WoRMS taxon details

Brachidontes pharaonis (P. Fischer, 1870)

140437  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140437)

accepted
Species
marine
(ofMytilus pharaonis P. Fischer, 1870) Fischer P. (1870). Sur la faune conchyliologique marine des baies de Suez et de l'Akabah. Journal de Conchyliologie, 18: 161-179, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15160580
page(s): 169 [details]   
Taxonomy The earlier name Brachidontes ustulatus (Lamarck, 1819) has been put forward by Huber (2010: 550) as the valid name to be...  
Taxonomy The earlier name Brachidontes ustulatus (Lamarck, 1819) has been put forward by Huber (2010: 550) as the valid name to be used for this species. However a recent molecular study (Sirna Terranova, Lo Brutto, Arculeo & Mitton, 2007) reveals that the Red Sea and Mediterranean populations, the East African populations and a population from Hong Kong represent three cryptic species of Brachidontes. This implies separating the Red Sea B. pharaonis from the East African B. variabilis and using both names. There is currently an established usage of the name Brachidontes ustulatus for a Western Australian species, and in view of the findings of Sirna Terranova et al., all three names (ustulatus, variabilis and pharaonis) are here listed as "accepted". [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Brachidontes pharaonis (P. Fischer, 1870). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140437 on 2018-02-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-12-30 16:08:02Z
changed
2012-03-08 21:04:46Z
changed
2012-07-05 23:43:01Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofMytilus pharaonis P. Fischer, 1870) Fischer P. (1870). Sur la faune conchyliologique marine des baies de Suez et de l'Akabah. Journal de Conchyliologie, 18: 161-179, available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/15160580
page(s): 169 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Sirna Terranova M., Lo Brutto S., Arculeo M. & Mitton J.B. 2007. A mitochondrial phylogeography of Brachidontes variabilis (Bivalvia: Mytilidae) reveals three cryptic species. Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research, 45(4): 289–298.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofBrachyodontes karachiensis Melvill & Standen, 1907) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofModiola compressula Martens & Thiele, 1908) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMytilus arabicus Jousseaume in Lamy, 1919) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofBrachidontes arabicus Lamy, 1919) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) Fong, C. W. (1998). Some aspects of the ecology of the seagrass Zostera japonica in Hong Kong. MPhil thesis. The University of Hong Kong.  [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Taxonomy The earlier name Brachidontes ustulatus (Lamarck, 1819) has been put forward by Huber (2010: 550) as the valid name to be used for this species. However a recent molecular study (Sirna Terranova, Lo Brutto, Arculeo & Mitton, 2007) reveals that the Red Sea and Mediterranean populations, the East African populations and a population from Hong Kong represent three cryptic species of Brachidontes. This implies separating the Red Sea B. pharaonis from the East African B. variabilis and using both names. There is currently an established usage of the name Brachidontes ustulatus for a Western Australian species, and in view of the findings of Sirna Terranova et al., all three names (ustulatus, variabilis and pharaonis) are here listed as "accepted". [details]

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species abundance in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Dominant [details]

Introduced species impact in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species impact in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species population trend in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Increasing [details]

Introduced species remark In Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Status questionable in Malta's marine waters [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Egypt (Nation) : Canals: natural range expansion through man-made canals [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Natural dispersal
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Canals: natural range expansion through man-made canals
Suez Canal [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Natural dispersal
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (IHO Sea Area) : Ships: accidental as attached or free-living fouling organisms
Spread as far as Sicily probably via ship fouling. Evidence of pelagic larvae spread on natural currents. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Maltese part of the Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin (Marine Region) : Unknown [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Egypt (Nation) : Shipping [details]