WoRMS name details

Spongia communis Lamarck, 1814

132389  (urn:lsid:marinespecies.org:taxname:132389)

 unaccepted (genus transfer)
Species
marine, brackish, fresh, terrestrial
recent only
Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1815 [1814]). Suite des polypiers empâtés. Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]  OpenAccess publication 
Lectotype  NNM RMNH Por. 475, locality Red Sea ('Mer Rouge')  
Lectotype NNM RMNH Por. 475, locality Red Sea ('Mer Rouge') [details]
Taxonomy Although Lamarck (1814: 370) clearly states that his specimens (in three varieties) came from the Red Sea and the Indian...  
Taxonomy Although Lamarck (1814: 370) clearly states that his specimens (in three varieties) came from the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, subsequent authors (e.g. Topsent, 1931) very much doubted this origin. It is now generally assumed, despite the labels, that Spongia communis was from the Mediterranean.  [details]
Van Soest, R.W.M; Boury-Esnault, N.; Hooper, J.N.A.; Rützler, K.; de Voogd, N.J.; Alvarez, B.; Hajdu, E.; Pisera, A.B.; Manconi, R.; Schönberg, C.; Klautau, M.; Picton, B.; Kelly, M.; Vacelet, J.; Dohrmann, M.; Díaz, M.-C.; Cárdenas, P.; Carballo, J. L.; Ríos, P.; Downey, R. (2018). World Porifera database. Spongia communis Lamarck, 1814. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=132389 on 2018-05-20
Date
action
by
2004-12-21 15:54:05Z
created
2008-07-10 19:05:06Z
changed

Creative Commons License The webpage text is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


original description Lamarck, J.B.P. De Monet, Comte De. (1815 [1814]). Suite des polypiers empâtés. Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire naturelle, Paris. 1: 69-80, 162-168, 331-340. [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Lamouroux, J. V. F. 1816. Histoire des polypiers coralligènes flexibles, vulgairement nommés zoophytes. F. Poisson, Caen. pp. i-xxxiv, 1-560, pls 1-19., available online at http://www.biodiversitylibrary.org/item/42840#page/7/mode/1up
page(s): 20 [details]  OpenAccess publication 

additional source Van Soest, R.W.M. 2001. Porifera, in: Costello, M.J. et al. (Ed.) (2001). European register of marine species: a check-list of the marine species in Europe and a bibliography of guides to their identification. Collection Patrimoines Naturels, 50: pp. 85-103 (look up in IMIS[details]  OpenAccess publication 
 
 Present  Inaccurate  Introduced: alien 
 

Unknown type MNHN , locality Red Sea (It is generally assumed that this incorrect and should be Mediterranean.) [details]
Lectotype NNM RMNH Por. 475, locality Red Sea ('Mer Rouge') [details]
From editor or global species database
Specimen The Leiden Museum incorporates a small collection of Lamarck specimens ('duplicates'), which were donated by the Paris Museum in 1815 as part compensation for lost Dutch natural history objects sequestered during the French occupation of Holland (1795-1813). Among these there is a specimen labeled Spongia communis. In the absence of specimens left in Paris, this is here considered the lectotype.  [details]

Taxonomy Although Lamarck (1814: 370) clearly states that his specimens (in three varieties) came from the Red Sea and the Indian Ocean, subsequent authors (e.g. Topsent, 1931) very much doubted this origin. It is now generally assumed, despite the labels, that Spongia communis was from the Mediterranean.  [details]