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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma Dugès, 1828 
AphiaID: 162630

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemertea (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEnopla (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHoplonemertea (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonostilifera (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumonostilifera (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma graecense (Böhmig, 1892) (type by subsequent designation)
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEumonostilifera
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma Dugès, 1828
Sources  original description Duges, A. (1828). Recherches sur la circulation, la respiration et la reproduction des Annelides abranches. Annales des sciences naturelles, Paris. 15: 284-337. [details]

status source Gibson, R. (1995). Nemertean genera and species of the world: an annotated checklist of original names and description citations, synonyms, current taxonomic status, habitats and recorded zoogeographic distribution. Journal of Natural History. 29(2): 271-561., available online at http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/content~db=all~content=a770866456 [details]

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taxa (105)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma armatum sensu Dugès, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma armatum Duges, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma canadiensis Gibson & Moore, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma communopore Senz, 1996
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma coronatum
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma eilhardi (Montgomery, 1894)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma giardii Hallez, 1879
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma graecense (Böhmig, 1892)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma hercegovinense Tarman, 1961
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma jenningsi Gibson & Young, 1971
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma kolasai Gibson & Moore, 1976
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma macradenum Sun & Yin, 1995
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma maculatum (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma ohmiense Chernyshev, Timoshkin & Kawakatsu, 1998
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma puteale (Dugès, 1828)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma putelale Beauchamp, 1932
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma steenstrupii Hallez, 1879
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma stigmatum (Stimpson, 1857)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma cisalpinum Vialli, 1926 (taxon inquirendum)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma albolineatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma albolineatum (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma ambigua accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma ambiguum Riches, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma ambiguum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma ambiguum Riches, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma amphiporoides accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma amphiporoides Bürger, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma antarcticum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma antarcticum Bürger, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma armata accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEmplectonema echinoderma (Marion, 1873)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma aseptata accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma aseptata (Friedrich, 1935)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma assimile accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma assimile Örsted, 1844
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma baculus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma baculus (Quatrefages, 1846)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma beaumonti accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma beaumonti (Southern, 1913)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma biancestro accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma candidum (Müller, 1774)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma bioculatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma bioculatum Örsted, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma bipeltatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma bipeltatum (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma bistriatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma bistriatum (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma brunnea accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma brunnea (Friedrich, 1935)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma buxeum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma buxeum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma candidum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma candidum (Müller, 1774)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma cassidens accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma cassidens (Fischer & Marenzeller, 1886)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma cephalophorum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma cephalophorum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma cerasinum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma cerasinum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma clepsinoides (Dugès, 1828) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma puteale (Dugès, 1828)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma cruciatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma cruciatum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma cruciatum Bürger, 1895 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma cruciatum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma diadema accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma diadema Hubrecht, 1879
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma dubium accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma dubium Örsted, 1845
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma duboisi accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma duboisi Bürger, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma dutoiti accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma dutoiti (Wheeler, 1940)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma elegans accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma elegans (Girard, 1852)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma falsum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma falsum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma flagellatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma vermiculus (Quatrefages, 1846)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma flavidum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma flavidum Ehrenberg, 1828
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma georgianum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma georgianum Bürger, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma glanduliferum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma glanduliferum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma graeffei accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma graeffei (Diesing, 1863)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma gulliveri accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOerstedia gulliveri (Bürger, 1893)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma hansi accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma hansi Bürger, 1893
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma helgolandicum Metschnikow, 1865 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhonorhynchus helgolandicus (Metschnikow, 1865)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma hermaphroditicum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma hermaphroditica (Keferstein, 1868)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma herouardi accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma herouardi (Oxner, 1908)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma humile accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma humilis (Quatrefages, 1846)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma incisum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma incisum Stimpson, 1855
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma interruptum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma interruptum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma kefersteinii Claparède, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycystis naegelii Kölliker, 1845
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma knochii accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma knochii (Kölliker, 1845)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma lactiflorea accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphiporus lactifloreus (Johnston, 1828)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma leonillae accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma leonillae (Oxner, 1908)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma lineare Schmidt, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma lineare Örsted, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGyratrix hermaphroditus Ehrenberg, 1831
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma littorale Oersted, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacrorhynchus croceus (Fabricius, 1826)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma longissimum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma longissimum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma marionis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma marionis Joubin, 1890
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma melanocephala accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma melanocephalum (Johnston, 1837)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma melanocephalum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma melanocephalum (Johnston, 1837)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma merula accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma merula (Corrêa, 1954)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma mixtum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma mixtum (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma nigrifrons accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma nigrifrons (Coe, 1904) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorQuasitetrastemma nigrifrons (Coe, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma nimbatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma nimbatum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma obscura accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyanophthalma obscura (Schultze, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma obscurum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCyanophthalma obscura (Schultze, 1851)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma peltatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma peltatum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma portus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma portus Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma pulchra accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNipponnemertes pulchra (Johnston, 1837)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma quadripunctata accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemertopsis quadripunctata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma quadripunctatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNemertopsis quadripunctata (Quoy & Gaimard, 1833)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma quadristriatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma quadristriatum Langerhans, 1880
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma quatrefagesi accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma quatrefagesi (Bürger, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma robertianae accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma robertianae McIntosh, 1874
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma roseocephalum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma roseocephalum (Yamaoka, 1947)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma schultzei accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma schultzei Czerniavsky, 1880
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma scutelliferum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma scutelliferum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma simplex accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma simplex (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma spectaculum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProsadenoporus spectacula (Yamaoka, 1940)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma subpellucidum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma subpellucidum Ørsted, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma suhmi accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma suhmi (Bürger, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma tutus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma tutus (Monastero, 1930)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma unicolor accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma unicolor (Hubrecht, 1879)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma unilineatum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma unilineatum Joubin, 1910
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma validum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctonemertes validum (Bürger, 1893) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctonemertes valida (Bürger, 1893)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma vastum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma vastum Bürger, 1895
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma vermicula accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma vermiculus (Quatrefages, 1846)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma vermiculus accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma vermiculus (Quatrefages, 1846)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma verrilli accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma verrilli (Bürger, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma viera accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma viera (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma viperula accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma viperula (Timofeeva, 1912)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma vitigerum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma vittigerum (Bürger, 1904)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProstoma vittigerum accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrastemma vittigerum (Bürger, 1904)
Environment marine, fresh
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy In the original description, Dugès only included Nemertini, but later authors (Schmidt, Claparède, Oersted, Metschnikoff, Mereschkofsky, Hallez, Leydi,….) included several species of (rhabdocoel) turbellarians. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Graff (1882) restricts the name Prostoma to Nemertini, and distributes the species of Prostoma described before 1882 to the genera Pseudorhynchus (now Astrororhynchus), Acrorhynchus (now Acrorhynchides), Macrorhynchus (incl. the recent genera Macrorhynchus, Polycystis, Progyrator, Phonorhynchus), Gyratrix and Plagiostomum. Since then, the name has never been used anymore in descriptions of turbellaria.
 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:162630
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-07-04 07:45:17Z  created  Gibson, Raymond
2006-09-19 06:47:14Z  changed  Martinez, Olga
2011-04-12 14:08:46Z  changed  Norenburg, Jon
2012-09-13 22:44:05Z  changed  Norenburg, Jon
2016-03-14 07:05:58Z  changed  Norenburg, Jon
  
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  Citation: Norenburg, J.; Gibson, R. (2016). Prostoma. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=162630 on 2016-07-24
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