WoRMS taxon details

Prostoma Dugès, 1828

162630  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:162630)

accepted
Genus
Prostoma graecense (Böhmig, 1892) (type by subsequent designation)
Species Prostoma armatum sensu Dugès, 1830
Species Prostoma armatum Duges, 1830
Species Prostoma asensoriatum Montgomery, 1896
Species Prostoma canadiensis Gibson & Moore, 1978
Species Prostoma communopore Senz, 1996
Species Prostoma coronatum
Species Prostoma eilhardi (Montgomery, 1894)
Species Prostoma giardii Hallez, 1879
Species Prostoma graecense (Böhmig, 1892)
Species Prostoma hercegovinense Tarman, 1961
Species Prostoma jenningsi Gibson & Young, 1971
Species Prostoma kolasai Gibson & Moore, 1976
Species Prostoma macradenum Sun & Yin, 1995
Species Prostoma maculatum (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Prostoma ohmiense Chernyshev, Timoshkin & Kawakatsu, 1998
Species Prostoma puteale (Dugès, 1828)
Species Prostoma putelale Beauchamp, 1932
Species Prostoma steenstrupii Hallez, 1879
Species Prostoma stigmatum (Stimpson, 1857)

Species Prostoma cisalpinum Vialli, 1926 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Prostoma albolineatum accepted as Tetrastemma albolineatum (Timofeeva, 1912) (synonym)
Species Prostoma ambigua accepted as Tetrastemma ambiguum Riches, 1893 (synonym)
Species Prostoma ambiguum accepted as Tetrastemma ambiguum Riches, 1893 (synonym)
Species Prostoma amphiporoides accepted as Tetrastemma amphiporoides Bürger, 1893 (synonym)
Species Prostoma antarcticum accepted as Tetrastemma antarcticum Bürger, 1893 (synonym)
Species Prostoma armata accepted as Emplectonema echinoderma (Marion, 1873) (synonym)
Species Prostoma aseptata accepted as Tetrastemma aseptata (Friedrich, 1935) (synonym)
Species Prostoma assimile accepted as Tetrastemma assimile Örsted, 1844 (synonym)
Species Prostoma baculus accepted as Tetrastemma baculus (Quatrefages, 1846) (synonym)
Species Prostoma beaumonti accepted as Tetrastemma beaumonti (Southern, 1913) (synonym)
Species Prostoma biancestro accepted as Tetrastemma candidum (Müller, 1774) (synonym)
Species Prostoma bioculatum accepted as Tetrastemma bioculatum Örsted, 1843 (synonym)
Species Prostoma bipeltatum accepted as Tetrastemma bipeltatum (Timofeeva, 1912) (synonym)
Species Prostoma bistriatum accepted as Tetrastemma bistriatum (Timofeeva, 1912) (synonym)
Species Prostoma brunnea accepted as Tetrastemma brunnea (Friedrich, 1935) (synonym)
Species Prostoma buxeum accepted as Tetrastemma buxeum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma candidum accepted as Tetrastemma candidum (Müller, 1774) (synonym)
Species Prostoma cassidens accepted as Tetrastemma cassidens (Fischer & Marenzeller, 1886) (synonym)
Species Prostoma cephalophorum accepted as Tetrastemma cephalophorum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma cerasinum accepted as Tetrastemma cerasinum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma clepsinoides (Dugès, 1828) accepted as Prostoma puteale (Dugès, 1828) (Synonym)
Species Prostoma cruciatum accepted as Tetrastemma cruciatum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma cruciatum Bürger, 1895 accepted as Tetrastemma cruciatum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma diadema accepted as Tetrastemma diadema Hubrecht, 1879 (synonym)
Species Prostoma dubium accepted as Tetrastemma dubium Örsted, 1845 (synonym)
Species Prostoma duboisi accepted as Tetrastemma duboisi Bürger, 1893 (synonym)
Species Prostoma dutoiti accepted as Tetrastemma dutoiti (Wheeler, 1940) (synonym)
Species Prostoma elegans accepted as Tetrastemma elegans (Girard, 1852) (synonym)
Species Prostoma falsum accepted as Tetrastemma falsum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma flagellatum accepted as Tetrastemma vermiculus (Quatrefages, 1846) (synonym)
Species Prostoma flavidum accepted as Tetrastemma flavidum Ehrenberg, 1828 (synonym)
Species Prostoma georgianum accepted as Tetrastemma georgianum Bürger, 1893 (synonym)
Species Prostoma glanduliferum accepted as Tetrastemma glanduliferum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma graeffei accepted as Tetrastemma graeffei (Diesing, 1863) (synonym)
Species Prostoma gulliveri accepted as Oerstedia gulliveri (Bürger, 1893) (synonym)
Species Prostoma hansi accepted as Tetrastemma hansi Bürger, 1893 (synonym)
Species Prostoma helgolandicum Metschnikow, 1865 accepted as Phonorhynchus helgolandicus (Metschnikow, 1865) (Synonym: moved from Nemertea to Plathelminthes)
Species Prostoma hermaphroditicum accepted as Tetrastemma hermaphroditica (Keferstein, 1868) (synonym)
Species Prostoma herouardi accepted as Tetrastemma herouardi (Oxner, 1908) (synonym)
Species Prostoma humile accepted as Tetrastemma humilis (Quatrefages, 1846) (synonym)
Species Prostoma incisum accepted as Tetrastemma incisum Stimpson, 1855 (synonym)
