WoRMS taxon details

Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)

140262  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140262)

accepted
Species
Littorina litorea [sic] (misspelling of Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758))
Turbo litoreus [sic] (misspelling)
Turbo littoreus Linnaeus, 1758 (original combination)

Forma Littorina littorea f. intermedia Brøgger, 1901 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. angulata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. antiqua Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. balteata Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1912 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. complanata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. conica Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. deformis Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. delphinula Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. distorta Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. elegans Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. fuscofasciatus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. major Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1912 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. miniata Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. pallida Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. pallidefasciatus Middendorff, 1849 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. parva Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. picta Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. pyramidata Wood, 1848 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1906 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. truncata Harmer, 1920 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
Variety Littorina littorea var. unicarinata Raeymaekers, 1889 accepted as Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758)
marine
(ofTurbo littoreus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 761 [details]   
Distribution Labrador to Maryland; Western Europe  
Distribution Labrador to Maryland; Western Europe [details]

Distribution Rare or absent in Isles of Scilly and Channel Isles  
Distribution Rare or absent in Isles of Scilly and Channel Isles [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Littorina littorea (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140262 on 2018-05-21
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-01-07 10:29:10Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofTurbo ustulatus Lamarck, 1822) Lamarck [J.-B. M.] de. (1822). Histoire naturelle des animaux sans vertèbres. Tome septième. Paris: published by the Author, 711 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/47433
page(s): 48 [details]   

original description  (ofTurbo littoreus Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 761 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina litorea var. brevicula Jeffreys, 1865) Jeffreys J. G. (1862-1869). British Conchology. London, van Voorst : Vol. 1: pp. CXIV + 341 [1862]. Vol. 2: pp. 479 [1864] Il frontrespizio reca la data 1863 ma in effetti pubblicato nel 1864. Vol. 3: pp. 394 [1865]. Vol. 4: pp. 487 [1867]. Vol. 5: pp. 259 [1869], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/55187
page(s): 369 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina armoricana Locard, 1886) Locard A. (1886). Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusque marins. Lyon, H. Georg & Paris, Baillière : pp. X + 778, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40914#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 285, 580 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina sphaeroidalis Locard, 1886) Locard A. (1886). Prodrome de malacologie française. Catalogue général des mollusques vivants de France. Mollusque marins. Lyon, H. Georg & Paris, Baillière : pp. X + 778, available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/40914#page/13/mode/1up
page(s): 285-286, 580 [details]   

original description  (ofLittorina parva Teilman-Friis, 1898) Teilmann-Friis A. (1898). Smaa Bidrag til Artsbestemmelserne indefor Slaegterne Littorina og Hydrobia. Videnskabelige Meddelelser fra den Naturhistoriske Forening i Kjøbenhavn 1897: 211-215
page(s): 211-213, fig. 1b [details]   

basis of record Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source Reid, D. G. (1989). The comparative morphology, phylogeny and evolution of the gastropod family Littorinidae. Philosophical Transactions of the RoyalSociety of London, Series B. 324: 1-110. [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina armoricana Locard, 1886) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina sphaeroidalis Locard, 1886) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. unicarinata Raeymaekers, 1889) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofLittorina littorea var. unicarinata Raeymaekers, 1889) Pelseneer, P. (1889). Communication sur une variété unicarinata de Littorina littorea. Bull. Soc. Malac. Belgique XXIV(1889): CIX-CX (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina parva Teilman-Friis, 1898) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina litorea var. brevicula Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina litorea var. turrita Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina litorea var. sinistrorsa Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo littoreus Linnaeus, 1758) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo litoreus [sic]) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo ustulatus Lamarck, 1822) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo carinatus Woodward, 1833) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo ventricosus Woodward, 1833) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo bicarinatus Woodward, 1833) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo sulcatus Woodward, 1833) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofTurbo elongatus Woodward, 1833) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina vulgaris J. Sowerby, 1832) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina bartonensis Brown, 1843) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina communis Brown, 1843) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. antiqua Wood, 1848) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. picta Wood, 1848) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. elegans Wood, 1848) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. pyramidata Wood, 1848) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. delphinula Wood, 1848) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. deformis Wood, 1848) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. fuscofasciatus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. pallidefasciatus Middendorff, 1849) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina litorea [sic]) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina litorea var. paupercula Jeffreys, 1865) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. pallida Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. miniata Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1900) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea f. intermedia Brøgger, 1901) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. sanguinea Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1906) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. balteata Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. major Dautzenberg & Durouchoux, 1912) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. parva Harmer, 1920) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. distorta Harmer, 1920) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. conica Harmer, 1920) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

additional source  (ofLittorina littorea var. complanata Harmer, 1920) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. angulata Harmer, 1920) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina littorea var. truncata Harmer, 1920) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. reevei Harmer, 1921) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofLittorina rudis var. aurantia Dautzenberg & P. Fischer, 1925) Reid, D.G. (1996). Systematics and evolution of Littorina. The Ray Society. 463p. [details]   

context source (Introduced species) Molnar, J. L.; Gamboa, R. L.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D. (2008). Assessing the global threat of invasive species to marine biodiversity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. 6(9): 485-492., available online at https://www.conservationgateway.org/ConservationPractices/Marine/Pages/marineinvasives.aspx [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

context source (RAS) Australian Antarctic Data Centre. , available online at https://data.aad.gov.au/aadc/biodiversity/ [details]   

context source (Schelde) van Eck, G. Th. M.; Holzhauer, H. (2007). Monitoring van de effecten van de verruiming 48'/43': MOVE eindrapport 2006 (Rapport 10). Rapport RIKZ = Report RIKZ, 2007.003. RIKZ: Middelburg. 64 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From regional or thematic species database
Introduced species impact in United States (Nation) : Alters bio-geochemical/hydrologic cycles [details]

Introduced species impact in California (State) : Other impact - undefined or uncertain [details]

Introduced species impact in United States (Nation) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

Introduced species impact in The Coastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia (IHO Sea Area) : Alters bio-geochemical/hydrologic cycles [details]

Introduced species impact in The Coastal Waters of Southeast Alaska and British Columbia (IHO Sea Area) : Consumes native species (predator or herbivore) [details]

From other sources
Dimensions maximum size of 20 to 25 mm in length [details]

Distribution Labrador to Maryland; Western Europe [details]

Distribution Rare or absent in Isles of Scilly and Channel Isles [details]

Habitat intertidal, bathyal, infralittoral and circalittoral of the Gulf and estuary [details]

Importance favorite food in Europe [details]
 

LanguageName 
Catalan caragolí comú  [details]
Danish stor  [details]
Dutch gewone alikruikalikruik  [details]
English periwinklecommon periwinkle  [details]
Finnish rantakotilo  [details]
French vignotlittorine commune d'Europelittorine communcaracolebigorneau communbigorneau  [details]
German gemeine Uferschneckegemeine Strandschnecke  [details]
Italian littorina comune  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål storstrandsnegl  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk storstrandsnigel  [details]
Portuguese caramujo  [details]
Scottish Gaelic faocha  [details]
Spanish caracolillobígaro  [details]
Swedish vanlig strandsnäcka  [details]