WoRMS name details

Clymene Lamarck, 1818

146846  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:146846)

nomen dubium
Genus
Clymenoida Williams, 1852 (indeterminable, but likely a lapsus for Clymene)
Subgenus Clymene (Isocirrus)
  » Species Clymene (Isocirrus) wolffi Kirkegaard, 1959 accepted as Isocirrus wolffi (Kirkegaard, 1959) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Clymene (Praxillella)
  » Species Clymene (Praxillella) affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) accepted as Praxillella affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Clymene (Praxillella) saldanha Day, 1955 accepted as Macroclymene saldanha (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene cirrosa Sars, 1851
Species Clymene cylindricauda Sars, 1867
Species Clymene insignis Baird, 1873
Species Clymene laeviceps Sars, 1867
Species Clymene neapolitana Delle Chiaje, 1841
Species Clymene paucicirrata G.O. Sars, 1872
Species Clymene truncata Quatrefages, 1850
Species Clymene uranthus Savigny, 1822

Species Clymene amphistoma Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable?)
Species Clymene arenicoida Williams, 1852 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable)

Species Clymene borealis Dalyell, 1853 (nomen dubium)
Species Clymene diadema Grube, 1868 (nomen dubium)
Species Clymene ebiensis Milne Edwards, 1843 (nomen dubium, indeterminable)
Species Clymene urceolatus Leidy, 1855 (nomen dubium, indeterminable)

Subgenus Clymene (Euclymene) Verrill, 1900 accepted as Euclymene Verrill, 1900 (superseded status)
  » Species Clymene (Euclymene) grossa Baird, 1873 accepted as Maldanella grossa (Baird, 1873) (superseded combination)
  » Species Clymene (Euclymene) oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) accepted as Euclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Clymene (Euclymene) papillata Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939 accepted as Euclymene papillata (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene affinis M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Praxillella affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene africana Gravier, 1906 accepted as Euclymene africana (Gravier, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene biceps Sars, 1861 accepted as Chirimia biceps biceps (Sars, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene brachysoma Orlandi, 1898 accepted as Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene cingulata Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Clymenopsis cingulata (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene cirrata Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Clymenura cirrata (Ehlers, 1887) (basionym)
Species Clymene claparedei Orlandi, 1898 accepted as Euclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene collaris (Claparède, 1869) accepted as Euclymene collaris (Claparède, 1869) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Clymene digitata Grube, 1863 accepted as Euclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene droebachiensis Sars, 1872 accepted as Euclymene droebachiensis (Sars, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene glandularis Day, 1955 accepted as Isocirrus glandularis (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene gracilis Sars, 1861 accepted as Praxillella gracilis (M. Sars, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene grossa Baird, 1873 accepted as Maldanella grossa (Baird, 1873) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene harai Izuka, 1902 accepted as Maldanella harai (Izuka, 1902) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene integrinatis Haswell, 1883 accepted as Petaloproctus integrinatis (Haswell, 1883) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene intermedia Örsted, 1844 accepted as Praxillella praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Praxillella kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene koreni Hansen, 1878 accepted as Maldane sarsi Malmgren, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene leiopygos Grube, 1860 accepted as Leiochone leiopygos (Grube, 1860) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene lombricoides Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene lophoseta Orlandi, 1898 accepted as Praxillella affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene lumbricalis Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Nicomache lumbricalis (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene lumbricoides [auct. misspelling] accepted as Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (lapsus)
Species Clymene lyrocephala Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Isocirrus lyrocephalus (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene microcephala Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Nicomache lumbricalis (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene mirabilonga Moore, 1903 accepted as Isocirrus mirabilonga (Moore, 1903) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene modesta Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene monilis Fauvel, 1902 accepted as Macroclymene monilis (Fauvel, 1902) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene mossambica Day, 1957 accepted as Euclymene mossambica (Day, 1957) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene muelleri Sars, 1856 accepted as Proclymene muelleri (Sars, 1856) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene natalensis Day, 1957 accepted as Euclymene natalensis (Day, 1957) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene oerstedii Claparède, 1863 accepted as Euclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene palermitana Grube, 1840 accepted as Euclymene palermitana (Grube, 1840) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene planiceps M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Isocirrus planiceps (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (basionym)
Species Clymene praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) accepted as Praxillella praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Clymene producta Lewis, 1897 accepted as Macroclymene producta (Lewis, 1897) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene quadrilobata Sars, 1856 accepted as Pseudoclymene quadrilobata (M. Sars, 1856) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene santandarensis accepted as Macroclymene santanderensis (Rioja, 1917) (misspelling, superseded original combination)
Species Clymene santanderensis Rioja, 1917 accepted as Macroclymene santanderensis (Rioja, 1917) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene spatulata Grube, 1855 accepted as Petaloproctus terricolus Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Clymene torquatus Leidy, 1855 accepted as Clymenella torquata (Leidy, 1855) (basionym)
Species Clymene tropica Monro, 1928 accepted as Isocirrus tropicus (Monro, 1928) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene watsoni Gravier, 1906 accepted as Euclymene watsoni (Gravier, 1906) (superseded original combination)
Species Clymene zostericola Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Euclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 339 [details]   
Etymology Presumed to be the female name used in ancient Greece. In mythology Clymene was a river nymph, daughter of Ocean and...  
Etymology Presumed to be the female name used in ancient Greece. In mythology Clymene was a river nymph, daughter of Ocean and Tethys. Although Clymene itself is indeterminable there are several maldanid genera based on modifications of the name (Macroclymenella, Macroclymene, Euclymene, Abyssoclymene, Aclymene, Clymenura, Clymenopsis, Lumbriclymene, Lumbriclymenella, Microclymene, Petaloclymene, Proclymene, Pseudoclymene) [details]

