WoRMS taxon details

Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758

140480  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140480)

accepted
Species

Subspecies Mytilus edulis aoteanus Powell, 1958 accepted as Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819
Subspecies Mytilus edulis chilensis Hupé, 1854 accepted as Mytilus chilensis Hupé, 1854
Subspecies Mytilus edulis declivis Petrov, 1982 accepted as Mytilus trossulus Gould, 1850
Subspecies Mytilus edulis desolationis Lamy, 1936 accepted as Mytilus platensis d'Orbigny, 1842
Subspecies Mytilus edulis diegensis Coe, 1945 accepted as Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819
Subspecies Mytilus edulis edulis Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758
Subspecies Mytilus edulis galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 (synonym)
Subspecies Mytilus edulis giganteus Nordmann, 1862 accepted as Mytilus zonarius Lamarck, 1819 accepted as Mytilus californianus Conrad, 1837
Subspecies Mytilus edulis kussakini Scarlato & Starobogatov, 1979 accepted as Mytilus trossulus Gould, 1850
Subspecies Mytilus edulis latissimus Carpenter, 1857 accepted as Mytilus trossulus Gould, 1850
Subspecies Mytilus edulis normalis Carpenter, 1857 accepted as Mytilus trossulus Gould, 1850
Subspecies Mytilus edulis platensis d'Orbigny, 1842 accepted as Mytilus platensis d'Orbigny, 1842
Subspecies Mytilus edulis pusillus MacGillivray, 1843 accepted as Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758
Subspecies Mytilus edulis zhirmunskii Scarlato & Starobogatov, 1979 accepted as Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819
Subspecies Mytilus edulis zhurmunski Scarlato & Starobogatov, 1979 accepted as Mytilus galloprovincialis Lamarck, 1819 (synonym)
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 705 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
Note «in O. Europaeo, Indico & M. Balthico»  
From editor or global species database
Type locality «in O. Europaeo, Indico & M. Balthico» [details]
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 333: specific name of type species of Mytilus Linnaeus, 1758  
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 333: specific name of type species of Mytilus Linnaeus, 1758 [details]

Distribution Arctic Ocean to South Carolina; Alaska to Carolina  
Distribution Arctic Ocean to South Carolina; Alaska to Carolina [details]
MolluscaBase eds. (2020). MolluscaBase. Mytilus edulis Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140480 on 2020-09-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 705 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Mytilus abbreviatus Lamarck, 1819) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1819). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome sixième, 1re partie. Paris: published by the Author, vi + 343 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47441
page(s): 127 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus minganensis Mighels, 1844) Mighels, J. W. (1844). Some specimens of shells, with descriptions. <em>Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History.</em> 1: 187-189.
page(s): 188 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus notatus DeKay, 1843) DeKay J.E. (1843). Zoology of New York, vol. 1 zoology, part V Mollusca. <i>Albany 271 p.</i>:
page(s): 182; pl. 13, fig. 223 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus pellucidus Pennant, 1777) Pennant, T. (1777). British Zoology, vol. IV. Crustacea. Mollusca. Testacea. <em>London.</em> i-viii, 1-154, Plates 1-93., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/127011
page(s): 95; pl. 63 fig. 75 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus retusus Lamarck, 1819) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1819). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome sixième, 1re partie. Paris: published by the Author, vi + 343 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47441
page(s): 127 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus subsaxatilis Williamson, 1834) Williamson W. (1834). A notice of localities, habits, characteristics, and synonymes of a rare British species of <i>Mytilus</i>.. <i>Magazine of Natural History 7</i>: 353-354
page(s): 353-354 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus ungulatus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). <i>Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis</i>. Editio decima, reformata [10th revised edition], vol. 1: 824 pp. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. , available online at https://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/726886
page(s): 705 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (of Mytilus variabilis Fischer von Waldheim, 1807) Fischer von W. G. (1807). Museum Demidoff, ou, Catalogue systématique et raisonné des curiosités de la nature et de l'art: données à l'Université Impériale de Moscou par son excellence Monsieur Paul de Demidoff. <em>Moscow: Imprimerie de Université Impériale de Moscou.</em> 3: 300pp. 6pls., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/160942
page(s): 249. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Mytilus vulgaris da Costa, 1778) Da Costa, Mendes E. (1778). Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, or, the British conchology; containing the descriptions and other particulars of natural history of the shells of Great Britain and Ireland: illustrated with figures. In English and French. - Historia naturalis testaceorum Britanniæ, ou, la conchologie Britannique; contenant les descriptions & autres particularités d'histoire naturelle des coquilles de la Grande Bretagne & de l'Irlande: avec figures en taille douce. En anglois & françois., i-xii, 1-254, i-vii, [1], Pl. I-XVII. London. (Millan, White, Emsley & Robson)., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13116783
page(s): 216-218; pl. 15 fig. 5 left [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Perna ungulina Philipsson, 1788) Retzius A.J. (1788). <i>Dissertatio historico-naturalis sistens nova testaceorum genera. Quam præside D. M. Andr. J. Retzio (...) ad publicum examen defert Laurentius Münter Philipsson</i>. 4+23 pp. Lund. , available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/dms/load/img/?PID=PPN581964985|LOG_0001&physid=PHYS_0004
page(s): 21 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (of Mytilus angulatus Williamson, 1834) Williamson W. (1834). A notice of localities, habits, characteristics, and synonymes of a rare British species of <i>Mytilus</i>.. <i>Magazine of Natural History 7</i>: 353-354
page(s): 354 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus petasunculinus Locard, 1886) Locard A. (1886). Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusque marins. <i>Lyon, H. Georg & Paris, Baillière </i>: pp. X + 778, available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/10831012
page(s): 497, 601 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus solitarius Williamson, 1834) Williamson W. (1834). A notice of localities, habits, characteristics, and synonymes of a rare British species of <i>Mytilus</i>.. <i>Magazine of Natural History 7</i>: 353-354
page(s): 354 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus spathulinus Locard, 1889) Locard A. (1889). Révision des espèces françaises appartenant au genre <i>Mytilus</i>. <em>Bulletin de la Société Malacologique de France.</em> 6: 83-164, pls 3-5., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12243531
page(s): 134 [details]   

