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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon Kinberg, 1866 
AphiaID: 173735

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErrantia (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllodocida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereidiformia (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereididae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnonereidinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon pictus Kinberg, 1866 (type by subsequent designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGymnonereidinae Banse, 1977
Sources  original description Kinberg, J. G. H. 1865. Annulata nova. Öfversigt af Königlich Vetenskapsakademiens förhandlingar, Stockholm 22(2): 167-179.
page(s): 178 [details]

status source Hartman, O. 1948. The marine annelids erected by Kinberg. With some notes on some other types in the Swedish State Museum. Arkiv för Zoologi, 42A(1): 1-137.
page(s): 57; note: designated Nicon pictus as type of Nicon [details]

status source Hartman, Olga. (1958). A new nereid worm from Warm Mineral Springs, Fla., with a review of the genus Nicon Kinberg. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 48(8): 263-266., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/122833#page/301/mode/1up
page(s): 265; note: Key to genus, and again states Nicon pictus is type of Nicon. [details]

identification resource Hartman, Olga. (1958). A new nereid worm from Warm Mineral Springs, Fla., with a review of the genus Nicon Kinberg. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences. 48(8): 263-266., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/122833#page/301/mode/1up [details]

identification resource Pettibone, Marian H. (1971). Revision of some species referred to Leptonereis, Nicon, and Laeonereis (Polychaeta: Nereididae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology. 104: 1-53., available online at http://si-pddr.si.edu/dspace/handle/10088/5689
page(s): 8; note: Pettibone retained 2 species. A number of other nominal species were reassigned or were indeterminable. [details]

identification resource de León-González, Jesús Angel; Trovant, Berenice. (2013). A new species of Nicon Kinberg, 1866 (Polychaeta, Nereididae) from Ecuador, Eastern Pacific, with a key to all known species of the genus. ZooKeys. 269: 67-76., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/zookeys.269.4003
page(s): 74; note: couplet key. Some species names are misspelled in the article [details]

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taxa (23)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon abyssalis Hartman, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon aestuariensis Knox, 1951
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon japonicus Imajima, 1972
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon maculata Kinberg, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon misakiensis Imajima & Hayashi, 1972
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon moniloceras (Hartman, 1940)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon orensanzi de Leon-Gonzalez & Trovant, 2013
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon pettiboneae Leon-Gonzalez & Salazar-Vallejo, 2003
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon polaris Hartman, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon rotunda Hutchings & Reid, 1990
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon sinica Wu & Sun, 1979
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon uncinatus Hartman, 1965
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon yaquinae Fauchald, 1977

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon peruviana Berkeley & Berkeley, 1964 (taxon inquirendum, to Platynereis [fide Pettibone, 1971])
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon pictus Kinberg, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable fide Pettibone, 1971)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon tahitanus Kinberg, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, type indeterminable, reportedly differs from genus concept)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon virgini Kinberg, 1866 (taxon inquirendum, types indeterminable)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon benhami Hartman, 1967 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon maculata Kinberg, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon ehlersi Hartman, 1953 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon maculata Kinberg, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon eugeniae Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNereis eugeniae (Kinberg, 1866)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon lackeyi Hartman, 1958 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStenoninereis martini Wesenberg-Lund, 1958
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon loxechini Kinberg, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPlatynereis magalhaensis Kinberg, 1866
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicon punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWebsterinereis punctata (Wesenberg-Lund, 1949)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy de León-González & Trovant (2013) state: "Some important characteristics were not included by Pettibone (1971) because at that time she recognized N. maculata as the only member of the genus." This statement is incorrect, because Nicon aestuariensis also remained valid and is in Pettibone's genus key. Five other nominal species could not be assigned elsewhere by Pettibone (as indeterminable or doubtfully in Nicon), so their status was uncertain. One of these was Nicon abyssalis, subsequently regarded as valid by de León-González & Trovant (2013:73). Also N. ehlersi and N. benhami were recognisable from types or descriptions as subjective synonyms of N. maculata. Another, Nicon pictus, designated type of the genus by Hartman (1948:57) as first reviser) was deemed indeterminable by Pettibone (1971:49, but this opinion does not alter its type species status (see Type Designation note). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType designation Contrary to the usages of Pettibone (1971), Hutchings & Reid (1990:73) and de León-González & Trovant (2013), Nicon maculata is not the type of Nicon. Nicon pictus remains the Nicon type, regardless of whether it can still be defined now from re-examination of its syntype material. Kinberg (1866:178) included six new species in Nicon, of which N. pictus from Brazil was first mentioned, but did not name a type. Hartman (1948 & 1958) duly designated N. pictus as type species, and described the four syntypes. Pettibone (1971:7) supplanted that nominal species as type in favour of N. maculata, but later authors cannot change prior acts in such a way because of the obvious need to maintain nomenclatural stability. This late second designation is thus invalid under the ICZN Code (Art 69.1 "... no later designation [subsequent to first author to designate] is valid").  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:173735
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-07-13 08:37:11Z  created  Braeckman, Ulrike
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2011-08-24 02:46:40Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
2015-03-30 00:40:07Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2015). Nicon Kinberg, 1866. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2015) World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=173735 on 2015-06-02
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