WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758)

140299 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140299)
accepted
Species
marine
(ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 681 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature If Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) and...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature If Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) and Mactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758), simultaneously described in the Systema Naturae, are considered synonyms, the name to be used as valid is determined under ICZN article 24.1, by the action of the first author citing in a published work those names or acts and selecting from them (the "First Reviser"). The earliest such action that could be traced is that of Philippi (1844: p. 10) who uses Mactra stultorum as valid and writes (in translation) "the shell varies to completely white, which is M. corallina L.". The option taken by Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus (1896, their statement on p. 556) of choosing M. corallina is not supported, as the ICZN does not consider page priority.  [details]
Gofas, S. (2004). Mactra stultorum. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140299 on 2017-11-23

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea Montagu, 1808) Montagu, G. (1808). Supplement to Testacea Britannica with Additional Plates. Woolmer, Exeter. v + 183 pp., pl. 17-30., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/page/24430722 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 681 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium corallinum Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra candida Nardo, 1847) Nardo, Giovanni Domenico. (1847). Sinonimia moderna delle specie regisrate nell'opera intitolati: descrizione d'crostacei, de testacei e de pesci che abitano le lagune e golfo veneto rappres- sentanti in figure, a chiaroscuro ed a colori dall' Abata Stefano Chiereghini: Venezia, Ven. Clodiense applicata per commissione governativa dal Dr. Gio. Domenico Nardo. , available online at http://books.google.es/books?id=wU09AAAAYAAJ [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra inflata Bronn, 1830) Bronn, H. G. (1831). Ubersicht der Fossilen Uberreste in den tertiären subappeninischen Gebirgen. Italiens Tertiär-Gebilde und deren organische Einschlüsse. Heidelberg pp. XII + 176 + 1 pl: , available online at https://books.google.com/books?id=iv4JAAAAIAAJ [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra fasciata Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome cinquième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337
page(s): 475 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra rufa Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome cinquième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337
page(s): 478 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella radiata da Costa, 1778) da Costa E. M. (1778). Historia Naturalis Testaceorum Britanniae, or, The British Conchology. London: Millan, White, Elmsley & Robson. xii + 254 + viii pp. 17 pls., available online at http://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=ucm.5329027802
page(s): 196-197; pl. 12 fig. 3 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra intermedia Aradas, 1847) Aradas A. (1847). Descrizione delle conchiglie fossili di Gravitelli presso Messina. Atti dell'Accademia Gioenia di Scienze Naturali (2) 4: 57-88
page(s): 245-246; pl. 2 fig. 9 a,b [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. trigona Pallary, 1938) Pallary P. 1938. Les Mollusques marins de la Syrie. Journal de Conchyliologie, 82: 5-58, pl. 1-2, available online at http://gallica.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/bpt6k55670854/f8.image
page(s): 55 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. grangeri Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy E., Dautzenberg P. & Dollfus G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, november 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, august 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, may 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, april 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, april 1891; pp. 221-272, pl. 38-44, april 1892; pp. 273-320, pl. 45-51, may 1892; pp. 321-388, pl. 52-59, november 1893; pp. 389-450, pl. 60-67, december 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, march 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, april 1896; p. 621-690, pl. 89-95, march 1898; p. 693-884, pl. 96-99, october 1898]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103592 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. atlantica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy E., Dautzenberg P. & Dollfus G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, november 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, august 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, may 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, april 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, april 1891; pp. 221-272, pl. 38-44, april 1892; pp. 273-320, pl. 45-51, may 1892; pp. 321-388, pl. 52-59, november 1893; pp. 389-450, pl. 60-67, december 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, march 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, april 1896; p. 621-690, pl. 89-95, march 1898; p. 693-884, pl. 96-99, october 1898]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103592 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. oceanica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy E., Dautzenberg P. & Dollfus G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, november 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, august 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, may 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, april 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, april 1891; pp. 221-272, pl. 38-44, april 1892; pp. 273-320, pl. 45-51, may 1892; pp. 321-388, pl. 52-59, november 1893; pp. 389-450, pl. 60-67, december 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, march 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, april 1896; p. 621-690, pl. 89-95, march 1898; p. 693-884, pl. 96-99, october 1898]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103592 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. lignaria Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Bucquoy E., Dautzenberg P. & Dollfus G. (1887-1898). Les mollusques marins du Roussillon. Tome II. Pélécypodes. Paris, J.B. Baillière & fils 884 p., 99 pl. [pp. 1-24, pl. 1-6, november 1887; pp. 25-60, pl. 7-11, august 1888; pp. 61-112, pl. 12-21, may 1889; pp. 113-172, pl. 22-29, april 1890; pp. 173-220, pl. 30-37, april 1891; pp. 221-272, pl. 38-44, april 1892; pp. 273-320, pl. 45-51, may 1892; pp. 321-388, pl. 52-59, november 1893; pp. 389-450, pl. 60-67, december 1893; pp. 453-540, pl. 68-70, march 1895; pp. 541-620, pl. 79-88, april 1896; p. 621-690, pl. 89-95, march 1898; p. 693-884, pl. 96-99, october 1898]. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/103592