original description  (of Mytilus trigonus Locard, 1889) Locard A. (1889). Révision des espèces françaises appartenant au genre <i>Mytilus</i>. <em>Bulletin de la Société Malacologique de France.</em> 6: 83-164, pls 3-5., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/12243531
page(s): 102 [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. <em>BioInvasions Records.</em> 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. <em>Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke.</em> 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (BeRMS 2020) ICES Contaminants and biological effects database (DOME – Biota). The International Council for the Exploration of the Sea, Copenhagen. 2010., available online at http://ecosystemdata.ices.dk [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Abbott R. T. (1974). American seashells. The marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coast of North America. ed. 2. Van Nostrand, New York. 663 pp., 24 pls. [October 1974]. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world's marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Lubet P. (1959). Recherches sur le cycle sexuel et l'émission des gamètes chez les Mytilidés et les Pectinidés. <em>Revue des Travaux de l'Institut des Pêches Maritimes.</em> 23(3): 384-548., available online at http://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/1959/publication-4507.pdf [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Nomenclature ICZN opinion 333: specific name of type species of Mytilus Linnaeus, 1758 [details]

Type locality «in O. Europaeo, Indico & M. Balthico» [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal in Ukrainian part of the Black Sea (Marine Region) : Individual release: deliberate release by individuals [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Ukrainian part of the Black Sea (Marine Region) : Fisheries: deliberate translocations of fish or shellfish to establish or support fishery [details]

From other sources
Dimensions reaches 2.5 to 7.5 cm in size [details]

Distribution Arctic Ocean to South Carolina; Alaska to Carolina [details]

Habitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Reproduction separate sexes, usually not dimorphic in shell structure; fertilization occurs within the mantle cavity anf young hatch as pelagic larvae (generalized for group) [details]
LanguageName 
Basque muskuilu  [details]
Catalan musclo  [details]
Danish blåmusling  [details]
Dutch mosselgewone mosseleetbare mosselblauwe mossel  [details]
English edible blue musselcommon musselcommon blue musselblue musselbay mussel  [details]
French moule communemoule communmoule comestible  [details]
German MiesmuschelGemeine Miesmuschelessbare Miesmuschel  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Μύδι Ατλαντικού  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål blåskjell  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk blåskjel  [details]
Portuguese mexilhao  [details]
Russian midiya  [details]
Spanish mejillón  [details]
Swedish blåmussla  [details]
To NMNH Extant Collection (Mytilus edulis, USNM 331464, dorsal)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To NMNH Extant Collection (Mytilus edulis, USNM 331464, lateral)
To NMNH Extant Coll...
[hosted externally]

To Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History (YPM IZ 077555)
To Yale Peabody Mus...
[hosted externally]