WoRMS taxon details

Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797

140605  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140605)

accepted
Species
marine, fresh, terrestrial
Cuvier G.L. (1798). Tableau élementaire de l'Histoire Naturelle des Animaux. Paris, Baudouin. xvi + 710 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/42906
page(s): 380 [details]   
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 233: specific name of type species of Octopus Cuvier, 1797  
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 233: specific name of type species of Octopus Cuvier, 1797 [details]

Distribution circum-global  
Distribution circum-global [details]

Distribution Western Atlantic: Occurs primarily south of Cape Hatteras, but it is distributed as far north as Connecticut.  
Distribution Western Atlantic: Occurs primarily south of Cape Hatteras, but it is distributed as far north as Connecticut. [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140605 on 2018-06-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2018-02-07 15:28:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Cuvier G.L. (1798). Tableau élementaire de l'Histoire Naturelle des Animaux. Paris, Baudouin. xvi + 710 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/42906
page(s): 380 [details]   

original description  (ofOctopus cassiopea Gray, 1849) Gray, J. E. (1849). Catalogue of the Mollusca in the collection of the British Museum I: Cephalopoda antepedia. London: British Museum. 164 pages., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47563
page(s): 9 [details]   

original description  (ofOctopus ruber Rafinesque, 1814) Rafinesque, C.S. (1814). Précis des découvertes et travaux somiologiques de Mr. C.S. Rafinesque-Schmaltz entre 1800 et 1814; ou choix raisonné de ses principales découvertes en zoologie et en botanique, pour servir d'introduction à ses ouvrages futurs. Palerme. 1-55.
page(s): 28 [details]   

original description  (ofOctopus pilosus Risso, 1826) Risso, A. (1826-1827). Histoire naturelle des principales productions de l'Europe Méridionale et particulièrement de celles des environs de Nice et des Alpes Maritimes. Paris, Levrault: Vol. 1: xii+448 pp., 1 map [1826]; Vol. 2: vii+482 pp., 8 pls [November 1827]; Vol. 3: xvi+480 pp.,14 pls [September 1827]; Vol. 4: iv+439 pp., 12 pls [November 1826]; Vol. 5: viii+400 pp., 10 pls [November 1827]. . 3(XVI): 1-480, 14 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/58984
page(s): 4 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofOctopus tuberculatus Blainville, 1826) Defrance J. L. M. (1804-1845). [Mineralogie et Geologie] IN Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles dans lequel on traite méthodiquement des diffrents êtres de la nature. (par plusieurs professeurs du Jardin du Roi ..., Georges Cuvier, ed.). Paris Vol. 1-2 [1804]. Vol. 3-4 [1806]. Suppl. 1 [1816]. Vol. 5-9 [1817]. Vol. 10-12 [1818]. Vol. 13-15 [1819]. Vol. 16-17 [1820]. Vol. 18-22 [1821]. Vol. 23-25 [1822]. Vol. 26-29 [1823]Vol. 30-33 [1824]. Vol. 34-38 [1825]. Vol. 39-44 [1826]. Vol. 45-51 [1827]. Vol. 52-53 [1828]. Vol. 54 [1829]. Vol. 55-57 [1828]. Vol. 58-59 [1829]. Vol. 60 [1830]. Vol. 61 [1845]., available online at http://dx.doi.org/10.5962/bhl.title.42219
page(s): vol. 43, p. 187 [details]   

original description  (ofSepia octopus Gmelin, 1791) Gmelin J.F. (1791). Vermes. In: Gmelin J.F. (Ed.) Caroli a Linnaei Systema Naturae per Regna Tria Naturae, Ed. 10. Tome 1(6). G.E. Beer, Lipsiae [Leipzig]. pp. 3021-3910. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/83098#5
page(s): 3 149 [details]   

original description  (ofSepia polypus Oken, 1815) Oken, L. 1815-1816. Lehrbuch Der Naturgeschichte. Dritter Theil, Zoologie. Erste Abteilung, Fleischlose Thiere: 1-841 (Register) (1815); Atlas: I-Iv, pls. I-Xvii (1816)., available online at http://books.google.com/books?id=Spo5AAAAcAAJ
page(s): 243 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofSepia rugosa Bosc, 1792) Bosc [L. A. G.] (1792). Sepia rugosa. Actes de la Société d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris 1: 24, Pl. 5
page(s): 24 [details]   

basis of record Norman M.D., Finn J.K. & Hochberg F.G. (2014). Family Octopodidae. pp. 36-215, in P. Jereb, C.F.E. Roper, M.D. Norman & J.K. Finn eds. Cephalopods of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of cephalopod species known to date. Volume 3. Octopods and Vampire Squids. FAO Species Catalogue for Fishery Purposes [Rome, FAO]. 4(3): 353 pp. 11 pls. [details]   

