WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon Kinberg, 1865

173735

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:173735

accepted
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon pictus Kinberg, 1865 (type by subsequent designation)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon abyssalis Hartman, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon aestuariensis Knox, 1951
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon japonicus Imajima, 1972
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon maculata Kinberg, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon moniloceras (Hartman, 1940)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon orensanzi de Leon-Gonzalez & Trovant, 2013
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon pettiboneae Leon-Gonzalez & Salazar-Vallejo, 2003
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon polaris Hartman, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon rotunda Hutchings & Reid, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon sinica Wu & Sun, 1979
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon yaquinae Fauchald, 1977

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon peruviana Berkeley & Berkeley, 1964 (taxon inquirendum, to Platynereis [fide Pettibone, 1971])
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon pictus Kinberg, 1865 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fide Pettibone, 1971)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon tahitanus Kinberg, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, type indeterminable, reportedly differs from genus concept)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon virgini Kinberg, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, types indeterminable)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon benhami Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon maculata Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon ehlersi Hartman, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon maculata Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon eugeniae Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis eugeniae (Kinberg, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon lackeyi Hartman, 1958 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStenoninereis martini Wesenberg-Lund, 1958 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon loxechini Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlatynereis magalhaensis Kinberg, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon misakiensis Imajima & Hayashi, 1972 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis misakiensis (Imajima & Hayashi, 1972) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWebsterinereis punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) (superseded recombination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon uncinatus Hartman, 1965 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRullierinereis uncinata (Hartman, 1965) (superseded original combination)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Kinberg, J.G.H. (1865). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(2): 167-179., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/181/mode/1up
page(s): 178 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated, but probably from the Greek...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated, but probably from the Greek mythology. Nicon was a member of the Telchines (or Telkhines), said to be the original inhabitants of the Island of Rhodes, and according to some sources were the descendents of Thalassa and Pontus, being described as marine beings by Eusthathius.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy de León-González & Trovant (2013) state:...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy de León-González & Trovant (2013) state: "Some important characteristics were not included by Pettibone (1971) because at that time she recognized N. maculata as the only member of the genus." This statement is incorrect, because Nicon aestuariensis also remained valid and is in Pettibone's genus key. Five other nominal species could not be assigned elsewhere by Pettibone (as indeterminable or doubtfully in Nicon), so their status was uncertain. One of these was Nicon abyssalis, subsequently regarded as valid by de León-González & Trovant (2013:73). Also N. ehlersi and N. benhami were recognisable from types or descriptions as subjective synonyms of N. maculata. Another, Nicon pictus, designated type of the genus by Hartman (1948:57) as first reviser) was deemed indeterminable by Pettibone (1971:49, but this opinion does not alter its type species status (see Type Designation note). [details]
Gil, J.; Read, G. (2016). Nicon Kinberg, 1865. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=173735 on 2017-11-19

Date
action
by
2005-07-13 08:37:11Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2011-08-24 02:46:40Z
changed
2015-03-30 00:40:07Z
changed
2016-05-23 13:54:02Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Kinberg, J.G.H. (1865). Annulata nova. [Continuatio.]. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm. 22(2): 167-179., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/100715#page/181/mode/1up
page(s): 178 [details]   

additional source Wu, Bao-Ling; Sun, Ruiping. (1979). Revision of the genera Nicon and Rullierinereis, with description of a new genus Sinonereis (Polychaeta, Nereidae). Oceanic Selections. 2(2): 95-112. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. (2003). Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanography and Marine Biology: an Annual Review. 41: 47-114. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

status source Hartman, Olga. (1948). The marine annelids erected by Kinberg. With some notes on some other types in the Swedish State Museum. Arkiv för Zoologi. 42(1): 1-137, & plates 1-18.
page(s): 57; note: designated Nicon pictus as type of Nicon [details]   

status source Hartman, Olga. (1958). A new nereid worm from Warm Mineral Springs, Fla., with a review of the genus Nicon Kinberg. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 48(8): 263-266., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/122833#page/301/mode/1up
page(s): 265; note: Key to genus, and again states Nicon pictus is type of Nicon. [details]   

identification resource Hartman, Olga. (1958). A new nereid worm from Warm Mineral Springs, Fla., with a review of the genus Nicon Kinberg. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 48(8): 263-266., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/122833#page/301/mode/1up [details]   

identification resource Pettibone, M.H. (1971). Revision of some species referred to Leptonereis, Nicon, and Laeonereis (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 104: 1-53., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/handle/10088/5689
page(s): 8; note: Pettibone retained 2 species. A number of other nominal species were reassigned or were indeterminable. [details]   

identification resource de León-González, Jesús Angel; Trovant, Berenice. (2013). A new species of Nicon Kinberg, 1866 (Polychaeta, Nereididae) from Ecuador, Eastern Pacific, with a key to all known species of the genus. ZooKeys. 269: 67-76., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.269.4003
page(s): 74; note: couplet key. Some species names are misspelled in the article [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiagnosis Original diagnosis by Kinberg (1865: 178): ''Papillae pharyngis desideratae, partes laterales segmentorum aequales; branchiae triangulares; setae verutae acutae et falcigerae.'' [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Not stated, but probably from the Greek mythology. Nicon was a member of the Telchines (or Telkhines), said to be the original inhabitants of the Island of Rhodes, and according to some sources were the descendents of Thalassa and Pontus, being described as marine beings by Eusthathius.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrammatical gender Feminine. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy de León-González & Trovant (2013) state: "Some important characteristics were not included by Pettibone (1971) because at that time she recognized N. maculata as the only member of the genus." This statement is incorrect, because Nicon aestuariensis also remained valid and is in Pettibone's genus key. Five other nominal species could not be assigned elsewhere by Pettibone (as indeterminable or doubtfully in Nicon), so their status was uncertain. One of these was Nicon abyssalis, subsequently regarded as valid by de León-González & Trovant (2013:73). Also N. ehlersi and N. benhami were recognisable from types or descriptions as subjective synonyms of N. maculata. Another, Nicon pictus, designated type of the genus by Hartman (1948:57) as first reviser) was deemed indeterminable by Pettibone (1971:49, but this opinion does not alter its type species status (see Type Designation note). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType designation Contrary to the usages of Pettibone (1971), Hutchings & Reid (1990:73) and de León-González & Trovant (2013), Nicon maculata is not the type of Nicon. Nicon pictus remains the Nicon type, regardless of whether it can still be defined now from re-examination of its syntype material. Kinberg (1866:178) included six new species in Nicon, of which N. pictus from Brazil was first mentioned, but did not name a type. Hartman (1948 & 1958) duly designated N. pictus as type species, and described the four syntypes. Pettibone (1971:7) supplanted that nominal species as type in favour of N. maculata, but later authors cannot change prior acts in such a way because of the obvious need to maintain nomenclatural stability. This late second designation is thus invalid under the ICZN Code (Art 69.1 "... no later designation [subsequent to first author to designate] is valid").  [details]