WoRMS taxon details

Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)

140264  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140264)

accepted
Species

Forma Littorina saxatilis f. abbreviata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Forma Littorina saxatilis f. conoidea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Forma Littorina saxatilis f. elongata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Forma Littorina saxatilis f. minor Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Littorina saxatilis groenlandica (Menke, 1830) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Littorina saxatilis jugosa Montagu, 1803 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Littorina saxatilis nigrolineata Gray, 1839 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Littorina saxatilis patula Thorpe, 1844 accepted as Littorina arcana Hannaford-Ellis, 1978
Subspecies Littorina saxatilis rudis (Maton, 1797) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Littorina saxatilis scotia Graham, 1988 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Subspecies Littorina saxatilis tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. cinerea Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. clarilineata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. fulva Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. gascae Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. groenlandica (Menke, 1830) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. hieroglyphica Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. interrupta Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. lagunae Barnes, 1993 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. lugubris Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. miniata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina compressa Jeffreys, 1865
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. nigra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. nojensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. rubra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. rubrolineata Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. rudis (Maton, 1797) accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. salvati Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. sellensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. tractibus Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
Variety Littorina saxatilis var. trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912 accepted as Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792)
marine
Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

(ofTurbo saxatilis Olivi, 1792) Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881
page(s): 172; pl. 5 fig. 3 a-c [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Distribution Arctic seas to Cape May, New Jersey; Arctic seas to Puget sound  
Distribution Arctic seas to Cape May, New Jersey; Arctic seas to Puget sound [details]

Taxonomy The Littorina saxatilis complex has a great variability; the nomenclature and the systematics are very controversial.
...  
Taxonomy The Littorina saxatilis complex has a great variability; the nomenclature and the systematics are very controversial.
L. rudis is a junior synonym of Littorina saxatilis according to Raffaelli (1982).
L. tenebrosa is a brackish form of Littorina saxatilis according to Janson & Ward (1985) [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Littorina saxatilis (Olivi, 1792). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140264 on 2018-02-25
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLitorina sulcata Menke, 1830) Menke, K. T. (1830). Synopsis methodica molluscorum generum omnium et specierum earum, quae in Museo Menkeano adservantur; cum synonymia critica et novarum specierum diagnosibus. Editio altera, auctior et emdatior. Georg Uslar, Pyrmont. xvi + 168 [+ 1, errata] pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13107961
page(s): 45 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLitorina groenlandica Menke, 1830) Menke, K. T. (1830). Synopsis methodica molluscorum generum omnium et specierum earum, quae in Museo Menkeano adservantur; cum synonymia critica et novarum specierum diagnosibus. Editio altera, auctior et emdatior. Georg Uslar, Pyrmont. xvi + 168 [+ 1, errata] pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13107961
page(s): 45 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofLittorina castanea Deshayes in Deshayes & Milne Edwards, 1843) Deshayes G. P. (1835-1845). [in] Lamarck, Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. 2ed. par G. P. Deshayes e H. Milne-Edwards.
page(s): 206-207 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina zonaria Bean, 1844) Thorpe C. (1844). British marine conchology. E. Lumley, London LX + 267 p.:
page(s): 266 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 37: 1-629, 11 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/124316#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina rudis var. globosa Jeffreys, 1865) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): vol. 3, p. 365-366 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina danieli Locard, 1886) Locard A. (1886). Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusque marins. Lyon, H. Georg & Paris, Baillière : pp. X + 778, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40914#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 253578-580 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina nervillei Dautzenberg, 1893) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1893). Description d'une nouvelle espèce du genre Littorina provenant des côtes de la Tunisie. J. conchyliol. XLI: 35-36, plate I (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 35-36; pl. 1 fig. 4, 4a, 4b [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina rudis var. albida Dautzenberg, 1887) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1887). Une excursion malacologique à Saint-Lunaire (Ille-et-Vilaine) et aux environs de cette localité. Bull. Soc. Etudes Scient. Paris 9: 1-27 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofLittorina rudis var. aurantia Dautzenberg, 1887) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1887). Une excursion malacologique à Saint-Lunaire (Ille-et-Vilaine) et aux environs de cette localité. Bull. Soc. Etudes Scient. Paris 9: 1-27 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 37: 1-629, 11 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/124316#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 37: 1-629, 11 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/124316#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 37: 1-629, 11 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/124316#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina patula Thorpe, 1844) Thorpe C. (1844). British marine conchology. E. Lumley, London LX + 267 p.:
page(s): 259; fig. 7 [details]   

