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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia dichotoma Linnaeus, 1767 
AphiaID: 193593

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKeratosa (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia dichotoma (Species)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (genus transfer)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntho (Antho) dichotoma (Linnaeus, 1767)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia Linnaeus, 1759
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia dichotoma Linnaeus, 1767
Sources  original description Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5
page(s): 1299 [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Norway
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAdriatic Sea [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCeltic Seas [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (41 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy De Weerdt (1986) described a specimen from the ZMUC collection labelled Spongia dichotoma, which she suggested could be Linnaeus' type. It conformed to Haliclona (Haliclona) oculata. However, the locality of the specimen was Newport, Rhode Island, while Linnaeus' specimen was quoted (on p. 1299) to be from Norway. This information was attributed to Gunnerus, 1768 (p. 79, pl. V fig. 1). In fact, the Animal Base website, quotes Gunnerus as the original author of Spongia dichotoma, but apparently Linnaeus had a preview of Gunnerus' work, since he cites the name in 1767 wheras Gunnerus' work is dated 1768 on the front page. The combination Spongia dichotoma is also used in Algae taxonomy, as authored by Hudson, 1762. This is now considered a synonym of Himanthalia elongata. Botanical and Zoological names are governed by different rules, and the same combinations are not regarded as homonyms. [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Spongia dichotoma Linnaeus, 1767
Spongia dichotoma Linn...
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:193593
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-01-11 18:33:49Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2012-05-30 08:19:14Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2017-02-08 10:34:54Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2017). Spongia dichotoma Linnaeus, 1767. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=193593 on 2017-06-26
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