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WoRMS taxon details

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas (Traill, 1809) 
AphiaID: 137097

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorChordata (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorVertebrata (Subphylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGnathostomata (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTetrapoda (Superclass) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMammalia (Class) > Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTheria (Subclass) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetartiodactyla (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetancodonta (Suborder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorCetacea (Infraorder) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorOdontoceti (Superfamily) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala (Genus)
Status accepted
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala Lesson, 1828
Synonymised
names
  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus deductor Scoresby, 1820 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus globiceps Temminck, 1841 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus globiceps G. Cuvier, 1812 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus grampus Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus grinda Lyngbye, 1824 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDelphinus melas Traill, 1809 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala leucosagmaphora Rayner, 1939 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melaena (Traill, 1809) (misspelling)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melaena Thomas, 1898 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas leucosagmaphora Tomilin, 1962 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala meloena Paulus, 1960 (junior synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephalus affinis True, 1889 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephalus australis Gray, 1871 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephalus chiliensis Phillipi, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephalus conductor Rapp, 1837 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephalus globiceps Philippi, 1893 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephalus melas Flower, 1885 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobiceps affinis Flower, 1884 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobiceps melas Flower, 1884 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobiocephalus affinis Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobiocephalus chilensis Philippi, 1896 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobiocephalus incrassatus Gray, 1862 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobiocephalus melas Murie, 1874 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobiocephalus swineval Gray, 1846 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrampus affinis Gray, 1866 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena edwardii A. Smith, 1834 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena edwardsii True, 1889 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPhocaena globiceps A. Smith, 1834 (synonym)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSphaerocephalus incrassatus Gray, 1864 (synonym)
Sources  original description Traill, T. S. (1809). Description of a new species of whale, Delphinus melas. In a letter from Thomas Stewart Traill, M. D. to Mr. Nicholson. Journal of Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, and the Arts. February, 1809:81--83. [details]

[show all]
Vernacular
Names
 
Language   Name 
Afrikaans Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorlangvinloodswalvis  [details]
Arabic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkouraoui arras achaii  [details]
Basque Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorizurde pilotua  [details]
Catalan Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcap d'olla negreChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcap d'olla  [details]
Croatian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkit debeloglavacChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbjelogrii dupin  [details]
Czech Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorkulohlavec černý  [details]
Danish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorlangluffet grindehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrind  [details]
Dutch Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorgriend  [details]
English Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsocial whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorround-headed porpoiseChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorroundheadChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorpotheadChecked: verified by a taxonomic editornorthern pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorlong-finned pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorIndian pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordriving whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon pilot whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcommon blackfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcaa'ing whaleChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorblackfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAtlantic blackfishChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorAmerican black-fish  [details]
Faroese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindaquealurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindahvalur  [details]
Finnish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpallopaaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindvalas  [details]
French Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorglobicéphale noirChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicéphale conducteurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicéphale communChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordéducteurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordauphin piloteChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorchaudronChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachelot svineval  [details]
Galician Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcaldeiro  [details]
German Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSchwarzwalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorGrindwal  [details]
Hebrew Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornatav shachor  [details]
Icelandic Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornydingurChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormarsvinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorleifturChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindhvalur  [details]
Indonesian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorpaus hitam  [details]
Italian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgobicefalo [from synonym]Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicefalo neroChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicefaloChecked: verified by a taxonomic editordelfino pilota  [details]
Kalaallisut Checked: verified by a taxonomic editornisarnaq  [details]
Lithuanian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorpaprastoji grinda  [details]
Maltese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaliena sewda  [details]
Modern Greek (1453-) Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorΜαυροδέλφινοChecked: verified by a taxonomic editormavrodélfino  [details]
Norwegian Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorsvinehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrinzehvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindhvalChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrinde  [details]
Norwegian Bokmål Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindhval  [details]
Norwegian Nynorsk Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindkval  [details]
Polish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindwal długopłetwyChecked: verified by a taxonomic editoralbrzymi delfin  [details]
Portuguese Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorcachalote-añaoChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorboca de panelaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorbaleia piloto de peitoral longa  [details]
Russian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorобыкновенная гриндаChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorsharogolovyi delfinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorgrindy  [details]
Slovenian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorobloglavka  [details]
Spanish Checked: verified by a taxonomic editormorfinChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorglobicefalo negroChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcalderón negroUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorcalderón de aleta largaChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcalderón comúnChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorcabeza de buzoChecked: verified by a taxonomic editorballena piloto  [details]
Swedish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorgrindval  [details]
Turkish Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editoruzun yüzgeçli kara balinaUnreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorsiyah yunus [from synonym]  [details]
Ukrainian Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorЗвичайна гринда Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorГринда звичайна  [details]
Welsh Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editormorfil pengrwn  [details]
All child
taxa (4)

