WoRMS taxon details

Mya arenaria Linnaeus, 1758

140430  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140430)

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Distribution Labrador to off Georgia; Western Europe  
Distribution Labrador to off Georgia; Western Europe [details]

Distribution Circumboreal, not reaching the Mediterranean  
Distribution Circumboreal, not reaching the Mediterranean [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Mya arenaria Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140430 on 2018-06-23
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofMya arenaria var. ovata Jensen, 1900) Jensen A.S. (1900). Om levninger av grundtvandsdyr paa store havdyb mellem Jan Mayen og Island.. Videnskablige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Köbenhavn 1900: 229-239. [details]   

original description  (ofMya elongata Locard, 1886) Locard A. (1886). Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusque marins. Lyon, H. Georg & Paris, Baillière : pp. X + 778, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40914#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 383, 586-587 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Gosner, K. L. (1971). Guide to identification of marine and estuarine invertebrates: Cape Hatteras to the Bay of Fundy. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 693 p. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Thomas, M.L.H. (ed.). 1983. Marine and coastal systems of the Quoddy Region, New Brunswick. Canadian Special Publication of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 64. 306 p. [details]   

additional source Streftaris, N.; Zenetos, A.; Papathanassiou, E. (2005). Globalisation in marine ecosystems: the story of non-indigenous marine species across European seas. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 43: 419-453. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Abbott R. T. (1974). American seashells. The marine Mollusca of the Atlantic and Pacific coast of North America. ed. 2. Van Nostrand, New York. 663 pp., 24 pls. [October 1974]. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Rosenberg, G. 1992. Encyclopedia of Seashells. Dorset: New York. 224 pp.
page(s): 164 [details]   

additional source Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A.; Marchini, A.; Cantone, G.; Castelli, A.; Chimenz, C.; Cormaci, M.; Froglia, C.; Furnari, G.; Gambi, M. C.; Giaccone, G.; Giangrande, A.; Gravili, C.; Mastrototaro, F.; Mazziotti, C.; Orsi-Relini, L.; Piraino, S. (2010). Alien species along the Italian coasts: an overview. Biological Invasions. 13(1): 215-237., available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-010-9803-y [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Zhang J.L., Xu F.S. & Liu J.Y. (2012) The Myidae (Mollusca, Bivalvia) from Chinese waters with description of a new species. Zootaxa 3383: 39–60. [Published 10 July 2012], available online at http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2012/2/zt03383p060.pdf [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Trott, T. J. (2004). Cobscook Bay inventory: a historical checklist of marine invertebrates spanning 162 years. Northeastern Naturalist. 11, 261-324., available online at http://www.gulfofmaine.org/kb/files/9793/TROTT-Cobscook%20List.pdf [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Turgeon, D.; Quinn, J.F.; Bogan, A.E.; Coan, E.V.; Hochberg, F.G.; Lyons, W.G.; Mikkelsen, P.M.; Neves, R.J.; Roper, C.F.E.; Rosenberg, G.; Roth, B.; Scheltema, A.; Thompson, F.G.; Vecchione, M.; Williams, J.D. (1998). Common and scientific names of aquatic invertebrates from the United States and Canada: mollusks. 2nd ed. American Fisheries Society Special Publication, 26. American Fisheries Society: Bethesda, MD (USA). ISBN 1-888569-01-8. IX, 526 + cd-rom pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya elongata Locard, 1886) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya hemphilli Newcomb, 1874) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya lata J. Sowerby, 1815) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya oonogai Makiyama, 1935) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofSphenia ovoidea Carpenter, 1864) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya acuta Say, 1822) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya subtruncata Woodward, 1833) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya arenaria corbuloides Comfort, 1938) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya acuta mercenaria Say, 1822) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya subovata Woodward, 1833) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya arenaria var. ovata Jensen, 1900) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofMya alba Agassiz, 1839) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya communis Megerle von Mühlfeld, 1811) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya corpulenta Conrad, 1845) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofMya declivis Pennant, 1777) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (HKRMS) City University of Hong Kong. (2010). Provision of Services for Species Identification and Data Analysis of Epibenthic Organisms from Hong Kong Water. Final report. Environmental Protection Department. Department of Biology and Chemistry, City University  [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species abundance in Ireland (Nation) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Denmark (Nation) : Common [details]

Introduced species abundance in Portugal (Nation) : Rare [details]

Introduced species impact in Norway (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Latvian part of the Gulf of Riga (Marine Region) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species impact in United Kingdom (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Celtic Sea (IHO Sea Area) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Estonia (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Dutch part of the North Sea : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in United States (Alaska) part of the Gulf of Alaska (Marine Region) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Italy (Nation) : Outcompetes native species for resources and/or space [details]

Introduced species impact in Denmark (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Ireland (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in France (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in Iceland (Nation) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Dutch part of the North Sea : Natural dispersal [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Portugal (Nation) : Suspected to have been introduced intentionally. [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Dutch part of the North Sea : Shipping [details]

Introduced species vector dispersal in Belgian part of the North Sea: Ships: accidental with ballast water, sea water systems, live wells or other deck basins [details]

From other sources
Alien species It is believed that the softshell or sand gaper Mya arenaria was introduced from America in the 16th or 17th century. There is also evidence that Vikings brought this species to Europe around 1245-1295, intentionally as food or accidentally in bilge water. Because the sand gaper is able to survive in different types of environments, it has a worldwide distribution. It is a large clamp – up to 15 centimetres – which, when abundantly present, can significantly influence the environment. Because of its entrenched way of life (sometimes up to 50 centimetres deep in the soil!) its presence often remains unnoticed. [details]

Dimensions reaches 2.5 to 15 cm in size [details]

Distribution Labrador to off Georgia; Western Europe [details]

Distribution Circumboreal, not reaching the Mediterranean [details]

Habitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Reproduction Fertilization occurs externally in the water column where all of the larval developmental stages occur. [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish almindelig sandmusling  [details]
Dutch strandgapergrote strandgaper  [details]
English steamer clamsoftshell clamsoftshellsand gaperlong necked clam  [details]
French mye des sablesmyeclauquebec de jar  [details]
German SandmuschelSandklaffmuschelKlaffmuschel  [details]
Japanese オオノガイ [from synonym]  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Σκαφτιάς  [details]
Polish małgiew piaskołaz  [details]