WoRMS taxon details

Pholas Linnaeus, 1758

138343  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:138343)

accepted
Genus
Pholas (Monothyra) Tryon, 1862· accepted, alternate representation
Pholas (Pholas) Linnaeus, 1758· accepted, alternate representation
Pholas (Thovana) Gray, 1847· accepted, alternate representation
Species Pholas bissauensis Cosel & Haga, 2018
Species Pholas campechiensis Gmelin, 1791
Species Pholas chiloensis Molina, 1782
Species Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas orientalis Gmelin, 1791

Species Pholas cordata Gmelin, 1791 (taxon inquirendum)

Subgenus Pholas (Monothyra) Tryon, 1862 represented as Pholas Linnaeus, 1758
Subgenus Pholas (Pholas) Linnaeus, 1758 represented as Pholas Linnaeus, 1758
Subgenus Pholas (Thovana) Gray, 1847 represented as Pholas Linnaeus, 1758

Species Pholas acuminata G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Parapholas acuminata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
Species Pholas alfredensis Bartsch, 1915 accepted as Barnea alfredensis (Bartsch, 1915)
Species Pholas antipodum Philippi, 1847 accepted as Barnea similis (Gray, 1835)
Species Pholas atomus Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas australasiae G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea australasiae (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
Species Pholas bakeri Woodward, 1854 accepted as Barnea birmanica (Philippi, 1849)
Species Pholas beauiana Récluz, 1853 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas bifrons da Costa, 1778 accepted as Zirfaea crispata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas birmanica Philippi, 1849 accepted as Barnea birmanica (Philippi, 1849)
Species Pholas branchiata Gould, 1845 accepted as Parapholas branchiata (Gould, 1845)
Species Pholas californica Conrad, 1837 accepted as Parapholas californica (Conrad, 1837)
Species Pholas callosa Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas callosa Cuvier, 1816 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Species Pholas calva G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Parapholas calva (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
Species Pholas candeana d'Orbigny, 1853 accepted as Pholas campechiensis Gmelin, 1791
Species Pholas candidus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas caribaea d'Orbigny, 1846 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822)
Species Pholas clausus Hanley, 1842 accepted as Talona explanata (Spengler, 1792)
Species Pholas clavata Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas concamerata Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Penitella penita (Conrad, 1837)
Species Pholas conoides Parsons, 1765 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas constricta G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Penitella gabbii (Tryon, 1863)
Species Pholas corticaria Gray G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas costatus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Cyrtopleura costata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas costulata Goodall, 1890 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas crenulatus Spengler, 1792 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
Species Pholas crispata (Linnaeus, 1758) accepted as Zirfaea crispata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas crucifera auct. accepted as Cyrtopleura crucigera (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (misspelling)
Species Pholas cruciger G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Cyrtopleura crucigera (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
Species Pholas cuneiformis Say, 1822 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822) (original combination)
Species Pholas cupula Yokoyama, 1924 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas curta G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Diplothyra curta (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
Species Pholas cylindrica J. Sowerby, 1818 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas dactylina Locard, 1886 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas dactyloides Lamarck, 1818 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
Species Pholas darwinii G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Netastoma darwinii (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
Species Pholas davidi Deshayes, 1874 accepted as Barnea davidi (Deshayes, 1874)
Species Pholas decussata Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas dilatata Souleyet, 1843 accepted as Barnea dilatata (Souleyet, 1843)
Species Pholas dilecta Pilsbry & H. N. Lowe, 1932 accepted as Pholas chiloensis Molina, 1782
Species Pholas duboisi Locard, 1891 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
Species Pholas edwardsi Monterosato, 1878 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas edwardsii Gray Tryon, 1862 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822)
Species Pholas explanata Spengler, 1792 accepted as Talona explanata (Spengler, 1792)
Species Pholas faba Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Rocellaria dubia (Pennant, 1777)
Species Pholas falcata Wood, 1815 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas falcata G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822) (invalid: junior homonym of Pholas falcata W. Wood, 1815)
Species Pholas fragilis Smith, 1904 accepted as Barnea alfredensis (Bartsch, 1915)
Species Pholas fragilis G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea fragilis (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
Species Pholas gibbosa d'Orbigny, 1846 accepted as Xylophaga globosa G. B. Sowerby I, 1835
Species Pholas globulosa Quoy & Gaimard, 1835 accepted as Jouannetia globulosa (Quoy & Gaimard, 1835)
Species Pholas goodall Blainville, 1826 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
Species Pholas grayana G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Diplothyra curta (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834)
Species Pholas hians Lightfoot, 1786 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas hians Gmelin, 1791 accepted as Lamychaena hians (Gmelin, 1791) (original combination)
Species Pholas hornbeckii d'Orbigny, 1853 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas incei G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Pholas incii G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792) (Error or emendation of Pholas incii)
Species Pholas incii G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792)
Species Pholas janellii Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Parapholas californica (Conrad, 1837)
Species Pholas jordani van Hoepen, 1941 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas krebsi Krebs, 1864 accepted as Martesia cuneiformis (Say, 1822)
Species Pholas lamellata W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
Species Pholas lamellosa d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Barnea lamellosa (d'Orbigny, 1841)
