WoRMS taxon details

Hydridae Dana, 1846

151708  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:151708)

accepted
Family
Genus Hydra Linnaeus, 1758
  » Species Hydra baikalensis Swarczewsky, 1923
  » Species Hydra beijingensis Fan, 2003
  » Species Hydra canadensis Rowan, 1930
  » Species Hydra cauliculata Hyman, 1938
  » Species Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914
  » Species Hydra daqingensis Fan, 2000
  » Species Hydra ethiopiae Hickson, 1930
  » Species Hydra hadleyi (Forrest, 1959)
  » Species Hydra harbinensis Fan & Shi, 2003
  » Species Hydra hymanae Hadley & Forrest, 1949
  » Species Hydra iheringi Cordero, 1939
  » Species Hydra intaba Ewer, 1948
  » Species Hydra intermedia De Carvalho Wolle, 1978
  » Species Hydra japonica Itô, 1947
  » Species Hydra javanica Schulze, 1927
  » Species Hydra liriosoma Campbell, 1987
  » Species Hydra madagascariensis Campbell, 1999
  » Species Hydra magellanica Schulze, 1927
  » Species Hydra mariana Cox & Young, 1973
  » Species Hydra minima Forrest, 1963
  » Species Hydra mohensis Fan & Shi, 1999
  » Species Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766
  » Species Hydra oregona Griffin & Peters, 1939
  » Species Hydra oxycnida Schulze, 1914
  » Species Hydra paludicola Itô, 1947
  » Species Hydra paranensis Cernosvitov, 1935
  » Species Hydra parva Itô, 1947
  » Species Hydra plagiodesmica Dioni, 1968
  » Species Hydra polymorpha Chen & Wang, 2008
  » Species Hydra robusta (Itô, 1947)
  » Species Hydra rutgersensis Forrest, 1963
  » Species Hydra salmacidis Lang da Silveira, Souza-Gomes & de Souza e Silva, 1997
  » Species Hydra sinensis Wang, Deng, Lai & Li, 2009
  » Species Hydra thomseni Cordero, 1941
  » Species Hydra umfula Ewer, 1948
  » Species Hydra utahensis Hyman, 1931
  » Species Hydra viridissima Pallas, 1766
  » Species Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766
  » Species Hydra zeylandica Burt, 1929
  » Species Hydra zhujiangensis Liu & Wang, 2010
  » Species Hydra brunnea Templeton, 1836 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Hydra hexactinella von Lendenfeld, 1886 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Hydra orientalis Annandale, 1905 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Hydra rubra Lewes, 1860 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Hydra tenuis Ayres, 1856 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Hydra verrucosa Templeton, 1836 (taxon inquirendum)
  » Species Hydra aculeata Wagner, 1833 accepted as Hydractinia aculeata (Wagner, 1833) (basionym)
  » Species Hydra americana Hyman, 1929 accepted as Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra attenuata Pallas, 1766 accepted as Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
    » Subspecies Hydra attenuata thomseni Cordero, 1941 accepted as Hydra thomseni Cordero, 1941 (promoted to species rank)
  » Species Hydra braueri Bedot, 1912 accepted as Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra calyciflora Gaertner, 1762 accepted as Cereus pedunculatus (Pennant, 1777) (synonym)
  » Species Hydra carnea L. Agassiz, 1851 accepted as Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra corala Elrod & Ricker, 1902 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (indeterminate species)
  » Species Hydra corallifera Gaertner, 1762 accepted as Cucumaria frondosa (Gunnerus, 1767) (synonym)
  » Species Hydra corynaria Bosc, 1797 accepted as Cladocoryne floccosa Rotch, 1871 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra dioecia Downing, 1905 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (indeterminate species)
  » Species Hydra disciflora Gaertner, 1762 accepted as Aulactinia verrucosa (Pennant, 1777) (synonym)
  » Species Hydra fusca Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra graysoni Maxwell, 1970 accepted as Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra grisea Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra littoralis Hyman, 1931 accepted as Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra magnipapillata Itô, 1947 accepted as Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra monoecia Downing, 1900 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra multicornis Forsskål, 1775 accepted as Clava multicornis (Forsskål, 1775) (basionym)
  » Species Hydra ovata Boecker, 1920 accepted as Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra oxycnicoides Schulze, 1927 accepted as Hydra oxycnida Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra pallens Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra pallida Beardsley, 1904 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (indeterminate species)
  » Species Hydra pirardi Brien, 1961 accepted as Hydra oxycnida Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra polypus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra pseudoligactis (Hyman, 1931) accepted as Hydra canadensis Rowan, 1930 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra ramosa Fabricius, 1780 accepted as Coryne pusilla Gaertner, 1774 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra rhaetica Asper, 1879 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra rhistica Asper, 1880 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra roeselii Haacke, 1879 accepted as Hydra oligactis Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra shenzhensis Wang & Deng, 2012 accepted as Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra squamata Müller, 1776 accepted as Clava squamata (Müller, 1776) (basionym)
  » Species Hydra stellata Schulze, 1914 accepted as Hydra circumcincta Schulze, 1914 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra Trembleyi Haacke, 1879 accepted as Hydra vulgaris Pallas, 1766 (synonym)
  » Species Hydra verticillata Delle Chiaje, 1822 accepted as Zoobotryon verticillatum (Delle Chiaje, 1822) (basionym)
  » Species Hydra viridis Linnaeus, 1767 accepted as Hydra viridissima Pallas, 1766 (synonym)

