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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia communis Carter, 1876 
AphiaID: 191630

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrciniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Genus)
Status taxon inquirendum
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia Nardo, 1834 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia Nardo, 1833
Source  original description Carter, H.J. 1876. Descriptions and Figures of Deep-Sea Sponges and their Spicules, from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S.‘Porcupine’, chiefly in 1869 (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 18(105): 226-240; (106): 307-324; (107): 388-410;(108): 458-479, pls XII-XVI. [details] [full text]

Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
North Atlantic Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Atlantic [details]
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (8 publications) 
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIdentification This is a problematic sponge. The description by Carter (1876: 232) is made under the name Hircinia, but it suggests that the sponge is 'entirely replaced by the alga Spongiophaga communis'. An alga occurring at 673 m depth (Porcupine Exp. stat. 25) is unlikely, so the name likely refers to a sponge, which name has subsequently been combined as Hircinia communis. Later (1885), this combination was used again by Carter (1885c) for an Australian sponge referred to the genus Hyrtios by Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994. This was subsequently assigned to Psammopemma by Row, 1911 for a Red Sea record of the species. Psammopemma is a junior synonym of Psammoclema. The 1885 Hircinia communis is clearly different from 1876 record. The present record is considered incertae sedis. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality North Atlantic [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:191630
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-04-21 17:35:06Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2013-03-29 12:31:49Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2014). Hircinia communis. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=191630 on 2014-10-21
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