WoRMS taxon details

Haliclona (Gellius) pulitzeri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020

1424324  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:1424324)

accepted
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 56 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

(of Gellius subtilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982) Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1982 [1980-1981]). Some new or little-known sponges from the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. <em>Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici dell'Universitá di Genova.</em> 48-49: 87-141. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(of Microxina subtilis (Pulitzer-Finali, 1982)) Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1982 [1980-1981]). Some new or little-known sponges from the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. <em>Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici dell'Universitá di Genova.</em> 48-49: 87-141. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Holotype  (of Gellius subtilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982)...  
Holotype (of Gellius subtilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982) MSNG 46941, geounit Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef [details]
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 56) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona...  
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 56) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona (Reniera) subtilis Griessinger, 1971 and Haliclona (Gellius) subtilis (Pulitzer-Finali, 1982).
1. Haliclona subtilis Griessinger, 1971: 154 (type locality Marseille, Western Mediterranean). This original combination was reassigned to Haliclona (Reniera) Schmidt, 1862: 72 as Haliclona (Reniera) subtilis by De Weerdt (2000: 7).
2. Gellius subtilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982: 111 (type locality Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef). Gellius Gray, 1867: 522 is a junior synonym of Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5, but is currently maintained as a subgenus Haliclona (Gellius). The description of Pulitzer-Finali (1982) conforms to the definition of the subgenus as revised by De Weerdt (2002: 859). Remarkably, Wiedenmayer in Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 322) reassigned Gellius subtilis to the genus Microxina Topsent, 1916: 170 without explanation. We fail to see how this transfer can be justified, because Microxina has a spined surface and a multispicular skeletal reticulation with a spicule complement including large thick oxeas and a separate type of microxeas, all unlike the skeleton of Gellius subtilis. All other Microxina species originate in Antarctic waters, away from the tropical type locality of the present species. The synonymy of Pulitzer’s species to Haliclona (Gellius) subtilis was proposed to revert the genus assignment. This created a junior secondary homonym with Griessinger’s species, requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Haliclona (Reniera) subtilis Griessinger, 1971 as senior secondary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.3). Haliclona (Gellius) subtilis (Pulitzer-Finali, 1982) is a junior secondary homonym, which needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). Haliclona (Gellius) pulitzeri nom. nov.was proposed to remove the homonymy. [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M.; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J.L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R.; Morrow, C.C. (2020). World Porifera Database. Haliclona (Gellius) pulitzeri Van Soest & Hooper, 2020. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=1424324 on 2020-08-15
Date
action
by
2020-03-08 13:22:15Z
created

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original description Van Soest, R. W. M.; Hooper, J. N. A.; Butler, P. J. (2020). Every sponge its own name: removing Porifera homonyms. <em>Zootaxa.</em> 4745(1): 1-93., available online at https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4745.1.1
page(s): 56 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Gellius subtilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982) Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1982 [1980-1981]). Some new or little-known sponges from the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. <em>Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici dell'Universitá di Genova.</em> 48-49: 87-141. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Microxina subtilis (Pulitzer-Finali, 1982)) Pulitzer-Finali, G. (1982 [1980-1981]). Some new or little-known sponges from the Great Barrier Reef of Australia. <em>Bollettino dei Musei e degli Istituti Biologici dell'Universitá di Genova.</em> 48-49: 87-141. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

Holotype (of Gellius subtilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982) MSNG 46941, geounit Central and Southern Great Barrier Reef [details]
From editor or global species database
Nomenclature We cite here Van Soest et al.'s (2020: 56) explanation for the nomen novum.
Removal of homonymy between Haliclona (Reniera) subtilis Griessinger, 1971 and Haliclona (Gellius) subtilis (Pulitzer-Finali, 1982).
1. Haliclona subtilis Griessinger, 1971: 154 (type locality Marseille, Western Mediterranean). This original combination was reassigned to Haliclona (Reniera) Schmidt, 1862: 72 as Haliclona (Reniera) subtilis by De Weerdt (2000: 7).
2. Gellius subtilis Pulitzer-Finali, 1982: 111 (type locality Heron Island, Great Barrier Reef). Gellius Gray, 1867: 522 is a junior synonym of Haliclona Grant, 1841: 5, but is currently maintained as a subgenus Haliclona (Gellius). The description of Pulitzer-Finali (1982) conforms to the definition of the subgenus as revised by De Weerdt (2002: 859). Remarkably, Wiedenmayer in Hooper & Wiedenmayer (1994: 322) reassigned Gellius subtilis to the genus Microxina Topsent, 1916: 170 without explanation. We fail to see how this transfer can be justified, because Microxina has a spined surface and a multispicular skeletal reticulation with a spicule complement including large thick oxeas and a separate type of microxeas, all unlike the skeleton of Gellius subtilis. All other Microxina species originate in Antarctic waters, away from the tropical type locality of the present species. The synonymy of Pulitzer’s species to Haliclona (Gellius) subtilis was proposed to revert the genus assignment. This created a junior secondary homonym with Griessinger’s species, requiring a new name (ICZN Art. 60.3).
3. Summary: Haliclona (Reniera) subtilis Griessinger, 1971 as senior secondary homonym is to be maintained (ICZN Art. 57.3). Haliclona (Gellius) subtilis (Pulitzer-Finali, 1982) is a junior secondary homonym, which needed to be renamed (ICZN Art. 60.3). Haliclona (Gellius) pulitzeri nom. nov.was proposed to remove the homonymy. [details]