WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHircinia communis Carter, 1876

191630 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:191630)
taxon inquirendum
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Carter, H.J. (1876). Descriptions and Figures of Deep-Sea Sponges and their Spicules, from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S.‘Porcupine’, chiefly in 1869 (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4) 18(105): 226-240; (106): 307-324; (107): 388-410;(108): 458-479, pls XII-XVI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution North Atlantic  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in North Atlantic [details]
van Soest, R. (2013). Hircinia communis Carter, 1876. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Rios, P.; Downey, R. (2017). World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=191630 on 2017-11-21

Date
action
by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z
created
2008-04-21 17:35:06Z
changed
2013-03-29 12:31:49Z
changed

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original description Carter, H.J. (1876). Descriptions and Figures of Deep-Sea Sponges and their Spicules, from the Atlantic Ocean, dredged up on board H.M.S.‘Porcupine’, chiefly in 1869 (concluded). Annals and Magazine of Natural History. (4) 18(105): 226-240; (106): 307-324; (107): 388-410;(108): 458-479, pls XII-XVI. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Carter, H.J. 1890. Porifera. pp. 564-569. In: Ridley, H.N.(ed.) Notes on the Zoology of Fernando do Noronha. Journal of the Linnean Society 1890 (The Natural History of the island of Fernando de Noronha based on the collections made by the British Museum Expedition in 1887).
page(s): 564 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIdentification This is a problematic sponge because it probably refers to the filaments of the genus Ircinia. The description by Carter (1876: 232, also 1890: 564) is made under the name Hircinia without naming a species, but the following sentences state that the sponge is 'entirely replaced by the alga Spongiophaga communis'. An alga occurring at 673 m depth (Porcupine Exp. stat. 25) is unlikely, so the name likely refers to an Ircinia sponge, of which the name has subsequently been combined with 'alga' as Hircinia communis. Later (1885), this combination was used again by Carter (1885c) for an Australian sponge referred to the genus Hyrtios by Hooper & Wiedenmayer, 1994. This was subsequently assigned to Psammopemma by Row, 1911 for a Red Sea record of the species. Psammopemma is a junior synonym of Psammoclema. The 1885 Hircinia communis is clearly different from the 1876 record. The present record is considered incertae sedis and a nomen oblitum. Despite being a junior homonym, Carter's (1885) name combination thus can be maintained as available. [details]