WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErinaceusyllis San Martín, 2003

195949  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:195949)

accepted
Genus
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554.
page(s): 227-228 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not explicitly stated, but the name of the...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not explicitly stated, but the name of the genus is presumably composed by the specific epithet of its type species, Sphaerosyllis erinaceus Claparède, 1863, together with Syllis Lamarck 1818, the type genus of the family. [details]
Gil, J.; Musco, L. (2017). Erinaceusyllis. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=195949 on 2017-12-17

Date
action
by
2005-12-21 11:37:15Z
created
2007-02-26 14:19:47Z
checked
2008-03-05 09:00:37Z
changed
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2008-10-24 15:02:43Z
changed
2014-04-13 20:41:41Z
changed
2017-10-09 09:32:22Z
changed

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original description San Martín, G. (2003). Annelida, Polychaeta II: Syllidae. In: Ramos MA et al. (eds) Fauna Iberica, Vol 21, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales. CSIC, Madrid. p 1-554.
page(s): 227-228 [details]   

basis of record Musco, Luigi; Giangrande, Adriana. (2005). Mediterranean Syllidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) revisited: biogeography, diversity and species fidelity to environmental features. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 304: 143-153 + 4 pp. Supplementary appendix., available online at https://doi.org/10.3354/meps304143 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source San Martín, G. (2005). Exogoninae (Polychaeta: Syllidae) from Australia with the description of a new genus and twenty-two new species. Records of the Australian Museum. 57(1): 39-152., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.0067-1975.57.2005.1438
page(s): 73 [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis by San Martín (2003: 227-228): "Cuerpo pequeño a diminuto, típicamente corto y con pocos segmentos. Prostomio con tres antenas, cuatro ojos y dos manchas oculares anteriores. Peristomio ancho, generalmente cubre la parte posterior del prostomio, y a veces forma dos expansiones laterales. Un par de cirros tentaculares. Cirros dorsales en el segundo setígero de ordinario ausentes aunque existen en algunas especies. Antenas, cirros tentaculares y dorsales de fusiformes a piriformes, con base bulbosa y extremo más o menos alargado. Un par de cirros anales similares a los dorsales, pero algo más alargados. Sedas compuestas heterogonfas, con artejos alargados o cortos, bidentados, unidentados, o de ambos tipos. Sedas simples dorsales y ventrales en algunos parápodos. Faringe habitualmente sin papilas en la embocadura; diente faríngeo pequeño, situado cerca del margen anterior o algo retrasado. Proventrículo en forma de barril, largo y ancho, con numerosas filas musculares estrechas. Papilas cortas y dispersas, a veces difíciles de ver. Incubación de los huevos dorsal.[details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Diagnosis by San Martín (2005: 73): "Body small to minute, more or less densely covered by papillae, usually small, short, scarce, sometimes also distributed on cirri and parapodia. Prostomium with 3 antennae, 4 eyes and 2 anterior eyespots. Peristomium usually large, covering posterior margin of prostomium, sometimes forming 2 dorsolateral wings covering nuchal organs; single pair of tentacular cirri. Dorsal cirri on chaetiger 2 absent or present, depending upon the species, usually absent. Antennae, tentacular cirri and dorsal cirri spindle-shaped to pyriform, with slightly bulbous bases and short to moderately long tip. A pair of anal cirri similar to dorsal cirri, usually longer. Compound chaetae heterogomph, with blades short or long, sometimes long and slender, bidentate, bidentate and unidentate, or unidentate. Pharyngeal tooth small, conical to rhomboidal, located near anterior margin, sometimes near middle of pharynx; pharynx usually without papillae around opening, but present on larger species. Proventricle long and wide, barrelshaped, with numerous, slender muscle cell rows (15–22). Mature males with natatory chaetae; females brooding eggs dorsally, by means of capillary notochaetae.[details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not explicitly stated, but the name of the genus is presumably composed by the specific epithet of its type species, Sphaerosyllis erinaceus Claparède, 1863, together with Syllis Lamarck 1818, the type genus of the family. [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorPublication date The description of the genus Erinaceusyllis has been published in 2005 but it was already mentioned in 2003. [details]