WoRMS taxon details

Bathydrilus adriaticus (Hrabĕ, 1971)

137517  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137517)

accepted
Species
marine
(ofPhallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) Hrabě, S. (1971). On new marine Tubificidae of the Adriatic Sea. Scr. Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Brno (Biol. 3). 1: 215-226. [details]   
Depth range Intertidal and subtidal sand, to 32 m depth  
Depth range Intertidal and subtidal sand, to 32 m depth [details]

Distribution Caribbean area (Florida, Bermuda, Bonaire, ?Puerto Rico), Mediterranean Sea (Yugoslavia, Italy), and Arabian Gulf Coast of...  
Distribution Caribbean area (Florida, Bermuda, Bonaire, ?Puerto Rico), Mediterranean Sea (Yugoslavia, Italy), and Arabian Gulf Coast of Saudi Arabia [details]

Distribution Hawaii, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean area, Persian Gulf. Probably circumtropical.   
Distribution Hawaii, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean area, Persian Gulf. Probably circumtropical.  [details]

Distribution Known from Yugoslavia (Hrabe 1971, 1975), and the Bay of Naples, Italy.  
Distribution Known from Yugoslavia (Hrabe 1971, 1975), and the Bay of Naples, Italy. [details]

Status The species B. adriaticus was divided into two subspecies almost simultaneously by Erséus (1979) and by Righi and Kanner...  
Status The species B. adriaticus was divided into two subspecies almost simultaneously by Erséus (1979) and by Righi and Kanner (1979): the nominate Mediterranean form is characterized by invariably 2 penial setae per bundle, and the Caribbean B. adriaticus trisetosus (junior synonym: Phallodrilus adriaticus caraibicus) is characterized by invariably 3 such setae per bundle. The Saudi Arabian form is intermediate between these subspecies. Of the 16 bundles of penial setae investigated, 10 bundles (63%) contained 2 setae, 5 bundles (31%) 3 setae, and 1 bundle (6%) 4 setae; in three of the eight specimens one bundle consisted of 2, while the other bundle of the same specimen consisted of 3 setae. It therefore appears inappropriate to maintain the polytypic adriaticus, it must rather be treated as a single, somewhat variable taxon, which apparently is very widely distributed. It is of course possible that the complex, in fact, is a number of closely related (sibling) species. Should this be the case, the distinctions between them are not at present morphologically resoluble. [details]
WoRMS (2018). Bathydrilus adriaticus (Hrabe, 1971). Accessed at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137517 on 2018-05-27
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-07-20 07:05:12Z
checked

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description  (ofPhallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) Hrabě, S. (1971). On new marine Tubificidae of the Adriatic Sea. Scr. Fac. Sci. Nat. Univ. Brno (Biol. 3). 1: 215-226. [details]   

basis of record Erséus, C.; Healy, B.M. (2001). Oligochaeta, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 231-234 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

new combination reference Erséus, C. (1979). Taxonomic Revision of the Marine Genera Bathydrilus Cook and Macroseta Erséus (Oligochaeta, Tubificidae), with Descriptions of Six New Species and Subspecies. Zoologica Scripta. 8(1-4): 139-151., available online at https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1463-6409.1979.tb00625.x [details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

basis of record  (ofPhallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) Timm,. T. (2004). Oligochaeta checklist for ERMS2. (look up in IMIS[details]   

source of synonymy  (ofPhallodrilus adriaticus Hrabĕ, 1971) Timm,. T. (2004). Oligochaeta checklist for ERMS2. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (MSBIAS) MEDIN. (2011). UK checklist of marine species derived from the applications Marine Recorder and UNICORN. version 1.0. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Depth range Intertidal and subtidal sand, to 32 m depth [details]

Distribution Caribbean area (Florida, Bermuda, Bonaire, ?Puerto Rico), Mediterranean Sea (Yugoslavia, Italy), and Arabian Gulf Coast of Saudi Arabia [details]

Distribution Hawaii, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean area, Persian Gulf. Probably circumtropical.  [details]

Distribution Known from Yugoslavia (Hrabe 1971, 1975), and the Bay of Naples, Italy. [details]

Status The species B. adriaticus was divided into two subspecies almost simultaneously by Erséus (1979) and by Righi and Kanner (1979): the nominate Mediterranean form is characterized by invariably 2 penial setae per bundle, and the Caribbean B. adriaticus trisetosus (junior synonym: Phallodrilus adriaticus caraibicus) is characterized by invariably 3 such setae per bundle. The Saudi Arabian form is intermediate between these subspecies. Of the 16 bundles of penial setae investigated, 10 bundles (63%) contained 2 setae, 5 bundles (31%) 3 setae, and 1 bundle (6%) 4 setae; in three of the eight specimens one bundle consisted of 2, while the other bundle of the same specimen consisted of 3 setae. It therefore appears inappropriate to maintain the polytypic adriaticus, it must rather be treated as a single, somewhat variable taxon, which apparently is very widely distributed. It is of course possible that the complex, in fact, is a number of closely related (sibling) species. Should this be the case, the distinctions between them are not at present morphologically resoluble. [details]