WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhiline aperta (Linnaeus, 1767)

140744  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140744)

accepted
Species
marine
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulla aperta Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Philine aperta and P. quadripartita have long...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Philine aperta and P. quadripartita have long been treated as synonyms. However, according to Price et al. (2011), based on anatomy, there are two distinct species, the first one in South Africa and Mozambique, the second one in European seas. [details]
Gofas, S. (2014). Philine aperta (Linnaeus, 1767). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140744 on 2017-12-18

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2014-01-31 10:00:09Z
changed
2014-05-27 13:42:04Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulla aperta Linnaeus, 1767) Linnaeus C. (1767). Caroli Linnaei...Systema naturae per regna tria naturae: secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio duodecima. 1. Regnum Animale. 1 & 2 Holmiae, Laurentii Salvii. Holmiae [Stockholm], Laurentii Salvii. pp. 1-532 [1766] pp. 533-1327 [1767]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83650#5 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

taxonomy source Price R.M., Gosliner T.M. & Valdés A. (2011) Systematics and phylogeny of Philine (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), with emphasis on the Philine aperta species complex. The Veliger 51(2): 1-58. [26 May 2011], available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42497280 [details]   

additional source Behrens D.W. (2004) Pacific Coast nudibranchs, Supplement II. New species to the Pacific Coast and new information on the oldies. Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences (4) 55(2): 11–54., available online at http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/scipubs/pdfs/v55/proccas_v55_n02.pdf [details]   

additional source Kilburn, R.N. & Rippey, E. (1982) Sea Shells of Southern Africa. Macmillan South Africa, Johannesburg, xi + 249 pp.
page(s): 131 [details]   

additional source Steyn, D.G. & Lussi, M. (1998) Marine Shells of South Africa. An Illustrated Collector’s Guide to Beached Shells. Ekogilde Publishers, Hartebeespoort, South Africa, ii + 264 pp.
page(s): 176 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBullaea capensis Pfeiffer, 1840) Price R.M., Gosliner T.M. & Valdés A. (2011) Systematics and phylogeny of Philine (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), with emphasis on the Philine aperta species complex. The Veliger 51(2): 1-58. [26 May 2011], available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42497280 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBulla schroeteri Philippi, 1844) Price R.M., Gosliner T.M. & Valdés A. (2011) Systematics and phylogeny of Philine (Gastropoda: Opisthobranchia), with emphasis on the Philine aperta species complex. The Veliger 51(2): 1-58. [26 May 2011], available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/42497280 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Philine aperta and P. quadripartita have long been treated as synonyms. However, according to Price et al. (2011), based on anatomy, there are two distinct species, the first one in South Africa and Mozambique, the second one in European seas. [details]
 

Feeding Type
omnivore [details]
predator [details]
scavenger [details]