Species Prostoma interruptum accepted as Tetrastemma interruptum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma kefersteinii Claparède, 1863 accepted as Polycystis naegelii Kölliker, 1845 (Synonym)
Species Prostoma knochii accepted as Tetrastemma knochii (Kölliker, 1845) (synonym)
Species Prostoma lactiflorea accepted as Amphiporus lactifloreus (Johnston, 1828) (synonym)
Species Prostoma leonillae accepted as Tetrastemma leonillae (Oxner, 1908) (synonym)
Species Prostoma lineare Schmidt, 1848 accepted as Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 (Synonym)
Species Prostoma lineare Örsted, 1843 accepted as Gyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831 (Synonym)
Species Prostoma littorale Oersted, 1843 accepted as Macrorhynchus croceus (Fabricius, 1826) (Synonym)
Species Prostoma longissimum accepted as Tetrastemma longissimum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma marionis accepted as Tetrastemma marionis Joubin, 1890 (synonym)
Species Prostoma melanocephala accepted as Tetrastemma melanocephalum (Johnston, 1837) (synonym)
Species Prostoma melanocephalum accepted as Tetrastemma melanocephalum (Johnston, 1837) (synonym)
Species Prostoma merula accepted as Tetrastemma merula (Corrêa, 1954) (synonym)
Species Prostoma mixtum accepted as Tetrastemma mixtum (Timofeeva, 1912) (synonym)
Species Prostoma nigrifrons accepted as Tetrastemma nigrifrons (Coe, 1904) accepted as Quasitetrastemma nigrifrons (Coe, 1904) (synonym)
Species Prostoma nimbatum accepted as Tetrastemma nimbatum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma obscura accepted as Cyanophthalma obscura (Schultze, 1851) (synonym)
Species Prostoma obscurum accepted as Cyanophthalma obscura (Schultze, 1851) (synonym)
Species Prostoma peltatum accepted as Tetrastemma peltatum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma portus accepted as Tetrastemma portus Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma pulchra accepted as Nipponnemertes pulchra (Johnston, 1837) (synonym)
Species Prostoma quadripunctata accepted as Nemertopsis quadripunctata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (synonym)
Species Prostoma quadripunctatum accepted as Nemertopsis quadripunctata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833) (synonym)
Species Prostoma quadristriatum accepted as Tetrastemma quadristriatum Langerhans, 1880 (synonym)
Species Prostoma quatrefagesi accepted as Tetrastemma quatrefagesi (Bürger, 1904) (synonym)
Species Prostoma robertianae accepted as Tetrastemma robertianae McIntosh, 1874 (synonym)
Species Prostoma roseocephalum accepted as Tetrastemma roseocephalum (Yamaoka, 1947) (synonym)
Species Prostoma schultzei accepted as Tetrastemma schultzei Czerniavsky, 1880 (synonym)
Species Prostoma scutelliferum accepted as Tetrastemma scutelliferum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma simplex accepted as Tetrastemma simplex (Timofeeva, 1912) (synonym)
Species Prostoma spectaculum accepted as Prosadenoporus spectacula (Yamaoka, 1940) (synonym)
Species Prostoma subpellucidum accepted as Tetrastemma subpellucidum Ørsted, 1843 (synonym)
Species Prostoma suhmi accepted as Tetrastemma suhmi (Bürger, 1904) (synonym)
Species Prostoma tutus accepted as Tetrastemma tutus (Monastero, 1930) (synonym)
Species Prostoma unicolor accepted as Tetrastemma unicolor (Hubrecht, 1879) (synonym)
Species Prostoma unilineatum accepted as Tetrastemma unilineatum Joubin, 1910 (synonym)
Species Prostoma validum accepted as Antarctonemertes validum (Bürger, 1893) accepted as Antarctonemertes valida (Bürger, 1893) (synonym)
Species Prostoma vastum accepted as Tetrastemma vastum Bürger, 1895 (synonym)
Species Prostoma vermicula accepted as Tetrastemma vermiculus (Quatrefages, 1846) (synonym)
Species Prostoma vermiculus accepted as Tetrastemma vermiculus (Quatrefages, 1846) (synonym)
Species Prostoma verrilli accepted as Tetrastemma verrilli (Bürger, 1904) (synonym)
Species Prostoma viera accepted as Tetrastemma viera (Timofeeva, 1912) (synonym)
Species Prostoma viperula accepted as Tetrastemma viperula (Timofeeva, 1912) (synonym)
Species Prostoma vitigerum accepted as Tetrastemma vittigerum (Bürger, 1904) (synonym)
Species Prostoma vittigerum accepted as Tetrastemma vittigerum (Bürger, 1904) (synonym)
marine, fresh
Duges, A. (1828). Recherches sur la circulation, la respiration et la reproduction des Annelides abranches. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris. 15: 284-337. [details]   
Taxonomy In the original description, Dugès only included Nemertini, but later authors (Schmidt, Claparède, Oersted, Metschnikoff,...  
Taxonomy In the original description, Dugès only included Nemertini, but later authors (Schmidt, Claparède, Oersted, Metschnikoff, Mereschkofsky, Hallez, Leydi,….) included several species of (rhabdocoel) turbellarians. [details]