[hide all]
[sort alpha..]
 Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas edwardii A. Smith, 1834
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas melas (Traill, 1809)

Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas leucosagmaphora Tomilin, 1962 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas (Traill, 1809)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala melas scammonii Tomilin, 1957 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorGlobicephala macrorhynchus Gray, 1846
Environment marine
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Southern Ocean
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSubantarctic Waters [details]
(no group)
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAntarctica [details]
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorWorld Oceans [details]
From regional or thematic species database
North Sea
Trusted: edited by a thematic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
From other sources
France
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorWimereux (doubtful[details]
Gulf of Saint Lawrence
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of St. Lawrence [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSt. Lawrence Estuary [details]
Mediterranean Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMediterranean Sea [details]
North Atlantic Ocean
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorAzores Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorEuropean waters (ERMS scope) [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorGulf of Maine [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth West Atlantic [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPortuguese Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorUnited Kingdom Exclusive Economic Zone [from synonym] [view taxon] [details]
North Sea
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorBelgian Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNorth Sea [details]
(no group)
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorNew Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorSpanish Exclusive Economic Zone [details]
Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorMarine Life Information Network - UK 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Barcode of Life (9 barcodes) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (54 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Encyclopedia of Life 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo GenBank (78 nucleotides; 106 proteins) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo IUCN Red List 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Marine Species Identification Portal 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo ITIS
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDiet squid mostly but also a variety of fish. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution in all oceans except Northern Indian Ocean and North Pacific (where they occurred historically off Japan). [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDistribution Antarctica/Southern Ocean; Southeast Pacific; Eastern Atlantic Ocean, Indo-West Pacific; Western Atlantic Ocean [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat offshore; generally occupy areas of high relief or submerged banks. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHolotype None; see Lectotype [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorIUCN Red List Category Data Deficient (DD) [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorImportance Are still hunted in Faero Islands. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLectotype Figured specimen, one of 92 whales stranded December 1806; skull in British Museum (Natural History), no. 363a--44.12.3.2, purchased 1844 from Traill. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorMorphology Distinguishing characteristics: black-coloured whales with a white belly, spherical melon and a robust body. No constriction at the neck and the body is quite cylindrical from the head backward to the region of the dorsal fin. Dorsal fin has a long base, it is low, directed backwards and is set for forward on the body. 8-13 teeth in each of the 4 jaws and flippers which are 1/5 of the body length. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorReproduction Female matures sexually at 6-7 years, male not until 12 years. In North Atlantic, mate in February and March in warm water and the young are born between July and October 15 to 16 months later in cooler water. Nursed for 20 months. Remain with their mother for 2 years. [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorType locality Scapay Bay, Pomona, Orkney Islands, Scotland, UK [details]

From other sources
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorDimensions Legth: male 13-25' (4-7.6 m), female 10-18 1/2' (3-5.6 m), at birth 6' (1.9 m) [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorHabitat temperate and subpolar, mostly oceanic [details]

Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorPredators None [details]
ImagesChecked: verified by a taxonomic editor 
Long-finned pilot
Long-finned pilot
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 51)
Van Beneden & Gervais ...
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 52)
Van Beneden & Gervais ...
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 53)
Van Beneden & Gervais ...
Van Beneden & Gervais (1880, pl. 63)
Van Beneden & Gervais ...
Globicephala melaena
Globicephala melaena
[image from synonym]
Globicephala melaena
Globicephala melaena
[image from synonym]
Long-finned pilot whales
Long-finned pilot whales
Pilot whales logging at surface
Pilot whales logging a...
[image from synonym]
Globicephala melas
Globicephala melas
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:137097
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van der Land, Jacob
2008-08-20 11:25:36Z  checked  Perrin, William
  
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  Citation: Perrin, W. (2014). Globicephala melas (Traill, 1809). In: Perrin, W.F. (2014) World Cetacea Database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=137097 on 2014-07-14
  Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License