WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758

152879

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:152879

Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (original combination)
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 681 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature ICZN direction 73: specific name of type...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature ICZN direction 73: specific name of type species of Mactra Linnaeus, 1767 [details]
Gofas, S. (2012). Cardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=152879 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
2005-04-14 07:47:17Z
created
2012-03-31 12:25:37Z
changed

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 681 [details]   

basis of record Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van BelgiĆ« [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van BelgiĆ« [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature ICZN direction 73: specific name of type species of Mactra Linnaeus, 1767 [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Linnaeus, 1758 has descibed Cardium corallinumas well as Cardium stultorum , the first hails from the mediterranean, the second from West-Europe.
According to Lucas (1974a), Poutiers (1978), McKay & Smith (1979) and Van Aartsen et al. (1984) these two species are synonyms. When two synonyms are published simultanious than is " the relative priority determined by the action of the first reviser " according to ICZN. But in this case it is not easy to determine who is the first reviser. This and the discussion of Dodge (1952)
in mind the speciesnameMactra corallina should be beter. This name has also priority becaouse he is first mentionned in Linnaeus' Systema Naturae. [details]