original description  (ofTurbo albocinctus Link, 1807) Link, D. H. F. (1807-1808). Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. Rostock, Adlers Erben. 1 Abt. [Part 1], pp. 1-50; 2 Abt. [Part 2], pp. 51-100; 3 Abt. [Part 3], pp. 101-165; Abt. 4 [Part 4],pp. 1-30; Abt. 5 [Part 5], pp. 1-38 [1808]; Abt. 6 [Part 6], pp. 1-38., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/de/dms/load/toc/?PPN=PPN616091923
page(s): 134 [details]   

original description  (ofTurbo davidis Röding, 1798) Röding P. F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Fried. Bolten M. D. p. d. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia et multivalvia., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/41571
page(s): 88 [details]   

original description  (ofTurbo diminutus Link, 1807) Link, D. H. F. (1807-1808). Beschreibung der Naturalien-Sammlung der Universität zu Rostock. Rostock, Adlers Erben. 1 Abt. [Part 1], pp. 1-50; 2 Abt. [Part 2], pp. 51-100; 3 Abt. [Part 3], pp. 101-165; Abt. 4 [Part 4],pp. 1-30; Abt. 5 [Part 5], pp. 1-38 [1808]; Abt. 6 [Part 6], pp. 1-38., available online at http://gdz.sub.uni-goettingen.de/de/dms/load/toc/?PPN=PPN616091923
page(s): 134 [details]   

original description  (ofTurbo groenlandicus Röding, 1798) Röding P. F. (1798). Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus cimeliorum e tribus regnis naturae quae olim collegerat Joa. Fried. Bolten M. D. p. d. Pars secunda continens Conchylia sive Testacea univalvia, bivalvia et multivalvia., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/41571
page(s): vol. 2, p. 88 [details]   

original description  (ofTurbo jugosus Montagu, 1803) Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 586-588 [details]   

original description  (ofTurbo saxatilis Olivi, 1792) Olivi G. (1792). Zoologia Adriatica, ossia catalogo ragionato degli animali del golfo e della lagune di Venezia. Bassano [G. Remondini e fl.]. [ix] + 334 + xxxii pp., 9 pls., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/123881
page(s): 172; pl. 5 fig. 3 a-c [details]  OpenAccess publication 

original description  (ofTurbo tenebrosus Montagu, 1803) Montagu, George. (1803). Testacea Britannica or Natural History of British Shells, Marine, Land, and Fresh-Water, Including the Most Minute: Systematically Arranged and Embellished with Figures. J. White, London, Vol. 1, xxxvii + 291 pp. and Vol. 2, 293–606., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/78694
page(s): 303-304 [details]   

original description  (ofLitorina tenebrosa var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Forbes E.; Hanley S.C. (1848-1853). A history of British Mollusca and their shells. London, van Voorst. Vol. 1: i-lxxx [1853], 1-486 [1848], pl. A-W, AA-ZZ, AAA-ZZZ [dates uncertain]; Vol. 2: 1-480 [1 dec. 1849], 481-557 [1850]; Vol. 3: 1-320 [1850], 321-616 [1851]; Vol. 4: 1-300 [1852], pl. 1-114F [dates uncertain]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/16341
page(s): 41; pl. 83 fig. 4 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Forbes E.; Hanley S.C. (1848-1853). A history of British Mollusca and their shells. London, van Voorst. Vol. 1: i-lxxx [1853], 1-486 [1848], pl. A-W, AA-ZZ, AAA-ZZZ [dates uncertain]; Vol. 2: 1-480 [1 dec. 1849], 481-557 [1850]; Vol. 3: 1-320 [1850], 321-616 [1851]; Vol. 4: 1-300 [1852], pl. 1-114F [dates uncertain]., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/bibliography/16341
page(s): 41; pl. 83 fig. 4 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): vol. 3, p. 365-366 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): vol. 3, p. 365-366 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893) Dautzenberg, Ph. (1893). Liste des Mollusques marins recueillis à Granville et à Saint-Pair. J. conchyliol. XLI: 16-30 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Dautzenberg, Ph.; Durouchoux, P. (1900). Faunule malacologique des environs de Saint-Malo. Feuille jeunes nat. 30: 39-62 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. lutea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Dautzenberg, Ph.; Durouchoux, P. (1900). Faunule malacologique des environs de Saint-Malo. Feuille jeunes nat. 30: 39-62 (look up in IMIS[details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. bynei Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 37: 1-629, 11 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/124316#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. elata Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 37: 1-629, 11 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/124316#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. matoni Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Dautzenberg P. & Fischer H. (1912). Mollusques provenant des campagnes de l'Hirondelle et de la Princesse-Alice dans les Mers du Nord. Résultats des Campagnes Scientifiques Accomplies sur son Yacht par Albert Ier Prince Souverain de Monaco. 37: 1-629, 11 plates., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/124316#page/9/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source Reid D.G. (1989) The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 324: 1-110. [details]   

