WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia fruticosa Esper, 1794

193580  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:193580)

taxon inquirendum
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Esper, E.C.J. (1794). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 1-303., available online at http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/esper1791ga?sid=2d5b0169727df890642a3a5e6a1c914e&ui_lang=eng [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote Indian Ocean ('Ostindische Producten')  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Indian Ocean ('Ostindische Producten') [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy This species is vaguely described as similar...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy This species is vaguely described as similar to Spongia dichotoma sensu Linnaeus and Pallas. Apparently the plates (Pl. IV and Pl. X) have been swapped and in the copy available from the Biodiversity Heritage Library there are pencil corrections in both plates, that do not leave a clear indication which of the plates refers to Spongia fruticosa. We have to assume this to be incertae sedis. There is an Indian Ocean species Endectyon fruticosum (Dendy, 1887) which may have been conspecific, but proof of this is lacking.
Spongia fruticosa Montagu, 1818 (a junior homonym, not to be confused with Esper's species) is assigned to Desmacidon fruticosum. [details]
van Soest, R. (2010). Spongia fruticosa Esper, 1794. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=193580 on 2017-12-14

Date
action
by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z
created
2010-05-21 09:20:31Z
changed

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original description Esper, E.C.J. (1794). Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg): 1-303., available online at http://digi.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/diglit/esper1791ga?sid=2d5b0169727df890642a3a5e6a1c914e&ui_lang=eng [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy This species is vaguely described as similar to Spongia dichotoma sensu Linnaeus and Pallas. Apparently the plates (Pl. IV and Pl. X) have been swapped and in the copy available from the Biodiversity Heritage Library there are pencil corrections in both plates, that do not leave a clear indication which of the plates refers to Spongia fruticosa. We have to assume this to be incertae sedis. There is an Indian Ocean species Endectyon fruticosum (Dendy, 1887) which may have been conspecific, but proof of this is lacking.
Spongia fruticosa Montagu, 1818 (a junior homonym, not to be confused with Esper's species) is assigned to Desmacidon fruticosum. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Indian Ocean ('Ostindische Producten') [details]