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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) 
AphiaID: 140299

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMollusca (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBivalvia (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHeterodonta (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorEuheterodonta (Infraclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVeneroida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactroidea (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactridae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra Linnaeus, 1767
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium corallinum Linnaeus, 1758
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra alba Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra bourguignati Locard, 1890
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra candida Nardo, 1847
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea Montagu, 1808 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea atlantica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea grangeri Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea oceanica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea var. lignaria Monterosato, 1878
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea var. trigona Pallary, 1938
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina cinerea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. atlantica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. grangeri Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. oceanica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. trigona Pallary, 1938 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra fasciata Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra inflata Bronn, 1830
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra intermedia Aradas, 1847 (dubious synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra lactea Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra paulucciae Aradas & Benoit, 1872
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra rufa Lamarck, 1818
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella radiata da Costa, 1778
Sources  original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/no_cache/dms/load/toc/?IDDOC=265100 [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormidhja lugë [from synonym]  [details]
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorou  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortykskallet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandschelpUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrote strandschelpUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrote gestreepte trogschelp [from synonym]  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrayed trough-shell [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrayed trough shell  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormactre coralline [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrande mactre  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemeine Trogmuschel [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbunte Trogmuschel  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormadia comune  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΜικρή γυαλιστερή  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralmeijola [from synonym]  [details]
Environment marine
Distribution 
From other sources
Belgium
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDe Haan [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostduinkerke [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorOostende [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWenduine [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Eastern Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGreek Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Gabès [details]
Mediterranean Sea - Western Basin
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTunis Gulf [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorIrish Exclusive economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDutch Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGoote Bank [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
Tunisia
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBizerte Lagoon [details]
United Kingdom
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBritish Isles [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorwegian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWest Africa [details]
Host of  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (6 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (393 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo CLEMAM 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Bivalves of the British Isles webpage at National Museum of Wales 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Linnaeus, 1758 has descibed Cardium corallinumas well as Cardium stultorum , the first hails from the mediterranean, the second from West-Europe.
According to Lucas (1974a), Poutiers (1978), McKay & Smith (1979) and Van Aartsen et al. (1984) these two species are synonyms. When two synonyms are published simultanious than is "the relative priority determined by the action of the first reviser " according to ICZN art. 24.2. But in this case it is not easy to determine who is the first reviser. This and the discussion of Dodge (1952) in mind the species name Mactra corallina should be better. This name is first mentionned in Linnaeus' Systema Naturae, but ICZN does not recognize page priority. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Montagu treated in 1803 only M. stultorum and in 1808 he described a species M. cinerea that had a lot of resemblance with the first. Nowadays M. cinerea is treated as a subspecies of M. corallina according to Janssen et al. (1984). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature If Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) and Mactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758), simultaneously described in the Systema Naturae, are considered synonyms, the name to be used as valid is determined under ICZN article 24.1, by the action of the first author citing in a published work those names or acts and selecting from them (the "First Reviser"). The earliest such action that could be traced is that of Philippi (1844: p. 10) who uses Mactra stultorum as valid and writes (in translation) "the shell varies to completely white, which is M. corallina L.". The option taken by Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus (1896, their statement on p. 556) of choosing M. corallina is not supported, as the ICZN does not consider page priority.  [details]
ImageChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)Specimen from La Goulette, Tunisia (soft bottoms 3-4 m, 23.07.2009),  actual size 48 mm. E: detail of hinge, arrow indicates chondrophore
Mactra stultorum (Linn...

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editor[show all]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140299
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  Gofas, Serge
  
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  Citation: Gofas, S. (2014). Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140299 on 2014-10-21
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