WoRMS name details

Spongia dichotoma Linnaeus, 1767

193593  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:193593)

 unaccepted (genus transfer)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Linnaeus C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 299 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Taxonomy De Weerdt (1986) described a specimen from the ZMUC collection labeled Spongia dichotoma, which she suggested could be...  
Taxonomy De Weerdt (1986) described a specimen from the ZMUC collection labeled Spongia dichotoma, which she suggested could be Linnaeus' type. It conformed to Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata. However, the locality of the specimen was Newport, Rhode Island, while Linnaeus' specimen was quoted (on p. 1299) to be from Norway. This information was attributed to Gunnerus, 1768 (p. 79, pl. V fig. 1). In fact, the Animal Base website, quotes Gunnerus as the original author of Spongia dichotoma, but apparently Linnaeus had a preview of Gunnerus' work, since he cites the name in 1767 wheras Gunnerus' work is dated 1768 on the front page. The combination Spongia dichotoma is also used in Algae taxonomy, as authored by Hudson, 1762. This is now considered a synonym of Himanthalia elongata. Botanical and Zoological names are governed by different rules, and the same combinations are not regarded as homonyms. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Spongia dichotoma Linnaeus, 1767. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=193593 on 2018-05-22
Date
action
by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z
created
2008-01-11 18:33:49Z
changed
2012-05-30 08:19:14Z
changed
2017-02-08 10:34:54Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus C. (1767). Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Ed. 12. 1., Regnum Animale. 1 & 2. Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1 299 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Ellis, J.; Solander, D. (1786). The Natural History of many curious and uncommon Zoophytes, collected from various parts of the Globe. Systematically arranged and described by the late Daniel Solander. 4.(Benjamin White & Son: London): 1-206, pls 1-63., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/131537#page/11/mode/1up
page(s): 187 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Montagu, G. (1814). An Essay on Sponges, with Descriptions of all the Species that have been discovered on the Coast of Great Britain. Memoirs of the Wernerian Natural History Society. 2(1): 67-122, pls III-XVI.
page(s): 82 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 256 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881
page(s): 262 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Gunnerus, J. E. (1768). Om adskillige Søe-Svampe. Det Trondhiemske Selskabs Skrifter. 4: 74-80, Tab. III-VI, XV [= 3-6, 15]. Kiøbenhavn. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy De Weerdt (1986) described a specimen from the ZMUC collection labeled Spongia dichotoma, which she suggested could be Linnaeus' type. It conformed to Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata. However, the locality of the specimen was Newport, Rhode Island, while Linnaeus' specimen was quoted (on p. 1299) to be from Norway. This information was attributed to Gunnerus, 1768 (p. 79, pl. V fig. 1). In fact, the Animal Base website, quotes Gunnerus as the original author of Spongia dichotoma, but apparently Linnaeus had a preview of Gunnerus' work, since he cites the name in 1767 wheras Gunnerus' work is dated 1768 on the front page. The combination Spongia dichotoma is also used in Algae taxonomy, as authored by Hudson, 1762. This is now considered a synonym of Himanthalia elongata. Botanical and Zoological names are governed by different rules, and the same combinations are not regarded as homonyms. [details]