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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsidae Carter, 1886 
AphiaID: 168731

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPoecilosclerida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxillina (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsidae (Family)
Status accepted
Rank Family
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMyxillina
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCollosclerophoreae Dendy, 1922 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCollosclerophoridae Dendy, 1922 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoriospongiinae Lendenfeld, 1889 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammascidae De Laubenfels, 1936 (junior synonym)
Sources  original description Carter, H.J. 1886b. Descriptions of Sponges from the Neighbourhood of Port Phillip Heads, South Australia, continued. Annals and Magazine of Natural History (5) 17 (97, 98, 101, 102): 40-53, 112-127, 431-441, 502-516. [details] [full text]

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taxa (16)

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 Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBatzella Topsent, 1893
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897

Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBurtonispongia de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCollosclerophora Dendy, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorKaneohea de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammascus Marshall, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammopemma Marshall, 1880 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSarcocornea Carter, 1885 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPsammoclema Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSigmatella Lendenfeld, 1888 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChondropsis Carter, 1886
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStylotrichophora Dendy, 1895 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTedaniopsamma Burton, 1934 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhoriospongia Marshall, 1880
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXytopsiphum de Laubenfels, 1950 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897
Genus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorXytopsues de Laubenfels, 1936 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStrongylacidon Lendenfeld, 1897
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Chondropsidae
Definition: Myxillina with only thin smooth strongyles or occasionally thin smooth styles as megascleres, in an irregular plumose arrangement; no acanthostyles; microscleres arcuate or unguiferate chelae and/or sigmas.
Diagnosis: Encrusting, massive, flabellate or digitate growth forms. Ectosomal skeleton frequently absent, replaced by arenaceous or spicular detritus, but often with areolate porefields on surface. Ectosomal smooth strongyles or occasionally styles, often rare or secondarily lost. Choanosomal spicules, if present, are auxiliary megascleres of ectosomal origin, strongyles or occasionally styles, whereas principal spicules appear to be absent. Microscleres are arcuate isochelae and sigmas, but these may be often absent.
Remarks:
Tornotes: The strongyles are presumably of tornote derivation; many are thin and have often slightly asymmetrical ends and may occasionally be stylote. The styles of one genus (Phoriospongia) show slightly swollen tyles, indicating possible homology with choanosomal principal megascleres.
Sand: Many members of this family have their skeleton partly or wholly replaced by sand grains.
Microscleres: Based on the presence or absence of microscleres, there is a series of intergrading ‘genera’: Batzella (no microscleres), Phoriospongia (sigmas), Strongylacidon (unguiferate chelae sigmas), Burtonispongia (arcuate chelae sigmas). It is here proposed to ignore the presence or absence of sigmas and/or chelae at the genus level. The entire absence of microscleres (Psammoclema, Batzella) makes allocation to family arguable, and consequently these genera are retained for possible allocation to other groups, even though the distinction among them is probably artificial. Batzella and Chondropsis differ in the presence or absence of a sand reticulation, which may also be an artificial distinction.
Affiliations: This is a small somewhat suspect, dustbin-type group. Possibly various genera could be reduced members of Hymedesmiidae.
Scope: Sixteen genera are assigned to the family, of which five are considered valid: Batzella, Chondropsis, Phoriospongia, Psammoclema, Strongylacidon.
 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:168731
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-07-10 18:05:41Z  created  db_admin
2006-12-09 19:55:42Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2014). Chondropsidae Carter, 1886. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P. (2014) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=168731 on 2014-12-19
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