WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758

137119

urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137119

accepted
Species
marine
Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 76 [details]   
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorNote "Oceano Europaeo"  
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Oceano Europaeo" [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans; Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East...  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans; Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Oceano Europaeo"  
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Oceano Europaeo" [details]
Perrin, W. (2009). Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758. In: Perrin, W.F. (2017). World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137119 on 2017-11-20

Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2005-03-29 08:12:19Z
changed
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z
checked
2009-01-06 23:07:05Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



original description Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 76 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter tursio Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter catodon Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up
page(s): 76 [details]   

original description  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter microps Linnaeus, 1758) Linnaeus, C. (1758). Systema Naturae per regna tria naturae, secundum classes, ordines, genera, species, cum characteribus, differentiis, synonymis, locis. Editio decima, reformata. Laurentius Salvius: Holmiae. ii, 824 pp., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/10277#page/3/mode/1up [details]   

basis of record van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source Mead, J. G. and R. L. Brownell, Jr. (2005). Cetacea. Pages 723--743 in Wilson, D.E. & D.M. Reeder (eds). Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed), Johns Hopkins University Press, 2,142 pp., available online at http://www.bucknell.edu/msw3/ [details]   

additional source Rice, D. W. (1998). Marine mammals of the world. Systematics and distribution. Society for Marine Mammalogy Special Publication. 4., available online at http://www.marinemammalscience.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/09/MarineMammalsOfTheWorld.pdf [details]   

additional source Hershkovitz, P. (1966). Catalog of Living Whales. Bulletin of the United States National Museum. (246): 1-259., available online at https://doi.org/10.5479/si.03629236.246 [details]   

additional source Jefferson, T. A., M. A. Webber and R. L. Pitman. (2008). Marine mammals of the world. Academic Press, Amsterdam. [details]   

additional source IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, available online at http://www.iucnredlist.org [details]   

additional source Perrin, W.F.; Würsig, B.; Thewissen, J.G.M. (2009). Encyclopedia of marine mammals. Second edition. Academic Press: London. ISBN 978-0-12-373553-9. xxix, 1316 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source King, C.M.; Roberts, C.D.; Bell, B.D.; Fordyce, R.E.; Nicoll, R.S.; Worthy, T.H.; Paulin, C.D.; Hitchmough, R.A.; Keyes, I.W.; Baker, A.N.; Stewart, A.L.; Hiller, N.; McDowall, R.M.; Holdaway, R.N.; McPhee, R.P.; Schwarzhans, W.W.; Tennyson, A.J.D.; Rust, S.; Macadie, I. (2009). Phylum Chordata: lancelets, fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds, mammals, in: Gordon, D.P. (Ed.) (2009). New Zealand inventory of biodiversity: 1. Kingdom Animalia: Radiata, Lophotrochozoa, Deuterostomia. pp. 431-554. [details]   

additional source Schmidly, D. J. and B. Würsig. 2009. Mammals (Vertebrata: Mammalia) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 1343–1352 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas. [details]   

additional source Liu J.Y. [Ruiyu] (ed.). (2008). Checklist of marine biota of China seas. China Science Press. 1267 pp. (look up in IMIS[details]  Available for editors  PDF available [request] 

additional source Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov
page(s): 76 [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter tursio Linnaeus, 1758) Schevill, W.E. (1986). The International Code of zoological nomenclature and a paradigm: the name Physeter catodon Linnaeus 1758. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 2(2): 153-157 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter catodon Linnaeus, 1758) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS). , available online at http://www.itis.gov [details]   

basis of record  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter catodon Linnaeus, 1758) van der Land, J. (2001). Tetrapoda, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 375-376 (look up in IMIS[details]   

additional source  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter catodon Linnaeus, 1758) University of Michigan Museum of Zoology. Animal Diversity Web., available online at http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/index.html [details]   

source of synonymy  (ofChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyseter microps Linnaeus, 1758) Schevill, W.E. (1986). The International Code of zoological nomenclature and a paradigm: the name Physeter catodon Linnaeus 1758. Mar. Mamm. Sci. 2(2): 153-157 (look up in IMIS[details]   

context source (Deepsea) Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS), available online at http://www.iobis.org/ [details]   

