WoRMS name details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene Lamarck, 1818

146846  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:146846)

nomen dubium
Genus
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymenoida Williams, 1852 (indeterminable, but likely a lapsus for Clymene)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Isocirrus)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Isocirrus) wolffi Kirkegaard, 1959 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsocirrus wolffi (Kirkegaard, 1959) (superseded original combination)
Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Praxillella)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Praxillella) affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPraxillella affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Praxillella) saldanha Day, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacroclymene saldanha (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene cirrosa Sars, 1851
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene cylindricauda Sars, 1867
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene insignis Baird, 1873
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene laeviceps Sars, 1867
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene neapolitana Delle Chiaje, 1841
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene paucicirrata G.O. Sars, 1872
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene truncata Quatrefages, 1850
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene uranthus Savigny, 1822

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene amphistoma Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable?)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene arenicoida Williams, 1852 (taxon inquirendum, indeterminable)

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene borealis Dalyell, 1853 (nomen dubium)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene diadema Grube, 1868 (nomen dubium)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene ebiensis Milne Edwards, 1843 (nomen dubium, indeterminable)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene urceolatus Leidy, 1855 (nomen dubium, indeterminable)

Subgenus Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Euclymene) Verrill, 1900 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene Verrill, 1900 (superseded status)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Euclymene) grossa Baird, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMaldanella grossa (Baird, 1873) (superseded combination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Euclymene) oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (superseded recombination)
  » Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene (Euclymene) papillata Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene papillata (Berkeley & Berkeley, 1939) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene affinis M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPraxillella affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene africana Gravier, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene africana (Gravier, 1905) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene biceps Sars, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChirimia biceps biceps (Sars, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene brachysoma Orlandi, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene cingulata Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymenopsis cingulata (Ehlers, 1887) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene cirrata Ehlers, 1887 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymenura cirrata (Ehlers, 1887) (basionym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene claparedei Orlandi, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene collaris (Claparède, 1869) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene collaris (Claparède, 1869) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene digitata Grube, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene droebachiensis Sars, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene droebachiensis (Sars, 1872) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene glandularis Day, 1955 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsocirrus glandularis (Day, 1955) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene gracilis Sars, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPraxillella gracilis (M. Sars, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene grossa Baird, 1873 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMaldanella grossa (Baird, 1873) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene harai Izuka, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMaldanella harai (Izuka, 1902) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene integrinatis Haswell, 1883 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetaloproctus integrinatis (Haswell, 1883) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene intermedia Örsted, 1844 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPraxillella praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPraxillella kerguelensis (McIntosh, 1885) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene koreni Hansen, 1878 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMaldane sarsi Malmgren, 1865 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene leiopygos Grube, 1860 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLeiochone leiopygos (Grube, 1860) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene lombricoides Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene lophoseta Orlandi, 1898 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPraxillella affinis (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene lumbricalis Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicomache lumbricalis (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene lumbricoides [auct. misspelling] accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (lapsus)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene lyrocephala Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsocirrus lyrocephalus (Schmarda, 1861) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene microcephala Schmarda, 1861 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNicomache lumbricalis (Fabricius, 1780) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene mirabilonga Moore, 1903 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsocirrus mirabilonga (Moore, 1903) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene modesta Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene monilis Fauvel, 1902 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacroclymene monilis (Fauvel, 1902) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene mossambica Day, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene mossambica (Day, 1957) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene muelleri Sars, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorProclymene muelleri (Sars, 1856) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene natalensis Day, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene natalensis (Day, 1957) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene oerstedii Claparède, 1863 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene oerstedii (Claparède, 1863) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene palermitana Grube, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene palermitana (Grube, 1840) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene planiceps M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsocirrus planiceps (M. Sars in G.O. Sars, 1872) (basionym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPraxillella praetermissa (Malmgren, 1865) (superseded subsequent combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene producta Lewis, 1897 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacroclymene producta (Lewis, 1897) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene quadrilobata Sars, 1856 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPseudoclymene quadrilobata (M. Sars, 1856) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene santandarensis accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacroclymene santanderensis (Rioja, 1917) (misspelling, superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene santanderensis Rioja, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMacroclymene santanderensis (Rioja, 1917) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene spatulata Grube, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPetaloproctus terricolus Quatrefages, 1866 (subjective synonym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene torquatus Leidy, 1855 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymenella torquata (Leidy, 1855) (basionym)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene tropica Monro, 1928 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIsocirrus tropicus (Monro, 1928) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene watsoni Gravier, 1906 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene watsoni (Gravier, 1906) (superseded original combination)
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymene zostericola Quatrefages, 1866 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuclymene lombricoides (Quatrefages, 1866) (subjective synonym)
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 339 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Presumed to be the female name used in ancient Greece. In mythology Clymene was a river nymph, daughter of Ocean and...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Presumed to be the female name used in ancient Greece. In mythology Clymene was a river nymph, daughter of Ocean and Tethys. Although Clymene itself is indeterminable there are several maldanid genera based on modifications of the name (Macroclymenella, Macroclymene, Euclymene, Abyssoclymene, Aclymene, Clymenura, Clymenopsis, Lumbriclymene, Lumbriclymenella, Microclymene, Petaloclymene, Proclymene, Pseudoclymene) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomonymy Although widely considered (see comments of Day below) a junior homonym to a usage by Oken, the prior use of Clymene by...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomonymy Although widely considered (see comments of Day below) a junior homonym to a usage by Oken, the prior use of Clymene by Oken (1807, 1815) can probably be ignored, although strictly the ICZN would need to rule on this (see comment under Clymene Oken, 1807, 1815, Aphia 596529), which leaves Clymene Lamarck, 1818 as the senior of the Clymene homonyms (there are others in Mammalia and Insecta) to follow the mention in Oken. However, the Clymene type species, Clymene amphistoma Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 appears to be indeterminable.
Day (1961: 520) commented that: "several workers, including Arwidsson (1922) and Hartman (1959), have pointed out that not only is Clymene preoccupied [probably is not] but it was also founded on three [but see below] indeterminate species one of which was probably a species of Nicomache. Thus in spite of the fact that it has gained respectability with long usage it must be replaced by valid and more accurately defined genera." Day is incorrect that Clymene was founded on three species, as Lamarck only published Clymene amphistoma, with the other two species published later by Savigny. [GBR updated Nov. 2017] [details]
Read, G. (2017). Clymene Lamarck, 1818. In: Read, G.; Fauchald, K. (Ed.) (2017). World Polychaeta database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=146846 on 2018-01-20

