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Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis Lamarck, 1814 
AphiaID: 132389

Classification: Biota > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorAnimalia (Kingdom) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorPorifera (Phylum) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDemospongiae (Class) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorDictyoceratida (Order) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongiidae (Family) > Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia (Genus)
Status Unaccepted: synonym, or anything that is not accepted unaccepted (genus transfer)
Accepted name  Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814)
Rank Species
Parent Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia Linnaeus, 1759
Sources  original description Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De, 1813-1814. Sur les polypiers empâtés. Suite du mémoire intitulé: Sur les Polypiers empâtés. Suite des éponges. Annales du Muséum national d’histoire naturelle, Paris 20 (6): 294-312 (published 1813), 370-386, 432-458 (published 1814). [details]

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Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis aurantia Lamarck, 1814 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis fusca Lamarck, 1814 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814)
Subspecies Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpongia communis lutea Lamarck, 1814 accepted as Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorHippospongia communis (Lamarck, 1814)
Environment marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
Fossil range recent only
Distribution 
From editor or global species database
Red Sea
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorRed Sea (inaccurate[details]
Specimens 
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorLectotype NNM RMNH Por. 475, locality Red Sea and Gulf of Aden ('Mer Rouge') [details]

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Links Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo Biodiversity Heritage Library (33 publications) 
Unreviewed: has not been verified by a taxonomic editorTo PESI 
Notes 
From editor or global species database
Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorSpecimen The Leiden Museum incorporates a small collection of Lamarck specimens ('duplicates'), which were donated by the Paris Museum in 1815 as part compensation for lost Dutch natural history objects sequestered during the French occupation of Holland (1795-1813). Among these there is a specimen labeled Spongia communis. In the absence of specimens left in Paris, this is here considered the lectotype.  [details]

Checked: verified by a taxonomic editorTaxonomy Although Lamarck (1814: 370) clearly states that his specimens (in three varieties) came from the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, subsequent authors (e.g. Topsent, 1931) very much doubted this origin. It is now generally assumed, despite the labels, that Spongia communis was from the Mediterranean.  [details]
LSID urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132389
Taxonomic
Edit history
 
Date   action   by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z  created  van Soest, Rob
2008-07-10 19:05:06Z  changed  van Soest, Rob
  
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  Citation: van Soest, R. (2013). Spongia communis Lamarck, 1814. In: Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez de Glasby, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schoenberg, C.; Janussen, D.; Tabachnick, K.R., Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Cristina Díaz, M. (2013) World Porifera database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=132389 on 2014-04-17
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