additional source Zenetos, A., M.E. Çinar, M.A. Pancucci-Papadopoulou, J.G. Harmelin, G. Furnari, F. Andaloro, N. Bellou, N. Streftaris & H. Zibrowius. (2005). Annotated list of marine alien species in the Mediterranean with records of the worst invasive species. Mediterranean Marine Science 6(2):63-118. [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Zenetos, A.; Gofas, S.; Verlaque, M.; Cinar, M.; Garcia Raso, J.; Bianchi, C.; Morri, C.; Azzurro, E.; Bilecenoglu, M.; Froglia, C.; Siokou, I.; Violanti, D.; Sfriso, A.; San Martin, G.; Giangrande, A.; Katagan, T.; Ballesteros, E.; Ramos-Espla, A.; Mastrototaro, F.; Ocana, O.; Zingone, A.; Gambi, M.; Streftaris, N. (2010). Alien species in the Mediterranean Sea by 2010. A contribution to the application of European Union’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD). Part I. Spatial distribution. Mediterranean Marine Science. 11(2): 381-493., available online at https://doi.org/10.12681/mms.87 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Janson K. 1985. A morphologic and genetic analysis of Littorina saxatilis (Prosobranchia) from Venice, and on the problem of saxatilis-rudis nomenclature. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 24(1): 51-59. [details]   

additional source Marchini, A.; Ferrario, J.; Sfriso, A.; Occhipinti-Ambrogi, A. (2015). Current status and trends of biological invasions in the Lagoon of Venice, a hotspot of marine NIS introductions in the Mediterranean Sea. Biological Invasions. , available online at https://doi.org/10.1007/s10530-015-0922-3 [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis (Maton, 1797)) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxoides Nardo, 1847) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803)) Hayward, P.J.; Ryland, J.S. (Ed.). (1990). The marine fauna of the British Isles and North-West Europe: 1. Introduction and protozoans to arthropods. Clarendon Press: Oxford, UK. ISBN 0-19-857356-1. 627 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. rudis (Maton, 1797)) Harms, J. (1993). Check list of species (algae, invertebrates and vertebrates) found in the vicinity of the island of Helgoland (North Sea, German Bight): a review of recent records. Helgoländer Meeresunters. 47: 1-34. [p. 25, tab. 3: Gastrosaccus spinifer, Mysis relicta, Praunus inermis, Schistomysis kervillei, Schistomysis spiritus. (look up in IMIS[details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803)) BODC. (2009). Species list from the British Oceanographic Data Centre.  [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. groenlandica (Menke, 1830)) BODC. (2009). Species list from the British Oceanographic Data Centre.  [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatile La Roque, 1953) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatile saxatile La Roque, 1953) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis rudis (Maton, 1797)) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo obligatus Say, 1822) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo rudis Maton, 1797) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina zonaria Bean, 1844) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLitorina incarnata Philippi, 1846) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis f. elatior Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa f. elatior Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa var. costulata Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa var. rubidus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa var. grisolacteus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa var. tessellatus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa var. zonatus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa var. densecostulata Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina tenebrosa var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina simplex Reeve, 1857) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina castanea Deshayes in Deshayes & Milne Edwards, 1843) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLitorina groenlandica Menke, 1830) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLitorina sulcata Menke, 1830) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina nigrolineata Gray, 1839) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLitorina marmorata L. Pfeiffer, 1839) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis Johnston, 1842) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. conoidea Schlesch, 1916) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. alticola Dacie, 1917) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina palliata var. turritella Schlesch, 1916) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina nervillei var. major Pallary in Seurat, 1924) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis groenlandica (Menke, 1830)) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis groenlandica var. sculpta Schlesch, 1931) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Coen, 1933) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. interrupta Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. tractibus Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. hieroglyphica Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Jouin, 1961) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. biinterrupta Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1963) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. maculata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1963) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. bizonaria James, 1963) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. nojensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. sellensis Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1964) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. rubrolineata Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. salvati Fischer-Piette, Gaillard & Delmas, 1967) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis jugosa var. tenuis James, 1968) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis rudis var. rudissimoides James, 1968) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. rubra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. gascae Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. clarilineata Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. nigra Fischer-Piette & Gaillard, 1971) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofLittorina rudis var. scotia S. M. Smith, 1979) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. lagunae Barnes, 1993) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis scotia Graham, 1988) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo rudissimus Johnston, 1842) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofNerita rustica Nardo, 1847) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina neglecta Bean, 1844) Reid D.G. (1989) The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B 324: 1-110. [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina marmorata Pfeiffer, 1839) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina patula Thorpe, 1844) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. matoni Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. elata Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. bynei Dautzenberg & Fischer H., 1912) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. lutea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo vestitus Say, 1822) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLitorina tenebrosa (Montagu, 1803)) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofLitorina tenebrosa var. intermedia Forbes & Hanley, 1850) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo tenebrosus Montagu, 1803) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo saxatilis Olivi, 1792) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo jugosus Montagu, 1803) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo groenlandicus Röding, 1798) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo diminutus Link, 1807) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo davidis Röding, 1798) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