Taxonomy Graff (1882) restricts the name Prostoma to Nemertini, and distributes the species of Prostoma described before 1882 to the...  
Taxonomy Graff (1882) restricts the name Prostoma to Nemertini, and distributes the species of Prostoma described before 1882 to the genera Pseudorhynchus (now Astrororhynchus), Acrorhynchus (now Acrorhynchides), Macrorhynchus (incl. the recent genera Macrorhynchus, Polycystis, Progyrator, Phonorhynchus), Gyratrix and Plagiostomum. Since then, the name has never been used anymore in descriptions of turbellaria.
 [details]
WoRMS (2018). Prostoma Dugès, 1828. Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=162630 on 2018-02-24
Date
action
by
2005-07-04 07:45:17Z
created
2006-09-19 06:47:14Z
changed
Martinez, Olga
2011-04-12 14:08:46Z
changed
2012-09-13 22:44:05Z
changed
2016-03-14 07:05:58Z
changed
2017-11-06 18:42:16Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Duges, A. (1828). Recherches sur la circulation, la respiration et la reproduction des Annelides abranches. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris. 15: 284-337. [details]   

taxonomy source Graff, L., von. (1882). Monographie der Turbellarien 1. Rhabdocoelida. 1-442. [details]   

status source Gibson, R. (1995). Nemertean genera and species of the world: an annotated checklist of original names and description citations, synonyms, current taxonomic status, habitats and recorded zoogeographic distribution. Journal of Natural History. 29(2): 271-561., available online at http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a770866456 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
From other sources
Taxonomy In the original description, Dugès only included Nemertini, but later authors (Schmidt, Claparède, Oersted, Metschnikoff, Mereschkofsky, Hallez, Leydi,….) included several species of (rhabdocoel) turbellarians. [details]

Taxonomy Graff (1882) restricts the name Prostoma to Nemertini, and distributes the species of Prostoma described before 1882 to the genera Pseudorhynchus (now Astrororhynchus), Acrorhynchus (now Acrorhynchides), Macrorhynchus (incl. the recent genera Macrorhynchus, Polycystis, Progyrator, Phonorhynchus), Gyratrix and Plagiostomum. Since then, the name has never been used anymore in descriptions of turbellaria.
 [details]