WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLarus fuscus Linnaeus, 1758

137142 (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137142)
accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 51-61 cm. Plumage: wings and back...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 51-61 cm. Plumage: wings and back black; rest of plumage white; trailing edge of wing and tips of primaries white. Immature brown replaces black of adult; white parts mottled brown with less mottling on foreneck, breast and belly, wide dark band on tail. Bare parts: iris cream to white; eyering red to orange; bill yellow with red spot near tip of lower mandible, blackish to pale greyish with black tip in immature; feet and legs yellow, pinkish in immature. Habitat: coast and inland waters. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Caribbean; North America; regular at sites from...  
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Caribbean; North America; regular at sites from Eastern Canada, from the Bay of Fundy south [details]
Adriaens, P. (2011). Larus fuscus. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137142 on 2017-11-22

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2011-04-08 06:18:06Z
checked

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original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Banks, R.C., R.W. McDiarmid, and A.L. Gardner. 1987. Checklist of vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Resource Publication No. 166. 79 p. [details]   

additional source Robbins, C. S. (1983). Golden field Guide to Birds of North America. Golden press. 360p. [details]   

additional source Grand Manan Whale and Seabird Research Station., available online at http://www.gmwsrs.org/main.htm [details]   

additional source Peterson, R.T. and V.M. Peterson. 2002. A field guide to the birds of eastern and central North America. Fifth Edition. Peterson Field Guide Series. Houghton Mifflin Company. New York. 427 p.  [details]   

additional source Dyntaxa. (2013). Swedish Taxonomic Database. Accessed at www.dyntaxa.se [15-01-2013]., available online at http://www.dyntaxa.se [details]   

additional source Muller, Y. (2004). Faune et flore du littoral du Nord, du Pas-de-Calais et de la Belgique: inventaire. [Coastal fauna and flora of the Nord, Pas-de-Calais and Belgium: inventory]. Commission Régionale de Biologie Région Nord Pas-de-Calais: France. 307 pp., available online at http://www.vliz.be/imisdocs/publications/145561.pdf [details]   

additional source Vanderperren, J.-P. (1991). Report Natural History Archive 1990 [Verslag Natuurhistorisch Archief 1990]. De Strandvlo 11(3): 65-75 (look up in IMIS)
page(s): 71 [details]   

additional source Urban, E.K., C.H. Fry & S. Keith (1986). The Birds of Africa, Volume II. Academic Press, London. [details]   

additional source Squires, H.J. 1990. Decapod Crustacea of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Canadian Bulletin of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 221. 532 p. [details]   

additional source Gallardo, J. C., V. Macías, and E. Velarde. 2009. Birds (Vertebrata: Aves) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1321–1342 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Cattrijsse, A.; Vincx, M. (2001). Biodiversity of the benthos and the avifauna of the Belgian coastal waters: summary of data collected between 1970 and 1998. Sustainable Management of the North Sea. Federal Office for Scientific, Technical and Cultural Affairs: Brussel, Belgium. 48 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (HKRMS) HKBWS. (2013). Hong Kong Bird Report 2011. The Hong Kong Bird Watching Society.  [details]   

context source (Schelde) Maris, T.; Beauchard, O.; Van Damme, S.; Van den Bergh, E.; Wijnhoven, S.; Meire, P. (2013). Referentiematrices en Ecotoopoppervlaktes Annex bij de Evaluatiemethodiek Schelde-estuarium Studie naar “Ecotoopoppervlaktes en intactness index”. Monitor Taskforce Publication Series, 2013-01. NIOZ: Yerseke. 35 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDescription Length: 51-61 cm. Plumage: wings and back black; rest of plumage white; trailing edge of wing and tips of primaries white. Immature brown replaces black of adult; white parts mottled brown with less mottling on foreneck, breast and belly, wide dark band on tail. Bare parts: iris cream to white; eyering red to orange; bill yellow with red spot near tip of lower mandible, blackish to pale greyish with black tip in immature; feet and legs yellow, pinkish in immature. Habitat: coast and inland waters. Palearctic migrant. <389><391><393> [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: 21" (53 cm); Wingspan: 54" (137 cm) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Caribbean; North America; regular at sites from Eastern Canada, from the Bay of Fundy south [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorRemark Forms a superspecies with L. dominicanus & L. argentatus [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Breeds from Iceland and the northern coast of Europe south to the British Isles and France. Winters from its Breeding range south to central Africa and western Asia. [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMaritrema echinocirratum Leonov, 1958 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Bulgarian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМалка черногърба чайка  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsildemåge  [details]
Dutch Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkleine mantelmeeuw  [details]
English Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorScandinavian lesser black-backed gullUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlesser black-backed gull  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgoéland de la BalqitueUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgoéland brun  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHeringsmöwe  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorשחף שחור  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorzafferano  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorニシセグロカモメ  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsilkinis kiras  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΜελανόγλαρος  [details]
Norwegian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsildemåke  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsildemåke  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsildemåse  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormewa żółtonoga  [details]
Romanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpescăruşul negricios  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorклуша  [details]
Scottish Gaelic Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editordroimneach beag  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorrjavi galeb  [details]
Spanish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgaviota sombría  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsilltrut  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkarasırtlı martıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkarasirtli marti  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЧорнокрилий мартинUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorМартин чорнокрилий  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgwylan gefnddu leiaf  [details]