basis of record  (ofTurbo albocinctus Link, 1807) Check List of European Marine Mollusca (CLEMAM). , available online at http://www.somali.asso.fr/clemam/index.clemam.html [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. lineata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. flammulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. fulva Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. trifasciata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. fasciata Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. tessellata Dautzenberg, 1893) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. aurantia Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina nervillei Dautzenberg, 1893) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. tenebrosapallida L. E. Adams, 1896) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. sulcata Martel, 1901) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. globosa Martel, 1901) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. lugubris Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis tenebrosa var. elata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis jugosa var. bynei Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. major Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis f. minor Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis f. abbreviata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis f. conoidea Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis f. elongata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis var. fusca Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina danieli Locard, 1886) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. brevis Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. albida Dautzenberg, 1887) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. globosa Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. similis Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. laevis Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina saxatilis zonata Daniel, 1883) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofLittorina rudis var. rubescens Monterosato, 1878) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. finmarchia Herzenstein, 1885) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Katsanevakis, S.; Bogucarskis, K.; Gatto, F.; Vandekerkhove, J.; Deriu, I.; Cardoso A.S. (2012). Building the European Alien Species Information Network (EASIN): a novel approach for the exploration of distributed alien species data. BioInvasions Records. 1: 235-245., available online at http://easin.jrc.ec.europa.eu [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (Schelde) van Eck, G. Th. M.; Holzhauer, H. (2007). Monitoring van de effecten van de verruiming 48'/43': MOVE eindrapport 2006 (Rapport 10). Rapport RIKZ = Report RIKZ, 2007.003. RIKZ: Middelburg. 64 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species vector dispersal in Italian part of the Adriatic Sea (Marine Region) : Shipping [details]

From other sources
Dimensions maximum size of 6 to 15 mm [details]

Distribution Arctic seas to Cape May, New Jersey; Arctic seas to Puget sound [details]

Habitat supralittoral, intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Taxonomy The Littorina saxatilis complex has a great variability; the nomenclature and the systematics are very controversial.
L. rudis is a junior synonym of Littorina saxatilis according to Raffaelli (1982).
L. tenebrosa is a brackish form of Littorina saxatilis according to Janson & Ward (1985) [details]
 

LanguageName 
Danish ungefødende strandsnegl [from synonym]  [details]
Dutch vergeten alikruikvale alikruikruwe alikruikechte ruwe alikruik [from synonym]donkere alikruikbrakwateralikruik [from synonym]  [details]
English rough periwinkleblack-lined periwinkle  [details]
French littorine rugueuselittorine des rochers  [details]
German rauher Strandschneckekleine Strandschnecke [from synonym]dunkle Strandschnecke  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål steinsnegl  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk steinsnigel  [details]
Swedish vivipar strandsnäcka  [details]