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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira C.Agardh, 1820 
AphiaID: 144126

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChromista (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHarosa (Subkingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterokonta (Infrakingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOchrophyta (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhaeista (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLimnista (Infraphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFucistia (Superclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhaeophyceae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorFucales (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassaceae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Genus
Typetaxon Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira concatenata (Linnaeus) C.Agardh, 1820
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassaceae Kützing, 1843
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAbrotanifolia Stackhouse, 1809 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCarpodesmia Greville, 1830 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophyllum J.Agardh, 1848 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGongolaria Boehmer, 1760 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMonilifera Stackhouse, 1809
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSirophysalis Kützing, 1843 (synonym)
Sources  basis of record Guiry, M.D. (2001). Macroalgae of Rhodophycota, Phaeophycota, Chlorophycota, and two genera of Xanthophycota, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 20-38 (look up in IMIS[details]

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Direct child
taxa (120)

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 Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira abies-marina (S.G.Gmelin) C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira algeriensis Feldmann, 1945
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira amentacea (C.Agardh) Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1832
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1952
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira barbata (Stackhouse) C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira barbatula Kützing, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira brachycarpa J.Agardh, 1896
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira compressa (Esper) Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1975
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira corniculata (Turner) Zanardini, 1841
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira crinita Duby, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira crinitophylla Ercegovic, 1952
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira dubia Valiante, 1883
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira elegans Sauvageau, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira flaccida Kützing, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea (Linnaeus) Greville, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira funkii Schiffner ex Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1976
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira granulata C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira helvetica Heer, 1877 †
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira humilis Schousboe ex Kützing, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira hyblaea Giaccone, 1985
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira hypocarpa Kützing, 1854
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira lepidium Ruprecht, 1850
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira macrocarpa Kützing, 1854
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira masoudii Nizamuddin, 1995
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira mauritanica Sauvageau, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira mediterranea Sauvageau, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira montagnei J.Agardh, 1842
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira nodicaulis (Withering) M.Roberts, 1967
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira pelagosae Ercegovic, 1952
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira platyclada Sauvageau, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira rayssiae E.Ramon, 2000
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira sauvageauana G.Hamel, 1939
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira sedoides (Desfontaines) C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira selaginoides Naccari, 1828
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira senegalensis P.A.Dangeard, 1938
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira sonderi (Kützing) Piccone, 1886
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spicigera C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spinosa Sauvageau, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira squarrosa De Notaris, 1841
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira susanensis Nizamuddin, 1985
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira tamariscifolia (Hudson) Papenfuss, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira thysigera Postels & Ruprecht, 1840
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira usneoides (Linnaeus) M.Roberts, 1968
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira wildpretii Nizamuddin, 1995
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira zosteroides C.Agardh, 1820

Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira abrotanifolia (Linnaeus) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea (Linnaeus) Greville, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira acanthophora Schiffner, 1926 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea f. schiffneri (Hamel) Gómez Garreta, Barceló, Ribera & Rull Lluch, 2001
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira adriatica Sauvageau, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spinosa Sauvageau, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira articulata J.Agardh, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHormophysa cuneiformis (J.F.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira aurantia Kützing, 1843 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira concatenata f. repens A.D.Zinova & Kalugina accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira barbata f. aurantia (Kützing) Giaccone, 1985
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira balearica Sauvageau, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira brachycarpa J.Agardh, 1896
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira banksii (Turner) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHormosira banksii (Turner) Decaisne, 1842
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira bosphorica Sauvageau, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira crinita f. bosphorica (Sauvageau) A.D.Zinova & Kalugina, 1974
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira brownii (Turner) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora brownii (Turner) J.Agardh, 1848
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira caespitosa Sauvageau, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira brachycarpa var. balearica (Sauvageau) Giaccone, 1992 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira brachycarpa J.Agardh, 1896
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira canariensis Sauvageau, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira humilis Schousboe ex Kützing, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira concatenata (Linnaeus) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea (Linnaeus) Greville, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira crassipes (Mertens ex Turner) C.Agardh, 1821 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis crassipes (Mertens ex Turner) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira decipiens (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh, 1821 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassum decipiens (R.Brown ex Turner) J.Agardh, 1873
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira discors (Linnaeus) C.Agardh, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea (Linnaeus) Greville, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira douglasii Harvey, 1840 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis osmundacea (Turner) Trevisan, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira dumosa Greville ex Sonder, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora dumosa (Greville ex Sonder) J.Agardh, 1870
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira ensifolia C.Agardh, 1824 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassum ensifolium (C.Agardh) J.Agardh, 1873
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira epiphytica Schiffner ex Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1976 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira humilis Schousboe ex Kützing, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira ercegovicii Giaccone, 1973 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea (Linnaeus) Greville, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira erica-marina (S.G.Gmelin) Naccari, 1828 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spinosa Sauvageau, 1912
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira ericoides (Linnaeus) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira tamariscifolia (Hudson) Papenfuss, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira expansa C.Agardh, 1824 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis osmundacea (Turner) Trevisan, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira fibrosa (Hudson) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1952
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira filicina Bory de Saint-Vincent accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira compressa (Esper) Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1975
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira fimbriata Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira compressa (Esper) Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1975
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira fucoides Ercegovic, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira dubia Valiante, 1883
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira geminata C.Agardh, 1824 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis geminata (C.Agardh) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira gerloffi Nizamuddin, 1978 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spinosa var. tenuior (Ercegovic) M.Cormaci, G.Furnari, G.Giaccone, B.Scammacca & D.Serio, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira gibraltarica (Sauvageau) P.Dangeard, 1949 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira mauritanica Sauvageau, 1911
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira graeca Schiffner ex Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1975 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira barbatula Kützing, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira grevillei C.Agardh ex Sonder, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora grevillei (C.Agardh ex Sonder) J.Agardh, 1848
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira hakodatensis (Yendo) Fensholt, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis hakodatensis (Yendo) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira hoppii C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira barbata (Stackhouse) C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira indica (Thivy & Doshi) Mairh, 1968 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycladia indica (Thivy & Doshi) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira jabukae Ercegovic, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spinosa var. tenuior (Ercegovic) M.Cormaci, G.Furnari, G.Giaccone, B.Scammacca & D.Serio, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira latifrons (Kützing) De Toni, 1895 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHormophysa cuneiformis (J.F.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira muricata C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira trinodis (Forsskål) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIn quarantine: not visible on public site
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira myrica (S.G.Gmelin) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPolycladia myrica (S.G.Gmelin) Draima, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira myriophylloides Sauvageau, 1912 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira humilis var. myriophylloides (Sauvageau) J.H.Price & D.M.John, 1978
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira neglecta Setchell & N.L.Gardner, 1917 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis neglecta (Setchell & N.L.Gardner) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira nodularia (Mertens) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHormophysa cuneiformis (J.F.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira opuntioides Bory de Saint-Vincent ex Montagne, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira zosteroides C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira osmundacea (Turner) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis osmundacea (Turner) Trevisan, 1843
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira pectinata Greville & C.Agardh ex Sonder, 1846 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora pectinata (Greville & C.Agardh ex Sonder) J.Agardh, 1848
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira phyllamphora C.Agardh, 1821 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoccophora langsdorfii (Turner) Greville, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira planiramea Schiffner ex Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1975 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira humilis Schousboe ex Kützing, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira platyramosa Ercegovic, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spinosa var. compressa (Ercegovic) Cormaci, G.Furnari, Giaccone, Scammacca & D.Serio, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira prolifera J.Agardh, 1848 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHormophysa cuneiformis (J.F.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira pumila Kützing, 1860 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira humilis Schousboe ex Kützing, 1860
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira pycnoclada Schiffner ex Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1976 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea f. schiffneri (Hamel) Gómez Garreta, Barceló, Ribera & Rull Lluch, 2001
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira rechingerii Schiffner ex Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1975 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spinosa var. tenuior (Ercegovic) M.Cormaci, G.Furnari, G.Giaccone, B.Scammacca & D.Serio, 1992
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira retorta (Mertens) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora retorta (Mertens) J.Agardh, 1848
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira retroflexa (Labillardière) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora retroflexa (Labillardière) J.Agardh, 1848
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira robusta J.Agardh, 1896 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAcrocarpia robusta Womersley, 1964
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira schiffneri Hamel, 1939 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira foeniculacea f. schiffneri (Hamel) Gómez Garreta, Barceló, Ribera & Rull Lluch, 2001
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira selaginoides (Linnaeus) Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1832 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira tamariscifolia (Hudson) Papenfuss, 1950
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira setchellii N.L.Gardner, 1913 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorStephanocystis setchellii (N.L.Gardner) Draisma, Ballesteros, F.Rousseau & T.Thibaut, 2010
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira sicula Schiffner ex Gerloff & Nizamuddin, 1976 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira sauvageauana G.Hamel, 1939
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira siliquastra (Mertens ex Turner) C.Agardh, 1824 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassum siliquastrum (Turner) C.Agardh, 1820
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira siliquosa (Linnaeus) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHalidrys siliquosa (Linnaeus) Lyngbye, 1819
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spartioides (Turner) C.Agardh accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora moniliformis (Esper) Womersley & Nizamuddin, 1964
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira spicata Ercegovic, 1952 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira amentacea var. stricta Montagne, 1846
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira stricta (Montagne) Sauvageau, 1911 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira amentacea var. stricta Montagne, 1846
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira subfarcinata (Mertens) C.Agardh, 1824 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora subfarcinata (Mertens) J.Agardh, 1848
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira swartzii (C.Agardh) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassum thunbergii (Mertens ex Roth) Kuntze, 1898
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira thesiophylla Duby, 1830 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira baccata (S.G.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1952
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira thunbergii (Mertens ex Roth) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassum thunbergii (Mertens ex Roth) Kuntze, 1898
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira tilesii (C.Agardh) C.Agardh, 1823 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCoccophora langsdorfii (Turner) Greville, 1830
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira torulosa (R.Brown ex Turner) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystophora torulosa (R.Brown ex Turner) J.Agardh, 1848
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira trinodis (Forsskål) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIn quarantine: not visible on public site
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira triquetra C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHormophysa cuneiformis (J.F.Gmelin) P.C.Silva, 1987
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira tristicha Greville & C.Agardh, 1830 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSargassum tristichum Sonder, 1845
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira virgata Endlicher & Diesing, 1845 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira trinodis (Forsskål) C.Agardh, 1820 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIn quarantine: not visible on public site
Species Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira wildprettii Nizamuddin accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCystoseira wildpretii Nizamuddin, 1995
Environment marine
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPublished in AlgaeBase Logo AlgaeBase 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Note 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLSID urn:lsid:algaebase.org:taxname:8387 [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:144126
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Guiry, Michael D.
2008-10-30 07:14:46Z  changed  Guiry, Michael D.
2012-07-04 13:40:04Z  changed  Guiry, Michael D.
  
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  Citation: Guiry, Michael D. (2014). Cystoseira. In: Guiry, M.D. & Guiry, G.M. (2014). AlgaeBase. World-wide electronic publication, National University of Ireland, Galway (taxonomic information republished from AlgaeBase with permission of M.D. Guiry). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=144126 on 2014-12-29
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