WoRMS taxon details

Nicon Kinberg, 1865

173735  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:173735)

accepted
Genus
Nicon pictus Kinberg, 1865 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Nicon abyssalis Hartman, 1967
Species Nicon aestuariensis Knox, 1951
Species Nicon japonicus Imajima, 1972
Species Nicon maculata Kinberg, 1866
Species Nicon moniloceras (Hartman, 1940)
Species Nicon orensanzi de Leon-Gonzalez & Trovant, 2013
Species Nicon pettiboneae Leon-Gonzalez & Salazar-Vallejo, 2003
Species Nicon rotunda Hutchings & Reid, 1990
Species Nicon sinica Wu & Sun, 1979
Species Nicon yaquinae Fauchald, 1977

Species Nicon peruviana Berkeley & Berkeley, 1964 (taxon inquirendum, to Platynereis [fide Pettibone, 1971])
Species Nicon pictus Kinberg, 1865 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fide Pettibone, 1971)
Species Nicon tahitanus Kinberg, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, type indeterminable, reportedly differs from genus concept)
Species Nicon virgini Kinberg, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, types indeterminable)

Species Nicon benhami Hartman, 1967 accepted as Nicon maculata Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Nicon ehlersi Hartman, 1953 accepted as Nicon maculata Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Nicon eugeniae Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Nereis eugeniae (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Nicon lackeyi Hartman, 1958 accepted as Stenoninereis martini Wesenberg-Lund, 1958 (subjective synonym)
Species Nicon loxechini Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Platynereis magalhaensis Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Nicon misakiensis Imajima & Hayashi, 1972 accepted as Rullierinereis misakiensis (Imajima & Hayashi, 1972) (superseded original combination)
Species Nicon polaris Hartman, 1967 accepted as Kainonereis polaris (Hartman, 1967) (superseded original combination)
Species Nicon punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) accepted as Websterinereis punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (superseded recombination)
Species Nicon uncinatus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Rullierinereis uncinata (Hartman, 1965) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1865). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(2): 167-179., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/181/mode/1up
page(s): 178 [details]   
Etymology Not stated, but probably from the Greek mythology. Nicon was a member of the Telchines (or Telkhines), said to be the...  
Etymology Not stated, but probably from the Greek mythology. Nicon was a member of the Telchines (or Telkhines), said to be the original inhabitants of the Island of Rhodes, and according to some sources were the descendents of Thalassa and Pontus, being described as marine beings by Eusthathius.  [details]

Taxonomy de León-González & Trovant (2013) state: "Some important characteristics were not included by Pettibone (1971) because at...  
Taxonomy de León-González & Trovant (2013) state: "Some important characteristics were not included by Pettibone (1971) because at that time she recognized N. maculata as the only member of the genus." This statement is incorrect, because Nicon aestuariensis also remained valid and is in Pettibone's genus key. Five other nominal species could not be assigned elsewhere by Pettibone (as indeterminable or doubtfully in Nicon), so their status was uncertain. One of these was Nicon abyssalis, subsequently regarded as valid by de León-González & Trovant (2013:73). Also N. ehlersi and N. benhami were recognisable from types or descriptions as subjective synonyms of N. maculata. Another, Nicon pictus, designated type of the genus by Hartman (1948:57) as first reviser) was deemed indeterminable by Pettibone (1971:49, but this opinion does not alter its type species status (see Type Designation note). [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Nicon Kinberg, 1865. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=173735 on 2018-05-28
Date
action
by
2005-07-13 08:37:11Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-08-24 02:46:40Z
changed
2015-03-30 00:40:07Z
changed
2016-05-23 13:54:02Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1865). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(2): 167-179., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/181/mode/1up
page(s): 178 [details]   

additional source Wu, Bao-Ling; Sun, Ruiping. (1979). Revision of the genera Nicon and Rullierinereis, with description of a new genus Sinonereis (Polychaeta, Nereidae). Oceanic Selections. 2(2): 95-112. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Hartman, Olga. (1948). The marine annelids erected by Kinberg. With some notes on some other types in the Swedish State Museum. Arkiv för Zoologi. 42(1): 1-137, & plates 1-18.
page(s): 57; note: designated Nicon pictus as type of Nicon [details]   

status source Hartman, Olga. (1958). A new nereid worm from Warm Mineral Springs, Fla., with a review of the genus Nicon Kinberg. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 48(8): 263-266., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/122833#page/301/mode/1up
page(s): 265; note: Key to genus, and again states Nicon pictus is type of Nicon. [details]   

identification resource Hartman, Olga. (1958). A new nereid worm from Warm Mineral Springs, Fla., with a review of the genus Nicon Kinberg. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 48(8): 263-266., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/122833#page/301/mode/1up [details]   

identification resource Pettibone, M.H. (1971). Revision of some species referred to Leptonereis, Nicon, and Laeonereis (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 104: 1-53., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/handle/10088/5689
page(s): 8; note: Pettibone retained 2 species. A number of other nominal species were reassigned or were indeterminable. [details]   

identification resource de León-González, Jesús Angel; Trovant, Berenice. (2013). A new species of Nicon Kinberg, 1866 (Polychaeta, Nereididae) from Ecuador, Eastern Pacific, with a key to all known species of the genus. ZooKeys. 269: 67-76., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.269.4003
page(s): 74; note: couplet key. Some species names are misspelled in the article [details]   
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Original diagnosis by Kinberg (1865: 178): ''Papillae pharyngis desideratae, partes laterales segmentorum aequales; branchiae triangulares; setae verutae acutae et falcigerae.'' [details]

Etymology Not stated, but probably from the Greek mythology. Nicon was a member of the Telchines (or Telkhines), said to be the original inhabitants of the Island of Rhodes, and according to some sources were the descendents of Thalassa and Pontus, being described as marine beings by Eusthathius.  [details]

Grammatical gender Feminine. [details]

Taxonomy de León-González & Trovant (2013) state: "Some important characteristics were not included by Pettibone (1971) because at that time she recognized N. maculata as the only member of the genus." This statement is incorrect, because Nicon aestuariensis also remained valid and is in Pettibone's genus key. Five other nominal species could not be assigned elsewhere by Pettibone (as indeterminable or doubtfully in Nicon), so their status was uncertain. One of these was Nicon abyssalis, subsequently regarded as valid by de León-González & Trovant (2013:73). Also N. ehlersi and N. benhami were recognisable from types or descriptions as subjective synonyms of N. maculata. Another, Nicon pictus, designated type of the genus by Hartman (1948:57) as first reviser) was deemed indeterminable by Pettibone (1971:49, but this opinion does not alter its type species status (see Type Designation note). [details]

Type designation Contrary to the usages of Pettibone (1971), Hutchings & Reid (1990:73) and de León-González & Trovant (2013), Nicon maculata is not the type of Nicon. Nicon pictus remains the Nicon type, regardless of whether it can still be defined now from re-examination of its syntype material. Kinberg (1866:178) included six new species in Nicon, of which N. pictus from Brazil was first mentioned, but did not name a type. Hartman (1948 & 1958) duly designated N. pictus as type species, and described the four syntypes. Pettibone (1971:7) supplanted that nominal species as type in favour of N. maculata, but later authors cannot change prior acts in such a way because of the obvious need to maintain nomenclatural stability. This late second designation is thus invalid under the ICZN Code (Art 69.1 "... no later designation [subsequent to first author to designate] is valid").  [details]