context source (HKRMS) Jefferson TA. (2005). Monitoring of Indo-Pacific Hampback Dolphin (Sousa chinensis) in Hong Kong waters - Data Analysis. Final report. Submitted to the Agriculture &Fisheries and Conservation Department, The Hong Kong SAR Government. [details]   
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiet Deep-water squid, including giant squid and larger fish, also sharks and skates. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Length: male 36-65 1/2' (11-20 m), female 27-56' (8.2-17 m), at birth 13' (4m); Weight: 35000-50000 kg. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans; Antarctica/Southern Ocean; East Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean; Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None in existence. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Vulnerable (VU) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Head of the sperm whale contains 3-4 tons of spermaceti, a substance valued as a lubricant for fine machinery and a component of automatic transmission fluid. It is also used in making ointments and fine, smokeless candles (once it solidifies into a white wax upon exposure to air). The sperm whale has also been a target of commercial whaling in years gone by, in areas around the world. The meat of the whale was not generally consumed, except in Japan. Instead, spermaceti was extracted from the head, and the teeth were often used as a medium for the artistic form of engraving and carving known as scrimshaw. The most important product obtained from sperm whales is the oil, once used as fuel for lamps and now used as a lubricant and as the base for skin creams and cosmetics. A gummy substance called ambergris forms in the large intestines of sperm whales and can be found floating on the surface of the water or washed ashore once it is expelled. It was once believed to have medicinal qualities, but it is now used in connection with manufacture of perfumes, based on the fact that when it is exposed to air, it hardens and acquires a sweet, earthy smell. The island Ambergris Cay, just south of the Gulf of Mexico, was given its name because of the great quantities of this substance gathered along its shores. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology The enormous (up to 1/3 of total body length), box-like head of the sperm whale sets it apart from all other species.The blowhole slit is S-shaped and positioned forward on the left side of the head. There are 18-28 functional teeth on each side of the lower jaws, but the upper teeth are few, weak and nonfunctional. The lower teeth fit into sockets in the upper jaw. The gullet of is the largest among cetaceans; it is in fact the only gullet large enough to accomodate a human. The dorsal fin is replaced by a hump and a series of longitudinal ridges on the posterior part of the back. The flippers are quite small, approximately 200 cm. long. Tail flukes are 400-450 cm in width. The blubber layer of the sperm whale is quite thick, up to 35 cm. With respect to coloration, males often become paler and sometimes piebald with age. Both sexes have white in the genital and anal regions and on the lower jaws. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Females sexually mature at 8-11 years and males at 10 years, although males do not mate until they are 25-27 years old due to social status. Gestation is 14-16 months and nursing 2 years. Mating season is in the spring in both Northern and Southern Hemispheres and calves are born in the fall. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality "Oceano Europaeo" [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat oceanic [details]
 

Host of
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnisakis dussumierii (Brenden, 1870) [via synonym] (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnisakis physeteris (Baylis, 1923) [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorBolbosoma physeteris Gubanov, 1952 [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHexagonoporus physeteris Gubanov in Delamure, 1955 [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMultiductus physeteris Clarke, 1962 [via synonym] (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllobothrium delphini (Bosc, 1802) [via synonym] (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhyllobothrium physeteris (Diesing, 1863) Meggitt, 1924 [via synonym] (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPriapocephalus grandis Nybelin, 1922 [via synonym] (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrabothrius affinis (Lönnberg, 1891) [via synonym] (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrabothrius curilensis Gubanov in Delamure, 1955 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetrabothrius wilsoni (Leiper & Atkinson, 1914) [via synonym] (parasite)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTetragonoporus calyptocephalus Skryabin, 1961 (parasitic: endoparasitic)
LanguageName 
Afrikaans Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpotvis  [details]
Albanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkashaloti [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkashalot  [details]
Aleut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editoraggadakhgikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editoradagig  [details]
Arabic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editoranbar  [details]
Catalan Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcatxalot  [details]
Croatian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorulješura  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorvorvaň tuponosýChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorvorvaň obrovský  [details]
Danish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorspermacethvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkaskelot  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpotvischUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpotvisChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkaizilot  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortrumpoChecked: verified by a taxonomic editortrompe whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorspermacet whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsperm whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorchocolate whale  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrand cachalot [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachalot à dents pointuesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachalot à dents en faucilleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachalot  [details]
Georgian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorchigat  [details]
German Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPottwalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorPottfisch  [details]
Hebrew Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorראשתן [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorroshtan  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortweld-hvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbúrhvalur  [details]
Indonesian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpaus lodan  [details]
Italian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editororgananteChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfisetereChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcascialottoUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcapodoglio [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcapodoglio  [details]
Japanese Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorマッコウクジラChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormakko kujira  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkigitulikChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkegutilik  [details]
Korean Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorhyang-gorae  [details]
Koryak Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkoiapchak  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkašalotas  [details]
Malagasy Checked: verified by a taxonomic editortrozona be lohaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editortrozona amam-taimbo  [details]
Maltese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorgabdoll  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΦυσητήραςChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfysitiras  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsue-hvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorstorhufdUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpotfiskChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorknobbe-herreChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkaskelotChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkascelotChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorhuns-hvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorburr-hvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorburdhvalurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbardhvalur  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermhval [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermasetthval [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaskelotthval [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaskelott [from synonym]  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermkval [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorspermasettkval [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaskelottkval [from synonym]Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaskelott [from synonym]  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpotwal olbrotowiecChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorolbrotowickUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaszalot (zwyczajny) [from synonym]  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachalote  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorкашало́т [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorwolkmorskoiChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorspermatsetovyi kitChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorkashalotChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbolshoi plavun  [details]
Sindhi Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbahran  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkit glavač  [details]
Southern Balochi Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbahran  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorguapoChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorfiseterChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorchacaloteUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcachalote común [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachaloteChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena esperma  [details]
Swedish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpottfiskUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaskelot [from synonym]  [details]
Tamil Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorratchatha thimingalam  [details]
Thai Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorplawan huathui  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkaşalotUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorkasalotUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorispermeçet balinasıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorispermecet balinasıUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorispermecet balinasiChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorispermeçet  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorКашалот  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorfil sberm  [details]