Species Pholas lanceolata d'Orbigny, 1841 accepted as Cyrtopleura lanceolata (d'Orbigny, 1841)
Species Pholas laqueata G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Pholas chiloensis Molina, 1782
Species Pholas latissima G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea dilatata (Souleyet, 1843)
Species Pholas ligamentina Deshayes, 1839 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
Species Pholas ligniperda G. B. Sowerby II, 1872 accepted as Martesia multistriata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
Species Pholas lignorum Spengler, 1779 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas macrostoma Philippi, 1858 accepted as Netastoma darwinii (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
Species Pholas manilensis Philippi, 1847 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
Species Pholas manillae G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Barnea manilensis (Philippi, 1847)
Species Pholas marmoratus Perry, 1811 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas melanura G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Pholadidea melanura (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
Species Pholas multistriata G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Martesia multistriata (G. B. Sowerby II, 1849)
Species Pholas muricata da Costa, 1778 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758 (synonym)
Species Pholas muricatus da Costa, 1778 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas mytiloides Bory de Saint-Vincent, 1827 accepted as Pholas dactylus Linnaeus, 1758
Species Pholas nanus Pulteney, 1799 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas oblongata Say, 1822 accepted as Pholas campechiensis Gmelin, 1791
Species Pholas obtecta G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Aspidopholas tubigera (Valenciennes, 1846)
Species Pholas obturamentum Hedley, 1893 accepted as Barnea obturamentum (Hedley, 1893)
Species Pholas ovata Gray G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Aspidopholas ovum (W. Wood, 1828)
Species Pholas ovoidea Gould, 1851 accepted as Chaceia ovoidea (Gould, 1851)
Species Pholas ovum W. Wood, 1828 accepted as Aspidopholas ovum (W. Wood, 1828)
Species Pholas pacifica Stearns, 1871 accepted as Barnea subtruncata (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834)
Species Pholas papyracea W. Turton, 1822 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
Species Pholas papyraceus Spengler, 1792 accepted as Barnea candida (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas papyraceus Lightfoot, 1786 accepted as Pholadidea loscombiana W. Turton, 1819
Species Pholas parva Pennant, 1777 accepted as Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)
Species Pholas patula Gould, 1850 accepted as Barnea dilatata (Souleyet, 1843)
Species Pholas penita Conrad, 1837 accepted as Penitella penita (Conrad, 1837) (original combination)
Species Pholas piriformis Dunker, 1882 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792)
Species Pholas pusillus Linnaeus, 1758 accepted as Martesia striata (Linnaeus, 1758)
Species Pholas quadra G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 accepted as Pholadidea quadra (G. B. Sowerby I, 1834) (original combination)
Species Pholas quadrizonalis G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 accepted as Parapholas quadrizonata (Spengler, 1792)
Species Pholas quadrizonata Spengler, 1792 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas retifer Mörch, 1861 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas rivicola G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas rosea C. B. Adams, 1850 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas rostratum Valenciennes, 1846 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas rudis Gray Tryon, 1862 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas scutata Deshayes, 1824 † (unaccepted)
Species Pholas siamensis Spengler, 1792 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas silicula Lamarck, 1818 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas similis Gray, 1835 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Pholas spathulata Deshayes, 1843 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas spathulata G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas striata Blainville, 1825 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas striatus Linnaeus, 1758 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Pholas subconstricta Yokoyama, 1924 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas subtruncata G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Pholas sulcata T. Brown, 1827 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas suteri Lamy, 1926 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas tenuistriata Blainville, 1826 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas teredinaeformis G. B. Sowerby II, 1849 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas teredo O. F. Müller, 1776 (unaccepted, synonym)
Species Pholas truncata Say, 1822 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas tuberculata W. Turton, 1822 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas tubifera G. B. Sowerby I, 1834 (unaccepted, original combination)
Species Pholas ventricosa Anton, 1838 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas vibonensis Philippi, 1844 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas xilophaga Deshayes, 1835 (unaccepted)
Species Pholas xylophaga Deshayes, 1835 (unaccepted, synonym)
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 
MolluscaBase (2018). Pholas Linnaeus, 1758. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138343 on 2018-11-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2010-07-10 09:41:30Z
changed
2013-01-14 21:56:30Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. <em>Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae.</em> ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

original description  (ofHypogaea Poli, 1791) Poli, J. X. (1791). Testacea vtrivsqve Siciliae eorvmqve historia et anatome tabvlis aeneis illvstrata. <em>Ex Regio Typographeio, Parmae.</em> 5: 1-303, plates 1-18., available online at https://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/150833#page/9/mode/1up
page(s): introduction, p. 29 [details]   

basis of record Gofas, S.; Le Renard, J.; Bouchet, P. (2001). Mollusca. in: Costello, M.J. et al. (eds), European Register of Marine Species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. <em>Patrimoines Naturels.</em> 50: 180-213. (look up in IMIS[details]   

redescription Coan, E. V.; Valentich-Scott, P. (2012). Bivalve seashells of tropical West America. Marine bivalve mollusks from Baja California to northern Peru. 2 vols, 1258 pp. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien  Containing type locality 
From editor or global species database
Grammatical gender treated as masculine by Linnaeus but as feminine by most subsequent authors; grom greek φωλάς, "lurking in a hole"  [details]