WoRMS taxon details

Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758)

140155  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:140155)

accepted
Species
marine
(ofHelix janthina Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Distribution Pelagic, circumequatorial  
Distribution Pelagic, circumequatorial [details]

Description Shell up to 4 cm, with angled whorls and a slightly extended apex. The base is flatter and less rounded than in J....  
Description Shell up to 4 cm, with angled whorls and a slightly extended apex. The base is flatter and less rounded than in J. globosa. Violet in colour, with pale upper parts. Habitat: planktonic. Distribution: worldwide. (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Distribution The mollusc is pelagic and floating on surface  
Distribution The mollusc is pelagic and floating on surface [details]

Distribution Range: 47°N to 40°S; 97°W to 0°W. Distribution: Massachusetts to North Carolina, Florida; Florida: West Florida, Florida...  
Distribution Range: 47°N to 40°S; 97°W to 0°W. Distribution: Massachusetts to North Carolina, Florida; Florida: West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Louisiana, Texas; Mexico; Mexico: Yucatan State, Quintana Roo; Panama, Colombia, Venezuela; Venezuela: unlocalized; Bermuda, Cuba, Jamaica; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Brazil; Brazil: Ceara, Fernando de Noronha, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia, Trinidad Island, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina; Uruguay, oceanic [details]
MolluscaBase (2018). Janthina janthina (Linnaeus, 1758). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=140155 on 2018-07-19
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2006-03-21 08:01:23Z
changed
2008-05-18 13:28:54Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofJanthina fragilis Lamarck, 1801) Lamarck J.B. (1801). Système des animaux sans vertèbres, ou tableau général des classes, des ordres et des genres de ces animaux; Présentant leurs caractères essentiels et leur distribution, d'apres la considération de leurs rapports naturels et de leur organisation, et suivant l'arrangement établi dans les galeries du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle, parmi leurs dépouilles conservées; Précédé du discours d'ouverture du Cours de Zoologie, donné dans le Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle l'an 8 de la République. Published by the author and Deterville, Paris: viii + 432 pp. , available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/14117719
page(s): 89 [details]   

original description  (ofIanthina bicolor Menke, 1828) Menke, K. T. (1828). Synopsis methodica molluscorum generum omnium et specierum earum, quae in Museo Menkeano adservantur; cum synonymia critica et novarum specierum diagnosibus. Menke, Pyrmont. xii + 91 pp., available online at http://biodiversitylibrary.org/page/13119590
page(s): 28, 84 [details]   

original description  (ofIanthina striulata var. contorta Carpenter, 1857) Carpenter P.P. (1857). Catalogue of the collection of Mazatlan Mollusca in the British Museum collected by Frederick Reigen. London, xvi + 552 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/61252
page(s): 186 [details]   

original description  (ofHelix janthina Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofJanthina (Achates) carpenteri Mörch, 1860) Mörch, O.A.L. (1859). Beiträge zur Molluskenfauna Central-Amerikas. Malakozoologische Blätter, 6: 102-126 [Stated date: Oct. 1859 on pp. 97, 129]  [details]   

original description  (ofIanthina striulata Carpenter, 1857) Carpenter P.P. (1857). Catalogue of the collection of Mazatlan Mollusca in the British Museum collected by Frederick Reigen. London, xvi + 552 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/61252 [details]   

original description  (ofJanthina bicolor O. G. Costa, 1830) Costa O. G. (1830 ["1829"]) Catalogo sistematico e ragionato de' testacei delle Due Sicilie. Tipografia della Minerva, Napoli. pp. 1-8, i-cxxxii, pl. 1-3. [Work dated 1829 on title page, but published in 1830 according to Fasulo, 2013, Bollettino Malacologico 49: 101-103.], available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/ia/catalogosistemat00cost
page(s): cvi [details]   

original description  (ofHelix janthina Forsskål, 1775) Niebuhr C. (ed.) (1775). Descriptiones animalium avium, amphibiorum, piscium, insectorum, vermium quae in itinere orientali observavit Petrus Forskål, prof. Haun., post mortem auctoris edidit Carsten Niebuhr. Hauniae [Copengagen], Möller, pp. 1-19 + i-xxxiv + 1-164, 1 map. , available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/18564 [details]   

basis of record Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

additional source Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

additional source Rosenberg, G. 1992. Encyclopedia of Seashells. Dorset: New York. 224 pp.
page(s): 85 [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Grove, S. 2011. The Seashells of Tasmania: A Comprehensive Guide. Taroona, Australia: Taroona Publications. [vi], 81.
page(s): 40 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina bicolor Menke, 1828) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina bicolor Menke, 1828) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

