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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia fruticosa Esper, 1794 
AphiaID: 193580

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia (Genus)
Status taxon inquirendum
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia Linnaeus, 1759
Source  original description Esper, E.C.J. 1794. Die Pflanzenthiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen. Zweyter Theil. (Raspe: Nürnberg):1-303. [details]

Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Indian Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIndian Ocean [details]
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (18 publications) 
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy This species is vaguely described as similar to Spongia dichotoma sensu Linnaeus and Pallas. Apparently the plates (Pl. IV and Pl. X) have been swapped and in the copy available from the Biodiversity Heritage Library there are pencil corrections in both plates, that do not leave a clear indication which of the plates refers to Spongia fruticosa. We have to assume this to be incertae sedis. There is an Indian Ocean species Endectyon fruticosum (Dendy, 1887) which may have been conspecific, but proof of this is lacking.
Spongia fruticosa Montagu, 1818 (a junior homonym, not to be confused with Esper's species) is assigned to Desmacidon fruticosum. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Indian Ocean ('Ostindische Producten') [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:193580
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2010-05-21 09:20:31Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2014). Spongia fruticosa Esper, 1794. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=193580 on 2014-08-02
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