Homonymy Although widely considered (see comments of Day below) a junior homonym to a usage by Oken, the prior use of Clymene by...  
Homonymy Although widely considered (see comments of Day below) a junior homonym to a usage by Oken, the prior use of Clymene by Oken (1807, 1815) can probably be ignored, although strictly the ICZN would need to rule on this (see comment under Clymene Oken, 1807, 1815, Aphia 596529), which leaves Clymene Lamarck, 1818 as the senior of the Clymene homonyms (there are others in Mammalia and Insecta) to follow the mention in Oken. However, the Clymene type species, Clymene amphistoma Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 appears to be indeterminable.
Day (1961: 520) commented that: "several workers, including Arwidsson (1922) and Hartman (1959), have pointed out that not only is Clymene preoccupied [probably is not] but it was also founded on three [but see below] indeterminate species one of which was probably a species of Nicomache. Thus in spite of the fact that it has gained respectability with long usage it must be replaced by valid and more accurately defined genera." Day is incorrect that Clymene was founded on three species, as Lamarck only published Clymene amphistoma, with the other two species published later by Savigny. [GBR updated Nov. 2017] [details]
Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2018). World Polychaeta database. Clymene Lamarck, 1818. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=146846 on 2018-07-20
Date
action
by
2005-02-01 11:51:29Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2009-10-27 01:10:13Z
changed
2012-03-18 20:53:40Z
changed
2012-03-19 23:32:05Z
changed
2012-09-25 23:46:15Z
changed
2017-11-11 02:38:33Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 339 [details]   

original description  (ofClymenoida Williams, 1852) Williams, Thomas 1852. Report on the British Annelida. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851: 159-272. plates 2-11 [bound at end of volume], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13846822
page(s): 209 [details]   

basis of record Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Authority Lamarck alone is the author as the text is not a copy from Savigny. There is no doubt that Lamarck derived and based Clymene on the MS of Savigny (as he comments "In making known to us the singular genus of the clymens, M. Savigny has enlightened us in a particular manner to which we did not think with regard to the annelids"), but Savigny did not write the genus diagnosis text in Lamarck, and Savigny's later presentation in 1822 is very different [details]

Etymology Presumed to be the female name used in ancient Greece. In mythology Clymene was a river nymph, daughter of Ocean and Tethys. Although Clymene itself is indeterminable there are several maldanid genera based on modifications of the name (Macroclymenella, Macroclymene, Euclymene, Abyssoclymene, Aclymene, Clymenura, Clymenopsis, Lumbriclymene, Lumbriclymenella, Microclymene, Petaloclymene, Proclymene, Pseudoclymene) [details]

Homonymy Although widely considered (see comments of Day below) a junior homonym to a usage by Oken, the prior use of Clymene by Oken (1807, 1815) can probably be ignored, although strictly the ICZN would need to rule on this (see comment under Clymene Oken, 1807, 1815, Aphia 596529), which leaves Clymene Lamarck, 1818 as the senior of the Clymene homonyms (there are others in Mammalia and Insecta) to follow the mention in Oken. However, the Clymene type species, Clymene amphistoma Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 appears to be indeterminable.
Day (1961: 520) commented that: "several workers, including Arwidsson (1922) and Hartman (1959), have pointed out that not only is Clymene preoccupied [probably is not] but it was also founded on three [but see below] indeterminate species one of which was probably a species of Nicomache. Thus in spite of the fact that it has gained respectability with long usage it must be replaced by valid and more accurately defined genera." Day is incorrect that Clymene was founded on three species, as Lamarck only published Clymene amphistoma, with the other two species published later by Savigny. [GBR updated Nov. 2017] [details]

From other sources
Validity Indeterminable [details]