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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia communis Carter, 1876 
AphiaID: 191630

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKeratosa (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrciniidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia communis (Species)
Status taxon inquirendum
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia Nardo, 1834 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIrcinia Nardo, 1833
Sources  original description Carter, H.J. (1876). Descriptions and Figures of Deep-Sea Sponges and their Spicules, from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S.‘Porcupine’, chiefly in 1869 (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4) 18(105): 226-240; (106): 307-324; (107): 388-410;(108): 458-479, pls XII-XVI. [details] [full text]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in North Atlantic [details]
From editor or global species database
North Atlantic Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Atlantic [details]
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (8 publications) 
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIdentification This is a problematic sponge because it probably refers to the filaments of the genus Ircinia. The description by Carter (1876: 232, also 1890: 564) is made under the name Hircinia without naming a species, but the following sentences state that the sponge is 'entirely replaced by the alga Spongiophaga communis'. An alga occurring at 673 m depth (Porcupine Exp. stat. 25) is unlikely, so the name likely refers to an Ircinia sponge, of which the name has subsequently been combined with 'alga' as Hircinia communis. Later (1885), this combination was used again by Carter (1885c) for an Australian sponge referred to the genus Hyrtios by Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994. This was subsequently assigned to Psammopemma by Row, 1911 for a Red Sea record of the species. Psammopemma is a junior synonym of Psammoclema. The 1885 Hircinia communis is clearly different from the 1876 record. The present record is considered incertae sedis and a nomen oblitum. Despite being a junior homonym, Carter's (1885) name combination thus can be maintained as available. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:191630
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z  created  Vanden Berghe, Edward
2008-04-21 17:35:06Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
2013-03-29 12:31:49Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2013). Hircinia communis Carter, 1876. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=191630 on 2017-09-25
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