Date
action
by
2005-02-01 11:51:29Z
created
2008-03-26 11:36:43Z
changed
2009-10-27 01:10:13Z
changed
2012-03-18 20:53:40Z
changed
2012-03-19 23:32:05Z
changed
2012-09-25 23:46:15Z
changed
2017-11-11 02:38:33Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, Jean Baptiste de. (1818). [USE FOR POLYCHAETA = Vol. 5. Annelides of ...] Histoire naturelle des Animaux sans Vertèbres, préséntant les caractères généraux et particuliers de ces animaux, leur distribution, leurs classes, leurs familles, leurs genres, et la citation des principales espèces qui s'y rapportent; precedes d'une Introduction offrant la determination des caracteres essentiels de l`Animal, sa distinction du vegetal et desautres corps naturels, enfin, l'Exposition des Principes fondamentaux de la Zoologie]. Paris, Deterville, 612 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12886879
page(s): 339 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorClymenoida Williams, 1852) Williams, Thomas 1852. Report on the British Annelida. Report of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, 1851: 159-272. plates 2-11 [bound at end of volume], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13846822
page(s): 209 [details]   

basis of record Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   

additional source Fauchald, K. (1977). The polychaete worms, definitions and keys to the orders, families and genera. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County: Los Angeles, CA (USA), Science Series. 28:1-188., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/123110.pdf [details]   
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Lamarck alone is the author as the text is not a copy from Savigny. There is no doubt that Lamarck derived and based Clymene on the MS of Savigny (as he comments "In making known to us the singular genus of the clymens, M. Savigny has enlightened us in a particular manner to which we did not think with regard to the annelids"), but Savigny did not write the genus diagnosis text in Lamarck, and Savigny's later presentation in 1822 is very different [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEtymology Presumed to be the female name used in ancient Greece. In mythology Clymene was a river nymph, daughter of Ocean and Tethys. Although Clymene itself is indeterminable there are several maldanid genera based on modifications of the name (Macroclymenella, Macroclymene, Euclymene, Abyssoclymene, Aclymene, Clymenura, Clymenopsis, Lumbriclymene, Lumbriclymenella, Microclymene, Petaloclymene, Proclymene, Pseudoclymene) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHomonymy Although widely considered (see comments of Day below) a junior homonym to a usage by Oken, the prior use of Clymene by Oken (1807, 1815) can probably be ignored, although strictly the ICZN would need to rule on this (see comment under Clymene Oken, 1807, 1815, Aphia 596529), which leaves Clymene Lamarck, 1818 as the senior of the Clymene homonyms (there are others in Mammalia and Insecta) to follow the mention in Oken. However, the Clymene type species, Clymene amphistoma Savigny in Lamarck, 1818 appears to be indeterminable.
Day (1961: 520) commented that: "several workers, including Arwidsson (1922) and Hartman (1959), have pointed out that not only is Clymene preoccupied [probably is not] but it was also founded on three [but see below] indeterminate species one of which was probably a species of Nicomache. Thus in spite of the fact that it has gained respectability with long usage it must be replaced by valid and more accurately defined genera." Day is incorrect that Clymene was founded on three species, as Lamarck only published Clymene amphistoma, with the other two species published later by Savigny. [GBR updated Nov. 2017] [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorValidity Indeterminable [details]
 



Feeding Type
deposit feeder: subsurface [details]
grazer [details]