Genus Chlorohydra Schulze, 1914 accepted as Hydra Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
  » Species Chlorohydra hadleyi Forrest, 1959 accepted as Hydra hadleyi (Forrest, 1959) (basionym)
  » Species Chlorohydra viridissima (Pallas, 1766) accepted as Hydra viridissima Pallas, 1766 (unaccepted combination)
Genus Pelmatohydra Schulze, 1914 accepted as Hydra Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Dana, J. D. 1846. Structure and classification of zoophytes. Lea & Blanchard, Philadelphia. pp. 132., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43125#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 116 [details]   
Schuchert, P. (2018). World Hydrozoa Database. Hydridae Dana, 1846. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=151708 on 2018-06-19
Date
action
by
2005-04-07 08:53:48Z
created
2008-01-10 07:31:11Z
changed
2009-04-28 06:22:10Z
changed
2013-02-22 16:26:12Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Dana, J. D. 1846. Structure and classification of zoophytes. Lea & Blanchard, Philadelphia. pp. 132., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/43125#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): 116 [details]   

basis of record Howson, C.M.; Picton, B.E. (1997). The species directory of the marine fauna and flora of the British Isles and surrounding seas. Ulster Museum Publication, 276. The Ulster Museum: Belfast, UK. ISBN 0-948150-06-8. vi, 508 (+ cd-rom) pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Bouillon, J.; Gravili, C.; Pagès, F.; Gili, J.-M.; Boero, F. (2006). An introduction to Hydrozoa. Mémoires du Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, 194. Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle: Paris, France. ISBN 2-85653-580-1. 591 + 1 cd-rom pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Schuchert, P. (2010). The European athecate hydroids and their medusae (Hydrozoa, Cnidaria): Capitata Part 2. Revue Suisse de Zoologie. 117: 337-555.
page(s): 440 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

redescription Holstein, T. 1995. Cnidaria: Hydrozoa. pp. 1-142. In Süsswasserfauna von Mitteleuropa Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart [details]   

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Type locality 
From editor or global species database
Diagnosis Hydroid solitary, with hollow filiform tentacles, but often moniliform distally, in one whorl under hypostome; lower part of hydranth with simple pedal disc, no perisarc except on encysted embryos.. Without medusa phase or gonophore development, eggs and sperm developed directly in epidermis of polyps in wart-like protuberances; asexual reproduction by lateral buds, leading only to temporary colonies [details]