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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758 
AphiaID: 152879

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardioidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardiinae (Subfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium (Genus)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (original combination)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)
Rank Species
Typetaxon of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra Linnaeus, 1767
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium Linnaeus, 1758
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100
page(s): 681 [details]

source of synonymy Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van Belgiƫ [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]

[show all]
Environment marine
Link Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature ICZN direction 73: specific name of type species of Mactra Linnaeus, 1767 [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Linnaeus, 1758 has descibed Cardium corallinumas well as Cardium stultorum , the first hails from the mediterranean, the second from West-Europe.
According to Lucas (1974a), Poutiers (1978), McKay & Smith (1979) and Van Aartsen et al. (1984) these two species are synonyms. When two synonyms are published simultanious than is " the relative priority determined by the action of the first reviser " according to ICZN. But in this case it is not easy to determine who is the first reviser. This and the discussion of Dodge (1952)
in mind the speciesnameMactra corallina should be beter. This name has also priority becaouse he is first mentionned in Linnaeus' Systema Naturae. [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:152879
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-04-14 07:47:17Z  created  Cuvelier, Daphne
2012-03-31 12:25:37Z  changed  Gofas, Serge
  
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  Citation: Gofas, S. (2014). Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=152879 on 2014-04-24
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