WoRMS name details

Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906

191447  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:191447)

 unaccepted (preoccupied)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Baer, L. (1906). Silicispongien von Sansibar, Kapstadt and Papeete. (Inaugural Dissertation: Berlin). <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 72 (1,1): 1-32, pls I-V.
page(s): 12 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  ZMB 1031, geounit East African Coral Coast  
Holotype ZMB 1031, geounit East African Coral Coast [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 50) explanation of the homonymic status of the name.
Removal of homonymy between...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 50) explanation of the homonymic status of the name.
Removal of homonymy between Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859, Halichondria reticulata (Bowerbank, 1866) (as Hymeniacidon), Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906, and Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924.
1. Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859: 519 (type locality Helgoland, Germany). Previously thought to be from the Adriatic, but the description makes it clear he described the most common Helgoland species, which we here confirm as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766: 388). Recognized as senior synonym by De Laubenfels (1936:133) of several homonyms (cf. below).
2. Hymeniacidon reticulatus Bowerbank, 1866: 159 (type locality Shetland, United Kingdom). Topsent (1894: 23) transferred Bowerbank’s species to Halichondria reticulata (Bowerbank) (apparently being unaware of Lieberkühn’s senior homonym). De Laubenfels (1936: 133) detected the homonymy and proposed Halichondria topsenti as a new name. This was accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) by Erpenbeck & Van Soest (2002: 802).
3. Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906: 12 (type locality Zanzibar, East Africa). Baer’s species was also reported subsequently by Dendy (1916: 113) from Western India, but in a follow up study on sponges from the Western Indian Ocean, he realized Baer’s name was preoccupied by Lieberkühn’s combination. Thus, Dendy (1922: 41) proposed the replacement name Halichondria tenuiramosa to remove the primary homonymy. Later, De Laubenfels (1936: 133), having detected the Lieberkühn-Baer homonymy but apparently unaware of Dendy’s new name, proposed an additional new name, Halichondria baeri. The latter is an objective junior synonym of H. tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922.
4. Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924: 450 (type locality Wellington, New Zealand). Brøndsted erected yet another different Halichondria reticulata, which was duly discovered by De Laubenfels (1936: 133). Remarkably, he did not propose a new name, but this was finally done by Bergquist (1961: 186), who erected Halichondria knowltoni for Brøndsted’s species.
5. Summary: Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) were proposed as the senior synonym for Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859, Halichondria reticulata (Bowerbank, 1864) and Halichondria topsenti De Laubenfels, 1936. All homonymy has been removed. Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922 is the replacement name for Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906 and is the senior synonym of Halichondria baeri De Laubenfels, 1936. The homomymy has been removed. Halichondria (Halichondria) knowltoni Bergquist, 1961 is the replacement name for Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924. The homonymy has been removed. [details]

Taxonomy Burton (1930d) regards this as a Chalina (=Haliclona), with as junior synonym Halichondria tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922.  
Taxonomy Burton (1930d) regards this as a Chalina (=Haliclona), with as junior synonym Halichondria tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=191447 on 2020-10-26
Date
action
by
2005-12-18 15:00:44Z
created
2007-09-14 18:39:03Z
changed
2008-06-23 08:44:13Z
changed
2016-08-22 12:23:22Z
changed
2017-09-08 13:09:24Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Baer, L. (1906). Silicispongien von Sansibar, Kapstadt and Papeete. (Inaugural Dissertation: Berlin). <em>Archiv für Naturgeschichte.</em> 72 (1,1): 1-32, pls I-V.
page(s): 12 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Burton, M. (1930). Additions to the sponge fauna of the Gulf of Manaar. <em>Annals and Magazine of Natural History.</em> 10 (5): 665-676. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 50 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Dendy, A. (1916). Report on the non-Calcareous Sponges collected by Mr. James Hornell at Okhamandal in Kattiawar in 1905-6. <em>Report to the Government of Baroda on the Marine Zoology of Okhamandal in Kattiawar.</em> 2: 93-146, pls I-IV.
page(s): 113-114 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype ZMB 1031, geounit East African Coral Coast [details]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 50) explanation of the homonymic status of the name.
Removal of homonymy between Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859, Halichondria reticulata (Bowerbank, 1866) (as Hymeniacidon), Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906, and Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924.
1. Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859: 519 (type locality Helgoland, Germany). Previously thought to be from the Adriatic, but the description makes it clear he described the most common Helgoland species, which we here confirm as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766: 388). Recognized as senior synonym by De Laubenfels (1936:133) of several homonyms (cf. below).
2. Hymeniacidon reticulatus Bowerbank, 1866: 159 (type locality Shetland, United Kingdom). Topsent (1894: 23) transferred Bowerbank’s species to Halichondria reticulata (Bowerbank) (apparently being unaware of Lieberkühn’s senior homonym). De Laubenfels (1936: 133) detected the homonymy and proposed Halichondria topsenti as a new name. This was accepted as Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) by Erpenbeck & Van Soest (2002: 802).
3. Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906: 12 (type locality Zanzibar, East Africa). Baer’s species was also reported subsequently by Dendy (1916: 113) from Western India, but in a follow up study on sponges from the Western Indian Ocean, he realized Baer’s name was preoccupied by Lieberkühn’s combination. Thus, Dendy (1922: 41) proposed the replacement name Halichondria tenuiramosa to remove the primary homonymy. Later, De Laubenfels (1936: 133), having detected the Lieberkühn-Baer homonymy but apparently unaware of Dendy’s new name, proposed an additional new name, Halichondria baeri. The latter is an objective junior synonym of H. tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922.
4. Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924: 450 (type locality Wellington, New Zealand). Brøndsted erected yet another different Halichondria reticulata, which was duly discovered by De Laubenfels (1936: 133). Remarkably, he did not propose a new name, but this was finally done by Bergquist (1961: 186), who erected Halichondria knowltoni for Brøndsted’s species.
5. Summary: Halichondria (Halichondria) panicea (Pallas, 1766) were proposed as the senior synonym for Halichondria reticulata Lieberkühn, 1859, Halichondria reticulata (Bowerbank, 1864) and Halichondria topsenti De Laubenfels, 1936. All homonymy has been removed. Halichondria (Halichondria) tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922 is the replacement name for Halichondria reticulata Baer, 1906 and is the senior synonym of Halichondria baeri De Laubenfels, 1936. The homomymy has been removed. Halichondria (Halichondria) knowltoni Bergquist, 1961 is the replacement name for Halichondria reticulata Brøndsted, 1924. The homonymy has been removed. [details]

Taxonomy Burton (1930d) regards this as a Chalina (=Haliclona), with as junior synonym Halichondria tenuiramosa Dendy, 1922. [details]