additional source Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

additional source Roper, C.F.E., M.J. Sweeney & C.E. Nauen (1984). FAO Species catalogue. Vol 3. Cephalopods of the World. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of species of interest to fisheries. FAO Fish. Synop. (125), Vol 3: 277 p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofSepia rugosa Bosc, 1792) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofSepia polypus Oken, 1815) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofSepia octopus Gmelin, 1791) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus troschelii Targioni-Tozzetti, 1869) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus tuberculatus Blainville, 1826) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus bitentaculatus Risso, 1854) Adam, W. (1942). Notes sur les Céphalopodes: 21. A propos d'une publication peu connue de A. Risso 1854 [Notes on the cephalopods: 21. On a hardly known publication from A. Risso 1854]. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 18(25): 1-36 (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus bitentaculatus Risso, 1854) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus rabassin Risso, 1854) Adam, W. (1942). Notes sur les Céphalopodes: 21. A propos d'une publication peu connue de A. Risso 1854 [Notes on the cephalopods: 21. On a hardly known publication from A. Risso 1854]. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 18(25): 1-36 (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus rabassin Risso, 1854) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus pilosus Risso, 1826) Adam, W. (1942). Notes sur les Céphalopodes: 21. A propos d'une publication peu connue de A. Risso 1854 [Notes on the cephalopods: 21. On a hardly known publication from A. Risso 1854]. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 18(25): 1-36 (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus ruber Rafinesque, 1814) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus tetradynamus Rafinesque, 1814) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus troscheli Targioni-Tozzetti, 1869) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus tuberculatus Targioni-Tozzetti, 1869) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus bakerii d'Orbigny, 1826) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus eudora Gray, 1849) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus geryonea Gray, 1849) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus americanus Froriep, 1806) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus pilosus Risso, 1826) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus tritentaculatus Risso, 1854) Adam, W. (1942). Notes sur les Céphalopodes: 21. A propos d'une publication peu connue de A. Risso 1854 [Notes on the cephalopods: 21. On a hardly known publication from A. Risso 1854]. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 18(25): 1-36 (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus tritentaculatus Risso, 1854) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus niger Risso, 1854) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus niger Risso, 1854) Adam, W. (1942). Notes sur les Céphalopodes: 21. A propos d'une publication peu connue de A. Risso 1854 [Notes on the cephalopods: 21. On a hardly known publication from A. Risso 1854]. Bull. Mus. royal d'Hist. Nat. Belg./Med. Kon. Natuurhist. Mus. Belg. 18(25): 1-36 (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofOctopus rugosus (Bosc, 1792)) Vine, P. (1986). Red Sea Invertebrates. Immel Publishing, London. 224 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofOctopus rugosus (Bosc, 1792)) Spencer, H.G., Marshall, B.A. & Willan, R.C. (2009). Checklist of New Zealand living Mollusca. Pp 196-219. in: Gordon, D.P. (ed.) New Zealand inventory of biodiversity. Volume one. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. Canterbury University Press, Christchurch. [details]   

status source  (ofOctopus rugosus (Bosc, 1792)) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus albus Rafinesque, 1814) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus brevitentaculatus Blainville, 1826) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus cassiopeia Gray, 1849) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus coerulescentes Fra Piero, 1895) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus heteropus Rafinesque, 1814) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus maculatus Rafinesque, 1814) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus moschatus Rafinesque, 1814) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofOctopus octopodia Tryon, 1879) Norman M.D. & Hochberg F.G. (2005) The current state of Octopus taxonomy. Phuket Marine Biological Center Research Bulletin 66:127–154. [details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) City University of Hong Kong. (2013). Provision of Services for Species Identification and Data Analysis ofEpibenthic Organisms from Hong Kong Water. Final report. Environmental Protection Department. Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 233: specific name of type species of Octopus Cuvier, 1797 [details]

From other sources
Authority Winkworth (1932), Jaeckel (1958) and Abbott (1974) mention "Lamarck, 1798" as authority. Other authors however mention "Cuvier, 1797" (McKay & Smith, 1979; Heppel & Smith, 1983). Until the original description is checked the first authors are followed. [details]

Distribution circum-global [details]

Distribution Western Atlantic: Occurs primarily south of Cape Hatteras, but it is distributed as far north as Connecticut. [details]

Habitat coastal to shelf [details]

Habitat Known from seamounts and knolls [details]
 

LanguageName 
Albanian tetëkëmbëshioktapodi i zakonshëmlikurishtja  [details]
Catalan pop verpop roquer  [details]
Czech chobotnice pobřežní  [details]
Danish almindelig ottearmet blæksprutte  [details]
Dutch kraakgewoone octopusgewone octopusgewone achtarmachtarm  [details]
English scuttlecommon octopus  [details]
Finnish meritursas  [details]
French poulpe de rochepoulpe communpoulpepieuvre communepieuvre  [details]
Galician polvo  [details]
German Krakegewöhnlicher Krakegemeiner Krake  [details]
Hassaniyya azeiz  [details]
Italian polpo di scogliopolpo comune  [details]
Japanese マダコma-dako tako  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Χταπόδι  [details]
Polish ośmiornica zwyczajna  [details]
Portuguese polvo-vulgarpolvo comum  [details]
Russian obiknovenniy shprotobiknovenniy osminog  [details]
Spanish pulpo de rocapulpo comúnpulpo  [details]
Swedish attaarmade bläckfiskar  [details]