-24 15:02:43Z  changed  Musco, Luigi
2014-04-13 20:41:41Z  changed  Gil, João
2017-10-09 09:32:22Z  changed  Gil, João
  
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  Citation: Gil, J.; Musco, L. (2017). Erinaceusyllis San Martín, 2003. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=195949 on 2017-10-18
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