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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicropogonias undulatus (Linnaeus, 1766) 
AphiaID: 151158

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPisces (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorActinopterygii (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerciformes (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSciaenidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicropogonias (Genus) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicropogonias undulatus (Species)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicropogonias Bonaparte, 1831
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBodianus costatus Mitchill, 1815
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicropogon lineatus Cuvier, 1830
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMicropogon undulatus (Linnaeus, 1766)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPerca undulata Linnaeus, 1766
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSciaena croker Lacepède, 1802
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1766). Systema naturae sive regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae. 12th ed. v. 1 (pt 1): 1-532. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorknorreposUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAmerikaanse zeeraaf  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorhardheadUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgolden croaker [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic croakerUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAtantic croaker [from synonym]  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortambour brésilien  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgurrubata  [details]
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Distribution 
From regional or thematic species database
Belgium
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgium (introduced: alien[details]
From other sources
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Mexico
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Mexico [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone (introduced: alien[details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSchelde estuary [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLernaeenicus radiatus Le Sueur, 1824 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachiella gulosa Wilson C.B., 1915 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus mugilis Vogt, 1877 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMixtio inversa (Wilson C.B., 1913) (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorErgasilus nanus Beneden, 1870 [via synonym] (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDelivering Alien Invasive Species Inventories for Europe (DAISIE) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (24 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (35 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo FishBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (52 nucleotides; 57 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Belgium (Nation) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAlien species The Atlantic croaker or hardhead Micropogonias undulatus was previously only found along the east coast of the American continent, where it is one of the most common benthic fish. With its benthic lifestyle it is very unlikely that the species crossed the Atlantic Ocean by itself. Thus,via transport in ballast water of ships could be the origin of an introduction in Europe. Since 1998, the Atlantic croaker is found in low numbers in both Belgium and The Netherlands. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Feeds mainly on worms, crustaceans and fishes [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution American species, found for the first time in Belgian (and even European) waters in the night of 16 to 17 August 1998, a second time in 2001 in the Zeeschelde [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Western Atlantic: from 42.35°N to Massachusetts, USA (excluding Florida) and northern Gulf of Mexico to northern Mexico; possibly from southern Brazil to Argentina. Uncertain in southern Gulf of Mexico, Lesser Antilles and southern Caribbean  [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat benthic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat Occurs usually over mud and sandy mud bottoms in coastal waters and in estuaries where the nursery and feeding grounds are located. [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Social- Commercial, fishery and gamefish [details]
Images Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show unreviewed]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:151158
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2005-04-05 14:04:50Z  created  Claus, Simon
2008-01-15 17:27:08Z  changed  Bailly, Nicolas
  
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  Citation: Bailly, N. (2014). Micropogonias undulatus. In: Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. (2014) FishBase. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=151158 on 2014-11-26
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License