page(s): 558 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Patrimoines Naturels. 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Zamouri-Langar, N.; Chouba, L.; Ajjabi Chebil, L.; Mrabet, R.; El Abed, A. (2011). Les coquillages bivalves des côtes tunisiennes. Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer: Salammbô. ISBN 978-9938-9512-0-2. 128 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium corallinum Linnaeus, 1758) Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium corallinum Linnaeus, 1758) Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea Montagu, 1808) Eneman, E. (1984). Uit het Natuurhistorisch Archief [From the Natural History Archive]. De Strandvlo 4(1): 4-17 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra cinerea Montagu, 1808) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758)) Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758) Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorCardium stultorum Linnaeus, 1758) Backeljau, T. (1986). Lijst van de recente mariene mollusken van België [List of the recent marine molluscs of Belgium]. Koninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen: Brussels, Belgium. 106 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra inflata Bronn, 1830) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra lactea (Poli, 1795) sensu Lamarck, 1818) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1818). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome cinquième. Paris: Deterville/Verdière, 612 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/46337
page(s): 477 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra lactea (Poli, 1795) sensu Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra candida Nardo, 1847) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra alba Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra bourguignati Locard, 1890) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. lignaria Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Lamy E. 1917-1918. Révision des Mactridae vivants du Muséum national d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris. Journal de Conchyliologie, 63(3): 173-275 [1917]; 63(4): 291-411 [1918], available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/16014565
page(s): 189 [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. oceanica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. atlantica Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. grangeri Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus, 1896) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorTrigonella radiata da Costa, 1778) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. lignaria Monterosato, 1878) Monterosato, T. A. (di). (1878). Enumerazione e sinonimia delle Conchiglie mediterranee. Giornale di scienze naturali ed economiche di Palermo. 13: 61-115., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/35333762
page(s): 73 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra corallina var. lignaria Monterosato, 1878) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra rufa Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorMactra fasciata Lamarck, 1818) Huber, M. (2010). Compendium of bivalves. A full-color guide to 3,300 of the world’s marine bivalves. A status on Bivalvia after 250 years of research. Hackenheim: ConchBooks. 901 pp., 1 CD-ROM. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Linnaeus, 1758 has descibed Cardium corallinumas well as Cardium stultorum , the first hails from the mediterranean, the second from West-Europe.
According to Lucas (1974a), Poutiers (1978), McKay & Smith (1979) and Van Aartsen et al. (1984) these two species are synonyms. When two synonyms are published simultanious than is "the relative priority determined by the action of the first reviser " according to ICZN art. 24.2. But in this case it is not easy to determine who is the first reviser. This and the discussion of Dodge (1952) in mind the species name Mactra corallina should be better. This name is first mentionned in Linnaeus' Systema Naturae, but ICZN does not recognize page priority. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAuthority Montagu treated in 1803 only M. stultorum and in 1808 he described a species M. cinerea that had a lot of resemblance with the first. Nowadays M. cinerea is treated as a subspecies of M. corallina according to Janssen et al. (1984). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNomenclature If Mactra stultorum (Linnaeus, 1758) and Mactra corallina (Linnaeus, 1758), simultaneously described in the Systema Naturae, are considered synonyms, the name to be used as valid is determined under ICZN article 24.1, by the action of the first author citing in a published work those names or acts and selecting from them (the "First Reviser"). The earliest such action that could be traced is that of Philippi (1844: p. 10) who uses Mactra stultorum as valid and writes (in translation) "the shell varies to completely white, which is M. corallina L.". The option taken by Bucquoy, Dautzenberg & Dollfus (1896, their statement on p. 556) of choosing M. corallina is not supported, as the ICZN does not consider page priority.  [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHerrmannella rostrata Canu, 1891 (parasitic: ectoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormidhja lugë [from synonym]  [details]
Catalan Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorou  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editortykskallet trugmusling  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorstrandschelpUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrote strandschelpUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrote gestreepte trogschelp [from synonym]  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrayed trough-shell [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrayed trough shell  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormactre corallineUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrande mactre  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorStrahlenkörbchenUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgemeine Trogmuschel [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorbunte Trogmuschel  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormadia comune  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΜικρή γυαλιστερή  [details]
Portuguese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoralmeijola [from synonym]  [details]