WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachidontes pharaonis (P. Fischer, 1870)

140437  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140437)

accepted
Species
marine
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus pharaonis P. Fischer, 1870) Fischer P. (1870). Sur la faune conchyliologique marine des baies de Suez et de l'Akabah. Journal de Conchyliologie, 18: 161-179, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15160580
page(s): 169 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The earlier name Brachidontes ustulatus...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The earlier name Brachidontes ustulatus (Lamarck, 1819) has been put forward by Huber (2010: 550) as the valid name to be used for this species. However a recent molecular study (Sirna Terranova, Lo Brutto, Arculeo & Mitton, 2007) reveals that the Red Sea and Mediterranean populations, the East African populations and a population from Hong Kong represent three cryptic species of Brachidontes. This implies separating the Red Sea B. pharaonis from the East African B. variabilis and using both names. There is currently an established usage of the name Brachidontes ustulatus for a Western Australian species, and in view of the findings of Sirna Terranova et al., all three names (ustulatus, variabilis and pharaonis) are here listed as "accepted". [details]
Rosenberg, G.; Gofas, S. (2012). Brachidontes pharaonis (P. Fischer, 1870). In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140437 on 2017-12-11

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-12-30 16:08:02Z
changed
2012-03-08 21:04:46Z
changed
2012-07-05 23:43:01Z
changed

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original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus pharaonis P. Fischer, 1870) Fischer P. (1870). Sur la faune conchyliologique marine des baies de Suez et de l'Akabah. Journal de Conchyliologie, 18: 161-179, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15160580
page(s): 169 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Sirna Terranova M., Lo Brutto S., Arculeo M. & Mitton J.B. 2007. A mitochondrial phylogeography of Brachidontes variabilis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) reveals three cryptic species. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 45(4): 289–298.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachyodontes karachiensis Melvill & Standen, 1907) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorModiola compressula Martens & Thiele, 1908) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMytilus arabicus Jousseaume in Lamy, 1919) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorBrachidontes arabicus Lamy, 1919) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Fong, C. W. (1998). Some aspects of the ecology of the seagrass Zostera japonica in Hong Kong. MPhil thesis. The University of Hong Kong.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy The earlier name Brachidontes ustulatus (Lamarck, 1819) has been put forward by Huber (2010: 550) as the valid name to be used for this species. However a recent molecular study (Sirna Terranova, Lo Brutto, Arculeo & Mitton, 2007) reveals that the Red Sea and Mediterranean populations, the East African populations and a population from Hong Kong represent three cryptic species of Brachidontes. This implies separating the Red Sea B. pharaonis from the East African B. variabilis and using both names. There is currently an established usage of the name Brachidontes ustulatus for a Western Australian species, and in view of the findings of Sirna Terranova et al., all three names (ustulatus, variabilis and pharaonis) are here listed as "accepted". [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species abundance in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Dominant [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species impact in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species population trend in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Increasing [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species remark In Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Status questionable in Malta's marine waters [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Egypt (Nation) : Canals: natural range expansion through man-made canals [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Natural dispersal
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Canals: natural range expansion through man-made canals
Suez Canal [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Natural dispersal
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Unknown [details]

Trusted: edited by a thematic editorIntroduced species vector dispersal in Egypt (Nation) : Shipping [details]