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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite plumosa Müller, 1776 
AphiaID: 155073

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnnelida (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolychaeta (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSedentaria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCanalipalpata (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellomorpha (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTerebellinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite plumosa (Species)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (superseded original combination)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPherusa plumosa (Müller, 1776)
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPherusa Oken, 1807
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite Müller, 1771
Orig. name Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmphitrite plumosa Müller, 1776
Sources  original description Müller, O. F. (1776). Zoologiae Danicae prodromus: seu Animalium Daniae et Norvegiae indigenarum characteres, nomina, et synonyma imprimis popularium. Hafniae, Typiis Hallageriis. 1-274., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47550
page(s): 216; note: as A? plumosa, as the fifth entry for a species of Amphitrite  [details] [full text]

source of synonymy Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]

source of synonymy Fauchald, K. (2007). World Register of Polychaeta. , available online at http://www.marinespecies.org/polychaeta [details]

source of synonymy Hartman, Olga. (1959). Catalogue of the Polychaetous Annelids of the World. Parts 1 and 2. Allan Hancock Foundation Occasional Paper. 23: 1-628. [details]

redescription Fabricius, Otto 1780. [POLYCHAETA & ANNELIDA DATA. p.266-315; 374-384] Fauna Groenlandica, systematice sistens, Animalia Groenlandiae occidentalis hactenus indagata, quoad nomen specificum, triviale, vernaculumque synonyma auctorum plurium, descriptionem, locum, victum, generationem, mores, usum, capturamque singuli prout detegendi occasio fuit, maximaque parte secundum proprias observationes: Hafniae [Copenhagen] et Lipsiae.
page(s): 288; note: This is the original description, but Muller pre-empted Fabricius with a short diagnosis in the Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus [details]

[show all]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortype locality contained in Greenlandic part of the Arctic Ocean [details]
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Past workers (eg Hartman catalogue p.498) have attributed the name to Fabricius (1780). Muller pre-empted Fabricius (1780), who fully describes Amphitrite plumosa with 1.5 pages of text, with a short diagnosis of Fabricius' name (if it was Fabricius name) in the Zoologiae Danicae Prodromus. It is clear Fabricius collected the specimen(s). Salazar-Vallejo (2014) in his review mentions repeatedly that Muller's description was short. In Salazar-Vallejo's introduction (p4), but not under the species remarks (p10), he comments on the long description by Fabricius (1980), and states that Muller originally "attributed the authorship for the species to Fabricius ..." This is doubtful, as from the layout used Muller appears more likely to be only attributing the collection of the specimen to Fabricius. Fabricius himself attributes the first usage of the name to Müller in the Prodromus. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNeotype Salazar-Vallejo (2014: 9) named a neotype: "Neotype (USNM 23257), 1.9 km NW of Conical Rock, Igannaq (76º05'07.12" N, 68º41'27.57" W), NW Greenland, 46-110 m, 22 Jul. 1940, R.A. Bartlett, coll." Salazar-Vallejo states that "Pherusa plumosa is the type species of Pherusa, but this is not correct. Amphitrite plumosa, is and will alway be, the name of the type species of Pherusa. The neotype is necessarily of Amphitrite plumosa, the original name, not of Pherusa plumosa, which is a later combination.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy In the past (eg Hartman catalogue) Amphitrite plumosa was re-assigned to Flabelligera affinis. Salazar-Vallejo (2014) suggests that Fabricius's description may have been a confusion of two species with one of them Flabelligera-like. Salazar-Vallejo attributes the current concept of Amphitrite plumosa as a Pherusa to Sars (1829) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Neotype: Igannaq (76º05'07.12" N, 68º41'27.57" W), NW Greenland [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:155073
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-04-22 07:56:35Z  created  Appeltans, Ward
2008-03-26 07:46:44Z  changed  Decock, Wim
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z  changed  Fauchald, Kristian
2017-09-03 22:37:13Z  changed  Read, Geoffrey
  
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  Citation: Read, G. (2017). Amphitrite plumosa Müller, 1776. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=155073 on 2017-09-24
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License