subsequent type designation  (ofIanthina bicolor Menke, 1828) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666
page(s): 187; note: neotype designation [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina rotundata Dillwyn, 1840) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina fragilis Lamarck, 1801) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina fragilis Lamarck, 1801) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina balteata Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina balteata Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina violacea Röding, 1798) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina violacea Röding, 1798) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

subsequent type designation  (ofJanthina violacea Röding, 1798) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666
note: neotype designation [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina communis Lamarck, 1822) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina communis Lamarck, 1822) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina penicephela Peron & Lesueur, 1807) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina penicephela Peron & Lesueur, 1807) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

subsequent type designation  (ofJanthina penicephela Peron & Lesueur, 1807) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666
page(s): 187; note: neotype designation [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina striulata var. contorta Carpenter, 1857) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina affinis Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina affinis Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina africana Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina africana Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina casta Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina casta Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina caeruleata Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina caeruleata Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina depressa Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina depressa Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina fibula Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina fibula Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina grandis Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina grandis Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina involuta Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina involuta Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina smithiae Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina smithiae Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina trochoidea Reeve, 1858) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina trochoidea Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina (Achates) carpenteri Mörch, 1860) Carpenter P.P. (1857). Catalogue of the collection of Mazatlan Mollusca in the British Museum collected by Frederick Reigen. London, xvi + 552 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/61252 [details]   

additional source  (ofHelix janthina Forsskål, 1775) Yaron I., Schiotte T. & Wium-Andersen G. (1986). A review of molluscan taxa described by P. Forsskål and C. Niebuhr with citation of original descriptions, discussion of type-material available and selection of some lectotypes.. Steenstrupia, Zoological Museum, University of Copenhagen 12(10)(1986): 157-200
note: Lectotype designated [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina bicolor var. conica Monterosato, 1878) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina auriculata Martens, 1904) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

basis of record  (ofIanthina roseola Reeve, 1858) Daccarett, E. Y. & Bossio, V. S. 2011. Colombian Seashells from the Caribbean Sea. L'Informatore Piceno. 384pp. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina roseola Reeve, 1858) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina striulata Carpenter, 1857) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina striulata Carpenter, 1857) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina (Achates) carpenteri Mörch, 1860) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina costae Mörch, 1860) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina (Achates) orbignyi Mörch, 1860) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina (Achates) orbignyi Mörch, 1860) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

subsequent type designation  (ofJanthina (Achates) orbignyi Mörch, 1860) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666
page(s): 189; note: lectotype designation [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina bicolor var. major Monterosato, 1878) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina bicolor var. minor Monterosato, 1878) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

subsequent type designation  (ofHelix janthina Linnaeus, 1758) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666
page(s): 187; note: lectotype designation [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina planispirata A. Adams & Reeve, 1850) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina planispirata A. Adams & Reeve, 1850) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina vulgaris Gray, 1847) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofJanthina vulgaris Gray, 1847) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina britannica Forbes & Hanley, 1852) Laursen, D. 1953. The genus Ianthina: A monograph. Dana Report 38: 1-40, pl. 1. [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofIanthina britannica Forbes & Hanley, 1852) Beu A.G. (2017). Evolution of Janthina and Recluzia (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Epitoniidae). Records of the Australian Museum. 69(3): 119-222., available online at https://doi.org/10.3853/j.2201-4349.69.2017.1666 [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
 

From editor or global species database
Distribution Pelagic, circumequatorial [details]

From other sources
Description Shell up to 4 cm, with angled whorls and a slightly extended apex. The base is flatter and less rounded than in J. globosa. Violet in colour, with pale upper parts. Habitat: planktonic. Distribution: worldwide. (Richmond, 1997). [details]

Distribution The mollusc is pelagic and floating on surface [details]

Distribution Range: 47°N to 40°S; 97°W to 0°W. Distribution: Massachusetts to North Carolina, Florida; Florida: West Florida, Florida Keys; USA: Louisiana, Texas; Mexico; Mexico: Yucatan State, Quintana Roo; Panama, Colombia, Venezuela; Venezuela: unlocalized; Bermuda, Cuba, Jamaica; Virgin Islands: St. Croix; Brazil; Brazil: Ceara, Fernando de Noronha, Rio Grande do Norte, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Bahia, Trinidad Island, Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina; Uruguay, oceanic [details]
 

LanguageName 
Dutch paarse zeilslak  [details]
English violet snailpurple sea snailcommon purple sea snailbubble raft shell  [details]
French janthine  [details]
German VeilchenschneckeFlosschnecke  [details]
Japanese アサガオガイ  [details]