WoRMS taxon details
Chondropsidae Carter, 1886
original description Carter, H.J. 1886b. Descriptions of Sponges from the Neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads, South Australia, continued. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 17 (97, 98, 101, 102): 40-53, 112-127, 431-441, 502-516. [details] [full text]|
basis of record Van Soest, R.W.M. 2002. Family Chondropsidae Carter, 1886. Pp. 521-527. In Hooper, J. N. A. & Van Soest, R. W. M. (ed.) Systema Porifera. A guide to the classification of sponges. 1 (Kluwer Academic/ Plenum Publishers: New York, Boston, Dordrecht, London, Moscow). [details]
| ||Genus Batzella Topsent, 1893|
Genus Chondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Psammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Strongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897
Genus Burtonispongia de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Chondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Collosclerophora Dendy, 1917 accepted as Chondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Kaneohea de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Psammascus Marshall, 1880 accepted as Psammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Psammopemma Marshall, 1880 accepted as Psammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Sarcocornea Carter, 1885 accepted as Psammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Sigmatella Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Chondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Stylotrichophora Dendy, 1895 accepted as Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Tedaniopsamma Burton, 1934 accepted as Phoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Xytopsiphum de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Strongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897
Genus Xytopsues de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Strongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897
|Environment|| ||marine, |brackish, fresh, terrestrial
|Link|| ||To ITIS|
From editor or global species database
Definition: Myxillina with only thin smooth strongyles or occasionally thin smooth styles as megascleres, in an irregular plumose arrangement; no acanthostyles; microscleres arcuate or unguiferate chelae and/or sigmas.
Diagnosis: Encrusting, massive, flabellate or digitate growth forms. Ectosomal skeleton frequently absent, replaced by arenaceous or spicular detritus, but often with areolate porefields on surface. Ectosomal smooth strongyles or occasionally styles, often rare or secondarily lost. Choanosomal spicules, if present, are auxiliary megascleres of ectosomal origin, strongyles or occasionally styles, whereas principal spicules appear to be absent. Microscleres are arcuate isochelae and sigmas, but these may be often absent.
Tornotes: The strongyles are presumably of tornote derivation; many are thin and have often slightly asymmetrical ends and may occasionally be stylote. The styles of one genus (Phoriospongia) show slightly swollen tyles, indicating possible homology with choanosomal principal megascleres.
Sand: Many members of this family have their skeleton partly or wholly replaced by sand grains.
Microscleres: Based on the presence or absence of microscleres, there is a series of intergrading ‘genera’: Batzella (no microscleres), Phoriospongia (sigmas), Strongylacidon (unguiferate chelae sigmas), Burtonispongia (arcuate chelae sigmas). It is here proposed to ignore the presence or absence of sigmas and/or chelae at the genus level. The entire absence of microscleres (Psammoclema, Batzella) makes allocation to family arguable, and consequently these genera are retained for possible allocation to other groups, even though the distinction among them is probably artificial. Batzella and Chondropsis differ in the presence or absence of a sand reticulation, which may also be an artificial distinction.
Affiliations: This is a small somewhat suspect, dustbin-type group. Possibly various genera could be reduced members of Hymedesmiidae.
Scope: Sixteen genera are assigned to the family, of which five are considered valid: Batzella, Chondropsis, Phoriospongia, Psammoclema, Strongylacidon.
|Date|| action|| by|
|2005-07-10 18:05:41Z|| created|| db_admin|
|2006-12-09 19:55:42Z|| changed|| van Soest, Rob|
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| || ||Citation: van Soest, R. (2013). Chondropsidae Carter, 1886. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M. (2013) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=168731 on 2014-03-09|
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